Samuel Butcher - Publications

Affiliations: 
University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, WI 
Area:
Biochemistry

86 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Hagler LD, Luu LM, Tonelli M, Lee J, Hayes SM, Bonson S, Vergara Panzone JI, Butcher SE, Zimmerman SC. Expanded DNA and RNA Trinucleotide Repeats in Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 Select Their Own Multitarget, Sequence-Selective Inhibitors. Biochemistry. PMID 32856901 DOI: 10.1021/Acs.Biochem.0C00472  0.64
2020 Montemayor EJ, Virta JM, Hayes SM, Nomura Y, Brow DA, Butcher SE. Molecular basis for the distinct cellular functions of the Lsm1-7 and Lsm2-8 complexes. Rna (New York, N.Y.). PMID 32518066 DOI: 10.1261/rna.075879.120  0.84
2019 Nomura Y, Montemayor EJ, Virta JM, Hayes SM, Butcher SE. Structural basis for the evolution of cyclic phosphodiesterase activity in the U6 snRNA exoribonuclease Usb1. Nucleic Acids Research. PMID 31832688 DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkz1177  0.84
2019 Montemayor EJ, Virta JM, Hagler LD, Zimmerman SC, Butcher SE. Structure of an RNA helix with pyrimidine mismatches and cross-strand stacking. Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications. 75: 652-656. PMID 31584014 DOI: 10.1107/S2053230X19012172  0.84
2018 Warden MS, Cai K, Cornilescu G, Burke JE, Ponniah K, Butcher SE, Pascal SM. Conformational Flexibility in the Enterovirus RNA Replication Platform. Rna (New York, N.Y.). PMID 30578285 DOI: 10.1261/Rna.069476.118  0.92
2018 Nomura Y, Roston D, Montemayor EJ, Cui Q, Butcher SE. Structural and mechanistic basis for preferential deadenylation of U6 snRNA by Usb1. Nucleic Acids Research. PMID 30215753 DOI: 10.1093/Nar/Gky812  0.84
2018 Slosarek EL, Schuh AL, Pustova I, Johnson A, Bird J, Johnson M, Frankel EB, Bhattacharya N, Hanna MG, Burke JE, Ruhl DA, Quinney K, Block S, Peotter JL, Chapman ER, ... ... Butcher SE, et al. Pathogenic TFG Mutations Underlying Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Impair Secretory Protein Trafficking and Axon Fasciculation. Cell Reports. 24: 2248-2260. PMID 30157421 DOI: 10.1016/J.Celrep.2018.07.081  0.92
2018 Montemayor EJ, Didychuk AL, Yake AD, Sidhu GK, Brow DA, Butcher SE. Architecture of the U6 snRNP reveals specific recognition of 3'-end processed U6 snRNA. Nature Communications. 9: 1749. PMID 29717126 DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04145-4  0.84
2018 Didychuk AL, Butcher SE, Brow DA. The life of U6 small nuclear RNA, from cradle to grave. Rna (New York, N.Y.). PMID 29367453 DOI: 10.1261/rna.065136.117  0.84
2017 Didychuk AL, Montemayor EJ, Carrocci TJ, DeLaitsch AT, Lucarelli SE, Westler WM, Brow DA, Hoskins AA, Butcher SE. Usb1 controls U6 snRNP assembly through evolutionarily divergent cyclic phosphodiesterase activities. Nature Communications. 8: 497. PMID 28887445 DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00484-w  0.84
2017 Montemayor EJ, Didychuk AL, Liao H, Hu P, Brow DA, Butcher SE. Structure and conformational plasticity of the U6 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein core. Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology. 73: 1-8. PMID 28045380 DOI: 10.1107/S2059798316018222  0.84
2016 Butcher SE, Jan E. tRNA-mimicry in IRES-mediated translation and recoding. Rna Biology. 1-7. PMID 27654067 DOI: 10.1080/15476286.2016.1219833  0.44
2016 Rodgers ML, Didychuk AL, Butcher SE, Brow DA, Hoskins AA. A multi-step model for facilitated unwinding of the yeast U4/U6 RNA duplex. Nucleic Acids Research. PMID 27484481 DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkw686  0.84
2016 Garcia-Miranda P, Becker JT, Benner BE, Blume A, Sherer NM, Butcher SE. HIV frameshift site RNA stability correlates with frameshift efficiency and decreased viral infectivity. Journal of Virology. PMID 27194769 DOI: 10.1128/Jvi.00149-16  0.32
2016 Lee W, Cornilescu G, Dashti H, Eghbalnia HR, Tonelli M, Westler WM, Butcher SE, Henzler-Wildman KA, Markley JL. Integrative NMR for biomolecular research. Journal of Biomolecular Nmr. PMID 27023095 DOI: 10.1007/S10858-016-0029-X  1
2016 Vander Meulen KA, Horowitz S, Trievel RC, Butcher SE. Measuring the Kinetics of Molecular Association by Isothermal Titration Calorimetry. Methods in Enzymology. 567: 181-213. PMID 26794355 DOI: 10.1016/bs.mie.2015.08.012  1
2015 Didychuk AL, Montemayor EJ, Brow DA, Butcher SE. Structural requirements for protein-catalyzed annealing of U4 and U6 RNAs during di-snRNP assembly. Nucleic Acids Research. PMID 26673715 DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkv1374  1
2015 Cornilescu G, Didychuk AL, Rodgers ML, Michael LA, Burke JE, Montemayor EJ, Hoskins AA, Butcher SE. Structural Analysis of Multi-Helical RNAs by NMR-SAXS/WAXS: Application to the U4/U6 di-snRNA. Journal of Molecular Biology. PMID 26655855 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2015.11.026  1
2015 Au HH, Cornilescu G, Mouzakis KD, Ren Q, Burke JE, Lee S, Butcher SE, Jan E. Global shape mimicry of tRNA within a viral internal ribosome entry site mediates translational reading frame selection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID 26554019 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.1512088112  1
2015 Hilimire TA, Bennett RP, Stewart RA, Garcia-Miranda P, Blume A, Becker J, Sherer N, Helms ED, Butcher SE, Smith HC, Miller BL. N-Methylation as a Strategy for Enhancing the Affinity and Selectivity of RNA-binding Peptides: Application to the HIV-1 Frameshift-Stimulating RNA. Acs Chemical Biology. PMID 26496521 DOI: 10.1021/Acschembio.5B00682  1
2015 Manthei KA, Hill MC, Burke JE, Butcher SE, Keck JL. Structural mechanisms of DNA binding and unwinding in bacterial RecQ helicases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 112: 4292-7. PMID 25831501 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.1416746112  1
2015 Burke JE, Butcher SE, Brow DA. Spliceosome assembly in the absence of stable U4/U6 RNA pairing. Rna (New York, N.Y.). 21: 923-34. PMID 25762536 DOI: 10.1261/Rna.048421.114  1
2015 Mouzakis KD, Dethoff EA, Tonelli M, Al-Hashimi H, Butcher SE. Dynamic motions of the HIV-1 frameshift site RNA. Biophysical Journal. 108: 644-54. PMID 25650931 DOI: 10.1016/J.Bpj.2014.12.006  1
2014 Low JT, Garcia-Miranda P, Mouzakis KD, Gorelick RJ, Butcher SE, Weeks KM. Structure and dynamics of the HIV-1 frameshift element RNA. Biochemistry. 53: 4282-91. PMID 24926888 DOI: 10.1021/Bi5004926  1
2014 Montemayor EJ, Curran EC, Liao HH, Andrews KL, Treba CN, Butcher SE, Brow DA. Core structure of the U6 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein at 1.7-Ã… resolution. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. 21: 544-51. PMID 24837192 DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.2832  1
2013 Mouzakis KD, Lang AL, Vander Meulen KA, Easterday PD, Butcher SE. HIV-1 frameshift efficiency is primarily determined by the stability of base pairs positioned at the mRNA entrance channel of the ribosome. Nucleic Acids Research. 41: 1901-13. PMID 23248007 DOI: 10.1093/Nar/Gks1254  1
2012 Burke JE, Butcher SE. Nucleic acid structure characterization by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Current Protocols in Nucleic Acid Chemistry / Edited by Serge L. Beaucage ... [Et Al.]. Unit7.18. PMID 23255205 DOI: 10.1002/0471142700.Nc0718S51  1
2012 Lennon CW, Ross W, Martin-Tumasz S, Toulokhonov I, Vrentas CE, Rutherford ST, Lee JH, Butcher SE, Gourse RL. Direct interactions between the coiled-coil tip of DksA and the trigger loop of RNA polymerase mediate transcriptional regulation. Genes & Development. 26: 2634-46. PMID 23207918 DOI: 10.1101/Gad.204693.112  1
2012 Brakier-Gingras L, Charbonneau J, Butcher SE. Targeting frameshifting in the human immunodeficiency virus. Expert Opinion On Therapeutic Targets. 16: 249-58. PMID 22404160 DOI: 10.1517/14728222.2012.665879  1
2012 Bahrami A, Clos LJ, Markley JL, Butcher SE, Eghbalnia HR. RNA-PAIRS: RNA probabilistic assignment of imino resonance shifts. Journal of Biomolecular Nmr. 52: 289-302. PMID 22359049 DOI: 10.1007/S10858-012-9603-Z  1
2012 Burke JE, Sashital DG, Zuo X, Wang YX, Butcher SE. Structure of the yeast U2/U6 snRNA complex. Rna (New York, N.Y.). 18: 673-83. PMID 22328579 DOI: 10.1261/Rna.031138.111  1
2012 Vander Meulen KA, Butcher SE. Characterization of the kinetic and thermodynamic landscape of RNA folding using a novel application of isothermal titration calorimetry. Nucleic Acids Research. 40: 2140-51. PMID 22058128 DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkr894  1
2011 Butcher SE. The spliceosome and its metal ions. Metal Ions in Life Sciences. 9: 235-51. PMID 22010274  1
2011 Butcher SE, Pyle AM. The molecular interactions that stabilize RNA tertiary structure: RNA motifs, patterns, and networks. Accounts of Chemical Research. 44: 1302-11. PMID 21899297 DOI: 10.1021/Ar200098T  1
2011 Martin-Tumasz S, Richie AC, Clos LJ, Brow DA, Butcher SE. A novel occluded RNA recognition motif in Prp24 unwinds the U6 RNA internal stem loop. Nucleic Acids Research. 39: 7837-47. PMID 21653550 DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkr455  1
2011 Marcheschi RJ, Tonelli M, Kumar A, Butcher SE. Structure of the HIV-1 frameshift site RNA bound to a small molecule inhibitor of viral replication. Acs Chemical Biology. 6: 857-64. PMID 21648432 DOI: 10.1021/Cb200082D  1
2010 Wang YX, Zuo X, Wang J, Yu P, Butcher SE. Rapid global structure determination of large RNA and RNA complexes using NMR and small-angle X-ray scattering. Methods (San Diego, Calif.). 52: 180-91. PMID 20554045 DOI: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2010.06.009  1
2010 Martin-Tumasz S, Reiter NJ, Brow DA, Butcher SE. Structure and functional implications of a complex containing a segment of U6 RNA bound by a domain of Prp24. Rna (New York, N.Y.). 16: 792-804. PMID 20181740 DOI: 10.1261/rna.1913310  1
2009 Martin-Tumasz S, Butcher SE. (1)H, (13)C and (15)N resonance assignments of a ribonucleoprotein complex consisting of Prp24-RRM2 bound to a fragment of U6 RNA. Biomolecular Nmr Assignments. 3: 227-30. PMID 19693704 DOI: 10.1007/s12104-009-9181-5  1
2009 Marcheschi RJ, Mouzakis KD, Butcher SE. Selection and characterization of small molecules that bind the HIV-1 frameshift site RNA. Acs Chemical Biology. 4: 844-54. PMID 19673541 DOI: 10.1021/Cb900167M  1
2009 Butcher SE. The spliceosome as ribozyme hypothesis takes a second step. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 106: 12211-2. PMID 19622742 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0906762106  1
2009 Venditti V, Clos L, Niccolai N, Butcher SE. Minimum-energy path for a u6 RNA conformational change involving protonation, base-pair rearrangement and base flipping. Journal of Molecular Biology. 391: 894-905. PMID 19591840 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.07.003  1
2009 Shereda RD, Reiter NJ, Butcher SE, Keck JL. Identification of the SSB binding site on E. coli RecQ reveals a conserved surface for binding SSB's C terminus. Journal of Molecular Biology. 386: 612-25. PMID 19150358 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2008.12.065  1
2008 Vander Meulen KA, Davis JH, Foster TR, Record MT, Butcher SE. Thermodynamics and folding pathway of tetraloop receptor-mediated RNA helical packing. Journal of Molecular Biology. 384: 702-17. PMID 18845162 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2008.09.049  1
2008 Zuo X, Wang J, Foster TR, Schwieters CD, Tiede DM, Butcher SE, Wang YX. Global molecular structure and interfaces: refining an RNA:RNA complex structure using solution X-ray scattering data. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 130: 3292-3. PMID 18302388 DOI: 10.1021/Ja7114508  1
2008 Reiter NJ, Maher LJ, Butcher SE. DNA mimicry by a high-affinity anti-NF-kappaB RNA aptamer. Nucleic Acids Research. 36: 1227-36. PMID 18160411 DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkm1141  1
2008 Staple DW, Venditti V, Niccolai N, Elson-Schwab L, Tor Y, Butcher SE. Guanidinoneomycin B recognition of an HIV-1 RNA helix. Chembiochem : a European Journal of Chemical Biology. 9: 93-102. PMID 18058789 DOI: 10.1002/Cbic.200700251  1
2008 Venditti V, Niccolai N, Butcher SE. Measuring the dynamic surface accessibility of RNA with the small paramagnetic molecule TEMPOL. Nucleic Acids Research. 36: e20. PMID 18056080 DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkm1062  0.56
2007 McManus CJ, Schwartz ML, Butcher SE, Brow DA. A dynamic bulge in the U6 RNA internal stem-loop functions in spliceosome assembly and activation. Rna (New York, N.Y.). 13: 2252-65. PMID 17925343 DOI: 10.1261/Rna.699907  1
2007 Marcheschi RJ, Staple DW, Butcher SE. Programmed ribosomal frameshifting in SIV is induced by a highly structured RNA stem-loop. Journal of Molecular Biology. 373: 652-63. PMID 17868691 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2007.08.033  1
2007 Bae E, Reiter NJ, Bingman CA, Kwan SS, Lee D, Phillips GN, Butcher SE, Brow DA. Structure and interactions of the first three RNA recognition motifs of splicing factor prp24. Journal of Molecular Biology. 367: 1447-58. PMID 17320109 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2007.01.078  1
2007 Sashital DG, Venditti V, Angers CG, Cornilescu G, Butcher SE. Structure and thermodynamics of a conserved U2 snRNA domain from yeast and human. Rna (New York, N.Y.). 13: 328-38. PMID 17242306 DOI: 10.1261/Rna.418407  1
2007 Davis JH, Foster TR, Tonelli M, Butcher SE. Role of metal ions in the tetraloop-receptor complex as analyzed by NMR. Rna (New York, N.Y.). 13: 76-86. PMID 17119098 DOI: 10.1261/Rna.268307  1
2006 Sashital DG, Butcher SE. Flipping off the riboswitch: RNA structures that control gene expression. Acs Chemical Biology. 1: 341-5. PMID 17163768 DOI: 10.1021/Cb6002465  1
2006 Reiter NJ, Lee D, Wang YX, Tonelli M, Bahrami A, Cornilescu CC, Butcher SE. Resonance assignments for the two N-terminal RNA recognition motifs (RRM) of the S. cerevisiae pre-mRNA processing protein Prp24. Journal of Biomolecular Nmr. 36: 58. PMID 17131032 DOI: 10.1007/S10858-006-9039-4  1
2006 Davis JH, Tonelli M, Scott LG, Jaeger L, Williamson JR, Butcher SE. Corrigendum to "RNA Helical Packing in Solution: NMR Structure of a 30 kDa GAAA Tetraloop-Receptor Complex" [J. Mol. Biol. 351 (2005) 371-382] (DOI:10.1016/j.jmb.2005.05.069) Journal of Molecular Biology. 360: 742. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2006.05.039  1
2005 Blad H, Reiter NJ, Abildgaard F, Markley JL, Butcher SE. Dynamics and metal ion binding in the U6 RNA intramolecular stem-loop as analyzed by NMR. Journal of Molecular Biology. 353: 540-55. PMID 16181635 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2005.08.030  1
2005 Davis JH, Tonelli M, Scott LG, Jaeger L, Williamson JR, Butcher SE. RNA helical packing in solution: NMR structure of a 30 kDa GAAA tetraloop-receptor complex. Journal of Molecular Biology. 351: 371-82. PMID 16002091 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2005.05.069  1
2005 Staple DW, Butcher SE. Pseudoknots: RNA structures with diverse functions. Plos Biology. 3: e213. PMID 15941360 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pbio.0030213  1
2005 Staple DW, Butcher SE. Solution structure and thermodynamic investigation of the HIV-1 frameshift inducing element. Journal of Molecular Biology. 349: 1011-23. PMID 15927637 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jmb.2005.03.038  1
2005 Butcher SE, Brow DA. Towards understanding the catalytic core structure of the spliceosome. Biochemical Society Transactions. 33: 447-9. PMID 15916538 DOI: 10.1042/BST0330447  0.84
2004 Sashital DG, Cornilescu G, McManus CJ, Brow DA, Butcher SE. U2-U6 RNA folding reveals a group II intron-like domain and a four-helix junction. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. 11: 1237-42. PMID 15543154 DOI: 10.1038/Nsmb863  1
2004 Reiter NJ, Blad H, Abildgaard F, Butcher SE. Dynamics in the U6 RNA intramolecular stem-loop: a base flipping conformational change. Biochemistry. 43: 13739-47. PMID 15504036 DOI: 10.1021/Bi048815Y  1
2004 Borbat PP, Davis JH, Butcher SE, Freed JH. Measurement of large distances in biomolecules using double-quantum filtered refocused electron spin-echoes. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 126: 7746-7. PMID 15212500 DOI: 10.1021/Ja049372O  1
2004 Sigel RK, Sashital DG, Abramovitz DL, Palmer AG, Butcher SE, Pyle AM. Solution structure of domain 5 of a group II intron ribozyme reveals a new RNA motif. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. 11: 187-92. PMID 14745440 DOI: 10.1038/Nsmb717  1
2004 Butcher SE, Wickens M. STAR-studded circuitry. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. 11: 2-3. PMID 14718911 DOI: 10.1038/nsmb0104-2  1
2003 Staple DW, Butcher SE. Solution structure of the HIV-1 frameshift inducing stem-loop RNA. Nucleic Acids Research. 31: 4326-31. PMID 12888491 DOI: 10.1093/Nar/Gkg654  1
2003 Reiter NJ, Nikstad LJ, Allmann AM, Johnson RJ, Butcher SE. Structure of the U6 RNA intramolecular stem-loop harboring an S(P)-phosphorothioate modification. Rna (New York, N.Y.). 9: 533-42. PMID 12702812  0.44
2003 Sashital DG, Allmann AM, Van Doren SR, Butcher SE. Structural basis for a lethal mutation in U6 RNA. Biochemistry. 42: 1470-7. PMID 12578359 DOI: 10.1021/Bi027137H  1
2002 Huppler A, Nikstad LJ, Allmann AM, Brow DA, Butcher SE. Metal binding and base ionization in the U6 RNA intramolecular stem-loop structure. Nature Structural Biology. 9: 431-5. PMID 11992125 DOI: 10.1038/nsb800  0.84
2001 Wu H, Yang PK, Butcher SE, Kang S, Chanfreau G, Feigon J. A novel family of RNA tetraloop structure forms the recognition site for Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNase III. The Embo Journal. 20: 7240-9. PMID 11743000 DOI: 10.1093/Emboj/20.24.7240  1
2001 Feigon J, Butcher SE, Finger LD, Hud NV. Solution nuclear magnetic resonance probing of cation binding sites on nucleic acids. Methods in Enzymology. 338: 400-20. PMID 11460560 DOI: 10.1016/S0076-6879(02)38230-2  1
2001 Qin PZ, Butcher SE, Feigon J, Hubbell WL. Quantitative analysis of the isolated GAAA tetraloop/receptor interaction in solution: a site-directed spin labeling study. Biochemistry. 40: 6929-36. PMID 11389608 DOI: 10.1021/Bi010294G  1
2000 Ravindranathan S, Butcher SE, Feigon J. Adenine protonation in domain B of the hairpin ribozyme. Biochemistry. 39: 16026-32. PMID 11123930 DOI: 10.1021/Bi001976R  1
2000 Butcher SE, Allain FH, Feigon J. Determination of metal ion binding sites within the hairpin ribozyme domains by NMR. Biochemistry. 39: 2174-82. PMID 10694382 DOI: 10.1021/Bi9923454  1
1999 Butcher SE, Allain FH, Feigon J. Solution structure of the loop B domain from the hairpin ribozyme. Nature Structural Biology. 6: 212-6. PMID 10074938 DOI: 10.1038/6651  1
1998 Sklenár V, Dieckmann T, Butcher SE, Feigon J. Optimization of triple-resonance HCN experiments for application to larger RNA oligonucleotides. Journal of Magnetic Resonance (San Diego, Calif. : 1997). 130: 119-24. PMID 9469906 DOI: 10.1006/Jmre.1997.1291  1
1997 Butcher SE, Dieckmann T, Feigon J. Solution structure of a GAAA tetraloop receptor RNA. The Embo Journal. 16: 7490-9. PMID 9405377 DOI: 10.1093/Emboj/16.24.7490  1
1997 Dieckmann T, Butcher SE, Sassanfar M, Szostak JW, Feigon J. Mutant ATP-binding RNA aptamers reveal the structural basis for ligand binding. Journal of Molecular Biology. 273: 467-78. PMID 9344753 DOI: 10.1006/Jmbi.1997.1329  1
1997 Butcher SE, Dieckmann T, Feigon J. Solution structure of the conserved 16 S-like ribosomal RNA UGAA tetraloop. Journal of Molecular Biology. 268: 348-58. PMID 9159475 DOI: 10.1006/Jmbi.1997.0964  1
1996 Sklenár V, Dieckmann T, Butcher SE, Feigon J. Through-bond correlation of imino and aromatic resonances in 13C-, 15N-labeled RNA via heteronuclear TOCSY. Journal of Biomolecular Nmr. 7: 83-7. PMID 8720835 DOI: 10.1007/Bf00190460  1
1995 Butcher SE, Heckman JE, Burke JM. Reconstitution of hairpin ribozyme activity following separation of functional domains. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 270: 29648-51. PMID 8530348 DOI: 10.1074/Jbc.270.50.29648  1
1994 Butcher SE, Burke JM. A photo-cross-linkable tertiary structure motif found in functionally distinct RNA molecules is essential for catalytic function of the hairpin ribozyme. Biochemistry. 33: 992-9. PMID 8305446 DOI: 10.1021/Bi00170A018  1
1994 Butcher SE, Burke JM. Structure-mapping of the hairpin ribozyme. Magnesium-dependent folding and evidence for tertiary interactions within the ribozyme-substrate complex. Journal of Molecular Biology. 244: 52-63. PMID 7966321 DOI: 10.1006/Jmbi.1994.1703  1
1993 Berzal-Herranz A, Joseph S, Chowrira BM, Butcher SE, Burke JM. Essential nucleotide sequences and secondary structure elements of the hairpin ribozyme. The Embo Journal. 12: 2567-73. PMID 8508779 DOI: 10.1002/J.1460-2075.1993.Tb05912.X  1
1993 Joseph S, Berzal-Herranz A, Chowrira BM, Butcher SE, Burke JM. Substrate selection rules for the hairpin ribozyme determined by in vitro selection, mutation, and analysis of mismatched substrates. Genes & Development. 7: 130-8. PMID 7678568 DOI: 10.1101/Gad.7.1.130  1
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