W. Edward Billups - Publications

Affiliations: 
Rice University, Houston, TX 
Area:
organic chemistry
Website:
http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~hydrates/people/ebillups.html

168 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2017 Zhang KS, Pham D, Lawal O, Ghosh S, Gangoli VS, Smalley P, Kennedy K, Brinson BE, Billups WE, Hauge RH, Adams WW, Barronβ AR. Overcoming Catalyst Residue Inhibition of the Functionalization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes via the Billups-Birch Reduction. Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces. PMID 29058877 DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b12857  0.92
2017 Vishnyakova E, Chen G, Brinson BE, Alemany LB, Billups WE. Structural Studies of Hydrographenes. Accounts of Chemical Research. PMID 28485593 DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.6b00588  0.4
2016 Vishnyakova E, Brinson BE, Alemany LB, Verma M, Billups WE. Structural Characteristics and Properties of a New Graphitic-Based Material. Chemistry (Weinheim An Der Bergstrasse, Germany). PMID 26749119 DOI: 10.1002/chem.201504235  1
2015 Ghosh S, Wei F, Bachilo SM, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Weisman RB. Structure-Dependent Thermal Defunctionalization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. Acs Nano. 9: 6324-32. PMID 26027688 DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b01846  1
2015 Alemany LB, Verma M, Billups WE, Wellington SL, Shammai M. Solid- and Solution-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Analyses of Ecuadorian Asphaltenes: Quantitative Solid-State Aromaticity Determination Supporting the "island" Structural Model. Aliphatic Structural Information from Solution-State 1H-13C Heteronuclear Single-Quantum Coherence Experiments Energy and Fuels. 29: 6317-6329. DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b01455  1
2014 Sun Y, Kvashnin AG, Sorokin PB, Yakobson BI, Billups WE. Radiation-induced nucleation of diamond from amorphous carbon: Effect of hydrogen Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 5: 1924-1928. DOI: 10.1021/jz5007912  1
2013 Ford AC, Shaughnessy M, Wong BM, Kane AA, Kuznetsov OV, Krafcik KL, Billups WE, Hauge RH, Léonard F. Physical removal of metallic carbon nanotubes from nanotube network devices using a thermal and fluidic process. Nanotechnology. 24: 105202. PMID 23416509 DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/10/105202  1
2013 Kelly KF, Billups WE. Synthesis of soluble graphite and graphene. Accounts of Chemical Research. 46: 4-13. PMID 23116420 DOI: 10.1021/ar300121q  1
2013 Acharya S, Alvarado J, Banerjee D, Billups WE, Chen G, Cola BA, Cross W, Duke E, Graham S, He H, Hong H, Jin S, Karna S, Li C, Li CH, et al. Report on carbon nano material workshop: Challenges and opportunities Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering. 17: 10-24. DOI: 10.1080/15567265.2012.745912  1
2012 Yang Z, Sun Y, Alemany LB, Narayanan TN, Billups WE. Birch reduction of graphite. Edge and interior functionalization by hydrogen. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 134: 18689-94. PMID 23072630 DOI: 10.1021/ja3073116  1
2012 Kuznetsov O, Sun Y, Thaner R, Bratt A, Shenoy V, Wong MS, Jones J, Billups WE. Water-soluble nanodiamond. Langmuir : the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids. 28: 5243-8. PMID 22360371 DOI: 10.1021/la204660h  1
2011 Kumar A, Reddy AL, Mukherjee A, Dubey M, Zhan X, Singh N, Ci L, Billups WE, Nagurny J, Mital G, Ajayan PM. Direct synthesis of lithium-intercalated graphene for electrochemical energy storage application. Acs Nano. 5: 4345-9. PMID 21609023 DOI: 10.1021/nn201527p  1
2011 Sun Y, Alemany LB, Billups WE, Lu J, Yakobson BI. Structural dislocations in anthracite Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2: 2521-2524. DOI: 10.1021/jz2011429  1
2011 Sun Y, Kuznetsov O, Alemany LB, Billups WE. Reductive alkylation of anthracite: Edge functionalization Energy and Fuels. 25: 3997-4005. DOI: 10.1021/ef200715n  1
2011 Sun Y, Mukherjee A, Kuznetsov O, Thaner R, Alemany LB, Billups WE. Functionalization by reductive alkylation and mapping of a subbituminous coal by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy Energy and Fuels. 25: 1571-1577. DOI: 10.1021/ef200106g  1
2011 Mukherjee A, Kang J, Kuznetsov O, Sun Y, Thaner R, Bratt AS, Lomeda JR, Kelly KF, Billups WE. Water-soluble graphite nanoplatelets formed by oleum exfoliation of graphite Chemistry of Materials. 23: 9-13. DOI: 10.1021/cm100808f  1
2010 Zhang YJ, Wang YX, Billups WE, Liu HB, Yang JH. Ordered magnetic multilayer nanobowl array by nanosphere template method Solid State Communications. 150: 2357-2361. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssc.2010.09.047  1
2010 Moore VC, McJilton LA, Pheasant ST, Kittrell C, Anderson RE, Ogrin D, Liang F, Hauge RH, Schmidt HK, Tour JM, Billups WE, Barron AR, Smalley RE. Controlled attachment of metal nanoparticles to single walled carbon nanotubes as a key step in their seeded growth and lengthening Carbon. 48: 561-565. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2009.09.070  1
2009 Ogloblya OV, Strzhemechny YM, Kuznetsova GM, Prylutskyy YI, Billups WE. Linear polarizability of carbon nanotubes bonded to maleimide derivative and fluorescent probe Nile red Computational Materials Science. 46: 112-114. DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2009.02.010  1
2009 Chattopadhyay J, Mukherjee A, Chakraborty S, Kang J, Loos PJ, Kelly KF, Schmidt HK, Billups WE. Exfoliated soluble graphite Carbon. 47: 2945-2949. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2009.06.053  1
2009 Mukherjee A, Alemany LB, Thaner R, Guo WH, Billups WE. Soluble activated charcoal Carbon. 47: 3145-3150. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2009.06.035  1
2009 McJilton L, Horton C, Kittrell C, Ogrin D, Peng H, Liang F, Billups WE, Schmidt HK, Hauge RH, Smalley RE, Barron AR. Nebulization of single-walled carbon nanotubes for respiratory toxicity studies Carbon. 47: 2528-2530. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2009.04.033  1
2008 Chattopadhyay J, Mukherjee A, Hamilton CE, Kang J, Chakraborty S, Guo W, Kelly KF, Barron AR, Billups WE. Graphite epoxide. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 130: 5414-5. PMID 18376826 DOI: 10.1021/ja711063f  1
2008 Ni C, Chattopadhyay J, Billups WE, Bandaru PR. Modification of the electrical characteristics of single wall carbon nanotubes through selective functionalization Applied Physics Letters. 93. DOI: 10.1063/1.3049608  1
2008 Engel PS, Billups WE, Abmayr DW, Tsvaygboym K, Wang R. Reaction of single-walled carbon nanotubes with organic peroxides Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 112: 695-700. DOI: 10.1021/jp0770054  1
2008 Mukherjee A, Combs R, Chattopadhyay J, Abmayr DW, Engel PS, Billups WE. Attachment of nitrogen and oxygen centered radicals to single-walled carbon nanotube salts Chemistry of Materials. 20: 7339-7343. DOI: 10.1021/cm8014226  1
2008 Mukherjee A, Alemany LB, Chattopadhyay J, Chakraborty S, Guo W, Yates SM, Billups WE. Dodecylated large fullerenes: An unusual class of solids Chemistry of Materials. 20: 5513-5521. DOI: 10.1021/cm800737z  1
2008 Chakraborty S, Guo W, Hauge RH, Billups WE. Reductive alkylation of fluorinated graphite Chemistry of Materials. 20: 3134-3136. DOI: 10.1021/cm800060q  1
2008 Glover B, Whites KW, Hong H, Mukherjee A, Billups WE. Effective electrical conductivity of functional single-wall carbon nanotubes in aqueous fluids Synthetic Metals. 158: 506-508. DOI: 10.1016/j.synthmet.2008.03.022  1
2007 Rai PK, Parra-Vasquez AN, Chattopadhyay J, Pinnick RA, Liang F, Sadana AK, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Pasquali M. Dispersions of functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes in strong acids: solubility and rheology. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 7: 3378-85. PMID 18330144 DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2007.835  0.4
2007 Ziegler KJ, Rauwald U, Gu Z, Liang F, Billups WE, Hauge RH, Smalley RE. Statistically accurate length measurements of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 7: 2917-21. PMID 17685318 DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2007.608  1
2007 Chakraborty S, Chattopadhyay J, Guo W, Billups WE. Functionalization of potassium graphite. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 46: 4486-8. PMID 17477336 DOI: 10.1002/anie.200605175  1
2007 Hong H, Wensel J, Liang F, Billups WE, Roy W. Heat transfer nanofluids based on carbon nanotubes Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer. 21: 234-236. DOI: 10.2514/1.25659  1
2007 Billups WE, Liang F, Chattopadhyay J, Beach JM. Uses of single wall carbon nanotube salts in organic syntheses Ecs Transactions. 2: 65-76. DOI: 10.1149/1.2408953  1
2007 Chattopadhyay J, Chakraborty S, Mukherjee A, Runtang W, Engel PS, Billups WE. SET mechanism in the functionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 111: 17928-17932. DOI: 10.1021/jp071746n  1
2007 Ramesh S, Shan H, Haroz E, Billups WE, Hauge R, Adams WW, Smalley RE. Diameter selection of single-walled carbon nanotubes through programmable solvation in binary sulfonic acid mixtures Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 111: 17827-17834. DOI: 10.1021/jp071322t  1
2007 Ogrin D, Anderson RE, Colorado R, Maruyama B, Pender MJ, Moore VC, Pheasant ST, McJilton L, Schmidt HK, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Tour JM, Smalley RE, Barron AR. Amplification of single-walled carbon nanotubes from designed seeds: Separation of nucleation and growth Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 111: 17804-17806. DOI: 10.1021/jp0712506  1
2006 Chakraborty S, Chattopadhyay J, Peng H, Chen Z, Mukherjee A, Arvidson RS, Hauge RH, Billups WE. Surface area measurement of functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B. 110: 24812-5. PMID 17149898 DOI: 10.1021/jp065044u  1
2006 Ogrin D, Chattopadhyay J, Sadana AK, Billups WE, Barron AR. Epoxidation and deoxygenation of single-walled carbon nanotubes: quantification of epoxide defects. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 128: 11322-3. PMID 16939233 DOI: 10.1021/ja061680u  1
2006 Vega-Cantu YI, Hauge RH, Norman LR, Powell RJ, Billups WE. Effect of magnesium and iron on the hydration and hydrolysis of guar gum. Biomacromolecules. 7: 441-5. PMID 16471914 DOI: 10.1021/bm050569y  1
2006 Sayes CM, Liang F, Hudson JL, Mendez J, Guo W, Beach JM, Moore VC, Doyle CD, West JL, Billups WE, Ausman KD, Colvin VL. Functionalization density dependence of single-walled carbon nanotubes cytotoxicity in vitro. Toxicology Letters. 161: 135-42. PMID 16229976 DOI: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2005.08.011  1
2006 Allada R, Moloney P, Anderson M, Smith F, Arepalli S, Yowell L, Chattopadhyay J, Shah K, Billups WE, Filburn T. Nanoscale materials for human spaceflight applications: Regenerable carbon dioxide removal using single-wall carbon nanotubes Sae Technical Papers. DOI: 10.4271/2006-01-2195  1
2006 Chattopadhyay J, De Jesus Cortez F, Chakraborty S, Slater NKH, Billups WE. Synthesis of water-soluble PEGylated single-walled carbon nanotubes Chemistry of Materials. 18: 5864-5868. DOI: 10.1021/cm0611082  1
2006 Liang F, Beach JM, Kobashi K, Sadana AK, Vega-Cantu YI, Tour JM, Billups WE. In situ polymerization initiated by single-walled carbon nanotube salts Chemistry of Materials. 18: 4764-4767. DOI: 10.1021/cm0607536  1
2006 Liang F, Beach JM, Rai PK, Guo W, Hauge RH, Pasquali M, Smalley RE, Billups WE. Highly exfoliated water-soluble single-walled carbon nanotubes Chemistry of Materials. 18: 1520-1524. DOI: 10.1021/cm0526967  1
2005 Talyzin AV, Tsybin YO, Peera AA, Schaub TM, Marshall AG, Sundqvist B, Mauron P, Züttel A, Billups WE. Synthesis of C59Hx and C58Hx fullerenes stabilized by hydrogen. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B. 109: 5403-5. PMID 16851570 DOI: 10.1021/jp050364j  1
2005 Sadana AK, Liang F, Brinson B, Arepalli S, Farhat S, Hauge RH, Smalley RE, Billups WE. Functionalization and extraction of large fullerenes and carbon-coated metal formed during the synthesis of single wall carbon nanotubes by laser oven, direct current arc, and high-pressure carbon monoxide production methods. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B. 109: 4416-8. PMID 16851511 DOI: 10.1021/jp045582b  1
2005 Liang F, Alemany LB, Beach JM, Billups WE. Structure analyses of dodecylated single-walled carbon nanotubes. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 127: 13941-8. PMID 16201816 DOI: 10.1021/ja052870s  1
2005 Chattopadhyay J, Sadana AK, Liang F, Beach JM, Xiao Y, Hauge RH, Billups WE. Carbon nanotube salts. Arylation of single-wall carbon nanotubes. Organic Letters. 7: 4067-9. PMID 16146353 DOI: 10.1021/ol050862a  1
2005 Carver RL, Peng H, Sadana AK, Nikolaev P, Arepalli S, Scott CD, Billups WE, Hauge RH, Smalley RE. A model for nucleation and growth of single wall carbon nanotubes via the HiPcO process: a catalyst concentration study. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 5: 1035-40. PMID 16108423 DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2005.180  1
2005 Gu Z, Liang F, Chen Z, Sadana A, Kittrell C, Billups WE, Hauge RH, Smalley RE. In situ Raman studies on lithiated single-wall carbon nanotubes in liquid ammonia Chemical Physics Letters. 410: 467-470. DOI: 10.1016/j.cplett.2005.05.010  1
2004 Ericson LM, Fan H, Peng H, Davis VA, Zhou W, Sulpizio J, Wang Y, Booker R, Vavro J, Guthy C, Parra-Vasquez AN, Kim MJ, Ramesh S, Saini RK, Kittrell C, ... ... Billups WE, et al. Macroscopic, neat, single-walled carbon nanotube fibers. Science (New York, N.Y.). 305: 1447-50. PMID 15353797 DOI: 10.1126/science.1101398  1
2004 Kirchner MT, Boese R, Billups WE, Norman LR. Gas hydrate single-crystal structure analyses. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 126: 9407-12. PMID 15281833 DOI: 10.1021/ja049247c  1
2004 Liang F, Sadana AK, Peera A, Chattopadhyay J, Gu Z, Hauge RH, Billups WE. A convenient route to functionalized carbon nanotubes Nano Letters. 4: 1257-1260. DOI: 10.1021/nl049428c  1
2004 Davis VA, Ericson LM, Parra-Vasquez ANG, Fan H, Wang Y, Prieto V, Longoria JA, Ramesh S, Saini RK, Kittrell C, Billups WE, Adams WW, Hauge RH, Smalley RE, Pasquali M. Phase behavior and rheology of SWNTs in superacids Macromolecules. 37: 154-160. DOI: 10.1021/ma0352328  1
2004 Ramesh S, Ericson LM, Davis VA, Saini RK, Kittrell C, Pasquali M, Billups WE, Adams WW, Hauge RH, Smalley RE. Dissolution of pristine single walled carbon nanotubes in superacids by direct protonation Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 108: 8794-8798. DOI: 10.1021/jp036971t  1
2004 Talyzin AV, Sundqvist B, Shulga YM, Peera AA, Imus P, Billups WE. Gentle fragmentation of C 60 by strong hydrogenation: A route to synthesizing new materials Chemical Physics Letters. 400: 112-116. DOI: 10.1016/j.cplett.2004.10.087  1
2004 Peera AA, Alemany LB, Billups WE. Hydrogen storage in hydrofullerides Applied Physics a: Materials Science and Processing. 78: 995-1000.  1
2003 Boese R, Kirchner MT, Billups WE, Norman LR. Cocrystallization with acetylene: molecular complexes with acetone and dimethyl sulfoxide. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 42: 1961-3. PMID 12730982 DOI: 10.1002/anie.200250634  1
2003 Ying Y, Saini RK, Liang F, Sadana AK, Billups WE. Functionalization of carbon nanotubes by free radicals. Organic Letters. 5: 1471-3. PMID 12713301 DOI: 10.1021/ol0342453  1
2003 Sadana AK, Saini RK, Billups WE. Cyclobutarenes and related compounds. Chemical Reviews. 103: 1539-602. PMID 12683790 DOI: 10.1021/cr010022j  1
2003 Saini RK, Chiang IW, Peng H, Smalley RE, Billups WE, Hauge RH, Margrave JL. Covalent sidewall functionalization of single wall carbon nanotubes. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 125: 3617-21. PMID 12643724 DOI: 10.1021/ja021167q  1
2003 Ramesh S, Brinson B, Johnson MP, Gu Z, Saini RK, Willis P, Marriott T, Billups WE, Margrave JL, Hauge RH, Smalley RE. Identification of large fullerenes formed during the growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes in the HiPco process Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 107: 1360-1365. DOI: 10.1021/jp027043h  1
2003 Vega-Cantú Y, Hauge R, Norman L, Billups WE. ZnBr2-catalyzed chemical effects in poly(acrylonitrile-co-butadiene) Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 89: 1250-1257. DOI: 10.1002/app.12220  1
2003 Vega-Cantú Y, Hauge R, Norman L, Billups WE. Enhancement of the chemical resistance of nitrile rubber by direct fluorination Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 89: 971-979. DOI: 10.1002/app.12212  1
2003 Peera A, Saini RK, Alemany LB, Billups WE, Saunders M, Khong A, Syamala MS, Cross RJ. Formation, Isolation, and Spectroscopic Properties of Some Isomers of C60H38, C60H40, C60H 42, and C60H44 - Analysis of the Effect of the Different Shapes of Various Helium-Containing Hydrogenated Fullerenes on Their 3He Chemical Shifts European Journal of Organic Chemistry. 4140-4145.  1
2002 Khabashesku VN, Billups WE, Margrave JL. Fluorination of single-wall carbon nanotubes and subsequent derivatization reactions. Accounts of Chemical Research. 35: 1087-95. PMID 12484797 DOI: 10.1021/ar020146y  0.52
2002 Billups WE, Saini RK, Litosh VA, Alemany LB, Wilson WK, Wiberg KB. Thermal rearrangements of spiro[2.4]hepta-1,4,6-trienes. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 67: 4436-40. PMID 12076139 DOI: 10.1021/jo011144e  1
2002 Bettinger HF, Rabuck AD, Scuseria GE, Wang NX, Litosh VA, Saini RK, Billups WE. Pathways for the thermally induced dehydrogenation of C60H2 Chemical Physics Letters. 360: 509-514. DOI: 10.1016/S0009-2614(02)00887-4  1
2001 Nossal J, Saini RK, Sadana AK, Bettinger HF, Alemany LB, Scuseria GE, Billups WE, Saunders M, Khong A, Weisemann R. Formation, isolation, spectroscopic properties, and calculated properties of some isomers of C(60)H(36). Journal of the American Chemical Society. 123: 8482-95. PMID 11525655 DOI: 10.1021/ja0108180  1
2001 Litosh VA, Saini RK, Guzman-Jimenez IY, Whitmire KH, Billups WE. Reactions of cycloproparenes with metal carbenes. Organic Letters. 3: 65-6. PMID 11429873 DOI: 10.1021/ol0067787  1
2001 Nossal J, Saini RK, Alemany LB, Meier M, Billups WE. The synthesis and characterization of fullerene hydrides European Journal of Organic Chemistry. 4167-4180.  1
2000 Bachilo SM, Benedetto AF, Weisman RB, Nossal JR, Billups WE. Time-resolved thermally activated delayed fluorescence in C70 and 1,2-C70H2 Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 104: 11265-11269.  1
2000 Chu CJ, Kafafi ZH, Margrave JL, Hauge RH, Billups WE. Matrix-Isolation Studies of the Reactions of Ground- and Excited-State Atomic Iron with Cyclopropane Organometallics. 19: 39-48.  1
1999 Saini RK, Litosh VA, Daniels AD, Billups WE. Synthesis and characterization of 1,4-dichlorospiropentadiene Tetrahedron Letters. 40: 6157-6158. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(99)01293-9  1
1999 Litosh VA, Saini RK, Daniels AD, Billups WE. Synthesis and characterization of 1-chloro-3-methylenecyclopropene Tetrahedron Letters. 40: 1261-1264. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(98)02676-8  1
1999 Billups WE, Luo W, Wagner R, Hopf H, König B, Psiorz M. Synthesis of [2.2]Paracyclophane annelated cycloproparenes Tetrahedron. 55: 10893-10898. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4020(99)00623-7  1
1999 Billups WE, Chang SC, Margrave JL, Hauge RH. Reactions of Atomic Manganese with CH2N2 in Solid Argon at 12 K Organometallics. 18: 3551.  1
1999 Billups WE, Litosh VA, Saini RK, Daniels AD. Synthesis of oxaspiropentene Organic Letters. 1: 115-116.  1
1997 Alemany LB, Gonzalez A, Luo W, Billups WE, Willcott MR, Ezell E, Gozansky E. Observation of alignment effects in high-field proton NMR spectra of hydrogenated fullerenes: Evidence for residual anisotropic dipole-dipole couplings [7] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 119: 5047-5048. DOI: 10.1021/ja963493+  1
1997 Billups WE, Luo W, Gonzalez A, Arguello D, Alemany LB, Marriott T, Saunders M, Jiménez-Vázquez HA, Khong A. Reduction of C60 using anhydrous hydrazine Tetrahedron Letters. 38: 171-174. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(97)83014-6  1
1997 Billups WE, Luo W, Harmon B, McCord D, Wagner R. Synthesis of a novel dicycloproparene Tetrahedron Letters. 38: 4533-4534. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(97)00971-4  1
1997 Billups WE, Gesenberg C, Cole R. A new methylenecyclopropene synthesis and the isolation of a novel methylenecyclopropene dimer Tetrahedron Letters. 38: 1115-1116. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(97)00085-3  1
1997 Billups WE, Gonzalez A, Gesenberg C, Luo W, Marriott T, Alemany LB, Saunders M, Jiménez-Vánez HA, Khong A. 3He NMR spectra of highly reduced C60 Tetrahedron Letters. 38: 175-178. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(96)02267-8  1
1997 Alemany LB, Gonzalez A, Billups WE, Willcott MR, Ezell E, Gozansky E. Alignment Effects in High Field Proton NMR Spectra of the Hydrogenated Fullerenes C60H2 and C60H4: Evidence for Residual Anisotropic Dipole-Dipole Couplings Journal of Organic Chemistry. 62: 5771-5779.  1
1996 Billups WE, Luo W, Lee GA, Chee J, Arney BE, Wiberg KB, Artis DR. Synthesis and Chemistry of Bicyclo[4.1.0]hept-1,6-ene. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 61: 764-770. PMID 11667002  1
1996 Billups WE, Luo W, McCord D, Wagner R. Synthesis of new molecular systems Pure and Applied Chemistry. 68: 275-280.  1
1995 Saunders M, Jiménez-Vázquez HA, Cross RJ, Billups WE, Gesenberg C, Gonzalez A, Luo W, Haddon RC, Diederich F, Herrmann A. Analysis of isomers of the higher fullerenes by 3He NMR spectroscopy Journal of the American Chemical Society. 117: 9305-9308.  1
1995 Billups WE, Chang SC, Hauge RH, Margrave JL. Low-temperature reactions of atomic cobalt with CH2N2, CH4, CH3D, CH2D2, CHD3, CD4, H2, D2, and HD Journal of the American Chemical Society. 117: 1387-1392.  1
1994 Billups WE, McCord DJ, Maughon BR. Dimerization of cycloproparenes by silver ion Tetrahedron Letters. 35: 4493-4496. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)60709-8  1
1994 Billups WE, M. Haley M, Boese R, Bläser D. Synthesis of the bicyclopropenyls Tetrahedron. 50: 10693-10700. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4020(01)89261-9  1
1994 Boese R, Bläser D, Billups WE, Haley MM, Maulitz AH, Mohler DL, Vollhardt KPC. The effect of fusion of angular strained rings on benzene: Crystal structures of 1,2-dihydrocyclobuta[a]cyclopropa[c]-, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydrodicyclobuta[a,c]-, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydrodicyclobuta[a,c]cyclopropa[e]-, and 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydrotricyclobuta[a,c,e]benzene Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English). 33: 313-317.  1
1994 Boese R, Bläser D, Billups WE, Haley MM, Luo W, Arney BE. X-ray crystal structure of 3-vinylcyclopropene. Gas phase synthesis of simple cyclopropenes Journal of Organic Chemistry. 59: 8125-8126.  1
1994 Billups WE, McCord DJ. Gas-phase synthesis of reactive molecules using adsorbed reagents Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English). 33: 1332-1343.  1
1993 Billups WE, Chang SC, Hauge RH, Margrave JL. Synthesis and structure of the unligated carbene of chromium Inorganic Chemistry. 32: 1529-1531.  1
1993 Boese R, Bläser D, Gleiter R, Pfeifer KH, Billups WE, Haley MM. Structure and photoelectron spectrum of 3,3′-bicyclopropenyl Journal of the American Chemical Society. 115: 743-746.  1
1992 Billups WE, Bachman RE. The thermal rearrangements of halocyclopropenes Tetrahedron Letters. 33: 1825-1826. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)74152-9  1
1992 Steele WV, Chirico RD, Smith NK, Billups WE, Elmore PR, Wheeler AE. Standard enthalpy of formation of buckminsterfullerene Journal of Physical Chemistry. 96: 4731-4733.  1
1991 Billups WE, Lee GA, Arney BE, Whitmire KH. 1,3-Bridged Cyclopropenes Journal of the American Chemical Society. 113: 7980-7984.  1
1991 Billups WE, Haley MM. Spiropentadiene Journal of the American Chemical Society. 113: 5084-5085.  1
1990 Chang SC, Hauge RH, Kafafi ZH, Margrave JL, Billups WE. Low-temperature reactions of atomic nickel with diazomethane Inorganic Chemistry. 29: 4373-4376.  1
1990 Haufler RE, Conceicao J, Chibante LPF, Chai Y, Byrne NE, Flanagan S, Haley MM, O'Brien SC, Pan C, Xiao Z, Billups WE, Ciufolini MA, Hauge RH, Margrave JL, Wilson LJ, et al. Efficient production of C60 (buckminsterfullerene), C60H36, and the solvated buckide ion Journal of Physical Chemistry. 94: 8634-8636.  1
1989 Billups WE, Haley MM, Lee GA. Bicyclo[n.1.0]alkenes Chemical Reviews. 89: 1147-1159.  1
1989 Billups WE, Haley MM. Bicycloprop-2-enyl (C6H6) Angewandte Chemie - International Edition in English. 28: 1711-1713.  1
1988 Billups WE, A. Rodin W, M. Haley M. Cycloproparenes Tetrahedron. 44: 1305-1338. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4020(01)85911-1  1
1988 Chang SC, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Margrave JL, Kafafi ZH. Low-temperature reactions of methane with photoexcited nickel atoms Inorganic Chemistry. 27: 205-206.  1
1988 Billups WE, Wesley Moorehead A, Ko PJ, Margrave JL, Bell JP, McCormick FB. Metal vapor synthesis of bis(arene)manganese cations utilizing in situ oxidation Organometallics. 7: 2230-2231.  1
1988 Billups WE, Rodin WA. Regioselective ring opening in annelated benzocyclopropenes Journal of Organic Chemistry. 53: 1312-1314.  1
1988 Chang SC, Hauge RH, Kafafi ZH, Margrave JL, Billups WE. Characterization and novel low-temperature reactions of FeCH2 and N2FeCH2 Journal of the American Chemical Society. 110: 7975-7980.  1
1987 Chang SC, Hauge RH, Kafafi ZH, Margrave JL, Billups WE. Isolation and characterization of ZnCH2 by Fourier transform I.R. matrix isolation spectroscopy and its photolytic rearrangement to HZnCH Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications. 1682-1684. DOI: 10.1039/C39870001682  1
1987 Sou-Chan C, Kafafi ZH, Hauge RH, Margrave JL, Billups WE. The isolation and characterization of copper methylene via matrix isolation spectroscopy Tetrahedron Letters. 28: 1733-1736. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)95407-8  1
1987 Kafafi ZH, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Margrave JL. Infrared spectroscopy and photochemistry of iron-ethylene oxide in cryogenic matrices. The FTIR spectrum of vinyliron hydroxide Journal of the American Chemical Society. 109: 4775-4780.  1
1987 Chang SC, Kafafi ZH, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Margrave JL. Isolation and characterization of copper methylene (CuCH2) via FTIR matrix isolation spectroscopy Journal of the American Chemical Society. 109: 4508-4513.  1
1986 Billups WE, Lin LJ. Uses of adsorbed reagents in the synthesis of reactive molecules via elimination reactions Tetrahedron. 42: 1575-1579. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4020(01)87573-6  1
1986 Billups WE, Bell JP, Hauge RH, Kline ES, Wesley Moorehead A, Margrave JL, McCormick FB. Photoactivation of methyl acetate by chromium atoms Organometallics. 5: 1917-1918.  1
1986 Chang SC, Kafafi ZH, Hauge RH, Whitmire KH, Billups WE, Margrave JL. Infrared spectrum of hexacarbonylbis(μ-carbonyl)(μ-methylene)diiron, Fe2(CO)6(μ-CO)2(μ-CH2), in cryogenic matrices Inorganic Chemistry. 25: 4530-4533.  1
1985 Chang SC, Kafafi ZH, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Margrave JL. Isolation and characterization of iron methylene (FeCH2) via FTIR matrix isolation Journal of the American Chemical Society. 107: 1447-1448.  1
1984 Billups WE, Bell JP, Margrave JL, Hauge RH. Activation of hexafluoroethane by calcium atoms Journal of Fluorine Chemistry. 26: 165-167. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1139(00)80920-3  1
1984 Billups WE, Lin LJ, Arney BE, Rodin WA, Casserly EW. 1-bromo-2-chlorocyclopropene--A new cycloproparene synthon. Synthesis of 1H-Cyclopropa[b]phenanthrene Tetrahedron Letters. 25: 3935-3938. DOI: 10.1016/0040-4039(84)80034-9  1
1984 Kafafi ZH, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Margrave JL. Carbon dioxide activation by alkali metals. 2. Infrared spectra of M+CO2 - and M2 2+CO2 2- in argon and nitrogen matrices Inorganic Chemistry. 23: 177-183.  1
1984 Billups WE, Arney BE, Lin LJ. Synthesis of tris-annelated benzenes incorporating a three-membered ring Journal of Organic Chemistry. 49: 3436-3437.  1
1984 Billups WE, Casserly EW, Arney BE. 1H-cycloprop[b]anthracene Journal of the American Chemical Society. 106: 440-441.  1
1984 Billups WE, Lin LJ, Casserly EW. Synthesis of methylenecyclopropene Journal of the American Chemical Society. 106: 3698-3699.  1
1983 Billups WE, Lin LJ. 1,4-di-tert-butylmethylenecyclopropene Tetrahedron Letters. 24: 1683-1686. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)81744-X  1
1983 Kafafi ZH, Hauge RH, Fredin L, Billups WE, Margrave JL. Activation of ethane, propane, and cyclopropane by photoexcited iron atoms Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications. 1230-1231.  1
1983 Kafafi ZH, Hauge RH, Billups WE, Margrave JL. CARBON DIOXIDE ACTIVATION BY LITHIUM METAL: PART 1. INFRARED SPECTRA OF Li** plus CO//2** minus , Li** plus C//2O//4** minus AND Li//2**2** plus CO//2**2** minus IN INERT-GAS MATRICES Journal of the American Chemical Society. 105: 3886-3893.  1
1981 Billups WE, Blakeney AJ, Rao NA, Buynak JD. Generation of simple methylenecyclopropenes as reactive intermediates Tetrahedron. 37: 3215-3220. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4020(01)98856-8  1
1981 Billups WE, Reed LE, Casserly EW, Lin LP. Generation of bicyclo[4.1.0]heptatrienes Journal of Organic Chemistry. 46: 1326-1333.  1
1981 Hauge RH, Margrave JL, Kauffman JW, Rao NA, Konarski MM, Bell JP, Billups WE. Matrix isolation studies on the lithium-induced reductive coupling of carbon dioxide Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications. 1258-1260.  1
1980 Billups WE, Konarski MM, Hauge RH, L. Margrave J. Activation of dimethyl ether with transition metal atoms Tetrahedron Letters. 21: 3861-3864. DOI: 10.1016/0040-4039(80)80200-0  1
1980 Billups WE, Konarski MM, Hauge RH, Margrave JL. Activation of methane with photoexcited metal atoms [20] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 102: 7393-7394.  1
1980 Billups WE, Konarski MM, Hauge RH, Margrave JL. Carbon-carbon bond formation in the reaction of calcium atoms with ethers [18] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 102: 3649-3650.  1
1980 Billups WE, Buynak JD, Butler D. Generation of 2-chloronaphthalene-1,3-diyl Journal of Organic Chemistry. 45: 4636-4641.  1
1979 Billups WE, Buynak JD, Butler D. Generation of a 1,3-dehydronaphthalene. Evidence for the diyl structure Journal of Organic Chemistry. 44: 4218-4219.  1
1977 Billups WE, Chamberlain WT, Asim MY. Synthesis of 3-chloro- and 3-bromobenzocyclopropene Tetrahedron Letters. 18: 571-572. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(01)92696-6  1
1977 Billups WE, Reed LE. Generation of bicyclo[4.1.0]heptatrienes. Carbene-carbene rearrangements in solution Tetrahedron Letters. 18: 2239-2242. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(01)83730-8  1
1976 Billups WE, Blakeney AJ. Synthesis of methylenecyclopropenes [1] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 98: 7817-7818.  1
1976 Billups WE, Blakeney AJ, Chamberlain WT. Generation and trapping of methylenecyclopropene Journal of Organic Chemistry. 41: 3771-3772.  1
1975 Cotton FA, Troup JM, Billups WE, Lin LP, Smith CV. Synthesis and structure proof of a new ring system from the reaction of diironnonacarbonyl and naphtho[b]-cyclopropene Journal of Organometallic Chemistry. 102: 345-351. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-328X(00)95202-1  1
1975 Billups WE, Cross JH, Blakeney AJ. Isolation of a cyclopropene from dehydrochlorination of a gem-dichlorocyclopropane Journal of Organic Chemistry. 40: 1848-1849.  1
1975 Billups WE, Baker BA, Chow WY, Leavell KH, Lewis ES. Effect of ring size on the thermal rearrangements of bicyclo[.n.1.0]alka-1,n-dienes Journal of Organic Chemistry. 40: 1702-1704.  1
1974 Billups WE, Chow WY, Cross JH. Synthesis of (±)-dictyopterene A and (±)-dictyopterene C' Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications. 252. DOI: 10.1039/C39740000252  1
1974 Billups WE, Chow WY, Smith CV. Uses of benzocyclopropenes in synthesis. Catalysis by silver ion [33] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 96: 1979-1980.  1
1974 Smith CV, Billups WE. Ghlorination of norbornane, bicyclo[2.2.2]octane, and adamantane using nitrogen cation radicals. Bridgehead chlorination Journal of the American Chemical Society. 96: 4307-4311.  1
1974 Billups WE, Chow WY, Leavell KH, Lewis ES. Synthesis and thermolysis of 1-allylidene-2-vinylcyclopropane and 1-(1-buta-1,3-dienyl)-2-methylenecyclopropane Journal of Organic Chemistry. 39: 274-275.  1
1974 Billups WE, Lin LP, Chow WY. Evidence for the discrete existence of a bicyclo[4.1.0]heptatriene [12] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 96: 4026-4027.  1
1973 Billups WE, Lin LP, Baker BA. Trimethylenemethane vs. diene coordination in the reaction of 2,2-dimethyl-allylidenecyclopropane with Fe2(CO)9 Journal of Organometallic Chemistry. 61: C55-C58. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-328X(00)86523-7  1
1973 Billups WE, Chow WY. Naphtho[b]cyclopropene [36] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 95: 4099-4100.  1
1973 Billups WE, Leavell KH, Lewis ES, Vanderpool S. Rates and mechanisms in the rearrangements of vinylmethylenecyclopropane and vinylethylidenecyclopropane Journal of the American Chemical Society. 95: 8096-8102.  1
1973 Billups WE, Chow WY, Leavell KH, Lewis ES, Margrave JL, Sass RL, Shieh JJ, Werness PG, Wood JL. Structure and thermochemistry of benzocyclopropenes. The question of bond fixation and strain energy [13] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 95: 7878-7880.  1
1973 Billups WE, Cross JH, Smith CV. A synthesis of (±)-grandisol [41] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 95: 3438-3439.  1
1972 Billups WE, Leavell KH, Chow WY, Lewis ES. Synthesis and pyrolytic transformations of 7-methylenebicyclo[4.1.0]hept-2-ene and bicyclo[6.1.0]nona-1,6-diene [20] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 94: 1770-1771.  1
1972 Billups WE, Shields TC, Chow WY, Deno NC. Vinylalkylidenecyclopropanes from gem-dichlorocyclopropanes by HCl eliminations Journal of Organic Chemistry. 37: 3676-3678.  1
1971 Billups WE, Blakeney AJ, Chow WY. A benzocyclopropene synthesis Journal of the Chemical Society D: Chemical Communications. 1461-1462. DOI: 10.1039/C29710001461  1
1971 Billups WE, Walker WE, Shields TC. The palladium-catalysed carbonylation-dimerization of butadiene Journal of the Chemical Society D: Chemical Communications. 1067-1068. DOI: 10.1039/C29710001067  1
1971 Deno NC, Billups WE, Fishbein R, Pierson C, Whalen R, Wyckoff JC. Cation radicals. II. Selectivity (>90%) for ω - 1 monochlorination of C6 and C8 alcohols, ethers, and carboxylic acids using nitrogen cation radicals Journal of the American Chemical Society. 93: 438-440.  1
1971 Lewis ES, Butler MM, Billups WE. A sensual demonstration of gas chromatography Journal of Chemical Education. 48: 361.  1
1970 Deno NC, Billups WE. Protonated cyclopropane intermediates in the addition of chlorine to methyl- and ethyl-cyclopropane Journal of the Chemical Society D: Chemical Communications. 1387. DOI: 10.1039/C29700001387  1
1970 Billups WE, Deno NC. The meso-(±)- and erythro-threo-dichloro-alkane equilibria Journal of the Chemical Society D: Chemical Communications. 12a. DOI: 10.1039/C2970000012a  1
1970 Deno NC, Billups WE, DiStefano RE, McDonald KM, Schneider S. The alkylation of acetic anhydride by triphenylmethyl cation Journal of Organic Chemistry. 35: 278-279.  1
1970 Deno NC, Billups WE, LaVietes D, Scholl PC, Schneider S. Protonated cyclopropane intermediates in the reactions of cyclopropanecarboxylic acids Journal of the American Chemical Society. 92: 3700-3703.  1
1970 Deno NC, Billups WE, Kramer KE, Lastomirsky RR. The rearrangement of aliphatic primary, secondary, and tertiary alkyl hydroperoxides in strong acid Journal of Organic Chemistry. 35: 3080-3082.  1
1969 Deno NC, Billups WE, Bingman JS, Lastomirsky RR, Whalen RG. Carbonium ions. XXII. The formation of transient, primary carbonium ions by oxidation of carboxylic acids Journal of Organic Chemistry. 34: 3207-3208.  1
1968 Shields TC, Billups WE, Lepley AR. Vinylmethylenecyclopropane [17] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 90: 4749-4751.  1
1968 Billups WE, Kurtz AN. Diastereomeric equilibration of the dichloropentanes. A model system for polyvinyl chloride [11] Journal of the American Chemical Society. 90: 1361-1362.  1
1966 Wotiz JH, Billups WE, Christian DT. The sodium amide catalyzed rearrangement of some acetylenes in ethylenediamine Journal of Organic Chemistry. 31: 2069-2073.  1
1966 Farmer ML, Billups WE, Greenlee RB, Kurtz AN. Isomerization of propargylic amines to conjugated dienes. 2-Dialkylamino-1,3-butadienes Journal of Organic Chemistry. 31: 2885-2887.  1
1965 Kurtz AN, Billups WE, Greenlee RB, Hamil HF, Pace WT. The configuration of chloroacrylic acids, amides, esters, and nitriles by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy Journal of Organic Chemistry. 30: 3141-3147.  1
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