Robert Flowers - Publications

Affiliations: 
Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, United States 
Area:
organic, physical organic

121 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2019 Ramírez-Solís A, Bartulovich CO, León-Pimentel CI, Saint-Martin H, Anderson WR, Flowers RA. Experimental and Theoretical Studies on the Aqueous Solvation and Reactivity of SmCl and Comparison with SmBr and SmI. Inorganic Chemistry. PMID 31584813 DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01818  0.64
2019 Flowers RA, Maity S, Hoz S, Nimkar A. Contrasting Effect of Additives on Photoinduced Reactions of SmI2 Amey Nimkar,[a] Sandeepan Maity,[b] Robert A Flowers II*[b] and Shmaryahu Hoz*[a]. Chemistry (Weinheim An Der Bergstrasse, Germany). PMID 31150561 DOI: 10.1002/chem.201901997  0.8
2019 Maity S, Flowers RA. Mechanistic Study and Development of Catalytic Reactions of Sm(II). Journal of the American Chemical Society. PMID 30685971 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b13119  0.8
2018 Ramirez-Solis A, Bartulovich C, Chciuk TV, Hernández-Cobos J, Saint-Martin H, Maron L, Anderson WR, Li AM, Flowers RA. Experimental and Theoretical Studies on the Implications of Halide Dependent Aqueous Solvation of Sm(II). Journal of the American Chemical Society. PMID 30412400 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b09857  1
2018 Chciuk TV, Anderson WR, Flowers RA. Interplay between Substrate and Proton Donor Coordination in Reductions of Carbonyls by SmI-Water Through Proton-Coupled Electron-Transfer. Journal of the American Chemical Society. PMID 30379544 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b08890  1
2017 Flowers RA, Hoz S, Maity S. Aza vs. Oxophilicity of SmI2: A Break of a Paradigm. Chemistry (Weinheim An Der Bergstrasse, Germany). PMID 29024166 DOI: 10.1002/chem.201703394  0.8
2016 Chciuk TV, Li AM, Vazquez-Lopez A, Anderson WR, Flowers RA. Secondary Amides as Hydrogen Atom Transfer Promoters for Reactions of Samarium Diiodide. Organic Letters. PMID 28001419 DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.6b03664  1
2016 Bornhop DJ, Kammer MN, Kussrow A, Flowers RA. Reply to Varma: Elucidation of the signal origin for label-free, free-solution interactions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID 27462104 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1609553113  1
2016 Chciuk TV, Anderson WR, Flowers RA. Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer in the Reduction of Carbonyls by Samarium Diiodide-Water Complexes. Journal of the American Chemical Society. PMID 27367158 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b05879  1
2016 Henriques DS, Zimmer K, Klare S, Meyer A, Rojo-Wiechel E, Bauer M, Sure R, Grimme S, Schiemann O, Flowers RA, Gansäuer A. Highly Active Titanocene Catalysts for Epoxide Hydrosilylation: Synthesis, Theory, Kinetics, EPR Spectroscopy. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). PMID 27125466 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201601242  1
2016 Chciuk TV, Anderson WR, Flowers RA. High-Affinity Proton Donors Promote Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer by Samarium Diiodide. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). PMID 27061351 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201601474  1
2016 Bornhop DJ, Kammer MN, Kussrow A, Flowers RA, Meiler J. Origin and prediction of free-solution interaction studies performed label-free. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID 26960999 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1515706113  1
2015 Chciuk TV, Flowers RA. Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer in the Reduction of Arenes by SmI2-Water Complexes. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 137: 11526-31. PMID 26273964 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b07518  1
2015 Patel NR, Flowers RA. Mechanistic study of silver-catalyzed decarboxylative fluorination. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 80: 5834-41. PMID 25927595 DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.5b00826  1
2015 Gansäuer A, Hildebrandt S, Michelmann A, Dahmen T, von Laufenberg D, Kube C, Fianu GD, Flowers RA. Cationic Titanocene(III) Complexes for Catalysis in Single-Electron Steps. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 54: 7003-6. PMID 25924582 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201501955  1
2015 Shen M, Tu Y, Xie G, Niu Q, Mao H, Xie T, Flowers RA, Lv X, Wang X. Allylsamarium Bromide-Mediated Cascade Cyclization of Homoallylic Esters. Synthesis of 2-(2-Hydroxyalkyl)cyclopropanols and 2-(2-Hydroxyethyl)bicyclo[2.1.1]hexan-1-ols. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 80: 52-61. PMID 25427109 DOI: 10.1021/jo501797w  1
2015 Gansäuer A, von Laufenberg D, Kube C, Dahmen T, Michelmann A, Behlendorf M, Sure R, Seddiqzai M, Grimme S, Sadasivam DV, Fianu GD, Flowers RA. Mechanistic study of the titanocene(III)-catalyzed radical arylation of epoxides. Chemistry (Weinheim An Der Bergstrasse, Germany). 21: 280-9. PMID 25351963 DOI: 10.1002/chem.201404404  1
2015 Gansäuer A, Hildebrandt S, Vogelsang E, Flowers RA. Tuning the redox properties of the titanocene(III)/(IV)-couple for atom-economical catalysis in single electron steps Dalton Transactions. 45: 448-452. DOI: 10.1039/c5dt03891j  1
2015 Devery JJ, Douglas JJ, Nguyen JD, Cole KP, Flowers RA, Stephenson CRJ. Ligand functionalization as a deactivation pathway in a fac-Ir(ppy)3-mediated radical addition Chemical Science. 6: 537-541. DOI: 10.1039/c4sc03064h  1
2015 Chciuk TV, Boland BP, Flowers RA. Mechanistic study of the samarium diiodide - N,N-dimethyl-2-aminoethanol reducing system Tetrahedron Letters. 56: 3212-3215. DOI: 10.1016/j.tetlet.2014.12.095  1
2015 Gansäuer A, Von Laufenberg D, Kube C, Dahmen T, Michelmann A, Behlendorf M, Sure R, Seddiqzai M, Grimme S, Sadasivam DV, Fianu GD, Flowers RA. Mechanistic study of the titanocene(III)-catalyzed radical arylation of epoxides Chemistry - a European Journal. 21: 280-289. DOI: 10.1002/chem.201404404  1
2015 Gansäuer A, Hildebrandt S, Michelmann A, Dahmen T, Von laufenberg D, Kube C, Fianu GD, Flowers RA. Cationic Titanocene(III) Complexes for Catalysis in Single-Electron Steps Angewandte Chemie - International Edition. 54: 7003-7006. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201501955  1
2014 Chciuk TV, Hilmersson G, Flowers RA. Solvent-dependent substrate reduction by {Sm[N(SiMe3)2]2(THF)2}. An alternative approach for accelerating the rate of substrate reduction by Sm(II). The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 79: 9441-3. PMID 25255468 DOI: 10.1021/jo501819z  1
2014 Gansäuer A, Kube C, Daasbjerg K, Sure R, Grimme S, Fianu GD, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Substituent effects and supramolecular interactions of titanocene(III) chloride: implications for catalysis in single electron steps. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 136: 1663-71. PMID 24397383 DOI: 10.1021/ja4121567  1
2014 Gansäuer A, Kube C, Daasbjerg K, Sure R, Grimme S, Fianu GD, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Substituent effects and supramolecular interactions of titanocene(III) chloride: Implications for catalysis in single electron steps Journal of the American Chemical Society. 136: 1663-1671. DOI: 10.1021/ja4121567  1
2014 Choquette KA, Flowers RA. Samarium and Ytterbium Reagents Comprehensive Organic Synthesis: Second Edition. 1: 278-343. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-097742-3.00111-7  1
2013 Szostak M, Spain M, Choquette KA, Flowers RA, Procter DJ. Substrate-directable electron transfer reactions. Dramatic rate enhancement in the chemoselective reduction of cyclic esters using SmI2-H 2O: Mechanism, scope, and synthetic utility Journal of the American Chemical Society. 135: 15702-15705. PMID 24079360 DOI: 10.1021/ja4078864  1
2013 Casey BM, Sadasivam DV, Flowers Ii RA. Mechanistic studies on the CAN-mediated intramolecular cyclization of δ-aryl-β-dicarbonyl compounds. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry. 9: 1472-9. PMID 23946845 DOI: 10.3762/bjoc.9.167  1
2013 Patel NR, Flowers RA. Uncovering the mechanism of the Ag(I)/persulfate-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of arylboronic acids and heteroarenes Journal of the American Chemical Society. 135: 4672-4675. PMID 23477364 DOI: 10.1021/ja400712g  1
2013 Sadasivam DV, Choquette KA, Flowers RA. Preparation and use of samarium diiodide (SmI(2)) in organic synthesis: the mechanistic role of HMPA and Ni(II) salts in the samarium Barbier reaction. Journal of Visualized Experiments : Jove. e4323. PMID 23407417  1
2013 Bornhop DJ, Kussrow A, Olmsted I, Baksh M, Finn MG, Marnett L, Windsor M, Pesciotta EN, Flowers RA, Massion P, Hassanein M. Using back-scattering interferometry to aid in probe development and drug efficacy monitoring Optical Molecular Probes, Imaging and Drug Delivery, Omp 2013. MM4C.6.  1
2012 Tu Y, Zhou L, Yin R, Lv X, Flowers RA, Choquette KA, Liu H, Niu Q, Wang X. Study on the coupling of acyclic esters with alkenes--the synthesis of 2-(2-hydroxyalkyl)cyclopropanols via cascade cyclization using allylsamarium bromide. Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England). 48: 11026-8. PMID 23038019 DOI: 10.1039/c2cc34630c  1
2012 Haddad GL, Young SC, Heindel ND, Bornhop DJ, Flowers RA. Back-scattering interferometry: an ultrasensitive method for the unperturbed detection of acetylcholinesterase-inhibitor interactions. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 51: 11126-30. PMID 23037915 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201203640  1
2012 Gansäuer A, Behlendorf M, von Laufenberg D, Fleckhaus A, Kube C, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Catalytic, atom-economical radical arylation of epoxides. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 51: 4739-42. PMID 22461392 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201200431  1
2012 Maity S, Choquette KA, Flowers RA, Prasad E. Effect of crown ethers on the ground and excited state reactivity of samarium diiodide in acetonitrile. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. A. 116: 2154-60. PMID 22313188 DOI: 10.1021/jp212247a  1
2012 Kingsley NB, Kirschbaum K, Teprovich JA, Flowers RA, Mason MR. Synthesis and calorimetric, spectroscopic, and structural characterization of isocyanide complexes of trialkylaluminum and tri-tert-butylgallium. Inorganic Chemistry. 51: 2494-502. PMID 22296217 DOI: 10.1021/ic202427z  1
2012 Foti RS, Rock DA, Han X, Flowers RA, Wienkers LC, Wahlstrom JL. Ligand-based design of a potent and selective inhibitor of cytochrome P450 2C19. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 55: 1205-14. PMID 22239545 DOI: 10.1021/jm201346g  1
2012 Young SC, Fabio KM, Huang MT, Saxena J, Harman MP, Guillon CD, Vetrano AM, Heck DE, Flowers RA, Heindel ND, Laskin JD. Investigation of anticholinergic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory prodrugs which reduce chemically induced skin inflammation. Journal of Applied Toxicology : Jat. 32: 135-41. PMID 21319177 DOI: 10.1002/jat.1645  1
2012 Maity S, Choquette KA, Flowers RA, Prasad E. Effect of crown ethers on the ground and excited state reactivity of Samarium diiodide in acetonitrile Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 116: 2154-2160. DOI: 10.1021/jp212247a  1
2011 Yang X, Flowers RC, Weinberg HS, Singer PC. Occurrence and removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in an advanced wastewater reclamation plant. Water Research. 45: 5218-28. PMID 21864879 DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2011.07.026  0.6
2011 Casey BM, Flowers RA. On the nature of the oxidative heterocoupling of lithium enolates. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 133: 11492-5. PMID 21721524 DOI: 10.1021/ja205017e  1
2011 Choquette KA, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Catalytic Ni(II) in reactions of SmI2: Sm(II)- or Ni(0)-based chemistry? Journal of the American Chemical Society. 133: 10655-61. PMID 21619012 DOI: 10.1021/ja204287n  1
2011 Pesciotta EN, Bornhop DJ, Flowers RA. Backscattering interferometry: an alternative approach for the study of hydrogen bonding interactions in organic solvents. Organic Letters. 13: 2654-7. PMID 21510617 DOI: 10.1021/ol200757a  1
2011 Maisano T, Tempest KE, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. A convenient pathway to Sm(II)-mediated chemistry in acetonitrile. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry. 9: 1714-6. PMID 21321772 DOI: 10.1039/c0ob01229g  1
2011 Pesciotta EN, Bornhop DJ, Flowers RA. Back-scattering interferometry: a versatile platform for the study of free-solution versus surface-immobilized hybridization. Chemistry, An Asian Journal. 6: 70-3. PMID 21082726 DOI: 10.1002/asia.201000614  1
2011 Choquette KA, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Catalytic Ni(II) in reactions of SmI 2: Sm(II)-or Ni(0)-based chemistry? Journal of the American Chemical Society. 133: 10655-10661. DOI: 10.1021/ja204287n  1
2010 Choquette KA, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Uncovering the mechanistic role of HMPA in the samarium Barbier reaction. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 132: 17396-8. PMID 21090625 DOI: 10.1021/ja1088925  1
2010 Casey BM, Eakin CA, Jiao J, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Corrigendum to Solvent-dependent oxidative coupling of 1-aryl-1,3-dicarbonyls and styrene. Tetrahedron. 66: 5720-5726. PMID 20806051 DOI: 10.1016/j.tet.2010.05.063  1
2010 Sadasivam DV, Teprovich JA, Procter DJ, Flowers RA. Dynamic ligand exchange in reactions of samarium diiodide. Organic Letters. 12: 4140-3. PMID 20722385 DOI: 10.1021/ol101722c  1
2010 Devery JJ, Conrad JC, MacMillan DW, Flowers RA. Mechanistic complexity in organo-SOMO activation. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 49: 6106-10. PMID 20632343 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201001673  1
2010 Pigga JM, Teprovich JA, Flowers RA, Antonio MR, Liu T. Selective monovalent cation association and exchange around Keplerate polyoxometalate macroanions in dilute aqueous solutions. Langmuir : the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids. 26: 9449-56. PMID 20408519 DOI: 10.1021/la100467p  1
2010 Young S, Fabio K, Guillon C, Mohanta P, Halton TA, Heck DE, Flowers RA, Laskin JD, Heindel ND. Peripheral site acetylcholinesterase inhibitors targeting both inflammation and cholinergic dysfunction. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 20: 2987-90. PMID 20347302 DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.02.102  1
2010 Singh R, Flowers RA. Efficient protein renaturation using tunable hemifluorinated anionic surfactants as additives. Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England). 46: 276-8. PMID 20024350 DOI: 10.1039/b918984j  1
2010 Sadasivam DV, Teprovich JA, Procter DJ, Flowers RA. Dynamic ligand exchange in reactions of samarium diiodide Organic Letters. 12: 4140-4143. DOI: 10.1021/ol101722c  1
2010 Choquette KA, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Uncovering the mechanistic role of HMPA in the samarium barbier reaction Journal of the American Chemical Society. 132: 17396-17398. DOI: 10.1021/ja1088925  1
2009 Devery JJ, Mohanta PK, Casey BM, Flowers RA. Facile Route to Tetrasubstituted Pyrazoles Utilizing Ceric Ammonium Nitrate. Synlett : Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry. 1490-1494. PMID 21151843 DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1217163  1
2009 Casey BM, Eakin CA, Flowers RA. Synthesis of gamma-halogenated ketones via the Ce(IV)-mediated oxidative coupling of cyclobutanols and inorganic halides. Tetrahedron Letters. 50: 1264-1266. PMID 20676239 DOI: 10.1016/j.tetlet.2008.12.114  1
2009 Casey BM, Eakin CA, Jiao J, Sadasivam DV, Flowers RA. Solvent-dependent oxidative coupling of 1-aryl-1,3-dicarbonyls and styrene. Tetrahedron. 65: 10762-10768. PMID 20625455 DOI: 10.1016/j.tet.2009.06.118  1
2009 Parmar D, Duffy LA, Sadasivam DV, Matsubara H, Bradley PA, Flowers RA, Procter DJ. Studies on the mechanism, selectivity, and synthetic utility of lactone reduction using SmI2 and H2O Journal of the American Chemical Society. 131: 15467-15473. PMID 19764763 DOI: 10.1021/ja906396u  1
2009 Sreenath K, Suneesh CV, Gopidas KR, Flowers RA. Generation of triarylamine radical cations through reaction of triarylamines with Cu(II) in acetonitrile. A kinetic investigation of the electron-transfer reaction. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. A. 113: 6477-83. PMID 19453121 DOI: 10.1021/jp9027222  1
2009 Flowers RA, Procter DJ. Preface Tetrahedron. 65: 10737. DOI: 10.1016/j.tet.2009.10.072  1
2008 Sadasivam DV, Antharjanam PK, Prasad E, Flowers RA. Mechanistic study of samarium diiodide-HMPA initiated 5-exo-trig Ketyl-Olefin coupling: the role of HMPA in post-electron transfer steps. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 130: 7228-9. PMID 18479133 DOI: 10.1021/ja802448x  1
2008 Flowers RA. Mechanistic studies on the roles of cosolvents and additives in samarium(II)-based reductions Synlett. 1427-1439. DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1078414  1
2008 Teprovich JA, Antharjanam PKS, Prasad E, Pesciotta EN, Flowers RA. Generation of SmII reductants using high intensity ultrasound European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry. 5015-5019. DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200800876  1
2007 Teprovich JA, Balili MN, Pintauer T, Flowers RA. Mechanistic studies of proton-donor coordination to samarium diiodide. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 46: 8160-3. PMID 17828725 DOI: 10.1002/anie.200702571  1
2007 Jiao J, Zhang Y, Devery JJ, Xu L, Deng J, Flowers RA. Mechanistic studies of Ce(IV)-mediated oxidation of beta-dicarbonyls: solvent-dependent behavior of radical cation intermediates. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 72: 5486-92. PMID 17602587 DOI: 10.1021/jo0625406  1
2007 Jiao J, Nguyen LX, Patterson DR, Flowers RA. An efficient and general approach to beta-functionalized ketones. Organic Letters. 9: 1323-6. PMID 17335227 DOI: 10.1021/ol070159h  1
2007 Teprovich JA, Prasad E, Flowers RA. Solvation-controlled luminescence of SmII complexes. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 46: 1145-8. PMID 17177223 DOI: 10.1002/anie.200604100  1
2006 Hansen AM, Lindsay KB, Sudhadevi Antharjanam PK, Karaffa J, Daasbjerg K, Flowers RA, Skrydstrup T. Mechanistic evidence for intermolecular radical carbonyl additions promoted by samarium diiodide. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 128: 9616-7. PMID 16866500 DOI: 10.1021/ja060553v  1
2006 Zhang Y, Jiao J, Flowers RA. Mild conversion of beta-diketones and beta-ketoesters to carboxylic acids. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 71: 4516-20. PMID 16749782 DOI: 10.1021/jo0602975  1
2006 Sadasivam DV, Prasad E, Flowers RA, Birney DM. Stopped-flow kinetics of tetrazine cycloadditions; experimental and computational studies toward sequential transition states. The Journal of Physical Chemistry. A. 110: 1288-94. PMID 16435789 DOI: 10.1021/jp0534075  1
2006 Jiao J, Zhang Y, Flowers RA. A convenient one-pot synthesis of spirocyclic pyrido[1,2-a]indole derivatives from 3-(2-bromoethyl)indole Synlett. 3355-3357. DOI: 10.1055/s-2006-950252  1
2006 Flowers RA, Prasad E. Chapter 230 Samarium (II) based reductants Handbook On the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths. 36: 393-473. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1273(06)36004-7  1
2005 Prasad E, Flowers RA. Mechanistic impact of water addition to SmI2: consequences in the ground and transition state. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 127: 18093-9. PMID 16366561 DOI: 10.1021/ja056352t  1
2005 Sanford AR, Yuan L, Feng W, Yamato K, Flowers RA, Gong B. Cyclic aromatic oligoamides as highly selective receptors for the guanidinium ion. Chemical Communications (Cambridge, England). 4720-2. PMID 16175304 DOI: 10.1039/b504411a  1
2005 Mohanta PK, Davis TA, Gooch JR, Flowers RA. Chelation-controlled diastereoselective reduction of alpha-fluoroketones. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 127: 11896-7. PMID 16117501 DOI: 10.1021/ja052546x  1
2005 Dahlén A, Prasad E, Flowers RA, Hilmersson G. Exploring SmBr2-, SmI2-, and YbI2-mediated reactions assisted by microwave irradiation. Chemistry (Weinheim An Der Bergstrasse, Germany). 11: 3279-84. PMID 15786498 DOI: 10.1002/chem.200401320  1
2005 Prasad E, Knettle BW, Flowers RA. Photoinduced electron transfer reactions by SmI2 in THF: luminescence quenching studies and mechanistic investigations. Chemistry (Weinheim An Der Bergstrasse, Germany). 11: 3105-12. PMID 15761842 DOI: 10.1002/chem.200401163  1
2005 Davis TA, Chopade PR, Hilmersson G, Flowers RA. Reduction of beta-hydroxyketones by SmI2/H2O/Et3N. Organic Letters. 7: 119-22. PMID 15624992 DOI: 10.1021/ol047835p  1
2005 Prasad E, Knettle BW, Flowers RA. Photoinduced electron transfer reactions by SmI2 in THF: Luminescence quenching studies and mechanistic investigations Chemistry - a European Journal. 11: 3105-3112. DOI: 10.1002/chem.200401163  1
2004 Zhang Y, Raines AJ, Flowers RA. Solvent-dependent chemoselectivities in additions of beta-carbonyl imines to allyltrimethylsilane with CTAN. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 69: 6267-72. PMID 15357585 DOI: 10.1021/jo048955d  1
2004 Chopade PR, Davis TA, Prasad E, Flowers RA. Solvent-dependent diastereoselectivities in reductions of beta-hydroxyketones by SmI2. Organic Letters. 6: 2685-8. PMID 15281744 DOI: 10.1021/ol049129u  1
2004 Prasad E, Knettle BW, Flowers RA. The role of ligand displacement in SmII-HMPA-based reductions. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 126: 6891-4. PMID 15174857 DOI: 10.1021/ja049161j  1
2004 Chopade PR, Prasad E, Flowers RA. The role of proton donors in SmI2-mediated ketone reduction: new mechanistic insights. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 126: 44-5. PMID 14709051 DOI: 10.1021/ja038363x  1
2004 Prasad E, Knettle BW, Flowers RA. The role of ligand displacement in Sm(II)-HMPA-based reductions Journal of the American Chemical Society. 126: 6891-6894. DOI: 10.1021/ja049161j  1
2004 Flowers RA, Xu X, Timmons C, Li G. A polymer-supported phosphoramide as a Lewis-base catalyst for the catalytic aldol reaction European Journal of Organic Chemistry. 2988-2990. DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.200400228  1
2003 Zhang Y, Raines AJ, Flowers RA. Solvent-dependent chemoselectivities in Ce(IV)-mediated oxidative coupling reactions. Organic Letters. 5: 2363-5. PMID 12816449 DOI: 10.1021/ol034763d  1
2003 Dahlén A, Hilmersson G, Knettle BW, Flowers RA. Rapid SmI2-mediated reductions of alkyl halides and electrochemical properties of SmI2/H2O/amine. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 68: 4870-5. PMID 12790593 DOI: 10.1021/jo034173t  1
2003 Zhang Y, Flowers RA. Mechanistic investigation of substrate oxidation by Ce(IV) reagents in acetonitrile. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 68: 4560-2. PMID 12762771 DOI: 10.1021/jo034384y  1
2003 Kim M, Knettle BW, Dahlén A, Hilmersson G, Flowers RA. Reduction and reductive coupling of imines by Sm(II)-based reagents Tetrahedron. 59: 10397-10402. DOI: 10.1016/j.tet.2003.06.004  1
2002 Prasad E, Knettle BW, Flowers RA. Investigation of the [Sm{N(SiMe3)2}2] reducing system in THF. Rate and mechanistic studies Journal of the American Chemical Society. 124: 14663-14667. PMID 12465977 DOI: 10.1021/ja028111g  1
2002 Wu A, Chakraborty A, Fettinger JC, Flowers RA, Isaacs L. Molecular clips that undergo heterochiral aggregation and self-sorting. Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). 41: 4028-31. PMID 12412071 DOI: 10.1002/1521-3773(20021104)41:21<4028::AID-ANIE4028>3.0.CO;2-2  1
2002 Brault PA, Kariapper MS, Pham CV, Flowers RA, Gunning WT, Shah P, Funk MO. Protein micelles from lipoxygenase 3. Biomacromolecules. 3: 649-54. PMID 12099806 DOI: 10.1021/bm010149i  1
2002 Prasad E, Flowers RA. Reduction of ketones and alkyl iodides by SmI(2) and Sm(II)-HMPA complexes. Rate and mechanistic studies. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 124: 6895-9. PMID 12059211 DOI: 10.1021/ja026074n  1
2002 Prasad E, Flowers RA. Mechanistic study of beta-substituent effects on the mechanism of ketone reduction by SmI(2). Journal of the American Chemical Society. 124: 6357-61. PMID 12033865 DOI: 10.1021/ja020051r  1
2002 Zeng H, Yang X, Flowers RA, Gong B. A noncovalent approach to antiparallel beta-sheet formation. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 124: 2903-10. PMID 11902880 DOI: 10.1021/ja010701b  1
2001 Knettle BW, Flowers RA. Influence of HMPA on reducing power and reactivity of SmBr(2). Organic Letters. 3: 2321-4. PMID 11463306  1
2001 Ranatunga W, Jackson D, Flowers RA, Borgstahl GEO. Human RAD52 protein has extreme thermal stability Biochemistry. 40: 8557-8562. PMID 11456495 DOI: 10.1021/bi0155089  1
2001 Zeng H, Ickes H, Flowers RA, Gong B. Sequence specificity of hydrogen-bonded molecular duplexes. The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 66: 3574-83. PMID 11348147 DOI: 10.1021/jo010250d  1
2001 Knettle BW, Flowers RA. Influence of HMPA on reducing power and reactivity of SmBr2 Organic Letters. 3: 2321-2324. DOI: 10.1021/ol0160957  1
2000 Summers CA, Flowers RA. Protein renaturation by the liquid organic salt ethylammonium nitrate. Protein Science : a Publication of the Protein Society. 9: 2001-8. PMID 11106174 DOI: 10.1110/ps.9.10.2001  1
2000 Cai M, Sidorov V, Lam YF, Flowers RA, Davis JT. Guest and subunit exchange in self-assembled ionophores. Organic Letters. 2: 1665-8. PMID 10880196  1
2000 Piatnitski EL, Flowers RA, Deshayes K. Highly organized spherical hosts that bind organic guests in aqueous solution with micromolar affinity: microcalorimetry studies Chemistry (Weinheim An Der Bergstrasse, Germany). 6: 999-1006. PMID 10785820 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-3765(20000317)6:6<999::AID-CHEM999>3.0.CO;2-Y  1
2000 Zeng H, Miller RS, Flowers RA, Gong B. A highly stable, six-hydrogen-bonded molecular duplex Journal of the American Chemical Society. 122: 2635-2644. DOI: 10.1021/ja9942742  1
2000 Miller RS, Sealy JM, Shabangi M, Kuhlman ML, Fuchs JR, Flowers RA. Reactions of SmI2 with alkyl halides and ketones: Inner-sphere vs outer-sphere electron transfer in reactions of Sm(II) reductants Journal of the American Chemical Society. 122: 7718-7722. DOI: 10.1021/ja001260j  1
2000 Caracoti A, Flowers RA. SmI2-mediated nitrile aldol reaction Tetrahedron Letters. 41: 3039-3041. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)00348-8  1
2000 Brad Shotwell J, Flowers RA. Electrochemical investigation of the solvolytic properties of ethylammonium nitrate (EAN) and propylammonium nitrate (PAN) Electroanalysis. 12: 223-226.  1
2000 Kuhlman ML, Flowers RA. Aggregation state and reducing power of the samarium diiodide-DMPU complex in acetonitrile Tetrahedron Letters. 41: 8049-8052.  1
1999 Garlitz JA, Summers CA, Flowers RA, Borgstahl GE. Ethylammonium nitrate: a protein crystallization reagent. Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Biological Crystallography. 55: 2037-8. PMID 10666583 DOI: 10.1107/S0907444999011774  1
1999 Shotwell JB, Sealy JM, Flowers RA. Structure and energetics of the samarium diiodide-HMPA complex in tetrahydrofuran Journal of Organic Chemistry. 64: 5251-5255. DOI: 10.1021/jo990484l  1
1999 Shabangi M, Kuhlman ML, Flowers RA. Mechanism of reduction of primary alkyl radicals by SmI2-HMPA Organic Letters. 1: 2133-2135.  1
1998 Pham C, Jankun J, Skrzypczak-Jankun E, Flowers RA, Funk MO. Structural and thermochemical characterization of lipoxygenase-catechol complexes. Biochemistry. 37: 17952-7. PMID 9922163 DOI: 10.1021/bi981989t  1
1998 Shabangi M, Sealy JM, Fuchs JR, Flowers RA. The effect of cosolvent on the reducing power of SmI2 in tetrahydrofuran Tetrahedron Letters. 39: 4429-4432. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(98)00839-9  1
1998 Szabó A, Flowers RA, Carter BJ, Lee SA. Observation of two-mode binding to DNA by bipyridyl-(ethylenediamine)platinum(II): Isothermal titrational calorimetry and midinfrared absorption studies Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics. 58: 7754-7760.  1
1998 Shotwell JB, Flowers RA. Calorimetric determination of the solution affinity of Ybcl3 for HMPA in tetrahydrofuran Tetrahedron Letters. 39: 8063-8066.  1
1997 Shabangi M, Flowers RA. Electrochemical investigation of the reducing power of SmI2 in THF and the effect of HMPA cosolvent Tetrahedron Letters. 38: 1137-1140. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(97)00008-7  1
1997 Fuchs JR, Mitchell ML, Shabangi M, Flowers RA. The effect of lithium bromide and lithium chloride on the reactivity of SmI2 in THF Tetrahedron Letters. 38: 8157-8158.  1
1997 Larsen JW, Flowers RA, Hall PJ, Carlson G. Structural rearrangement of strained coals Energy and Fuels. 11: 998-1002.  1
1997 Arnett EM, Flowers RA, Ludwig RT, Meekhof AE, Walek SA. Triarylmethanes and 9-arylxanthenes as prototypes amphihydric compounds for relating the stabilities of cations, anions and radicals by C-H bond cleavage and electron transfer Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry. 10: 499-513.  1
1995 Arnett EM, Flowers RA, Ludwig RT, Meekhof A, Walek S. Thermodynamics for C-H bond-breaking of some amphihydric compounds by transfer of protons, hydride ions, H-atoms and electrons Pure and Applied Chemistry. 67: 729-734. DOI: 10.1351/pac199567050729  1
1994 Flowers RA, Gebhard L, Larsen JW, Sanada Y, Sasaki M, Silbernagel B. Unusual electronic properties of complexes between coals and the oxidants TCNQ and TCNE Energy & Fuels. 8: 1524-1525.  1
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