Edmund Beecher Wilson
|Columbia University, New York, NY|
Area:Chromosomes, cell biology
Edmund Beecher Wilson (October 19, 1856 – March 3, 1939) was a pioneering American zoologist and geneticist.
Wilson was born in Geneva, Illinois, and graduated from Yale in 1878. He earned his doctorate at Johns Hopkins in 1881.
He was a lecturer at Williams College in 1883-84 and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1884-85. He served as professor of biology at Bryn Mawr College from 1885 to 1891.
He spent the balance of his career at Columbia University where he was successively adjunct professor of biology (1891-94), professor of invertebrate zoölogy (1894-97), and professor of zoölogy beginning in 1897.
Wilson is credited as America's first cell biologist. In 1898 he used the similarity in embryos to describe phylogenetic relationships. By observing spinal cleavage in molluscs, flatworms and annelids he concluded that the same organs came from the same group of cells and concluded that all these organisms must have a common ancestor.
He also discovered the chromosomal XY sex-determination system in 1905 -- that males have XY and females XX sex chromosomes. Nettie Stevens independently made the same discovery the same year.
Professor Wilson published many papers on embryology, and served as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1913.
Cross-listing: Chemistry Tree
ParentsSign in to add mentor
|William Keith Brooks||grad student||1881||Johns Hopkins|
|Theodor Heinrich Boveri||research scientist||1891||Universität München|
|Hans Driesch||research scientist||1891||Naples Zoological Station|
ChildrenSign in to add trainee
|Clarence Erwin McClung||research assistant||Columbia (Evolution Tree)|
|Carl L. Alsberg||research assistant||1896||Columbia (Chemistry Tree)|
|Hans Zinsser||research assistant||1898||Columbia (ID Tree)|
|Gary Nathan Calkins||grad student||1898||Columbia|
|Albert P. Mathews||grad student||1898||Columbia (Chemistry Tree)|
|Naohide Yatsu||grad student||1901-1905||Columbia|
|Aaron Franklin Shull||grad student||1911||Columbia (Evolution Tree)|
|John Whittemore Gowen||grad student||1919||Columbia (FlyTree)|
|Franz Schrader||grad student||1919||Columbia|
|Arthur W. Pollister||grad student||1930||Columbia (Neurotree)|
|Marcus Singer||grad student||1938||MBL|
CollaboratorsSign in to add collaborator
You can help our author matching system! If you notice any publications incorrectly attributed to this author, please sign in and mark matches as correct or incorrect.
|Wilson EB, Pollister AW. (1937) Observations on sperm formation in the centrurid scorpions with especial reference to the Golgi material Journal of Morphology. 60: 407-443|
|Wilson EB. (1932) Polyploidy and metaphase patterns Journal of Morphology. 53: 443-471|
|Crane CR, Lillie FR, Wilson EB, et al. (1925) MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY DEDICATION EXERCISES, JULY 3, 1925. Science (New York, N.Y.). 62: 271-80|
|Wilson EB. (1925) The Sex-Chromosomes Of Sea-Urchins Science. 61: 184-184|
|Wilson EB. (1916) The Distribution of the Chondriosomes to the Spermatozoa in Scorpions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2: 321-324|
|Wilson EB. (1912) Studies on chromosomes. VIII. Observations on the maturation‐phenomena in certain Hemiptera and other forms, with considerations on synapsis and reduction Journal of Experimental Zoology. 13: 345-449|
|Wilson EB. (1911) Studies on chromosomes. VII. A review of the chromosomes of Nezara; with some more general considerations Journal of Morphology. 22: 71-110|
|Wilson EB. (1910) Selective Fertilization And The Relation Of The Chromosomes To Sex-Production. Science. 32: 242-244|
|Wilson EB. (1910) Note On The Chromosomes Of Nezara. A Correction And Addition. Science. 31: 788-789|
|Wilson EB. (1910) Studies on chromosomes. VI. A new type of chromosome combination in metapodius Journal of Experimental Zoology. 9: 53-78|