Charles T. Black - Publications

Center for Functional Nanomaterials Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, United States 

91 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2023 Nowak SR, Tiwale N, Doerk GS, Nam CY, Black CT, Yager KG. Responsive blends of block copolymers stabilize the hexagonally perforated lamellae morphology. Soft Matter. PMID 36947412 DOI: 10.1039/d3sm00142c  0.605
2019 Zhang Z, Ding J, Ocko BM, Fluerasu A, Wiegart L, Zhang Y, Kobrak M, Tian Y, Zhang H, Lhermitte J, Choi CH, Fisher FT, Yager KG, Black CT. Nanoscale viscosity of confined polyethylene oxide. Physical Review. E. 100: 062503. PMID 31962430 DOI: 10.1103/Physreve.100.062503  0.377
2019 Zheng J, Lienhard B, Doerk G, Cotlet M, Bersin E, Kim HS, Byun YC, Nam CY, Kim J, Black CT, Englund D. Top-down fabrication of high-uniformity nanodiamonds by self-assembled block copolymer masks. Scientific Reports. 9: 6914. PMID 31061512 DOI: 10.1038/S41598-019-43304-5  0.634
2018 Camino FE, Manfrinato VR, Stein A, Zhang L, Lu M, Stach EA, Black CT. Single-Digit Nanometer Electron-Beam Lithography with an Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope. Journal of Visualized Experiments : Jove. PMID 30272655 DOI: 10.3791/58272  0.334
2017 Manfrinato VR, Stein A, Zhang L, Nam CY, Yager KG, Stach EA, Black CT. Aberration-Corrected Electron Beam Lithography at the One Nanometer Length Scale. Nano Letters. PMID 28418673 DOI: 10.1021/Acs.Nanolett.7B00514  0.643
2017 Black CT, Forrey C, Yager KG. Thickness-dependence of block copolymer coarsening kinetics. Soft Matter. PMID 28393167 DOI: 10.1039/C7Sm00212B  0.327
2017 Zheng J, Liapis AC, Chen EH, Black CT, Englund D. Chirped circular dielectric gratings for near-unity collection efficiency from quantum emitters in bulk diamond Optics Express. 25: 32420. DOI: 10.1364/Oe.25.032420  0.324
2017 Liapis AC, Rahman A, Black CT. Self-assembled nanotextures impart broadband transparency to glass windows and solar cell encapsulants Applied Physics Letters. 111: 183901. DOI: 10.1063/1.5000965  0.369
2017 Greil S, Rahman A, Liu M, Black CT. Gas Transport Selectivity of Ultrathin, Nanoporous, Inorganic Membranes Made from Block Copolymer Templates Chemistry of Materials. 29: 9572-9578. DOI: 10.1021/Acs.Chemmater.7B04174  0.306
2016 Rahman A, Majewski PW, Doerk G, Black CT, Yager KG. Non-native three-dimensional block copolymer morphologies. Nature Communications. 7: 13988. PMID 28004774 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms13988  0.391
2016 Stein A, Wright G, Yager KG, Doerk GS, Black CT. Selective directed self-assembly of coexisting morphologies using block copolymer blends. Nature Communications. 7: 12366. PMID 27480327 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms12366  0.38
2016 Choi JW, Li Z, Black CT, Sweat DP, Wang X, Gopalan P. Patterning at the 10 nanometer length scale using a strongly segregating block copolymer thin film and vapor phase infiltration of inorganic precursors. Nanoscale. PMID 27216015 DOI: 10.1039/C6Nr01409G  0.394
2016 Liapis AC, Sfeir MY, Black CT. Plasmonic Transparent Conductors Proceedings of Spie. 9921: 992138. DOI: 10.1117/12.2238469  0.347
2016 Liapis AC, Sfeir MY, Black CT. Plasmonic hole arrays for combined photon and electron management Applied Physics Letters. 109: 201101. DOI: 10.1063/1.4967791  0.369
2016 Heverhagen J, Tasinkevych M, Rahman A, Black CT, Checco A. Slip Length Enhancement in Nanofluidic Flow using Nanotextured Superhydrophobic Surfaces Advanced Materials Interfaces. 3. DOI: 10.1002/Admi.201600303  0.313
2015 Wang H, Black CT, Akcora P. Elastic Properties of Protein Functionalized Nanoporous Polymer Films. Langmuir : the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids. PMID 26672623 DOI: 10.1021/Acs.Langmuir.5B04334  0.302
2015 Zhong Y, Trinh MT, Chen R, Purdum GE, Khlyabich PP, Sezen M, Oh S, Zhu H, Fowler B, Zhang B, Wang W, Nam CY, Sfeir MY, Black CT, Steigerwald ML, et al. Molecular helices as electron acceptors in high-performance bulk heterojunction solar cells. Nature Communications. 6: 8242. PMID 26382113 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms9242  0.657
2015 Majewski PW, Rahman A, Black CT, Yager KG. Arbitrary lattice symmetries via block copolymer nanomeshes. Nature Communications. 6: 7448. PMID 26100566 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms8448  0.376
2015 Rahman A, Ashraf A, Xin H, Tong X, Sutter P, Eisaman MD, Black CT. Sub-50-nm self-assembled nanotextures for enhanced broadband antireflection in silicon solar cells. Nature Communications. 6: 5963. PMID 25607887 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms6963  0.383
2015 Appavoo K, Liu M, Black CT, Sfeir MY. Quantifying bulk and surface recombination processes in nanostructured water splitting photocatalysts via in situ ultrafast spectroscopy. Nano Letters. 15: 1076-82. PMID 25564871 DOI: 10.1021/Nl504035J  0.362
2015 Nam CY, Stein A, Kisslinger K, Black CT. Electrical and structural properties of ZnO synthesized via infiltration of lithographically defined polymer templates Applied Physics Letters. 107. DOI: 10.1063/1.4935793  0.672
2015 Lu X, Hlaing H, Nam CY, Yager KG, Black CT, Ocko BM. Molecular orientation and performance of nanoimprinted polymer-based blend thin film solar cells Chemistry of Materials. 27: 60-66. DOI: 10.1021/Cm502950J  0.648
2014 Camino FE, Nam CY, Pang YT, Hoy J, Eisaman MD, Black CT, Sfeir MY. Characterization of plasmonic hole arrays as transparent electrical contacts for organic photovoltaics using high-brightness Fourier transform methods. Journal of Modern Optics. 61: 1735-1742. PMID 25705085 DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2014.917731  0.651
2014 Cativo MH, Kim DK, Riggleman RA, Yager KG, Nonnenmann SS, Chao H, Bonnell DA, Black CT, Kagan CR, Park SJ. Air-liquid interfacial self-assembly of conjugated block copolymers into ordered nanowire arrays. Acs Nano. 8: 12755-62. PMID 25486546 DOI: 10.1021/Nn505871B  0.401
2014 Zhong Y, Trinh MT, Chen R, Wang W, Khlyabich PP, Kumar B, Xu Q, Nam CY, Sfeir MY, Black C, Steigerwald ML, Loo YL, Xiao S, Ng F, Zhu XY, et al. Efficient organic solar cells with helical perylene diimide electron acceptors. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 136: 15215-21. PMID 25313903 DOI: 10.1021/Ja5092613  0.645
2014 Yager KG, Lai E, Black CT. Self-assembled phases of block copolymer blend thin films. Acs Nano. 8: 10582-8. PMID 25285733 DOI: 10.1021/Nn504977R  0.359
2014 Johnston DE, Yager KG, Hlaing H, Lu X, Ocko BM, Black CT. Nanostructured surfaces frustrate polymer semiconductor molecular orientation. Acs Nano. 8: 243-9. PMID 24341785 DOI: 10.1021/Nn4060539  0.37
2014 Checco A, Rahman A, Black CT. Robust superhydrophobicity in large-area nanostructured surfaces defined by block-copolymer self assembly. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 26: 886-91. PMID 24142578 DOI: 10.1002/Adma.201304006  0.357
2014 Rahman A, Black CT. Block copolymer self assembly for design and vapor phase synthesis of one-dimensional nanostructured materials Proceedings of Spie - the International Society For Optical Engineering. 9083. DOI: 10.1117/12.2050775  0.385
2014 Rahman A, Liu M, Black CT. Block copolymer self assembly for design and vapor-phase synthesis of nanostructured antireflective surfaces Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B:Nanotechnology and Microelectronics. 32. DOI: 10.1116/1.4896335  0.388
2014 Beck JH, Ray B, Grote RR, Osgood RM, Black CT, Alam MA, Kymissis I. Nanostructured electrodes improve the fill factor of organic photovoltaics Ieee Journal of Photovoltaics. 4: 1100-1106. DOI: 10.1109/Jphotov.2014.2315436  0.351
2014 Checco A, Ocko BM, Rahman A, Black CT, Tasinkevych M, Giacomello A, Dietrich S. Collapse and reversibility of the superhydrophobic state on nanotextured surfaces Physical Review Letters. 112. DOI: 10.1103/Physrevlett.112.216101  0.313
2013 Jurow MJ, Hageman BA, Dimasi E, Nam CY, Pabon C, Black CT, Drain CM. Controlling Morphology and Molecular Packing of Alkane Substituted Phthalocyanine Blend Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry. a, Materials For Energy and Sustainability. 1: 1557-1565. PMID 23589766 DOI: 10.1039/C2Ta00415A  0.666
2013 Kamcev J, Germack DS, Nykypanchuk D, Grubbs RB, Nam CY, Black CT. Chemically enhancing block copolymers for block-selective synthesis of self-assembled metal oxide nanostructures. Acs Nano. 7: 339-46. PMID 23252934 DOI: 10.1021/Nn304122B  0.651
2013 Ray B, Khan MR, Black C, Alam MA. Nanostructured Electrodes for Organic Solar Cells: Analysis and Design Fundamentals Ieee Journal of Photovoltaics. 3: 318-329. DOI: 10.1109/Jphotov.2012.2220529  0.335
2013 Liu M, Nam CY, Black CT, Kamcev J, Zhang L. Enhancing Water splitting activity and chemical stability of zinc oxide nanowire photoanodes with ultrathin titania shells Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 117: 13396-13402. DOI: 10.1021/Jp404032P  0.624
2012 Johnston DE, Yager KG, Nam CY, Ocko BM, Black CT. One-volt operation of high-current vertical channel polymer semiconductor field-effect transistors. Nano Letters. 12: 4181-6. PMID 22812715 DOI: 10.1021/Nl301759J  0.634
2012 Allen JE, Yager KG, Hlaing H, Nam CY, Ocko BM, Black CT. Implementing nanometer-scale confinement in organic semiconductor bulk heterojunction solar cells Journal of Photonics For Energy. 2. DOI: 10.1117/1.Jpe.2.021008  0.675
2012 Johnston DE, Lu M, Black CT. Plasma etch transfer of self-assembled polymer patterns Proceedings of Spie - the International Society For Optical Engineering. 8328. DOI: 10.1117/1.Jmm.11.3.031306  0.391
2012 Ruiz R, Wan L, Lille J, Patel KC, Dobisz E, Johnston DE, Kisslinger K, Black CT. Image quality and pattern transfer in directed self assembly with block-selective atomic layer deposition Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B:Nanotechnology and Microelectronics. 30. DOI: 10.1116/1.4758773  0.369
2012 Allen JE, Ray B, Khan MR, Yager KG, Alam MA, Black CT. Self-assembly of single dielectric nanoparticle layers and integration in polymer-based solar cells Applied Physics Letters. 101. DOI: 10.1063/1.4744928  0.409
2012 Nam CY, Qin Y, Park YS, Hlaing H, Lu X, Ocko BM, Black CT, Grubbs RB. Photo-cross-linkable azide-functionalized polythiophene for thermally stable bulk heterojunction solar cells Macromolecules. 45: 2338-2347. DOI: 10.1021/Ma3001725  0.637
2011 Allen JE, Black CT. Improved power conversion efficiency in bulk heterojunction organic solar cells with radial electron contacts. Acs Nano. 5: 7986-91. PMID 21910410 DOI: 10.1021/Nn2031963  0.409
2011 Hlaing H, Lu X, Hofmann T, Yager KG, Black CT, Ocko BM. Nanoimprint-induced molecular orientation in semiconducting polymer nanostructures. Acs Nano. 5: 7532-8. PMID 21838293 DOI: 10.1021/Nn202515Z  0.371
2011 Allen JE, Yager KG, Hlaing H, Nam CY, Ocko BM, Black CT. Enhanced charge collection in confined bulk heterojunction organic solar cells Applied Physics Letters. 99. DOI: 10.1063/1.3651509  0.66
2011 Nam CY, Wu Q, Su D, Chiu CY, Tremblay NJ, Nuckolls C, Black CT. Nanostructured electrodes for organic bulk heterojunction solar cells: Model study using carbon nanotube dispersed polythiophene-fullerene blend devices Journal of Applied Physics. 110. DOI: 10.1063/1.3633236  0.654
2011 Gearba RI, Mills T, Morris J, Pindak R, Black CT, Zhu X. Quantifying interfacial electric fields and local crystallinity in polymer-fullerene bulk-heterojunction solar cells Advanced Functional Materials. 21: 2666-2673. DOI: 10.1002/Adfm.201100139  0.414
2010 Checco A, Hofmann T, DiMasi E, Black CT, Ocko BM. Morphology of air nanobubbles trapped at hydrophobic nanopatterned surfaces. Nano Letters. 10: 1354-8. PMID 20180525 DOI: 10.1021/Nl9042246  0.308
2010 Varotto A, Nam CY, Radivojevic I, Tomé JP, Cavaleiro JA, Black CT, Drain CM. Phthalocyanine blends improve bulk heterojunction solar cells. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 132: 2552-4. PMID 20136126 DOI: 10.1021/Ja907851X  0.645
2010 Han WQ, Zhang Y, Nam CY, Black CT, Mendez EE. Growth and electronic properties of GaN/ZnO solid solution nanowires Applied Physics Letters. 97. DOI: 10.1063/1.3483132  0.647
2009 Bosworth JK, Black CT, Ober CK. Selective area control of self-assembled pattern architecture using a lithographically patternable block copolymer. Acs Nano. 3: 1761-6. PMID 19534477 DOI: 10.1021/Nn900343U  0.371
2009 Santulli AC, Xu W, Parise JB, Wu L, Aronson MC, Zhang F, Nam CY, Black CT, Tiano AL, Wong SS. Synthesis and characterization of V2O3 nanorods. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics : Pccp. 11: 3718-26. PMID 19421483 DOI: 10.1039/B822902C  0.616
2009 Gearba IR, Nam CY, Pindak R, Black CT. Thermal crosslinking of organic semiconducting polythiophene improves transverse hole conductivity Applied Physics Letters. 95. DOI: 10.1063/1.3254685  0.398
2009 Nam CY, Su D, Black CT. High-performance air-processed polymer-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells Advanced Functional Materials. 19: 3552-3559. DOI: 10.1002/Adfm.200900311  0.676
2008 Bosworth JK, Paik MY, Ruiz R, Schwartz EL, Huang JQ, Ko AW, Smilgies DM, Black CT, Ober CK. Control of self-assembly of lithographically patternable block copolymer films. Acs Nano. 2: 1396-402. PMID 19206307 DOI: 10.1021/Nn8001505  0.365
2008 Kim H, Cheng J, Park O, Park S, Ruiz R, Black CT, Pitera J, Rettner C, Flickner M. Rapid directed self-assembly of Lamellar microdomains from a block copolymer containing hybrid Proceedings of Spie. 6921: 692129. DOI: 10.1117/12.772684  0.366
2007 Black CT. Polymer self-assembly as a novel extension to optical lithography. Acs Nano. 1: 147-50. PMID 19206643 DOI: 10.1021/Nn7002663  0.368
2007 Black CT. Block copolymers: nanowire arrays build themselves. Nature Nanotechnology. 2: 464-5. PMID 18654339 DOI: 10.1038/Nnano.2007.244  0.381
2007 Black CT, Ruiz R, Breyta G, Cheng JY, Colburn ME, Guarini KW, Kim HC, Zhang Y. Polymer self assembly in semiconductor microelectronics Ibm Journal of Research and Development. 51: 605-633. DOI: 10.1147/Rd.515.0605  0.371
2007 Cheng JY, Pitera J, Park OH, Flickner M, Ruiz R, Black CT, Kim HC. Rapid directed self assembly of lamellar microdomains from a block copolymer containing hybrid Applied Physics Letters. 91. DOI: 10.1063/1.2791003  0.334
2007 Talapin DV, Black CT, Kagan CR, Shevchenko EV, Afzali A, Murray CB. Alignment, electronic properties, doping, and on-chip growth of colloidal PbSe nanowires Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 111: 13244-13249. DOI: 10.1021/Jp074156Y  0.393
2007 Park SM, Stoykovich MP, Ruiz R, Zhang Y, Black CT, Nealey PF. Directed assembly of lamellae-forming block copolymers by using chemically and topographically patterned substrates Advanced Materials. 19: 607-611. DOI: 10.1002/Adma.200601421  0.331
2006 Black CT, Guarini KW, Breyta G, Colburn MC, Ruiz R, Sandstrom RL, Sikorski EM, Zhang Y. Highly porous silicon membrane fabrication using polymer self-assembly Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures. 24: 3188-3191. DOI: 10.1116/1.2366700  0.356
2005 Black CT. Self-aligned self assembly of multi-nanowire silicon field effect transistors Applied Physics Letters. 87: 1-3. DOI: 10.1063/1.2112191  0.377
2004 Redl FX, Black CT, Papaefthymiou GC, Sandstrom RL, Yin M, Zeng H, Murray CB, O'Brien SP. Magnetic, electronic, and structural characterization of nonstoichiometric iron oxides at the nanoscale. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 126: 14583-99. PMID 15521779 DOI: 10.1021/Ja046808R  0.318
2004 Black CT, Bezencenet O. Nanometer-scale pattern registration and alignment by directed diblock copolymer self-assembly Ieee Transactions On Nanotechnology. 3: 412-415. DOI: 10.1109/Tnano.2004.834160  0.388
2004 Black CT, Guarini KW, Zhang Y, Kim H, Benedict J, Sikorski E, Babich IV, Milkove KR. High-capacity, self-assembled metal-oxide-semiconductor decoupling capacitors Ieee Electron Device Letters. 25: 622-624. DOI: 10.1109/Led.2004.834637  0.376
2004 Xu T, Goldbach JT, Misner MJ, Kim S, Gibaud A, Gang O, Ocko B, Guarini KW, Black CT, Hawker CJ, Russell TP. Scattering Study on the Selective Solvent Swelling Induced Surface Reconstruction Macromolecules. 37: 2972-2977. DOI: 10.1021/Ma0355204  0.355
2003 Xu T, Stevens J, Villa JA, Goldbach JT, Guarini KW, Black CT, Hawker CJ, Russell TP. Block copolymer surface reconstruction: A reversible route to nanoporous films Advanced Functional Materials. 13: 698-702. DOI: 10.1002/Adfm.200304374  0.324
2002 Ursache A, Bal M, Goldbach JT, Sandstrom RL, Black CT, Russell TP, Tuominen MT. Terabit Density Cobalt Nanowire Arrays With Tunable Magnetic Properties Mrs Proceedings. 721. DOI: 10.1557/Proc-721-E3.3  0.331
2002 Guarini KW, Black CT, Zhang Y, Kim H, Sikorski EM, Babich IV. Process integration of self-assembled polymer templates into silicon nanofabrication Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures. 20: 2788-2792. DOI: 10.1116/1.1521730  0.397
2002 Guarini KW, Black CT, Yeung SHI. Optimization of diblock copolymer thin film self assembly Advanced Materials. 14: 1290-1294. DOI: 10.1002/1521-4095(20020916)14:18<1290::Aid-Adma1290>3.0.Co;2-N  0.318
2001 Guarini KW, Black CT, Milkove KR, Sandstrom RL. Nanoscale patterning using self-assembled polymers for semiconductor applications Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures. 19: 2784-2788. DOI: 10.1116/1.1421551  0.405
2001 Black CT, Guarini KW, Milkove KR, Baker SM, Russell TP, Tuominen MT. Integration of self-assembled diblock copolymers for semiconductor capacitor fabrication Applied Physics Letters. 79: 409-411. DOI: 10.1063/1.1383805  0.428
2001 Shibauchi T, Krusin-Elbaum L, Gignac L, Black CT, Thurn-Albrecht T, Russell TP, Schotter J, Kästle GA, Emley N, Tuominen MT. High coercivity of ultra-high-density ordered Co nanorod arrays Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 1553-1554. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-8853(00)00958-6  0.345
2000 Thurn-Albrecht T, Schotter J, Kästle GA, Emley N, Shibauchi T, Krusin-Elbaum L, Guarini K, Black CT, Tuominen MT, Russell TP. Ultrahigh-density nanowire arrays grown in self-assembled diblock copolymer templates. Science (New York, N.Y.). 290: 2126-9. PMID 11118143 DOI: 10.1126/Science.290.5499.2126  0.371
2000 Black CT, Murray CB, Sandstrom RL, Sun S. Spin-dependent tunneling in self-assembled cobalt-nanocrystal superlattices. Science (New York, N.Y.). 290: 1131-4. PMID 11073445 DOI: 10.1126/Science.290.5494.1131  0.357
2000 Black CT, Murray CB, Sandstrom RL, Sun S. Low-Voltage Electron Transport in Self-Assembled Nanocrystal Arrays Mrs Proceedings. 636. DOI: 10.1557/Proc-636-D10.7.1  0.4
2000 Tinkham M, Davidović D, Ralph DC, Black CT. Tunneling Through Metallic Quantum Dots Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 118: 271-285. DOI: 10.1023/A:1004673413195  0.553
2000 Ralph DC, Guéron S, Black CT, Tinkham M. Electron energy levels in superconducting and magnetic nanoparticles Physica B: Condensed Matter. 280: 420-424. DOI: 10.1016/S0921-4526(99)01809-8  0.552
1999 Black CT, Welser JJ. Electric-field penetration into metals: consequences for high-dielectric-constant capacitors Ieee Transactions On Electron Devices. 46: 776-780. DOI: 10.1109/16.753713  0.316
1999 Salinas DG, Guéron S, Ralph DC, Black CT, Tinkham M. Effects of spin-orbit interactions on tunneling via discrete energy levels in metal nanoparticles Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 60: 6137-6145. DOI: 10.1103/Physrevb.60.6137  0.524
1997 Younkin RJ, Berggren KK, Cheung EL, Johnson KS, Prentiss MG, Black AJ, Whitesides GM, Ralph DC, Black CT, Tinkham M. Demonstration of a nanolithographic system using a self-assembled monolayer resist for neutral atomic cesium Proceedings of Spie - the International Society For Optical Engineering. 2995: 109-120. DOI: 10.1117/12.273747  0.485
1997 Ralph DC, Black CT, Tinkham M. Gate-voltage studies of discrete electronic states in aluminum nanoparticles Physical Review Letters. 78: 4087-4090. DOI: 10.1103/Physrevlett.78.4087  0.567
1997 Johnson KS, Berggren KK, Black AJ, Black CT, Chu AP, Dekker NH, Ralph DC, Thywissen JH, Younkin RJ, Prentiss MG, Tinkham M, Whitesides GM. Using neutral metastable argon atoms and contamination lithography to form nanostructures in silicon, silicon dioxide, and gold Proceedings of Spie - the International Society For Optical Engineering. 2995: 97-108. DOI: 10.1063/1.117671  0.548
1997 Prentiss M, Berggren KK, Younkin R, Cheung E, Tinkham M, Ralph DC, Black CT, Whitesides GM, Black AJ. Demonstration of a nanolithographic technique using a self-assembled monolayer resist for neutral atomic cesium Advanced Materials. 9: 52-55. DOI: 10.1002/Adma.19970090111  0.533
1996 Ralph DC, Black CT, Tinkham M. Studies of electron energy levels in single metal particles Physica B: Condensed Matter. 218: 258-261. DOI: 10.1016/0921-4526(95)00608-7  0.547
1996 Tinkham M, Ralph DC, Black CT, Hergenrother JM. Discrete energy levels and superconductivity in nanometer-scale Al particles Czechoslovak Journal of Physics. 46: 3139-3145. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02548121  0.57
1996 Ralph DC, Black CT, Tinkham M. Nano-particle transistors and energy-level spectroscopy in metals Superlattices and Microstructures. 20: 388-394. DOI: 10.1006/Spmi.1996.0094  0.58
1995 Ralph DC, Black CT, Tinkham M. Spectroscopic measurements of discrete electronic states in single metal particles. Physical Review Letters. 74: 3241-3244. PMID 10058147 DOI: 10.1103/Physrevlett.74.3241  0.533
1994 Black CT, Tuominen MT, Tinkham M. Voltage-activated charge motion measured by a mesoscopic two-tunnel-junction system. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 50: 7888-7892. PMID 9974778 DOI: 10.1103/Physrevb.50.7888  0.509
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