Rebecca Irwin - Publications

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, United States 

99 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Tauber JP, Tozkar CÖ, Schwarz RS, Lopez D, Irwin RE, Adler LS, Evans JD. Colony-Level Effects of Amygdalin on Honeybees and Their Microbes. Insects. 11. PMID 33187240 DOI: 10.3390/insects11110783  0.44
2020 Adler LS, Irwin RE, McArt SH, Vannette RL. Floral traits affecting the transmission of beneficial and pathogenic pollinator-associated microbes. Current Opinion in Insect Science. PMID 32866657 DOI: 10.1016/J.Cois.2020.08.006  0.44
2020 Fowler AE, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Parasite defense mechanisms in bees: behavior, immunity, antimicrobials, and symbionts. Emerging Topics in Life Sciences. 4: 59-76. PMID 32558901 DOI: 10.1042/ETLS20190069  0.44
2020 Adler LS, Barber NA, Biller OM, Irwin RE. Flowering plant composition shapes pathogen infection intensity and reproduction in bumble bee colonies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID 32393622 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.2000074117  0.44
2020 Adler LS, Fowler AE, Malfi RL, Anderson PR, Coppinger LM, Deneen PM, Lopez S, Irwin RE, Farrell IW, Stevenson PC. Assessing Chemical Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Sunflower Pollen on a Gut Pathogen in Bumble Bees. Journal of Chemical Ecology. PMID 32206946 DOI: 10.1007/S10886-020-01168-4  0.44
2019 LoCascio GM, Aguirre L, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Pollen from multiple sunflower cultivars and species reduces a common bumblebee gut pathogen. Royal Society Open Science. 6: 190279. PMID 31183152 DOI: 10.1098/Rsos.190279  0.44
2019 Figueroa LL, Blinder M, Grincavitch C, Jelinek A, Mann EK, Merva LA, Metz LE, Zhao AY, Irwin RE, McArt SH, Adler LS. Bee pathogen transmission dynamics: deposition, persistence and acquisition on flowers. Proceedings. Biological Sciences. 286: 20190603. PMID 31138075 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2019.0603  0.44
2019 Michaud KM, Irwin RE, Barber NA, Adler LS. Preinfection Effects of Nectar Secondary Compounds on a Bumble Bee Gut Pathogen. Environmental Entomology. PMID 30855085 DOI: 10.1093/Ee/Nvz018  0.44
2019 Palmer-Young EC, Farrell IW, Adler LS, Milano NJ, Egan PA, Irwin RE, Stevenson PC. Secondary metabolites from nectar and pollen: a resource for ecological and evolutionary studies. Ecology. e02621. PMID 30667044 DOI: 10.1002/Ecy.2621  0.44
2018 Egan PA, Adler LS, Irwin RE, Farrell IW, Palmer-Young EC, Stevenson PC. Crop Domestication Alters Floral Reward Chemistry With Potential Consequences for Pollinator Health. Frontiers in Plant Science. 9: 1357. PMID 30319666 DOI: 10.3389/Fpls.2018.01357  0.44
2018 Giacomini JJ, Leslie J, Tarpy DR, Palmer-Young EC, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Medicinal value of sunflower pollen against bee pathogens. Scientific Reports. 8: 14394. PMID 30258066 DOI: 10.1038/S41598-018-32681-Y  0.44
2018 Adler LS, Michaud KM, Ellner SP, McArt SH, Stevenson PC, Irwin RE. Disease where you dine: Plant species and floral traits associated with pathogen transmission in bumble bees. Ecology. PMID 30155907 DOI: 10.1002/Ecy.2503  0.44
2018 Irwin RE, Warren PS, Adler LS. Phenotypic selection on floral traits in an urban landscape. Proceedings. Biological Sciences. 285. PMID 30111599 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2018.1239  0.44
2017 McArt SH, Urbanowicz C, McCoshum S, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Landscape predictors of pathogen prevalence and range contractions in US bumblebees. Proceedings. Biological Sciences. 284. PMID 29142119 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2017.2181  0.44
2017 Palmer-Young EC, Tozkar CÖ, Schwarz RS, Chen Y, Irwin RE, Adler LS, Evans JD. Nectar and Pollen Phytochemicals Stimulate Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Immunity to Viral Infection. Journal of Economic Entomology. PMID 28981688 DOI: 10.1093/Jee/Tox193  0.44
2017 Palmer-Young EC, Hogeboom A, Kaye AJ, Donnelly D, Andicoechea J, Connon SJ, Weston I, Skyrm K, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Context-dependent medicinal effects of anabasine and infection-dependent toxicity in bumble bees. Plos One. 12: e0183729. PMID 28832668 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0183729  0.44
2017 Palmer-Young EC, Sadd BM, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Synergistic effects of floral phytochemicals against a bumble bee parasite. Ecology and Evolution. 7: 1836-1849. PMID 28331591 DOI: 10.1002/Ece3.2794  0.44
2016 Palmer-Young EC, Sadd BM, Stevenson PC, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Bumble bee parasite strains vary in resistance to phytochemicals. Scientific Reports. 6: 37087. PMID 27883009 DOI: 10.1038/Srep37087  0.44
2016 Adler LS, Leege LM, Irwin RE. Geographic variation in resistance to nectar robbing and consequences for pollination. American Journal of Botany. PMID 27765776 DOI: 10.3732/Ajb.1600114  0.44
2016 Conroy TJ, Palmer-Young EC, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Food Limitation Affects Parasite Load and Survival of Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Infected With Crithidia (Trypanosomatida: Trypanosomatidae). Environmental Entomology. PMID 27523087 DOI: 10.1093/Ee/Nvw099  0.44
2016 Stevanovic J, Schwarz RS, Vejnovic B, Evans JD, Irwin RE, Glavinic U, Stanimirovic Z. Species-specific diagnostics of Apis mellifera trypanosomatids: a nine-year survey (2007-2015) for trypanosomatids and microsporidians in Serbian honey bees. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. PMID 27392956 DOI: 10.1016/j.jip.2016.07.001  1
2016 Carper AL, Adler LS, Irwin RE. Effects of florivory on plant-pollinator interactions: Implications for male and female components of plant reproduction. American Journal of Botany. PMID 27329944 DOI: 10.3732/Ajb.1600144  1
2016 Richardson LL, Bowers MD, Irwin RE. Nectar chemistry mediates the behavior of parasitized bees: consequences for plant fitness. Ecology. 97: 325-37. PMID 27145608 DOI: 10.1890/15-0263.1  1
2016 Gezon ZJ, Inouye DW, Irwin RE. Phenological change in a spring ephemeral: implications for pollination and plant reproduction. Global Change Biology. PMID 26833694 DOI: 10.1111/Gcb.13209  1
2016 Cook D, Slominski A, Gardner DR, Pfister JA, Irwin RE. Seasonal variation in the secondary chemistry of foliar and reproductive tissues of Delphinium nuttallianum Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 65: 93-99. DOI: 10.1016/j.bse.2016.02.006  1
2015 Thorburn LP, Adler LS, Irwin RE, Palmer-Young EC. Variable effects of nicotine and anabasine on parasitized bumble bees. F1000research. 4: 880. PMID 26998225 DOI: 10.12688/F1000Research.6870.1  0.44
2015 Biller OM, Adler LS, Irwin RE, McAllister C, Palmer-Young EC. Possible Synergistic Effects of Thymol and Nicotine against Crithidia bombi Parasitism in Bumble Bees. Plos One. 10: e0144668. PMID 26657643 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0144668  1
2015 Anthony WE, Palmer-Young EC, Leonard AS, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Testing Dose-Dependent Effects of the Nectar Alkaloid Anabasine on Trypanosome Parasite Loads in Adult Bumble Bees. Plos One. 10: e0142496. PMID 26545106 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0142496  1
2015 Richardson LL, Adler LS, Leonard AS, Andicoechea J, Regan KH, Anthony WE, Manson JS, Irwin RE. Secondary metabolites in floral nectar reduce parasite infections in bumblebees. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 282: 20142471. PMID 25694627 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2014.2471  1
2015 Palmer-Young EC, Thorburn LP, Adler LS, Irwin RE. Variable effects of nicotine, anabasine, and their interactions on parasitized bumble bees F1000research. 4. DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.6870.2  1
2015 Gezon ZJ, Wyman ES, Ascher JS, Inouye DW, Irwin RE. The effect of repeated, lethal sampling on wild bee abundance and diversity Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 6: 1044-1054. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12375  1
2015 Irwin RE, Howell P, Galen C. Quantifying direct vs. indirect effects of nectar robbers on male and female components of plant fitness Journal of Ecology. 103: 1487-1497. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12476  1
2015 Schaeffer RN, Vannette RL, Irwin RE. Nectar yeasts in Delphinium nuttallianum (Ranunculaceae) and their effects on nectar quality Fungal Ecology. 18: 100-106. DOI: 10.1016/J.Funeco.2015.09.010  1
2015 Hung KLJ, Ascher JS, Gibbs J, Irwin RE, Bolger DT. Effects of fragmentation on a distinctive coastal sage scrub bee fauna revealed through incidental captures by pitfall traps Journal of Insect Conservation. 19: 175-179. DOI: 10.1007/S10841-015-9763-8  1
2014 Schaeffer RN, Phillips CR, Duryea MC, Andicoechea J, Irwin RE. Nectar yeasts in the tall Larkspur Delphinium barbeyi (Ranunculaceae) and effects on components of pollinator foraging behavior. Plos One. 9: e108214. PMID 25272164 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0108214  1
2014 Schaeffer RN. Yeasts in nectar enhance male fitness in a montane perennial herb. Ecology. 95: 1792-8. PMID 25163113 DOI: 10.1890/13-1740.1  1
2014 Irwin RE, Cook D, Richardson LL, Manson JS, Gardner DR. Secondary compounds in floral rewards of toxic rangeland plants: impacts on pollinators. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 62: 7335-44. PMID 24766254 DOI: 10.1021/jf500521w  1
2014 Carper AL, Adler LS, Warren PS, Irwin RE. Effects of suburbanization on forest bee communities. Environmental Entomology. 43: 253-62. PMID 24533967 DOI: 10.1603/En13078  1
2014 McArt SH, Koch H, Irwin RE, Adler LS. Arranging the bouquet of disease: floral traits and the transmission of plant and animal pathogens. Ecology Letters. 17: 624-36. PMID 24528408 DOI: 10.1111/Ele.12257  1
2014 Irwin RE, Warren PS, Carper AL, Adler LS. Plant-animal interactions in suburban environments: implications for floral evolution. Oecologia. 174: 803-15. PMID 24193000 DOI: 10.1007/S00442-013-2797-2  1
2013 McDermott SM, Irwin RE, Taylor BW. Using economic instruments to develop effective management of invasive species: insights from a bioeconomic model. Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America. 23: 1086-100. PMID 23967577 DOI: 10.1890/12-0649.1  1
2013 Schaeffer RN, Manson JS, Irwin RE. Effects of abiotic factors and species interactions on estimates of male plant function: a meta-analysis. Ecology Letters. 16: 399-408. PMID 23237105 DOI: 10.1111/Ele.12044  1
2013 Manson JS, Cook D, Gardner DR, Irwin RE. Dose-dependent effects of nectar alkaloids in a montane plant-pollinator community Journal of Ecology. 101: 1604-1612. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12144  1
2013 Cook D, Manson JS, Gardner DR, Welch KD, Irwin RE. Norditerpene alkaloid concentrations in tissues and floral rewards of larkspurs and impacts on pollinators Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 48: 123-131. DOI: 10.1016/j.bse.2012.11.015  1
2012 McKinney AM, CaraDonna PJ, Inouye DW, Barr B, Bertelsen CD, Waser NM. Asynchronous changes in phenology of migrating Broad-tailed Hummingbirds and their early-season nectar resources. Ecology. 93: 1987-93. PMID 23094369 DOI: 10.1890/12-0255.1  1
2012 Adler LS, Irwin RE. What you smell is more important than what you see? Natural selection on floral scent. The New Phytologist. 195: 510-1. PMID 22775322 DOI: 10.1111/J.1469-8137.2012.04229.X  1
2012 Adler LS, Irwin RE. Nectar alkaloids decrease pollination and female reproduction in a native plant. Oecologia. 168: 1033-41. PMID 22011842 DOI: 10.1007/S00442-011-2153-3  1
2012 Brody AK, Irwin RE. When resources don't rescue: Flowering phenology and species interactions affect compensation to herbivory in Ipomopsis aggregata Oikos. 121: 1424-1434. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.20458.x  1
2011 Zhang C, Irwin RE, Wang Y, He YP, Yang YP, Duan YW. Selective seed abortion induced by nectar robbing in the selfing plant Comastoma pulmonarium. The New Phytologist. 192: 249-55. PMID 21651561 DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03785.x  1
2011 Irwin RE, Brody AK. Additive effects of herbivory, nectar robbing and seed predation on male and female fitness estimates of the host plant Ipomopsis aggregata. Oecologia. 166: 681-92. PMID 21274574 DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1898-4  1
2010 Irwin RE. Evolutionary ecology: when pollinators are also herbivores. Current Biology : Cb. 20: R100-1. PMID 20144766 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.12.005  1
2010 Irwin RE, Bronstein JL, Manson JS, Richardson L. Nectar robbing: Ecological and evolutionary perspectives Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. 41: 271-292. DOI: 10.1146/Annurev.Ecolsys.110308.120330  1
2010 Burkle LA, Irwin RE. Beyond biomass: Measuring the effects of community-level nitrogen enrichment on floral traits, pollinator visitation and plant reproduction Journal of Ecology. 98: 705-717. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01648.x  1
2010 Wilke BJ, Irwin RE. Variation in the phenology and abundance of flowering by native and exotic plants in subalpine meadows Biological Invasions. 12: 2363-2372. DOI: 10.1007/S10530-009-9649-3  1
2009 Elliott SE, Irwin RE. Effects of flowering plant density on pollinator visitation, pollen receipt, and seed production in Delphinium barbeyi (Ranunculaceae). American Journal of Botany. 96: 912-9. PMID 21628244 DOI: 10.3732/Ajb.0800260  1
2009 Burkle L, Irwin R. Nectar sugar limits larval growth of solitary bees (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Environmental Entomology. 38: 1293-300. PMID 19689912 DOI: 10.1603/022.038.0441  1
2009 Mitchell RJ, Irwin RE, Flanagan RJ, Karron JD. Ecology and evolution of plant-pollinator interactions. Annals of Botany. 103: 1355-63. PMID 19482881 DOI: 10.1093/Aob/Mcp122  1
2009 Irwin RE. Realized tolerance to nectar robbing: compensation to floral enemies in Ipomopsis aggregata. Annals of Botany. 103: 1425-33. PMID 19304813 DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcp056  1
2009 Sloan CD, Duell EJ, Shi X, Irwin R, Andrew AS, Williams SM, Moore JH. Ecogeographic genetic epidemiology. Genetic Epidemiology. 33: 281-9. PMID 19025788 DOI: 10.1002/Gepi.20386  1
2009 Burkle L, Irwin R. The importance of interannual variation and bottom-up nitrogen enrichment for plant-pollinator networks Oikos. 118: 1816-1829. DOI: 10.1111/J.1600-0706.2009.17740.X  1
2009 Burkle LA, Irwin RE. The effects of nutrient addition on floral characters and pollination in two subalpine plants, Ipomopsis aggregata and Linum lewisii Plant Ecology. 203: 83-98. DOI: 10.1007/s11258-008-9512-0  1
2008 Irwin RE, Galen C, Rabenold JJ, Kaczorowski R, McCutcheon ML. MECHANISMS OF TOLERANCE TO FLORAL LARCENY IN TWO WILDFLOWER SPECIES. Ecology. 89: 3093-3104. PMID 31766800 DOI: 10.1890/08-0081.1  0.4
2008 Irwin RE, Adler LS. Nectar secondary compounds affect self-pollen transfer: implications for female and male reproduction. Ecology. 89: 2207-17. PMID 18724731 DOI: 10.1890/07-1359.1  1
2008 Brody AK, Irwin RE, McCutcheon ML, Parsons EC. Interactions between nectar robbers and seed predators mediated by a shared host plant, Ipomopsis aggregata. Oecologia. 155: 75-84. PMID 17965889 DOI: 10.1007/s00442-007-0879-8  1
2008 Irwin RE, Galen C, Rabenold JJ, Kaczorowski R, McCutcheon ML. Mechanisms of tolerance to floral larceny in two wildflower species Ecology. 89: 3093-3104. DOI: 10.1890/08-0081.1  1
2008 Elliott SE, Irwin RE, Adler LS, Williams NM. The nectar alkaloid, gelsemine, does not affect offspring performance of a native solitary bee, Osmia lignaria (Megachilidae) Ecological Entomology. 33: 298-304. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00974.x  1
2008 Egan JF, Irwin RE. Evaluation of the field impact of an adventitious herbivore on an invasive plant, yellow toadflax, in Colorado, USA Plant Ecology. 199: 99-114. DOI: 10.1007/s11258-008-9415-0  1
2007 Burkle LA, Irwin RE, Newman DA. Predicting the effects of nectar robbing on plant reproduction: implications of pollen limitation and plant mating system. American Journal of Botany. 94: 1935-43. PMID 21636388 DOI: 10.3732/ajb.94.12.1935  1
2006 McCall AC, Irwin RE. Florivory: the intersection of pollination and herbivory. Ecology Letters. 9: 1351-65. PMID 17118009 DOI: 10.1111/J.1461-0248.2006.00975.X  1
2006 Irwin RE. The consequences of direct versus indirect species interactions to selection on traits: pollination and nectar robbing in Ipomopsis aggregata. The American Naturalist. 167: 315-28. PMID 16673341 DOI: 10.1086/499377  1
2006 Adler LS, Irwin RE. Comparison of pollen transfer dynamics by multiple floral visitors: experiments with pollen and fluorescent dye. Annals of Botany. 97: 141-50. PMID 16299005 DOI: 10.1093/Aob/Mcj012  1
2006 Irwin RE, Adler LS. Correlations among traits associated with herbivore resistance and pollination: Implications for pollination and nectar robbing in a distylous plant American Journal of Botany. 93: 64-72. DOI: 10.3732/Ajb.93.1.64  1
2005 Irwin RE, Strauss SY. Flower color microevolution in wild radish: evolutionary response to pollinator-mediated selection. The American Naturalist. 165: 225-37. PMID 15729652 DOI: 10.1086/426714  1
2005 Adler LS, Irwin RE. Ecological costs and benefits of defenses in nectar Ecology. 86: 2968-2978. DOI: 10.1890/05-0118  1
2005 Price MV, Waser NM, Irwin RE, Campbell DR, Brody AK. Temporal and spatial variation in pollination of a montane herb: A seven-year study Ecology. 86: 2106-2116. DOI: 10.1890/04-1274  1
2004 Taylor BW, Irwin RE. Linking economic activities to the distribution of exotic plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 101: 17725-30. PMID 15591111 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0405176101  1
2004 Irwin RE, Adler LS, Agrawal AA. Community and evolutionary ecology of nectar Ecology. 85: 1477-1478. DOI: 10.1890/03-0717  1
2004 Irwin RE, Adler LS, Brody AK. The dual role of floral traits: Pollinator attraction and plant defense Ecology. 85: 1503-1511. DOI: 10.1890/03-0390  1
2004 Strauss SY, Irwin RE. Ecological and evolutionary consequences of multispecies plant-animal interactions Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. 35: 435-466. DOI: 10.1146/Annurev.Ecolsys.35.112202.130215  1
2004 Strauss SY, Irwin RE, Lambrix VM. Optimal defence theory and flower petal colour predict variation in the secondary chemistry of wild radish Journal of Ecology. 92: 132-141. DOI: 10.1111/J.1365-2745.2004.00843.X  1
2004 Cariveau D, Irwin RE, Brody AK, Garcia-Mayeya LS, Von Der Ohe A. Direct and indirect effects of pollinators and seed predators to selection on plant and floral traits Oikos. 104: 15-26. DOI: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12641.x  1
2003 Cayenne Engel E, Irwin RE. Linking pollinator visitation rate and pollen receipt. American Journal of Botany. 90: 1612-8. PMID 21653336 DOI: 10.3732/ajb.90.11.1612  1
2003 Irwin RE, Strauss SY, Storz S, Emerson A, Guibert G. The role of herbivores in the maintenance of a flower color polymorphism in wild radish Ecology. 84: 1733-1743. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[1733:Trohit]2.0.Co;2  1
2003 Irwin RE. Impact of nectar robbing on estimates of pollen flow: Conceptual predictions and empirical outcomes Ecology. 84: 485-495.  1
2002 Irwin RE, Dorsett B. Volatile production by buds and corollas of two sympatric, confamilial plants, Ipomopsis aggregata and Polemonium foliosissimum. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 28: 565-78. PMID 11944833 DOI: 10.1023/A:1014596129601  1
2002 Strauss SY, Rudgers JA, Lau JA, Irwin RE. Direct and ecological costs of resistance to herbivory Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 17: 278-285. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5347(02)02483-7  1
2002 Irwin RE, Maloof JE. Variation in nectar robbing over time, space, and species Oecologia. 133: 525-533. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-002-1060-z  1
2001 Irwin RE, Brody AK, Waser NM. The impact of floral larceny on individuals, populations, and communities. Oecologia. 129: 161-168. PMID 28547611 DOI: 10.1007/S004420100739  1
2001 Irwin RE. Field and allozyme studies investigating optimal mating success in two sympatric spring-ephemeral plants, Trillium erectum and T. grandiflorum Heredity. 87: 178-189. PMID 11703508 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2540.2001.00896.x  1
2001 Irwin RE, Brody AK, Waser NM. The impact of floral larceny on individuals, populations, and communities Oecologia. 129: 161-168. DOI: 10.1007/s004420100739  1
2000 Irwin RE, Brody AK. Consequences of nectar robbing for realized male function in a hummingbird-pollinated plant Ecology. 81: 2637-2643.  1
2000 Irwin RE. Hummingbird avoidance of nectar-robbed plants: Spatial location or visual cues Oikos. 91: 499-506.  1
2000 Irwin RE. Morphological variation and female reproductive success in two sympatric Trillium species: Evidence for phenotypic selection in Trillium erectum and Trillium grandiflorum (Liliaceae) American Journal of Botany. 87: 205-214.  1
1999 Irwin RE, Brody AK. Nectar-robbing bumble bees reduce the fitness of Ipomopsis aggregata (Polemoniaceae) Ecology. 80: 1703-1712.  1
1998 Irwin RE, Brody AK. Nectar robbing in Ipomopsis aggregata : effects on pollinator behavior and plant fitness. Oecologia. 116: 519-527. PMID 28307521 DOI: 10.1007/s004420050617  1
1998 Jones KN, Reithel JS, Irwin RE. A trade-off between the frequency and duration of bumblebee visits to flowers Oecologia. 117: 161-168. DOI: 10.1007/s004420050644  1
1998 Irwin RE, Brody AK. Nectar robbing in Ipomopsis aggregata: Effects on pollinator behavior and plant fitness Oecologia. 116: 519-527. DOI: 10.1007/s004420050617  1
1994 Irwin RE. The evolution of plumage dichromatism in the New World blackbirds: Social selection on female brightness? American Naturalist. 144: 890-907. DOI: 10.1086/285717  1
1993 Weatherhead PJ, Metz KJ, Bennett GF, Irwin RE. Parasite faunas, testosterone and secondary sexual traits in male red-winged blackbirds Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 33: 13-23. DOI: 10.1007/Bf00164342  1
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