Walter P. Carson - Publications

Biological Sciences University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States 
Ecology Biology, Botany Biology, Evolution and Development Biology

91 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2023 Glassmire AE, Carson WP, Smilanich AM, Richards LA, Jeffrey CS, Dodson CD, Philbin CS, Humberto GL, Dyer LA. Multiple and contrasting pressures determine intraspecific phytochemical variation in a tropical shrub. Oecologia. PMID 37042994 DOI: 10.1007/s00442-023-05364-3  0.42
2022 Royo AA, Carson WP. Stasis in forest regeneration following deer exclusion and understory gap creation: A ten-year experiment. Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America. e2569. PMID 35167151 DOI: 10.1002/eap.2569  0.531
2020 Spicer ME, Mellor H, Carson WP. Seeing beyond the trees: a comparison of tropical and temperate plant growth-forms and their vertical distribution. Ecology. e02974. PMID 31944269 DOI: 10.1002/Ecy.2974  0.825
2020 Slyder JB, Wenzel JW, Royo AA, Spicer ME, Carson WP. Post-windthrow salvage logging increases seedling and understory diversity with little impact on composition immediately after logging New Forests. 51: 409-420. DOI: 10.1007/S11056-019-09740-X  0.634
2019 Chen W, Zhong J, Carson WP, Tang Z, Xie Z, Sun S, Zhou Y. Proximity to roads disrupts rodents’ contributions to seed dispersal services and subsequent recruitment dynamics Journal of Ecology. 107: 2623-2634. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13221  0.521
2019 Griffin EA, Harrison JG, Kembel SW, Carrell AA, Wright SJ, Carson WP. Plant host identity and soil macronutrients explain little variation in sapling endophyte community composition: Is disturbance an alternative explanation? Journal of Ecology. 107: 1876-1889. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13145  0.527
2018 Spicer ME, Suess KF, Wenzel JW, Carson WP. Does salvage logging erase a key physical legacy of a tornado blowdown? A case study of tree tip-up mounds Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 48: 976-982. DOI: 10.1139/Cjfr-2018-0037  0.549
2017 Griffin EA, Wright SJ, Morin PJ, Carson WP. Pervasive interactions between foliar microbes and soil nutrients mediate leaf production and herbivore damage in a tropical forest. The New Phytologist. PMID 28782806 DOI: 10.1111/Nph.14716  0.778
2017 Meiners SJ, Phipps KK, Pendergast TH, Canam T, Carson WP. Soil microbial communities alter leaf chemistry and influence allelopathic potential among coexisting plant species. Oecologia. PMID 28191585 DOI: 10.1007/S00442-017-3833-4  0.796
2017 Frigoletto E, Wylie P, Pasquini SC, Carson WP. Excluding deer increases the proportion of beech saplings originating from seed versus those of root sprout origin1 Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 144: 379-384. DOI: 10.3159/Torrey-D-17-00010.1  0.51
2016 Griffin EA, Traw MB, Morin PJ, Pruitt JN, Wright SJ, Carson WP. Foliar bacteria and soil fertility mediate seedling performance: a new and cryptic dimension of niche differentiation. Ecology. 97: 2998-3008. PMID 27870044 DOI: 10.1002/Ecy.1537  0.75
2016 Roberson EJ, Chips MJ, Carson WP, Rooney TP. Deer herbivory reduces web-building spider abundance by simplifying forest vegetation structure. Peerj. 4: e2538. PMID 27703868 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.2538  0.51
2016 Royo AA, Peterson CJ, Stanovick JS, Carson WP. Evaluating the ecological impacts of salvage logging: can natural and anthropogenic disturbances promote coexistence? Ecology. 97: 1566-82. PMID 27459786 DOI: 10.1890/15-1093.1  0.611
2016 Schnitzer SA, Carson WP. Would Ecology Fail the Repeatability Test? Bioscience. 66: 98-99. DOI: 10.1093/Biosci/Biv176  0.58
2015 Kurten EL, Carson WP. Do Ground-Dwelling Vertebrates Promote Diversity in a Neotropical Forest? Results from a Long-Term Exclosure Experiment. Bioscience. 65: 862-870. PMID 26955084 DOI: 10.1093/Biosci/Biv110  0.591
2015 Kurten EL, Wright SJ, Carson WP. Hunting alters seedling functional trait composition in a Neotropical forest. Ecology. 96: 1923-32. PMID 26378314 DOI: 10.1890/14-1735.1  0.613
2015 Hovick SM, Carson WP. Tailoring biocontrol to maximize top-down effects: on the importance of underlying site fertility. Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America. 25: 125-39. PMID 26255362 DOI: 10.1890/13-2050.1  0.39
2015 Chips MJ, Yerger EH, Hervanek A, Nuttle T, Royo AA, Pruitt JN, McGlynn TP, Riggall CL, Carson WP. The Indirect Impact of Long-Term Overbrowsing on Insects in the Allegheny National Forest Region of Pennsylvania Northeastern Naturalist. 22: 782-797. DOI: 10.1656/045.022.0412  0.578
2015 Pendergast TH, Hanlon SM, Long ZM, Royo AA, Carson WP. The legacy of deer overabundance: Long-term delays in herbaceous understory recovery Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 46: 362-369. DOI: 10.1139/Cjfr-2015-0280  0.825
2015 Yanoviak SP, Gora EM, Fredley J, Bitzer PM, Muzika RM, Carson WP. Direct effects of lightning in temperate forests: A review and preliminary survey in a hemlock–hardwood forest of the northern United States Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 45: 1258-1268. DOI: 10.1139/Cjfr-2015-0081  0.511
2015 Michel NL, Carson WP, Sherry TW. Do Collared Peccaries Negatively Impact Understory Insectivorous Rain Forest Birds Indirectly Via Lianas and Vines? Biotropica. 47: 745-757. DOI: 10.1111/Btp.12261  0.387
2015 Griffin EA, Carson WP. The Ecology and Natural History of Foliar Bacteria with a Focus on Tropical Forests and Agroecosystems Botanical Review. 81: 105-149. DOI: 10.1007/S12229-015-9151-9  0.559
2015 Keiser CN, Slyder JB, Carson WP, Pruitt JN. Individual differences in predators but not producers mediate the magnitude of a trophic cascade Arthropod-Plant Interactions. 9. DOI: 10.1007/S11829-015-9377-9  0.432
2014 Peterson CJ, Dosch JJ, Carson WP. Pasture succession in the Neotropics: extending the nucleation hypothesis into a matrix discontinuity hypothesis. Oecologia. 175: 1325-35. PMID 24972697 DOI: 10.1007/S00442-014-2986-7  0.53
2014 Gora EM, Battaglia LL, Schumacher HB, Carson WP. Patterns of coarse woody debris volume among 18 late-successional and mature forest stands in Pennsylvania Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 141: 151-160. DOI: 10.3159/Torrey-D-13-00066.1  0.593
2014 Schnitzer SA, Van Der Heijden G, Mascaro J, Carson WP. Lianas in gaps reduce carbon accumulation in a tropical forest Ecology. 95: 3008-3017. DOI: 10.1890/13-1718.1  0.803
2014 Chips MJ, Magliocca MR, Hasson B, Carson WP. Quantifying deer and turkey leaf litter disturbances in the eastern deciduous forest: have nontrophic effects of consumers been overlooked? Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 44: 1128-1132. DOI: 10.1139/cjfr-2014-0045  0.499
2014 Gundy MT, Rentch J, Adams MB, Carson W. Reversing legacy effects in the understory of an oak-dominated forest Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 44: 350-364. DOI: 10.1139/Cjfr-2013-0375  0.573
2014 Hirsch BT, Martinez D, Kurten EL, Brown DD, Carson WP. Mammalian insectivores exert top-down effects on azteca ants Biotropica. 46: 489-494. DOI: 10.1111/Btp.12128  0.349
2014 Carson WP, Royo AA, Peterson CJ. A Pox on our Land: A Case Study of Chronic Deer Overbrowsing throughout the Allegheny National Forest Region of Pennsylvania The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.003.0017  0.385
2014 Michel NL, Sherry TW, Carson WP. The omnivorous collared peccary negates an insectivore-generated trophic cascade in Costa Rican wet tropical forest understorey Journal of Tropical Ecology. 30: 1-11. DOI: 10.1017/S0266467413000709  0.551
2014 Dewalt SJ, Schnitzer SA, Alves LF, Bongers F, Burnham RJ, Cai Z, Carson WP, Chave J, Chuyong GB, Costa FRC, Ewango CEN, Gallagher RV, Gerwing JJ, Amezcua EG, Hart T, et al. Biogeographical patterns of liana abundance and diversity Ecology of Lianas. 131-146. DOI: 10.1002/9781118392409.ch11  0.73
2013 Pendergast TH, Burke DJ, Carson WP. Belowground biotic complexity drives aboveground dynamics: a test of the soil community feedback model. The New Phytologist. 197: 1300-10. PMID 23311946 DOI: 10.1111/Nph.12105  0.8
2013 Schumacher HB, Carson WP. Biotic homogenization of the sapling layer in 19 late-successional and old-growth forest stands in Pennsylvania1 Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 140: 313-328. DOI: 10.3159/Torrey-D-11-00002.1  0.583
2013 Nuttle T, Royo AA, Adams MB, Carson WP. Historic disturbance regimes promote tree diversity only under low browsing regimes in eastern deciduous forest Ecological Monographs. 83: 3-17. DOI: 10.1890/11-2263.1  0.619
2013 Yorke SR, Schnitzer SA, Mascaro J, Letcher SG, Carson WP. Increasing liana abundance and basal area in a tropical forest: The contribution of long-distance clonal colonization Biotropica. 45: 317-324. DOI: 10.1111/Btp.12015  0.823
2013 Peterson CJ, Krueger LM, Royo AA, Stark S, Carson WP. Disturbance size and severity covary in small and mid-size wind disturbances in Pennsylvania northern hardwoods forests Forest Ecology and Management. 302: 273-279. DOI: 10.1016/J.Foreco.2013.03.045  0.438
2013 Reider KE, Carson WP, Donnelly MA. Effects of collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) exclusion on leaf litter amphibians and reptiles in a Neotropical wet forest, Costa Rica Biological Conservation. 163: 90-98. DOI: 10.1016/J.Biocon.2012.12.015  0.569
2012 Hovick SM, Peterson CJ, Carson WP. Predicting invasiveness and range size in wetland plants using biological traits: A multivariate experimental approach Journal of Ecology. 100: 1373-1382. DOI: 10.1111/J.1365-2745.2012.02013.X  0.454
2012 Dyer LA, Carson WP, Leigh EG. Insect Outbreaks in Tropical Forests: Patterns, Mechanisms, and Consequences Insect Outbreaks Revisited. 219-245. DOI: 10.1002/9781118295205.ch11  0.371
2011 Kain M, Battaglia L, Royo A, Carson WP. Over-browsing in Pennsylvania creates a depauperate forest dominated by an understory tree: Results from a 60-year-old deer exclosure Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 138: 322-326. DOI: 10.3159/Torrey-D-11-00018.1  0.607
2011 Goetsch C, Wigg J, Royo AA, Ristau T, Carson WP. Chronic over browsing and biodiversity collapse in a forest understory in Pennsylvania: Results from a 60 year-old deer exclusion plot Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 138: 220-224. DOI: 10.3159/Torrey-D-11-00013.1  0.587
2011 Hovick SM, Bunker DE, Peterson CJ, Carson WP. Purple loosestrife suppresses plant species colonization far more than broad-leaved cattail: Experimental evidence with plant community implications Journal of Ecology. 99: 225-234. DOI: 10.1111/J.1365-2745.2010.01754.X  0.795
2010 Schnitzer SA, Carson WP. Lianas suppress tree regeneration and diversity in treefall gaps. Ecology Letters. 13: 849-57. PMID 20482581 DOI: 10.1111/J.1461-0248.2010.01480.X  0.776
2010 Royo AA, Collins R, Adams MB, Kirschbaum C, Carson WP. Pervasive interactions between ungulate browsers and disturbance regimes promote temperate forest herbaceous diversity. Ecology. 91: 93-105. PMID 20380200 DOI: 10.1890/08-1680.1  0.741
2010 Cronin JP, Tonsor SJ, Carson WP. A simultaneous test of trophic interaction models: which vegetation characteristic explains herbivore control over plant community mass? Ecology Letters. 13: 202-12. PMID 20050866 DOI: 10.1111/J.1461-0248.2009.01420.X  0.433
2010 Maron JL, Pearson DE, Hovick SM, Carson WP. Funding needed for assessments of weed biological control Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 8: 122-123. DOI: 10.1890/10.Wb.013  0.43
2009 Krueger LM, Peterson CJ, Royo A, Carson WP. Evaluating relationships among tree growth rate, shade tolerance, and browse tolerance following disturbance in an eastern deciduous forest Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 39: 2460-2469. DOI: 10.1139/X09-155  0.544
2008 Royo AA, Carson WP. Direct and indirect effects of a dense understory on tree seedling recruitment in temperate forests: Habitat-mediated predation versus competition Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 38: 1634-1645. DOI: 10.1139/X07-247  0.524
2008 Paine CET, Harms KE, Schnitzer SA, Carson WP. Weak competition among tropical tree seedlings: Implications for species coexistence Biotropica. 40: 432-440. DOI: 10.1111/J.1744-7429.2007.00390.X  0.686
2008 Carson WP, Hovick SM, Baumert AJ, Bunker DE, Pendergast IV TH. Evaluating the post-release efficacy of invasive plant biocontrol by insects: A comprehensive approach Arthropod-Plant Interactions. 2: 77-86. DOI: 10.1007/S11829-008-9036-5  0.749
2008 Banta JA, Stark SC, Stevens MHH, Pendergast IV TH, Baumert A, Carson WP. Light reduction predicts widespread patterns of dominance between asters and goldenrods Plant Ecology. 199: 65-76. DOI: 10.1007/S11258-008-9412-3  0.442
2007 Long ZT, Pendergast IV TH, Carson WP. The impact of deer on relationships between tree growth and mortality in an old-growth beech-maple forest Forest Ecology and Management. 252: 230-238. DOI: 10.1016/J.Foreco.2007.06.034  0.787
2006 Stark SC, Bunker DE, Carson WP. A null model of exotic plant diversity tested with exotic and native species-area relationships. Ecology Letters. 9: 136-41. PMID 16958878 DOI: 10.1111/J.1461-0248.2005.00859.X  0.779
2006 Carson WP, Elnaccash T, Heckel C, Pendergast TH, Urban M. The World's Rain Forests: A Primer on Uniqueness Ecology. 87: 1869-1870. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[1869:Twrfap]2.0.Co;2  0.807
2006 Royo AA, Carson WP. On the formation of dense understory layers in forests worldwide: Consequences and implications for forest dynamics, biodiversity, and succession Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 36: 1345-1362. DOI: 10.1139/X06-025  0.509
2006 Kurzel BP, Schnitzer SA, Carson WP. Predicting liana crown location from stem diameter in three Panamanian lowland forests Biotropica. 38: 262-266. DOI: 10.1111/J.1744-7429.2006.00135.X  0.682
2005 Royo AA, Carson WP. The herb community of a tropical forest in central Panamá: dynamics and impact of mammalian herbivores. Oecologia. 145: 66-75. PMID 16010533 DOI: 10.1007/S00442-005-0079-3  0.621
2005 Comisky L, Royo AA, Carson WP. Deer browsing creates Rock Refugia Gardens on large boulders in the Allegheny National Forest, Pennsylvania American Midland Naturalist. 154: 201-206. DOI: 10.1674/0003-0031(2005)154[0201:Dbcrrg]2.0.Co;2  0.629
2005 Bunker DE, Carson WP. Drought stress and tropical forest woody seedlings: Effect on community structure and composition Journal of Ecology. 93: 794-806. DOI: 10.1111/J.1365-2745.2005.01019.X  0.817
2005 Carson WP, Banta JA, Royo AA, Kirschbaum C. Plant communities growing on boulders in the allegheny national forest: Evidence for boulders as refugia from deer and as a bioassay of overbrowsing Natural Areas Journal. 25: 10-18.  0.462
2004 Henry M, Stevens H, Bunker DE, Schnitzer SA, Carson WP. Establishment limitation reduces species recruitment and species richness as soil resources rise Journal of Ecology. 92: 339-347. DOI: 10.1111/J.0022-0477.2004.00866.X  0.826
2004 Collins RJ, Carson WP. The effects of environment and life stage on Quercus abundance in the eastern deciduous forest, USA: Are sapling densities most responsive to environmental gradients? Forest Ecology and Management. 201: 241-258. DOI: 10.1016/J.Foreco.2004.06.023  0.605
2004 Mascaro J, Schnitzer SA, Carson WP. Liana diversity, abundance, and mortality in a tropical wet forest in Costa Rica Forest Ecology and Management. 190: 3-14. DOI: 10.1016/J.Foreco.2003.10.002  0.81
2003 Carson WP, Schnitzer S. Nouragues: Deep Rainforest Ecology Ecology. 84: 1340-1341. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[1340:Ndre]2.0.Co;2  0.663
2003 Long ZT, Mohler CL, Carson WP. Extending the resource concentration hypothesis to plant communities: Effects of litter and herbivores Ecology. 84: 652-665. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[0652:Etrcht]2.0.Co;2  0.799
2002 Schnitzer SA, Reich PB, Bergner B, Carson WP. Herbivore and pathogen damage on grassland and woodland plants: A test of the herbivore uncertainty principle Ecology Letters. 5: 531-539. DOI: 10.1046/J.1461-0248.2002.00357.X  0.679
2002 Stevens MHH, Carson WP. Resource quantity, not resource heterogeneity, maintains plant diversity Ecology Letters. 5: 420-426. DOI: 10.1046/J.1461-0248.2002.00333.X  0.507
2001 Schnitzer SA, Carson WP. Treefall gaps and the maintenance of species diversity in a tropical forest Ecology. 82: 913-919. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2001)082[0913:Tgatmo]2.0.Co;2  0.763
2001 Henry M, Stevens H, Carson WP. Phenological complementarity, species diversity, and ecosystem function Oikos. 92: 291-296. DOI: 10.1034/J.1600-0706.2001.920211.X  0.567
2000 Schnitzer SA, Carson WP. Have we forgotten the forest because of the trees? Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 15: 375-376. PMID 10931676 DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5347(00)01913-3  0.704
2000 Carson WP, Root RB. Herbivory and plant species coexistence: Community regulation by an outbreaking phytophagous insect Ecological Monographs. 70: 73-99. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9615(2000)070[0073:Hapscc]2.0.Co;2  0.801
2000 Schnitzer SA, Dalling JW, Carson WP. The impact of lianas on tree regeneration in tropical forest canopy gaps: Evidence for an alternative pathway of gap-phase regeneration Journal of Ecology. 88: 655-666. DOI: 10.1046/J.1365-2745.2000.00489.X  0.722
2000 Schnitzer SA, Carson WP, Brokaw N, Busing RT. Have we forgotten the forest because of the trees? [3] (multiple letters) Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 15: 375-376.  0.672
1999 Carson WP, Root RB. Top-down effects of insect herbivores during early succession: influence on biomass and plant dominance. Oecologia. 121: 260-272. PMID 28308566 DOI: 10.1007/S004420050928  0.779
1999 Stevens MHH, Carson WP. Plant density determines species richness along an experimental fertility gradient Ecology. 80: 455-465. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[0455:Pddsra]2.0.Co;2  0.539
1999 Henry M, Stevens H, Carson WP. The significance of assemblage-level thinning for species richness Journal of Ecology. 87: 490-502. DOI: 10.1046/J.1365-2745.1999.00374.X  0.496
1999 Lawson D, Inouye RS, Huntly N, Carson WP. Patterns of woody plant abundance, recruitment, mortality, and growth in a 65 year chronosequence of old-fields Plant Ecology. 145: 267-279. DOI: 10.1023/A:1009873127360  0.556
1999 Carson WP, Root RB. Top-down effects of insect herbivores during early succession: Influence on biomass and plant dominance Oecologia. 121: 260-272. DOI: 10.1007/s004420050928  0.701
1998 Long ZT, Carson WP, Peterson CJ. Can disturbance create refugia from herbivores: An example with hemlock regeneration on treefall mounds Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 125: 165-168. DOI: 10.2307/2997303  0.753
1996 Peterson CJ, Carson WP. Generalizing forest regeneration models: the dependence of propagule availability on disturbance history and stand size Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 26. DOI: 10.1139/X26-005  0.539
1993 Belsky AJ, Carson WP, Jensen CL, Fox GA. Overcompensation by plants: Herbivore optimization or red herring? Evolutionary Ecology. 7: 109-121. DOI: 10.1007/Bf01237737  0.445
1991 Cain ML, Carson WP, Root RB. Long-term suppression of insect herbivores increases the production and growth of Solidago altissima rhizomes. Oecologia. 88: 251-257. PMID 28312140 DOI: 10.1007/Bf00320819  0.721
1991 Facelli JM, Carson WP. Heterogeneity of Plant Litter Accumulation in Successional Communities Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 118: 62-66. DOI: 10.2307/2996977  0.503
1991 Cain ML, Carson WP, Root RB. Long-term suppression of insect herbivores increases the production and growth of Solidago altissima rhizomes Oecologia. 88: 251-257. DOI: 10.1007/BF00320819  0.632
1990 Carson WP, Peterson CJ. The role of litter in an old-field community: impact of litter quantity in different seasons on plant species richness and abundance. Oecologia. 85: 8-13. PMID 28310949 DOI: 10.1007/Bf00317337  0.596
1990 Peterson CJ, Carson WP, McCarthy BC, Pickett STA. Microsite variation and soil dynamics within newly created treefall pits and mounds Oikos. 58: 39-46. DOI: 10.2307/3565358  0.558
1990 Carson WP, Pickett STA. Role of resources and disturbance in the organization of an old-field plant community. Ecology. 71: 226-238. DOI: 10.2307/1940262  0.566
1990 Carson WP, Peterson CJ. The role of litter in an old-field community: impact of litter quantity in different seasons on plant species richness and abundance Oecologia. 85: 8-13. DOI: 10.1007/BF00317337  0.518
1990 Carson WP, Pickett STA. Role of resources and disturbance in the organization of an old- field plant community Ecology. 71: 226-238.  0.466
1988 Carson WP, Barrett GW. Succession in old-field plant communities: effects of contrasting types of nutrient enrichment Ecology. 69: 984-994. DOI: 10.2307/1941253  0.533
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