Lawrence M. Witmer, Ph.D. - Publications

Affiliations: 
Biomedical Sciences Ohio University, Athens, OH, United States 

84 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2021 Smith NA, Koeller KL, Clarke JA, Ksepka DT, Mitchell JS, Nabavizadeh A, Ridgley RC, Witmer LM. Convergent evolution in dippers (Aves, Cinclidae): The only wing-propelled diving songbirds. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 34813153 DOI: 10.1002/ar.24820  0.737
2021 von Baczko MB, Desojo JB, Gower DJ, Ridgely R, Bona P, Witmer LM. New digital braincase endocasts of two species of Desmatosuchus and neurocranial diversity within Aetosauria (Archosauria: Pseudosuchia). Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 34662509 DOI: 10.1002/ar.24798  0.742
2021 Cowgill T, Young MT, Schwab JA, Walsh S, Witmer LM, Herrera Y, Dollman KN, Choiniere JN, Brusatte SL. Paranasal sinus system and upper respiratory tract evolution in Mesozoic pelagic crocodylomorphs. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 34398508 DOI: 10.1002/ar.24727  0.302
2020 Hu K, King JL, Romick CA, Dufeau DL, Witmer LM, Stubbs TL, Rayfield EJ, Benton MJ. Ontogenetic endocranial shape change in alligators and ostriches and implications for the development of the non-avian dinosaur endocranium. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 33314780 DOI: 10.1002/ar.24579  0.793
2020 Early CM, Iwaniuk AN, Ridgely RC, Witmer LM. Endocast structures are reliable proxies for the sizes of corresponding regions of the brain in extant birds. Journal of Anatomy. PMID 32892372 DOI: 10.1111/Joa.13285  0.781
2020 Felice RN, Watanabe A, Cuff AR, Hanson M, Bhullar BS, Rayfield ER, Witmer LM, Norell MA, Goswami A. Decelerated dinosaur skull evolution with the origin of birds. Plos Biology. 18: e3000801. PMID 32810126 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pbio.3000801  0.409
2020 Ksepka DT, Balanoff AM, Smith NA, Bever GS, Bhullar BS, Bourdon E, Braun EL, Burleigh JG, Clarke JA, Colbert MW, Corfield JR, Degrange FJ, De Pietri VL, Early CM, Field DJ, ... ... Witmer LM, et al. Tempo and Pattern of Avian Brain Size Evolution. Current Biology : Cb. PMID 32330422 DOI: 10.1016/J.Cub.2020.03.060  0.759
2020 Schwab JA, Young MT, Neenan JM, Walsh SA, Witmer LM, Herrera Y, Allain R, Brochu CA, Choiniere JN, Clark JM, Dollman KN, Etches S, Fritsch G, Gignac PM, Ruebenstahl A, et al. Inner ear sensory system changes as extinct crocodylomorphs transitioned from land to water. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID 32312812 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.2002146117  0.317
2020 Cerio DG, Witmer LM. Modeling visual fields using virtual ophthalmoscopy: Incorporating geometrical optics, morphometrics, and 3D visualization to validate an interdisciplinary technique. Vision Research. 167: 70-86. PMID 31972447 DOI: 10.1016/J.Visres.2019.11.007  0.769
2020 Early CM, Ridgely RC, Witmer LM. Beyond Endocasts: Using Predicted Brain-Structure Volumes of Extinct Birds to Assess Neuroanatomical and Behavioral Inferences Diversity. 12: 34. DOI: 10.3390/D12010034  0.792
2019 Porter WR, Witmer LM. Vascular Patterns in the Heads of Dinosaurs: Evidence for Blood Vessels, Sites of Thermal Exchange, and Their Role in Physiological Thermoregulatory Strategies. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 31618532 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.24234  0.706
2019 Cerio DG, Witmer LM. Intraspecific variation and symmetry of the inner-ear labyrinth in a population of wild turkeys: implications for paleontological reconstructions. Peerj. 7: e7355. PMID 31372322 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.7355  0.797
2019 Cost IN, Middleton KM, Sellers KC, Echols MS, Witmer LM, Davis JL, Holliday CM. Palatal biomechanics and its significance for cranial kinesis in Tyrannosaurus rex. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 31260190 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.24219  0.78
2019 Holliday CM, Porter WR, Vliet KA, Witmer LM. The frontoparietal fossa and dorsotemporal fenestra of archosaurs and their significance for interpretations of vascular and muscular anatomy in dinosaurs. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 31260177 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.24218  0.799
2019 Felice RN, Watanabe A, Cuff AR, Noirault E, Pol D, Witmer LM, Norell MA, O'Connor PM, Goswami A. Evolutionary integration and modularity in the archosaur cranium. Integrative and Comparative Biology. PMID 31120528 DOI: 10.1093/Icb/Icz052  0.345
2019 Snively E, O'Brien H, Henderson DM, Mallison H, Surring LA, Burns ME, Holtz TR, Russell AP, Witmer LM, Currie PJ, Hartman SA, Cotton JR. Lower rotational inertia and larger leg muscles indicate more rapid turns in tyrannosaurids than in other large theropods. Peerj. 7: e6432. PMID 30809441 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.6432  0.727
2018 Bourke JM, Porter WR, Witmer LM. Convoluted nasal passages function as efficient heat exchangers in ankylosaurs (Dinosauria: Ornithischia: Thyreophora). Plos One. 13: e0207381. PMID 30566469 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0207381  0.77
2017 Witmer LM, Ridgely RC, James HF, Olson SL, Iwaniuk AN. The remarkable, recently extinct “mole-duck” Talpanas lippa (Aves: Anseriformes) from Kauai, Hawaii: behavioral implications of its neuroanatomy and skull morphology The Faseb Journal. 31. DOI: 10.1096/Fasebj.31.1_Supplement.251.6  0.713
2017 Tsuihiji T, Witmer LM, Watabe M, Barsbold R, Tsogtbaatar K, Suzuki S, Khatanbaatar P. New information on the cranial morphology of Avimimus (Theropoda: Oviraptorosauria) Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 37: e1347177. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2017.1347177  0.734
2016 Bailleul AM, Witmer LM, Holliday CM. Cranial joint histology in the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos): new insights on avian cranial kinesis. Journal of Anatomy. PMID 27921292 DOI: 10.1111/Joa.12562  0.699
2016 Porter WR, Sedlmayr JC, Witmer LM. Vascular patterns in the heads of crocodilians: blood vessels and sites of thermal exchange. Journal of Anatomy. PMID 27677246 DOI: 10.1111/Joa.12539  0.786
2016 Stocker MR, Nesbitt SJ, Criswell KE, Parker WG, Witmer LM, Rowe TB, Ridgely R, Brown MA. A Dome-Headed Stem Archosaur Exemplifies Convergence among Dinosaurs and Their Distant Relatives. Current Biology : Cb. PMID 27666971 DOI: 10.1016/J.Cub.2016.07.066  0.741
2016 Bourke JM, Witmer LM. Nasal conchae function as aerodynamic baffles: Experimental computational fluid dynamic analysis in a turkey nose (Aves: Galliformes). Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. PMID 27612585 DOI: 10.1016/J.Resp.2016.09.005  0.791
2016 Brusatte SL, Muir A, Young MT, Walsh S, Steel L, Witmer LM. The braincase and neurosensory anatomy of an Early Jurassic marine crocodylomorph: Implications for crocodylian sinus evolution and sensory transitions. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 27532628 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.23462  0.392
2016 Porter WR, Witmer LM. Avian cephalic vascular anatomy, sites of thermal exchange, and the rete ophthalmicum. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 27258923 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.23375  0.689
2016 Martínez RD, Lamanna MC, Novas FE, Ridgely RC, Casal GA, Martínez JE, Vita JR, Witmer LM. A Basal Lithostrotian Titanosaur (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) with a Complete Skull: Implications for the Evolution and Paleobiology of Titanosauria. Plos One. 11: e0151661. PMID 27115989 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0151661  0.756
2016 Gignac PM, Kley NJ, Clarke JA, Colbert MW, Morhardt AC, Cerio D, Cost IN, Cox PG, Daza JD, Early CM, Echols MS, Henkelman RM, Herdina AN, Holliday CM, Li Z, ... ... Witmer LM, et al. Diffusible iodine-based contrast-enhanced computed tomography (diceCT): an emerging tool for rapid, high-resolution, 3-D imaging of metazoan soft tissues. Journal of Anatomy. PMID 26970556 DOI: 10.1111/Joa.12449  0.737
2016 O'Brien HD, Gignac PM, Hieronymus TL, Witmer LM. A comparison of postnatal arterial patterns in a growth series of giraffe (Artiodactyla: Giraffa camelopardalis). Peerj. 4: e1696. PMID 26925324 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.1696  0.719
2015 Porro LB, Witmer LM, Barrett PM. Digital preparation and osteology of the skull of Lesothosaurus diagnosticus (Ornithischia: Dinosauria). Peerj. 3: e1494. PMID 26713245 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.1494  0.374
2015 Leahey LG, Molnar RE, Carpenter K, Witmer LM, Salisbury SW. Cranial osteology of the ankylosaurian dinosaur formerly known as Minmi sp. (Ornithischia: Thyreophora) from the Lower Cretaceous Allaru Mudstone of Richmond, Queensland, Australia. Peerj. 3: e1475. PMID 26664806 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.1475  0.405
2015 Porter WR, Witmer LM. Vascular Patterns in Iguanas and Other Squamates: Blood Vessels and Sites of Thermal Exchange. Plos One. 10: e0139215. PMID 26466378 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0139215  0.696
2015 Knoll F, Witmer LM, Ridgely RC, Ortega F, Sanz JL. A New Titanosaurian Braincase from the Cretaceous "Lo Hueco" Locality in Spain Sheds Light on Neuroanatomical Evolution within Titanosauria. Plos One. 10: e0138233. PMID 26444700 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0138233  0.768
2015 Balanoff AM, Bever GS, Colbert MW, Clarke JA, Field DJ, Gignac PM, Ksepka DT, Ridgely RC, Smith NA, Torres CR, Walsh S, Witmer LM. Best practices for digitally constructing endocranial casts: examples from birds and their dinosaurian relatives. Journal of Anatomy. PMID 26403623 DOI: 10.1111/Joa.12378  0.739
2015 Dufeau DL, Witmer LM. Ontogeny of the Middle-Ear Air-Sinus System in Alligator mississippiensis (Archosauria: Crocodylia). Plos One. 10: e0137060. PMID 26398659 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0137060  0.803
2014 Bourke JM, Porter WM, Ridgely RC, Lyson TR, Schachner ER, Bell PR, Witmer LM. Breathing life into dinosaurs: tackling challenges of soft-tissue restoration and nasal airflow in extinct species. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). 297: 2148-86. PMID 25312371 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.23046  0.795
2014 Eastman JT, Witmer LM, Ridgely RC, Kuhn KL. Divergence in skeletal mass and bone morphology in antarctic notothenioid fishes. Journal of Morphology. 275: NA. PMID 24995582 DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20308  0.713
2014 Eastman JT, Witmer LM, Ridgely RC, Kuhn KL. Divergence in skeletal mass and bone morphology in antarctic notothenioid fishes. Journal of Morphology. 275: 841-61. PMID 24590921 DOI: 10.1002/Jmor.20258  0.743
2014 Sues HD, Averianov A, Ridgely RC, Witmer LM. Titanosauria (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the upper cretaceous (Turonian) bissekty formation of Uzbekistan Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 35. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2014.889145  0.793
2014 Lautenschlager S, Witmer LM, Altangerel P, Zanno LE, Rayfield EJ. Cranial anatomy of Erlikosaurus andrewsi (Dinosauria, Therizinosauria): New insights based on digital reconstruction Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 34: 1263-1291. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2014.874529  0.412
2013 Lautenschlager S, Witmer LM, Altangerel P, Rayfield EJ. Edentulism, beaks, and biomechanical innovations in the evolution of theropod dinosaurs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110: 20657-62. PMID 24297877 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.1310711110  0.402
2013 Wroe S, Chamoli U, Parr WC, Clausen P, Ridgely R, Witmer L. Comparative Biomechanical Modeling of Metatherian and Placental Saber-Tooths: A Different Kind of Bite for an Extreme Pouched Predator. Plos One. 8: e66888. PMID 23840547 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066888  0.721
2013 Knoll F, Ridgely RC, Ortega F, Sanz JL, Witmer LM. Neurocranial osteology and neuroanatomy of a late Cretaceous titanosaurian sauropod from Spain (Ampelosaurus sp.). Plos One. 8: e54991. PMID 23355905 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0054991  0.756
2013 Snively E, Cotton JR, Ridgely R, Witmer LM. Multibody dynamics model of head and neck function in Allosaurus (Dinosauria, Theropoda) Palaeontologia Electronica. 16. DOI: 10.26879/338  0.76
2013 Wroe S, Chamoli U, Parr WCH, Clausen P, Ridgely R, Witmer L. Comparative Biomechanical Modeling of Metatherian and Placental Saber-Tooths: A Different Kind of Bite for an Extreme Pouched Predator Plos One. 8. DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0066888  0.737
2012 Lautenschlager S, Rayfield EJ, Altangerel P, Zanno LE, Witmer LM. The endocranial anatomy of therizinosauria and its implications for sensory and cognitive function. Plos One. 7: e52289. PMID 23284972 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0052289  0.324
2012 Young MT, Rayfield EJ, Holliday CM, Witmer LM, Button DJ, Upchurch P, Barrett PM. Cranial biomechanics of Diplodocus (Dinosauria, Sauropoda): testing hypotheses of feeding behaviour in an extinct megaherbivore. Die Naturwissenschaften. 99: 637-43. PMID 22790834 DOI: 10.1007/S00114-012-0944-Y  0.673
2012 Knoll F, Witmer LM, Ortega F, Ridgely RC, Schwarz-Wings D. The braincase of the basal sauropod dinosaur Spinophorosaurus and 3D reconstructions of the cranial endocast and inner ear. Plos One. 7: e30060. PMID 22272273 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0030060  0.779
2011 Miyashita T, Arbour VM, Witmer LM, Currie PJ. The internal cranial morphology of an armoured dinosaur Euoplocephalus corroborated by X-ray computed tomographic reconstruction. Journal of Anatomy. 219: 661-75. PMID 21954840 DOI: 10.1111/J.1469-7580.2011.01427.X  0.431
2011 Witmer LM. Palaeontology: An icon knocked from its perch. Nature. 475: 458-9. PMID 21796198 DOI: 10.1038/475458A  0.31
2011 Zelenitsky DK, Therrien F, Ridgely RC, McGee AR, Witmer LM. Evolution of olfaction in non-avian theropod dinosaurs and birds. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 278: 3625-34. PMID 21490022 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2011.0238  0.732
2011 Snively E, Cotton JR, Witmer L, Ridgley R, Theodor J. Finite element comparison of cranial sinus function in the dinosaur majungasaurus and head-clubbing giraffes Asme 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Sbc 2011. 1075-1076. DOI: 10.1115/SBC2011-53127  0.7
2011 Tsuihiji T, Watabe M, Tsogtbaatar K, Tsubamoto T, Barsbold R, Suzuki S, Lee AH, Ridgely RC, Kawahara Y, Witmer LM. Cranial osteology of a juvenile specimen of Tarbosaurus bataar (Theropoda, Tyrannosauridae) from the Nemegt Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Bugin Tsav, Mongolia Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 31: 497-517. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2011.557116  0.778
2010 Holliday CM, Ridgely RC, Sedlmayr JC, Witmer LM. Cartilaginous epiphyses in extant archosaurs and their implications for reconstructing limb function in dinosaurs. Plos One. 5. PMID 20927347 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0013120  0.791
2010 Degrange FJ, Tambussi CP, Moreno K, Witmer LM, Wroe S. Mechanical analysis of feeding behavior in the extinct "terror bird" Andalgalornis steulleti (Gruiformes: Phorusrhacidae). Plos One. 5: e11856. PMID 20805872 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0011856  0.389
2010 Hieronymus TL, Witmer LM. Homology and evolution of avian compound rhamphothecae Auk. 127: 590-604. DOI: 10.1525/Auk.2010.09122  0.738
2009 Hieronymus TL, Witmer LM, Tanke DH, Currie PJ. The facial integument of centrosaurine ceratopsids: morphological and histological correlates of novel skin structures. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). 292: 1370-96. PMID 19711467 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.20985  0.737
2009 Evans DC, Ridgely R, Witmer LM. Endocranial anatomy of lambeosaurine hadrosaurids (Dinosauria: Ornithischia): a sensorineural perspective on cranial crest function. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). 292: 1315-37. PMID 19711466 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.20984  0.764
2009 Witmer LM, Ridgely RC. New insights into the brain, braincase, and ear region of tyrannosaurs (Dinosauria, Theropoda), with implications for sensory organization and behavior. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). 292: 1266-96. PMID 19711459 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.20983  0.752
2009 Walsh SA, Barrett PM, Milner AC, Manley G, Witmer LM. Inner ear anatomy is a proxy for deducing auditory capability and behaviour in reptiles and birds. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 276: 1355-60. PMID 19141427 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2008.1390  0.306
2009 Holliday CM, Witmer LM. The epipterygoid of crocodyliforms and its significance for the evolution of the orbitotemporal region of Eusuchians Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 29: 715-733. DOI: 10.1671/039.029.0330  0.709
2008 Witmer LM, Ridgely RC. The paranasal air sinuses of predatory and armored dinosaurs (archosauria: theropoda and ankylosauria) and their contribution to cephalic structure. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). 291: 1362-88. PMID 18951476 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.20794  0.763
2008 Holliday CM, Witmer LM. Cranial kinesis in dinosaurs: Intracranial joints, protractor muscles, and their significance for cranial evolution and function in diapsids Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 28: 1073-1088. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634-28.4.1073  0.682
2008 Witmer LM, Ridgely RC, Dufeau DL, Semones MC. Using CT to peer into the past: 3D visualization of the brain and ear regions of birds, crocodiles, and nonavian dinosaurs Anatomical Imaging: Towards a New Morphology. 67-87.  0.777
2007 Sereno PC, Wilson JA, Witmer LM, Whitlock JA, Maga A, Ide O, Rowe TA. Structural extremes in a cretaceous dinosaur. Plos One. 2: e1230. PMID 18030355 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0001230  0.424
2007 Holliday CM, Witmer LM. Archosaur adductor chamber evolution: integration of musculoskeletal and topological criteria in jaw muscle homology. Journal of Morphology. 268: 457-84. PMID 17372936 DOI: 10.1002/Jmor.10524  0.699
2007 Sampson SD, Witmer LM. Craniofacial anatomy of Majungasaurus crenatissimus (Theropoda: Abelisauridae) from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27: 32-102. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[32:Caomct]2.0.Co;2  0.37
2006 Holliday CM, Ridgely RC, Balanoff AM, Witmer LM. Cephalic vascular anatomy in flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber) based on novel vascular injection and computed tomographic imaging analyses. The Anatomical Record. Part a, Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology. 288: 1031-41. PMID 16964609 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.A.20374  0.797
2006 Hieronymus TL, Witmer LM, Ridgely RC. Structure of white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) horn investigated by X-ray computed tomography and histology with implications for growth and external form. Journal of Morphology. 267: 1172-6. PMID 16823809 DOI: 10.1002/Jmor.10465  0.79
2004 Witmer LM. Palaeontology: inside the oldest bird brain. Nature. 430: 619-20. PMID 15295579 DOI: 10.1038/430619A  0.325
2004 Clifford AB, Witmer LM. Case studies in novel narial anatomy: 3. Structure and function of the nasal cavity of saiga (Artiodactyla: Bovidae: Saiga tatarica) Journal of Zoology. 264: 217-230. DOI: 10.1017/S0952836904005540  0.797
2004 Clifford AB, Witmer LM. Case studies in novel narial anatomy: 2. The enigmatic nose of moose (Artiodactyla: Cervidae: Alces alces) Journal of Zoology. 262: 339-360. DOI: 10.1017/S0952836903004692  0.81
2004 Norman DB, Witmer LM, Weishampel DB. Basal ornithischia The Dinosauria: Second Edition. 325-333.  0.541
2004 Norman DB, Witmer LM, Weishampel DB. Basal thyreophora The Dinosauria: Second Edition. 335-342.  0.541
2003 Witmer LM, Chatterjee S, Franzosa J, Rowe T. Neuroanatomy of flying reptiles and implications for flight, posture and behaviour. Nature. 425: 950-3. PMID 14586467 DOI: 10.1038/Nature02048  0.421
2003 HILL RV, WITMER LM, NORELL MA. A New Specimen of Pinacosaurus grangeri (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia: Ontogeny and Phylogeny of Ankylosaurs American Museum Novitates. 3395: 1-29. DOI: 10.1206/0003-0082(2003)395<0001:Ansopg>2.0.Co;2  0.324
2002 Sedlmayr JC, Witmer LM. Rapid technique for imaging the blood vascular system using stereoangiography. The Anatomical Record. 267: 330-6. PMID 12124911 DOI: 10.1002/Ar.10133  0.786
2002 Bimber O, Gatesy SM, Witmer LM, Raskar R, Miguel Encarnação L. Merging fossil specimens with computer-generated information Computer. 35: 25-30. DOI: 10.1109/Mc.2002.1033024  0.628
2001 Witmer LM. Nostril position in dinosaurs and other vertebrates and its significance for nasal function. Science (New York, N.Y.). 293: 850-3. PMID 11486085 DOI: 10.1126/Science.1062681  0.342
1999 Witmer LM, Sampson SD, Solounias N. The proboscis of tapirs (Mammalia: Perissodactyla): A case study in novel narial anatomy Journal of Zoology. 249: 249-267. DOI: 10.1111/J.1469-7998.1999.Tb00763.X  0.381
1998 Sampson SD, Witmer LM, Forster CA, Krause DW, O'Connor PM, Dodson P, Ravoavy F. Predatory dinosaur remains from madagascar: implications for the cretaceous biogeography of gondwana Science (New York, N.Y.). 280: 1048-51. PMID 9582112 DOI: 10.1126/Science.280.5366.1048  0.579
1997 Witmer LM. The Evolution of the Antorbital Cavity of Archosaurs: A Study in Soft-Tissue Reconstruction in the Fossil Record with an Analysis of the Function of Pneumaticity Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 17: 1-76. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.1997.10011027  0.372
1995 Witmer LM. Homology of facial structures in extant archosaurs (birds and crocodilians), with special reference to paranasal pneumaticity and nasal conchae. Journal of Morphology. 225: 269-327. PMID 29865316 DOI: 10.1002/Jmor.1052250304  0.381
1990 Witmer LM. The craniofacial air sac system of Mesozoic birds (Aves) Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 100: 327-378. DOI: 10.1111/J.1096-3642.1990.Tb01865.X  0.334
1988 Bühler P, Martin LD, Witmer LM. Cranial Kinesis in the Late Cretaceous Birds Hesperornis and Parahesperornis The Auk. 105: 111-122. DOI: 10.1093/Auk/105.1.111  0.593
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