Richard J. Butler, Ph.D. - Publications

Affiliations: 
2002-2006 Earth Sciences University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom 
 2006-2009 Palaeontology Natural History Museum London 
 2009-2013 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Bayern, Germany 
 2013- University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, United Kingdom 
Area:
Vertebrate palaeontology
Website:
https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/gees/people/profile.aspx?ReferenceId=66438

147 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2022 Foffa D, Dunne EM, Nesbitt SJ, Butler RJ, Fraser NC, Brusatte SL, Farnsworth A, Lunt DJ, Valdes PJ, Walsh S, Barrett PM. Scleromochlus and the early evolution of Pterosauromorpha. Nature. PMID 36198797 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-05284-x  0.724
2022 Benson RBJ, Godoy P, Bronzati M, Butler RJ, Gearty W. Reconstructed evolutionary patterns for crocodile-line archosaurs demonstrate impact of failure to log-transform body size data. Communications Biology. 5: 171. PMID 35217775 DOI: 10.1038/s42003-022-03071-y  0.761
2022 Butler RJ, Fernandez V, Nesbitt SJ, Leite JV, Gower DJ. A new pseudosuchian archosaur, gen. et sp. nov., from the Middle Triassic Manda Beds of Tanzania. Royal Society Open Science. 9: 211622. PMID 35154797 DOI: 10.1098/rsos.211622  0.703
2021 Ma W, Pittman M, Butler RJ, Lautenschlager S. Macroevolutionary trends in theropod dinosaur feeding mechanics. Current Biology : Cb. PMID 34919807 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.11.060  0.706
2021 Bestwick J, Jones AS, Nesbitt SJ, Lautenschlager S, Rayfield EJ, Cuff AR, Button DJ, Barrett PM, Porro LB, Butler RJ. Cranial functional morphology of the pseudosuchian Effigia and implications for its ecological role in the Triassic. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007). PMID 34841701 DOI: 10.1002/ar.24827  0.792
2021 Spiekman SNF, Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ, Fraser NC, Maidment SCR. , a new small-sized coelophysoid theropod from the Late Triassic of Wales. Royal Society Open Science. 8: 210915. PMID 34754500 DOI: 10.1098/rsos.210915  0.768
2021 Benson RBJ, Butler R, Close RA, Saupe E, Rabosky DL. Biodiversity across space and time in the fossil record. Current Biology : Cb. 31: R1225-R1236. PMID 34637736 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.07.071  0.793
2021 Breeden BT, Raven TJ, Butler RJ, Rowe TB, Maidment SCR. The anatomy and palaeobiology of the early armoured dinosaur (Ornithischia: Thyreophora) from the Kayenta Formation (Lower Jurassic) of Arizona. Royal Society Open Science. 8: 201676. PMID 34295511 DOI: 10.1098/rsos.201676  0.395
2021 Cashmore DD, Butler RJ, Maidment SCR. Taxonomic identification bias does not drive patterns of abundance and diversity in theropod dinosaurs. Biology Letters. 17: 20210168. PMID 34256583 DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2021.0168  0.828
2021 Radermacher VJ, Fernandez V, Schachner ER, Butler RJ, Bordy EM, Naylor Hudgins M, de Klerk WJ, Chapelle KE, Choiniere JN. A new specimen elucidates the unique ventilatory macroevolution of ornithischian dinosaurs. Elife. 10. PMID 34225841 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.66036  0.355
2021 Maidment SCR, Dean CD, Mansergh RI, Butler RJ. Deep-time biodiversity patterns and the dinosaurian fossil record of the Late Cretaceous Western Interior, North America. Proceedings. Biological Sciences. 288: 20210692. PMID 34157868 DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2021.0692  0.331
2020 Maidment SCR, Sennikov AG, Ezcurra MD, Dunne EM, Gower DJ, Hedrick BP, Meade LE, Raven TJ, Paschchenko DI, Butler RJ. The postcranial skeleton of the erythrosuchid archosauriform from the Early Triassic of European Russia. Royal Society Open Science. 7: 201089. PMID 33489266 DOI: 10.1098/rsos.201089  0.817
2020 Close RA, Benson RBJ, Saupe EE, Clapham ME, Butler RJ. The spatial structure of Phanerozoic marine animal diversity. Science (New York, N.Y.). 368: 420-424. PMID 32327597 DOI: 10.1126/Science.Aay8309  0.802
2020 Scheyer TM, Spiekman SNF, Sues HD, Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ, Jones MEH. : a juvenile rhynchocephalian reptile (Lepidosauromorpha), not a diminutive archosauromorph with an unusually strong bite. Royal Society Open Science. 7: 192179. PMID 32269817 DOI: 10.1098/Rsos.192179  0.781
2020 Close RA, Benson RBJ, Alroy J, Carrano MT, Cleary TJ, Dunne EM, Mannion PD, Uhen MD, Butler RJ. The apparent exponential radiation of Phanerozoic land vertebrates is an artefact of spatial sampling biases. Proceedings. Biological Sciences. 287: 20200372. PMID 32259471 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2020.0372  0.817
2020 Montefeltro FC, Lautenschlager S, Godoy PL, Ferreira GS, Butler RJ. A unique predator in a unique ecosystem: modelling the apex predator within a Late Cretaceous crocodyliform-dominated fauna from Brazil. Journal of Anatomy. PMID 32255518 DOI: 10.1111/Joa.13192  0.819
2020 Cashmore DD, Mannion PD, Upchurch P, Butler RJ. Ten more years of discovery: revisiting the quality of the sauropodomorph dinosaur fossil record Palaeontology. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12496  0.758
2020 Brown EE, Butler RJ, Ezcurra MD, Bhullar BS, Lautenschlager S. Endocranial anatomy and life habits of the Early Triassic archosauriform Proterosuchus fergusi Palaeontology. 63: 255-282. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12454  0.726
2020 Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ, Maidment SCR, Sansom IJ, Meade LE, Radley JD. A revision of the early neotheropod genus Sarcosaurus from the Early Jurassic (Hettangian–Sinemurian) of central England Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. DOI: 10.1093/Zoolinnean/Zlaa054  0.761
2020 Panciroli E, Benson RBJ, Walsh S, Butler RJ, Castro TA, Jones MEH, Evans SE. Diverse vertebrate assemblage of the Kilmaluag Formation (Bathonian, Middle Jurassic) of Skye, Scotland Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 1-22. DOI: 10.1017/S1755691020000055  0.413
2019 Butler RJ, Sennikov AG, Dunne EM, Ezcurra MD, Hedrick BP, Maidment SCR, Meade LE, Raven TJ, Gower DJ. Cranial anatomy and taxonomy of the erythrosuchid archosauriform Huene, 1960, from the Early Triassic of European Russia. Royal Society Open Science. 6: 191289. PMID 31827861 DOI: 10.1098/Rsos.191289  0.84
2019 Godoy PL, Benson RBJ, Bronzati M, Butler RJ. The multi-peak adaptive landscape of crocodylomorph body size evolution. Bmc Evolutionary Biology. 19: 167. PMID 31390981 DOI: 10.1186/S12862-019-1466-4  0.8
2019 Butler RJ, Ezcurra MD, Liu J, Sookias RB, Sullivan C. The anatomy and phylogenetic position of the erythrosuchid archosauriform from the earliest Middle Triassic of China. Peerj. 7: e6435. PMID 30809443 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.6435  0.833
2019 Close RA, Benson RBJ, Alroy J, Behrensmeyer AK, Benito J, Carrano MT, Cleary TJ, Dunne EM, Mannion PD, Uhen MD, Butler RJ. Diversity dynamics of Phanerozoic terrestrial tetrapods at the local-community scale. Nature Ecology & Evolution. PMID 30778186 DOI: 10.1038/S41559-019-0811-8  0.802
2019 Butler R, Sennikov A, Ezcurra M, Gower D. The last erythrosuchid—a revision of Chalishevia cothurnata from the late Middle Triassic of European Russia Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 64. DOI: 10.4202/App.00648.2019  0.806
2019 Bird HC, Milner AC, Shillito AP, Butler RJ. A lower Carboniferous (Visean) tetrapod trackway represents the earliest record of an edopoid amphibian from the UK Journal of the Geological Society. 177: 276-282. DOI: 10.1144/Jgs2019-149  0.467
2019 Cashmore DD, Butler RJ. Skeletal completeness of the non‐avian theropod dinosaur fossil record Palaeontology. 62: 951-981. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12436  0.778
2019 Lehmann OER, Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ, Lloyd GT. Biases with the Generalized Euclidean Distance measure in disparity analyses with high levels of missing data Palaeontology. 62: 837-849. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12430  0.737
2019 Brown EE, Cashmore DD, Simmons NB, Butler RJ. Quantifying the completeness of the bat fossil record Palaeontology. 62: 757-776. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12426  0.785
2019 Marsola JCDA, Ferreira G, Langer M, Button D, Butler R. Increases in sampling support the southern Gondwanan hypothesis for the origin of dinosaurs Palaeontology. 62: 473-482. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12411  0.786
2019 Pinheiro FL, De Simão-Oliveira D, Butler RJ. Osteology of the archosauromorph Teyujagua paradoxa and the early evolution of the archosauriform skull Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 189: 378-417. DOI: 10.1093/Zoolinnean/Zlz093  0.456
2019 Butler RJ, Jones AS, Buffetaut E, Mandl GW, Scheyer TM, Schultz O. Description and phylogenetic placement of a new marine species of phytosaur (Archosauriformes: Phytosauria) from the Late Triassic of Austria Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 187: 198-228. DOI: 10.1093/Zoolinnean/Zlz014  0.633
2019 Kammerer CF, Viglietti PA, Hancox PJ, Butler RJ, Choiniere JN. A new kannemeyeriiform dicynodont (Ufudocyclops mukanelai, gen. et sp. nov.) from Subzone C of the Cynognathus Assemblage Zone, Triassic of South Africa, with implications for biostratigraphic correlation with other African Triassic faunas Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 39. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2019.1596921  0.335
2019 Tolchard F, Nesbitt SJ, Desojo JB, Viglietti P, Butler RJ, Choiniere JN. ‘Rauisuchian’ material from the lower Elliot Formation of South Africa and Lesotho: Implications for Late Triassic biogeography and biostratigraphy Journal of African Earth Sciences. 160: 103610. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jafrearsci.2019.103610  0.46
2018 Jones AS, Butler RJ. A new phylogenetic analysis of Phytosauria (Archosauria: Pseudosuchia) with the application of continuous and geometric morphometric character coding. Peerj. 6: e5901. PMID 30581656 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.5901  0.611
2018 Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ. The rise of the ruling reptiles and ecosystem recovery from the Permo-Triassic mass extinction. Proceedings. Biological Sciences. 285. PMID 29899066 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2018.0361  0.8
2018 Bestwick J, Unwin DM, Butler RJ, Henderson DM, Purnell MA. Pterosaur dietary hypotheses: a review of ideas and approaches. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. PMID 29877021 DOI: 10.1111/Brv.12431  0.36
2018 Dunne EM, Close RA, Button DJ, Brocklehurst N, Cashmore DD, Lloyd GT, Butler RJ. Diversity change during the rise of tetrapods and the impact of the 'Carboniferous rainforest collapse'. Proceedings. Biological Sciences. 285. PMID 29436503 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2017.2730  0.804
2018 Panciroli E, Benson R, Butler R. New partial dentaries of amphitheriid mammalian Palaeoxonodon ooliticus from Scotland, and posterior dentary morphology in early cladotherians Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 63. DOI: 10.4202/App.00434.2017  0.788
2018 Godoy PL, Ferreira GS, Montefeltro FC, Vila Nova BC, Butler RJ, Langer MC. Evidence for heterochrony in the cranial evolution of fossil crocodyliforms Palaeontology. 61: 543-558. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12354  0.816
2018 Close RA, Evers SW, Alroy J, Butler RJ. How should we estimate diversity in the fossil record? Testing richness estimators using sampling‐standardised discovery curves Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 9: 1386-1400. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12987  0.772
2018 Ezcurra MD, Gower DJ, Sennikov AG, Butler RJ. The osteology of the holotype of the early erythrosuchid Garjainia prima (Diapsida: Archosauromorpha) from the upper Lower Triassic of European Russia Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 185: 717-783. DOI: 10.1093/Zoolinnean/Zly061  0.806
2018 Marsola JCA, Bittencourt JS, Butler RJ, Da Rosa ÁAS, Sayão JM, Langer MC. A new dinosaur with theropod affinities from the Late Triassic Santa Maria Formation, south Brazil Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 38: e1531878. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2018.1531878  0.617
2017 Tutin SL, Butler RJ. The completeness of the fossil record of plesiosaurs, marine reptiles from the Mesozoic. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 62: 563-573. PMID 29497243 DOI: 10.4202/App.00355.2017  0.475
2017 Button DJ, Lloyd GT, Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ. Mass extinctions drove increased global faunal cosmopolitanism on the supercontinent Pangaea. Nature Communications. 8: 733. PMID 29018290 DOI: 10.1038/S41467-017-00827-7  0.813
2017 Close RA, Benson RBJ, Upchurch P, Butler RJ. Controlling for the species-area effect supports constrained long-term Mesozoic terrestrial vertebrate diversification. Nature Communications. 8: 15381. PMID 28530240 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms15381  0.834
2017 Nesbitt SJ, Butler RJ, Ezcurra MD, Barrett PM, Stocker MR, Angielczyk KD, Smith RM, Sidor CA, Niedźwiedzki G, Sennikov AG, Charig AJ. The earliest bird-line archosaurs and the assembly of the dinosaur body plan. Nature. PMID 28405026 DOI: 10.1038/Nature22037  0.839
2017 Nesbitt SJ, Butler RJ, Ezcurra MD, Charig AJ, Barrett PM. The anatomy ofTeleocrater Rhadinus, an early avemetatarsalian from the lower portion of the Lifua Member of the Manda Beds (Middle Triassic) Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 37: 142-177. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2017.1396539  0.827
2017 Butler RJ, Nesbitt SJ, Charig AJ, Gower DJ, Barrett PM. Mandasuchus tanyauchen, gen. et sp. nov., a pseudosuchian archosaur from the Manda Beds (?Middle Triassic) of Tanzania Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 37: 96-121. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2017.1343728  0.806
2016 Meade LE, Jones AS, Butler RJ. A revision of tetrapod footprints from the late Carboniferous of the West Midlands, UK. Peerj. 4: e2718. PMID 27904809 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.2718  0.595
2016 McPhee BW, Upchurch P, Mannion PD, Sullivan C, Butler RJ, Barrett PM. A revision of Sanpasaurus yaoi Young, 1944 from the Early Jurassic of China, and its relevance to the early evolution of Sauropoda (Dinosauria). Peerj. 4: e2578. PMID 27781168 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.2578  0.83
2016 Foth C, Ezcurra MD, Sookias RB, Brusatte SL, Butler RJ. Unappreciated diversification of stem archosaurs during the Middle Triassic predated the dominance of dinosaurs. Bmc Evolutionary Biology. 16: 188. PMID 27628503 DOI: 10.1186/S12862-016-0761-6  0.804
2016 Lautenschlager S, Butler RJ. Neural and endocranial anatomy of Triassic phytosaurian reptiles and convergence with fossil and modern crocodylians. Peerj. 4: e2251. PMID 27547557 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.2251  0.453
2016 Sobral G, Sookias RB, Bhullar BA, Smith R, Butler RJ, Müller J. New information on the braincase and inner ear of Euparkeria capensis Broom: implications for diapsid and archosaur evolution. Royal Society Open Science. 3: 160072. PMID 27493766 DOI: 10.1098/Rsos.160072  0.792
2016 Dean CD, Mannion PD, Butler RJ. Preservational bias controls the fossil record of pterosaurs. Palaeontology. 59: 225-247. PMID 27239072 DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12225  0.737
2016 Pinheiro FL, França MA, Lacerda MB, Butler RJ, Schultz CL. An exceptional fossil skull from South America and the origins of the archosauriform radiation. Scientific Reports. 6: 22817. PMID 26965521 DOI: 10.1038/Srep22817  0.496
2016 Benson RB, Butler RJ, Alroy J, Mannion PD, Carrano MT, Lloyd GT. Near-Stasis in the Long-Term Diversification of Mesozoic Tetrapods. Plos Biology. 14: e1002359. PMID 26807777 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pbio.1002359  0.848
2016 Ezcurra MD, Montefeltro F, Butler RJ. The Early Evolution of Rhynchosaurs Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 3. DOI: 10.3389/Fevo.2015.00142  0.834
2016 Dean CD, Mannion PD, Butler RJ. Preservational bias controls the fossil record of pterosaurs Palaeontology. DOI: 10.1111/pala.12225  0.594
2016 BUTLER RJ. RETHINKING THE ORIGINS OF THE BRITISH PRISONS ACT OF 1835: IRELAND AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF CENTRAL-GOVERNMENT PRISON INSPECTION, 1820–1835* Historical Journal. 1-26. DOI: 10.1017/S0018246X15000357  0.326
2015 Mannion PD, Benson RB, Carrano MT, Tennant JP, Judd J, Butler RJ. Climate constrains the evolutionary history and biodiversity of crocodylians. Nature Communications. 6: 8438. PMID 26399170 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms9438  0.793
2015 Upchurch P, Andres B, Butler RJ, Barrett PM. An analysis of pterosaurian biogeography: implications for the evolutionary history and fossil record quality of the first flying vertebrates. Historical Biology. 27: 697-717. PMID 26339122 DOI: 10.1080/08912963.2014.939077  0.826
2015 Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ. Post-hatchling cranial ontogeny in the Early Triassic diapsid reptile Proterosuchus fergusi. Journal of Anatomy. 226: 387-402. PMID 25913624 DOI: 10.1111/Joa.12300  0.784
2015 Brusatte SL, Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Carrano MT, Evans DC, Lloyd GT, Mannion PD, Norell MA, Peppe DJ, Upchurch P, Williamson TE. The extinction of the dinosaurs. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 90: 628-42. PMID 25065505 DOI: 10.1111/Brv.12128  0.824
2015 Butler RJ, Ezcurra MD, Montefeltro FC, Samathi A, Sobral G. A new species of basal rhynchosaur (Diapsida: Archosauromorpha) from the early Middle Triassic of South Africa, and the early evolution of Rhynchosauria Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 174: 571-588. DOI: 10.1111/Zoj.12246  0.835
2015 Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ. Taxonomy of the proterosuchid archosauriforms (Diapsida: Archosauromorpha) from the earliest Triassic of South Africa, and implications for the early archosauriform radiation Palaeontology. 58: 141-170. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12130  0.785
2015 Upchurch P, Andres B, Butler RJ, Barrett PM. An analysis of pterosaurian biogeography: implications for the evolutionary history and fossil record quality of the first flying vertebrates Historical Biology. 27: 696-716. DOI: 10.1080/08912963.2014.939077  0.797
2015 Liu J, Butler R, Sullivan C, Ezcurra M. Chasmatosaurus ultimus, a putative proterosuchid archosauriform from the Middle Triassic, is an indeterminate crown archosaur Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 35. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2015.965779  0.741
2015 Brusatte SL, Butler RJ, Mateus O, Steyer JS. A new species of Metoposaurus from the Late Triassic of Portugal and comments on the systematics and biogeography of metoposaurid temnospondyls Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 35. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2014.912988  0.422
2014 Sookias RB, Sullivan C, Liu J, Butler RJ. Systematics of putative euparkeriids (Diapsida: Archosauriformes) from the Triassic of China. Peerj. 2: e658. PMID 25469319 DOI: 10.7717/Peerj.658  0.841
2014 Gower DJ, Hancox PJ, Botha-Brink J, Sennikov AG, Butler RJ. A new species of Garjainia Ochev, 1958 (Diapsida: Archosauriformes: Erythrosuchidae) from the Early Triassic of South Africa. Plos One. 9: e111154. PMID 25386937 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0111154  0.737
2014 Barrett PM, Butler RJ, Mundil R, Scheyer TM, Irmis RB, Sánchez-Villagra MR. A palaeoequatorial ornithischian and new constraints on early dinosaur diversification. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 281: 20141147. PMID 25100698 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2014.1147  0.74
2014 Butler RJ, Sullivan C, Ezcurra MD, Liu J, Lecuona A, Sookias RB. New clade of enigmatic early archosaurs yields insights into early pseudosuchian phylogeny and the biogeography of the archosaur radiation. Bmc Evolutionary Biology. 14: 128. PMID 24916124 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-14-128  0.839
2014 Benson RB, Frigot RA, Goswami A, Andres B, Butler RJ. Competition and constraint drove Cope's rule in the evolution of giant flying reptiles. Nature Communications. 5: 3567. PMID 24694584 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms4567  0.81
2014 Ezcurra MD, Scheyer TM, Butler RJ. The origin and early evolution of Sauria: reassessing the permian Saurian fossil record and the timing of the crocodile-lizard divergence. Plos One. 9: e89165. PMID 24586565 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0089165  0.814
2014 Ezcurra MD, Scheyer TM, Butler RJ. Correction: The origin and early evolution of sauria: Reassessing the permian saurian fossil record and the timing of the crocodile-lizard divergence (PLoS ONE (2014) 9, 2 (e89165) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089165) Plos One. 9. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097828  0.726
2014 Butler RJ, Rauhut OWM, Stocker MR, Bronowicz R. Redescription of the phytosaurs Paleorhinus ('Francosuchus') angustifrons and Ebrachosuchus neukami from Germany, with implications for Late Triassic biochronology Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 170: 155-208. DOI: 10.1111/Zoj.12094  0.515
2014 Sookias RB, Sennikov AG, Gower DJ, Butler RJ. The monophyly of Euparkeriidae (Reptilia: Archosauriformes) and the origins of Archosauria: A revision of Dorosuchus neoetus from the Mid-Triassic of Russia Palaeontology. 57: 1177-1202. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12110  0.814
2014 Nied?wiedzki G, Brusatte SL, Sulej T, Butler RJ. Basal dinosauriform and theropod dinosaurs from the mid-late Norian (Late Triassic) of Poland: Implications for Triassic dinosaur evolution and distribution Palaeontology. 57: 1121-1142. DOI: 10.1111/Pala.12107  0.505
2014 Mateus O, Butler RJ, Brusatte SL, Whiteside JH, Steyer JS. The first phytosaur (Diapsida, Archosauriformes) from the Late Triassic of the Iberian Peninsula Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 34: 970-975. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2014.840310  0.388
2013 Nesbitt SJ, Butler RJ, Gower DJ. A new archosauriform (Reptilia: Diapsida) from the Manda beds (Middle Triassic) of southwestern Tanzania. Plos One. 8: e72753. PMID 24086264 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0072753  0.75
2013 Toljagic O, Butler RJ. Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction as trigger for the Mesozoic radiation of crocodylomorphs Biology Letters. 9. PMID 23536443 DOI: 10.1098/Rsbl.2013.0095  0.47
2013 Sookias RB, Butler RJ. Euparkeriidae Geological Society Special Publication. 379: 35-48. DOI: 10.1144/SP379.6  0.749
2013 Nied?wiedzki G, Brusatte SL, Butler RJ. Prorotodactylus and Rotodactylus tracks: An ichnological record of dinosauromorphs from the early-middle Triassic of Poland Geological Society Special Publication. 379: 319-351. DOI: 10.1144/Sp379.12  0.379
2013 Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ, Gower DJ. 'Proterosuchia': The origin and early history of archosauriformes Geological Society Special Publication. 379: 9-33. DOI: 10.1144/Sp379.11  0.833
2013 Butler RJ. Francosuchus trauthi is not Paleorhinus: Implications for Late Triassic vertebrate biostratigraphy Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 33: 858-864. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2013.740542  0.487
2013 Brusatte SL, Butler RJ, Nied?wiedzki G, Sulej T, Bronowicz R, Nas JS. First record of Mesozoic terrestrial vertebrates from Lithuania: Phytosaurs (Diapsida: Archosauriformes) of probable Late Triassic age, with a review of phytosaur biogeography Geological Magazine. 150: 110-122. DOI: 10.1017/S0016756812000428  0.462
2013 Mannion PD, Benson RBJ, Butler RJ. Vertebrate palaeobiodiversity patterns and the impact of sampling bias Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 372: 1-4. DOI: 10.1016/J.Palaeo.2012.11.014  0.638
2013 Benson RBJ, Mannion PD, Butler RJ, Upchurch P, Goswami A, Evans SE. Cretaceous tetrapod fossil record sampling and faunal turnover: Implications for biogeography and the rise of modern clades Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 372: 88-107. DOI: 10.1016/J.Palaeo.2012.10.028  0.833
2013 Butler RJ, Benson RBJ, Barrett PM. Pterosaur diversity: Untangling the influence of sampling biases, Lagerstätten, and genuine biodiversity signals Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 372: 78-87. DOI: 10.1016/J.Palaeo.2012.08.012  0.745
2012 ?si A, Prondvai E, Butler R, Weishampel DB. Phylogeny, histology and inferred body size evolution in a new rhabdodontid dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Hungary. Plos One. 7: e44318. PMID 23028518 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0044318  0.508
2012 Brusatte SL, Butler RJ, Prieto-Márquez A, Norell MA. Dinosaur morphological diversity and the end-Cretaceous extinction. Nature Communications. 3: 804. PMID 22549833 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms1815  0.491
2012 Sookias RB, Benson RB, Butler RJ. Biology, not environment, drives major patterns in maximum tetrapod body size through time. Biology Letters. 8: 674-7. PMID 22513278 DOI: 10.1098/Rsbl.2012.0060  0.789
2012 Butler RJ, Porro LB, Galton PM, Chiappe LM. Anatomy and cranial functional morphology of the small-bodied dinosaur fruitadens haagarorum from the upper jurassic of the USA Plos One. 7. PMID 22509242 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0031556  0.774
2012 Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Gower DJ. Reassessment of the evidence for postcranial skeletal pneumaticity in Triassic archosaurs, and the early evolution of the avian respiratory system. Plos One. 7: e34094. PMID 22470520 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0034094  0.768
2012 Foth C, Brusatte SL, Butler RJ. Do different disparity proxies converge on a common signal? Insights from the cranial morphometrics and evolutionary history of Pterosauria (Diapsida: Archosauria). Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 25: 904-15. PMID 22356676 DOI: 10.1111/J.1420-9101.2012.02479.X  0.473
2012 Sookias RB, Butler RJ, Benson RB. Rise of dinosaurs reveals major body-size transitions are driven by passive processes of trait evolution. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 279: 2180-7. PMID 22298850 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2011.2441  0.815
2012 Butler RJ, Brusatte SL, Andres B, Benson RB. How do geological sampling biases affect studies of morphological evolution in deep time? A case study of pterosaur (Reptilia: Archosauria) disparity. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution. 66: 147-62. PMID 22220871 DOI: 10.1111/J.1558-5646.2011.01415.X  0.795
2012 Benson RB, Butler RJ, Carrano MT, O'Connor PM. Air-filled postcranial bones in theropod dinosaurs: physiological implications and the 'reptile'-bird transition. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 87: 168-93. PMID 21733078 DOI: 10.1111/J.1469-185X.2011.00190.X  0.81
2012 Mannion PD, Benson RBJ, Upchurch P, Butler RJ, Carrano MT, Barrett PM. A temperate palaeodiversity peak in Mesozoic dinosaurs and evidence for Late Cretaceous geographical partitioning Global Ecology and Biogeography. 21: 898-908. DOI: 10.1111/J.1466-8238.2011.00735.X  0.839
2012 Han FL, Barrett PM, Butler RJ, Xu X. Postcranial anatomy of Jeholosaurus shangyuanensis (Dinosauria, Ornithischia) from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of China Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32: 1370-1395. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2012.694385  0.709
2012 NESBITT SJ, BUTLER RJ. Redescription of the archosaur Parringtonia gracilis from the Middle Triassic Manda beds of Tanzania, and the antiquity of Erpetosuchidae – CORRIGENDUM Geological Magazine. 150: 239-239. DOI: 10.1017/S0016756812000842  0.489
2011 Butler RJ, Brusatte SL, Reich M, Nesbitt SJ, Schoch RR, Hornung JJ. The sail-backed reptile Ctenosauriscus from the latest Early Triassic of Germany and the timing and biogeography of the early archosaur radiation. Plos One. 6: e25693. PMID 22022431 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0025693  0.478
2011 Brusatte SL, Nied?wiedzki G, Butler RJ. Footprints pull origin and diversification of dinosaur stem lineage deep into Early Triassic. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 278: 1107-13. PMID 20926435 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2010.1746  0.406
2011 Butler RJ, Benson RB, Carrano MT, Mannion PD, Upchurch P. Sea level, dinosaur diversity and sampling biases: investigating the 'common cause' hypothesis in the terrestrial realm. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 278: 1165-70. PMID 20880889 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2010.1754  0.807
2011 Upchurch P, Mannion PD, Benson RBJ, Butler RJ, Carrano MT. Geological and anthropogenic controls on the sampling of the terrestrial fossil record: A case study from the dinosauria Geological Society Special Publication. 358: 209-240. DOI: 10.1144/Sp358.14  0.83
2011 Benson RBJ, Butler RJ. Uncovering the diversification history of marine tetrapods: Ecology influences the effect of geological sampling biases Geological Society Special Publication. 358: 191-208. DOI: 10.1144/Sp358.13  0.469
2011 Barrett PM, Butler RJ, Twitchett RJ, Hutt S. New material of Valdosaurus canaliculatus (Ornithischia: Ornithopoda) from the lower Cretaceous of southern England Special Papers in Palaeontology. 131-163. DOI: 10.1111/J.1475-4983.2011.01076.x  0.614
2011 Butler RJ, Liyong J, Jun C, Godefroit P. The postcranial osteology and phylogenetic position of the small ornithischian dinosaur Changchunsaurus parvus from the Quantou Formation (Cretaceous: Aptian-Cenomanian) of Jilin Province, north-eastern China Palaeontology. 54: 667-683. DOI: 10.1111/J.1475-4983.2011.01046.X  0.508
2011 Norman DB, Crompton AW, Butler RJ, Porro LB, Charig AJ. The Lower Jurassic ornithischian dinosaur Heterodontosaurus tucki Crompton & Charig, 1962: Cranial anatomy, functional morphology, taxonomy, and relationships Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 163: 182-276. DOI: 10.1111/J.1096-3642.2011.00697.X  0.831
2010 Osi A, Butler RJ, Weishampel DB. A Late Cretaceous ceratopsian dinosaur from Europe with Asian affinities. Nature. 465: 466-8. PMID 20505726 DOI: 10.1038/Nature09019  0.485
2010 Benson RB, Butler RJ, Lindgren J, Smith AS. Mesozoic marine tetrapod diversity: mass extinctions and temporal heterogeneity in geological megabiases affecting vertebrates. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 277: 829-34. PMID 19923126 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2009.1845  0.83
2010 Butler RJ, Galton PM, Porro LB, Chiappe LM, Henderson DM, Erickson GM. Lower limits of ornithischian dinosaur body size inferred from a new Upper Jurassic heterodontosaurid from North America. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 277: 375-81. PMID 19846460 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2009.1494  0.776
2010 Butler RJ. The anatomy of the basal ornithischian dinosaur Eocursor parvus from the lower Elliot Formation (Late Triassic) of South Africa Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 160: 648-684. DOI: 10.1111/J.1096-3642.2009.00631.X  0.507
2010 Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Penn MG, Kenrick P. Testing coevolutionary hypotheses over geological timescales: Interactions between Cretaceous dinosaurs and plants Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 100: 1-15. DOI: 10.1111/J.1095-8312.2010.01401.X  0.663
2010 Liyong J, Jun C, Shuqin Z, Butler RJ, Godefroit P. Cranial anatomy of the small ornithischian dinosaur Changchunsaurus parvus from the Quantou Formation (Cretaceous: Aptian-Cenomanian) of Jilin Province, northeastern China Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30: 196-214. DOI: 10.1080/02724630903412372  0.452
2010 Butler RJ, Irmis RB, Langer MC. Preface to 'Late triassic terrestrial biotas and the rise of dinosaurs' special issue Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 101: v-ix. DOI: 10.1017/S1755691011020135  0.608
2010 Barrett PM, Butler RJ, Nesbitt SJ. The roles of herbivory and omnivory in early dinosaur evolution Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 101: 383-396. DOI: 10.1017/S1755691011020111  0.714
2010 Porro LB, Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Moore-Fay S, Abel RL. New heterodontosaurid specimens from the Lower Jurassic of southern Africa and the early ornithischian dinosaur radiation Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 101: 351-366. DOI: 10.1017/S175569101102010X  0.795
2010 Wang X, Pan R, Butler RJ, Barrett PM. The postcranial skeleton of the iguanodontian ornithopod Jinzhousaurus yangi from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of western Liaoning, China Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 101: 135-159. DOI: 10.1017/S1755691010009266  0.733
2010 Brusatte SL, Nesbitt SJ, Irmis RB, Butler RJ, Benton MJ, Norell MA. The origin and early radiation of dinosaurs Earth-Science Reviews. 101: 68-100. DOI: 10.1016/J.Earscirev.2010.04.001  0.636
2009 Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Gower DJ. Postcranial skeletal pneumaticity and air-sacs in the earliest pterosaurs. Biology Letters. 5: 557-60. PMID 19411265 DOI: 10.1098/Rsbl.2009.0139  0.773
2009 Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Kenrick P, Penn MG. Diversity patterns amongst herbivorous dinosaurs and plants during the Cretaceous: implications for hypotheses of dinosaur/angiosperm co-evolution. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 22: 446-59. PMID 19210589 DOI: 10.1111/J.1420-9101.2008.01680.X  0.699
2009 Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Kenrick P, Penn MG. Testing co-evolutionary hypotheses over geological timescales: interactions between Mesozoic non-avian dinosaurs and cycads. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 84: 73-89. PMID 19133960 DOI: 10.1111/J.1469-185X.2008.00065.X  0.713
2009 Barrett PM, Butler RJ, Xiao-Lin W, Xing X. Cranial anatomy of the iguanodontoid ornithopod Jinzhousaurus yangi from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of China Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 54: 35-48. DOI: 10.4202/App.2009.0105  0.709
2009 Butler RJ, Sullivan RM. The phylogenetic position of the ornithischian dinosaur Stenopelix valdensis from the Lower Cretaceous of Germany and the early fossil record of Pachycephalosauria Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 54: 21-34. DOI: 10.4202/App.2009.0104  0.487
2009 Brusatte SL, Butler RJ, Sulej T, Nied?wiedzki G. The taxonomy and anatomy of rauisuchian archosaurs from the Late Triassic of Germany and Poland Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 54: 221-230. DOI: 10.4202/App.2008.0065  0.316
2009 Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Abel RL, Gower DJ. A possible ctenosauriscid archosaur from the middle triassic manda beds of Tanzania Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 29: 1022-1031. DOI: 10.1671/039.029.0404  0.816
2009 Butler RJ, Barrett PM, Nowbath S, Upchurch P. Estimating the effects of sampling biases on pterosaur diversity patterns: Implications for hypotheses of bird/pterosaur competitive replacement Paleobiology. 35: 432-446. DOI: 10.1666/0094-8373-35.3.432  0.846
2009 Butler RJ, Zhao Q. The small-bodied ornithischian dinosaurs Micropachycephalosaurus hongtuyanensis and Wannanosaurus yansiensis from the Late Cretaceous of China Cretaceous Research. 30: 63-77. DOI: 10.1016/J.Cretres.2008.03.002  0.428
2008 Butler RJ, Goswami A. Body size evolution in Mesozoic birds: little evidence for Cope's rule. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 21: 1673-82. PMID 18691237 DOI: 10.1111/J.1420-9101.2008.01594.X  0.422
2008 Butler RJ, Barrett PM. Palaeoenvironmental controls on the distribution of Cretaceous herbivorous dinosaurs. Die Naturwissenschaften. 95: 1027-32. PMID 18581087 DOI: 10.1007/S00114-008-0417-5  0.69
2008 Butler RJ, Porro LB, Norman DB. A juvenile skull of the primitive ornithischian dinosaur Heterodontosaurus tucki from the 'Stormberg' of Southern Africa Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 28: 702-711. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634(2008)28[702:Ajsotp]2.0.Co;2  0.817
2008 Jun C, Butler RJ, Liyong J. New material of large-bodied ornithischian dinosaurs, including an iguanodontian ornithopod, from the Quantou Formation (middle Cretaceous: Aptian-Cenomanian) of Jilin Province, northeastern China Neues Jahrbuch Fur Geologie Und Palaontologie - Abhandlungen. 248: 309-314. DOI: 10.1127/0077-7749/2008/0248-0309  0.348
2008 Butler RJ, Upchurch P, Norman DB. The phylogeny of the ornithischian dinosaurs Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 6: 1-40. DOI: 10.1017/S1477201907002271  0.835
2008 Butler RJ. Z. Gasparini, L. Salgado & R. A. Coria (eds) 2007. Patagonian Mesozoic Reptiles . xiii + 374 pp. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Price US $49.95 (hard covers). ISBN 9780 253 34857 9. Geological Magazine. 145: 602-602. DOI: 10.1017/S0016756808004858  0.387
2008 Butler RJ, Galton PM. The 'dermal armour' of the ornithopod dinosaur Hypsilophodon from the Wealden (Early Cretaceous: Barremian) of the Isle of Wight: a reappraisal Cretaceous Research. 29: 636-642. DOI: 10.1016/J.Cretres.2008.02.002  0.388
2008 Butler RJ, Barrett PM. Palaeoenvironmental controls on the distribution of Cretaceous herbivorous dinosaurs (Naturwissenschaften DOI: 10.1007/s00114-008-0147-5) Naturwissenschaften. 95: 1107-1108. DOI: 10.1007/s00114-008-0429-1  0.575
2008 Barrett PM, Butler RJ, Novas FE, Moore-Fay SC, Moody JM, Clark JM, Sánchez-Villagra MR. Dinosaur remains from the La Quinta Formation (Lower or Middle Jurassic) of the Venezuelan Andes Palaontologische Zeitschrift. 82: 163-177. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02988407  0.717
2008 Barrett PM, Butler RJ, Edwards NP, Milner AR. Pterosaur distribution in time and space: An atlas Zitteliana Reihe B: Abhandlungen Der Bayerischen Staatssammlung Fur Palaontologie Und Geologie. 61-107.  0.574
2007 Butler RJ, Smith RM, Norman DB. A primitive ornithischian dinosaur from the Late Triassic of South Africa, and the early evolution and diversification of Ornithischia. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 274: 2041-6. PMID 17567562 DOI: 10.1098/Rspb.2007.0367  0.801
2007 Butler RJ, Upchurch P. Highly incomplete taxa and the phylogenetic relationships of the theropod dinosaur Juravenator starki Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27: 253-256. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[253:Hitatp]2.0.Co;2  0.758
2007 Norman DB, Butler RJ, Maidment SCR. Reconsidering the status and affinities of the ornithischian dinosaur Tatisaurus oehleri Simmons, 1965 Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 150: 865-874. DOI: 10.1111/J.1096-3642.2007.00301.X  0.776
2006 Corfe IJ, Butler RJ. Comment on "A well-preserved Archaeopteryx specimen with theropod features". Science (New York, N.Y.). 313: 1238; author reply 1. PMID 16946054 DOI: 10.1126/Science.1130800  0.36
2006 Butler RJ, Porro LB, Heckert AB. A supposed heterodontosaurid tooth from the Rhaetian of Switzerland and a reassessment of the European Late Triassic record of Ornithischia (Dinosauria) Neues Jahrbuch Fur Geologie Und Palaontologie - Monatshefte. 613-633. DOI: 10.1127/Njgpm/2006/2006/613  0.769
2005 Barrett PM, Butler RJ, Knoll F. Small-bodied ornithischian dinosaurs from the middle jurassic of sichuan, China Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 25: 823-834. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634(2005)025[0823:Sodftm]2.0.Co;2  0.713
2005 Butler RJ. The 'fabrosaurid' ornithischian dinosaurs of the Upper Elliot Formation (Lower Jurassic) of South Africa and Lesotho Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 145: 175-218. DOI: 10.1111/J.1096-3642.2005.00182.X  0.434
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