Stephen B. Johnson - Publications

Affiliations: 
Columbia University, New York, NY 
Area:
Biomedical Sublanguage

91 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2015 Shiralkar K, Johnson S, Bluth EI, Marshall RH, Dornelles A, Gulotta PM. Improved method for calculating hepatic steatosis using the hepatorenal index. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine : Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. 34: 1051-9. PMID 26014325 DOI: 10.7863/ultra.34.6.1051  0.48
2014 Bales ME, Dine DC, Merrill JA, Johnson SB, Bakken S, Weng C. Associating co-authorship patterns with publications in high-impact journals. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 52: 311-8. PMID 25046832 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jbi.2014.07.015  0.48
2014 Weng C, Payne PR, Velez M, Johnson SB, Bakken S. Towards symbiosis in knowledge representation and natural language processing for structuring clinical practice guidelines. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 201: 461-9. PMID 24943582 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-415-2-461  0.48
2014 Johnson SB, Bales ME, Dine D, Bakken S, Albert PJ, Weng C. Automatic generation of investigator bibliographies for institutional research networking systems. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 51: 8-14. PMID 24694772 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jbi.2014.03.013  0.48
2014 Campion TR, Johnson SB, Paxton EW, Mushlin AI, Sedrakyan A. Implementing unique device identification in electronic health record systems: organizational, workflow, and technological challenges. Medical Care. 52: 26-31. PMID 24322986 DOI: 10.1097/Mlr.0000000000000012  0.48
2014 Shivade C, Raghavan P, Fosler-Lussier E, Embi PJ, Elhadad N, Johnson SB, Lai AM. A review of approaches to identifying patient phenotype cohorts using electronic health records. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 21: 221-30. PMID 24201027 DOI: 10.1136/Amiajnl-2013-001935  0.48
2013 Johnson S, Proctor M, Bluth E, Smetherman D, Baumgarten K, Troxclair L, Bienvenu M. Evaluation of a hydrogen peroxide-based system for high-level disinfection of vaginal ultrasound probes. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine : Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. 32: 1799-804. PMID 24065261 DOI: 10.7863/ultra.32.10.1799  0.48
2013 Kukafka R, Allegrante JP, Khan S, Bigger JT, Johnson SB. Understanding facilitators and barriers to reengineering the clinical research enterprise in community-based practice settings. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 36: 166-74. PMID 23806363 DOI: 10.1016/J.Cct.2013.06.008  0.48
2013 Campion TR, Edwards AM, Johnson SB, Kaushal R. Health information exchange system usage patterns in three communities: practice sites, users, patients, and data. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 82: 810-20. PMID 23743323 DOI: 10.1016/J.Ijmedinf.2013.05.001  0.48
2012 Craigie R, Williams D, Johnson S. KnoWhere: User's attitudes towards and experiences with an experimental location based service Lecture Notes of the Institute For Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. 60: 41-50. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-35145-7_6  0.48
2011 Chi A, Lissauer ME, Kirchoffner J, Scalea TM, Johnson SB. Effect of glycemic state on hospital mortality in critically ill surgical patients. The American Surgeon. 77: 1483-9. PMID 22196662  0.48
2011 Luo Z, Johnson SB, Lai AM, Weng C. Extracting temporal constraints from clinical research eligibility criteria using conditional random fields. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 2011: 843-52. PMID 22195142  0.48
2011 Lissauer ME, Naranjo LS, Kirchoffner J, Scalea TM, Johnson SB. Patient characteristics associated with end-of-life decision making in critically ill surgical patients. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 213: 766-70. PMID 22107920 DOI: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2011.09.003  0.48
2011 Kaufman DR, Cronin P, Rozenblit L, Voccola D, Horton A, Shine A, Johnson SB. Facilitating the iterative design of informatics tools to advance the science of autism. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 169: 955-9. PMID 21893887 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-806-9-955  1
2011 Weng C, Wu X, Luo Z, Boland MR, Theodoratos D, Johnson SB. EliXR: an approach to eligibility criteria extraction and representation. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 18: i116-24. PMID 21807647 DOI: 10.1136/Amiajnl-2011-000321  0.48
2011 Bales ME, Johnson SB, Keeling JW, Carley KM, Kunkel F, Merrill JA. Evolution of coauthorship in public health services and systems research. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 41: 112-7. PMID 21665073 DOI: 10.1016/J.Amepre.2011.03.018  1
2011 Lissauer ME, Chi A, Kramer ME, Scalea TM, Johnson SB. Association of 6% hetastarch resuscitation with adverse outcomes in critically ill trauma patients. American Journal of Surgery. 202: 53-8. PMID 21600555 DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2010.05.002  0.48
2011 Turner PL, Ilano AG, Zhu Y, Johnson SB, Hanna N. ACS-NSQIP criteria are associated with APACHE severity and outcomes in critically ill surgical patients. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 212: 287-94. PMID 21356486 DOI: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2010.12.011  0.48
2011 Ferdinands K, Virtue J, Johnson SB, Setterfield SA. 'Bio-insecurities': Managing demand for potentially invasive plants in the bioeconomy Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 3: 43-49. DOI: 10.1016/j.cosust.2011.01.002  0.48
2011 Johnson SB. Delivery of PowerPoint® videos on the World Wide Web Journal of Extension. 49.  0.48
2011 Auld BA, Johnson SB. The biology of Australian weeds 57. Sclerolaena birchii (F.Muell.) domin Plant Protection Quarterly. 26: 2-7.  0.48
2011 Johnson SB. Carpe diem - seizing the day. Successful engagement in a changing society Plant Protection Quarterly. 26: 103-105.  0.48
2010 Payne PR, Embi PJ, Johnson SB, Mendonca E, Starren J. Improving Clinical Trial Participant Tracking Tools Using Knowledge-anchored Design Methodologies. Applied Clinical Informatics. 1: 177-196. PMID 22132037 DOI: 10.4338/Aci-2010-02-Ra-0012  0.48
2010 Johnson SB, Whitney G, McAuliffe M, Wang H, McCreedy E, Rozenblit L, Evans CC. Using global unique identifiers to link autism collections. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 17: 689-95. PMID 20962132 DOI: 10.1136/Jamia.2009.002063  1
2010 Lissauer M, Feild C, Fasanmi F, Johnson SB. Rosiglitazone may assist with glycemic control in the ICU Journal of Intensive Care Medicine. 25: 117-120. PMID 19955116 DOI: 10.1177/0885066609355264  0.48
2010 Lissauer M, Johnson SB. Reply Shock. 33: 225-226. DOI: 10.1097/SHK.0b013e3181b0ff8d  0.48
2010 Johnson SB. Study finds self-report valid for assessing hearing loss incidence in farm population Hearing Journal. 63: 46-47. DOI: 10.1097/01.HJ.0000388541.19782.87  0.48
2010 Downey PO, Johnson SB, Virtue JG, Williams PA. Assessing risk across the spectrum of weed management Cab Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources. 5: 1-15. DOI: 10.1079/PAVSNNR20100038  0.48
2010 Johnson SB. The introverted leader: Building on your quiet strength-a book review Journal of Extension. 48: 1-2.  0.48
2010 Maul WA, Melcher KJ, Chicatelli AK, Johnson SB. Application of diagnostic analysis tools to the ares I thrust vector control system Aiaa Infotech At Aerospace 2010 0.48
2010 Johnson SB, Day JC. Conceptual framework for a fault management design methodology Aiaa Infotech At Aerospace 2010 0.48
2009 Bales ME, Kaufman DR, Johnson SB. Evaluation of a prototype search and visualization system for exploring scientific communities. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 2009: 24-8. PMID 20351816  1
2009 Hyun S, Johnson SB, Bakken S. Exploring the ability of natural language processing to extract data from nursing narratives. Computers, Informatics, Nursing : Cin. 27: 215-23; quiz 224-5. PMID 19574746 DOI: 10.1097/Ncn.0B013E3181A91B58  1
2009 Bernstam EV, Hersh WR, Johnson SB, Chute CG, Nguyen H, Sim I, Nahm M, Weiner MG, Miller P, DiLaura RP, Overcash M, Lehmann HP, Eichmann D, Athey BD, Scheuermann RH, et al. Synergies and distinctions between computational disciplines in biomedical research: perspective from the Clinical andTranslational Science Award programs. Academic Medicine : Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 84: 964-70. PMID 19550198 DOI: 10.1097/Acm.0B013E3181A8144D  1
2009 Hyun S, Johnson SB, Stetson PD, Bakken S. Development and evaluation of nursing user interface screens using multiple methods. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 42: 1004-12. PMID 19460464 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jbi.2009.05.005  1
2009 Kaufman DR, Mehryar M, Chase H, Hung P, Chilov M, Johnson SB, Mendonca E. Modeling knowledge resource selection in expert librarian search. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 143: 36-41. PMID 19380912 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-58603-979-0-36  1
2009 Hyun S, Shapiro JS, Melton G, Schlegel C, Stetson PD, Johnson SB, Bakken S. Iterative evaluation of the Health Level 7--Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes Clinical Document Ontology for representing clinical document names: a case report. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 16: 395-9. PMID 19261945 DOI: 10.1197/Jamia.M2821  1
2009 Chase HS, Kaufman DR, Johnson SB, Mendonca EA. Voice capture of medical residents' clinical information needs during an inpatient rotation. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 16: 387-94. PMID 19261939 DOI: 10.1197/Jamia.M2940  1
2009 Johnson SB. Expanded information delivery using the world wide web Journal of Extension. 47.  0.48
2008 Van Vleck TT, Wilcox A, Stetson PD, Johnson SB, Elhadad N. Content and structure of clinical problem lists: a corpus analysis. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 753-7. PMID 18999284  1
2008 Ruiz EE, Chilov M, Johnson SB, Mendonça EA. Developing multilevel search filters for clinical questions represented as conceptual graphs. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 1118. PMID 18999180  0.36
2008 Bales M, Johnson SB, Weng C. Social network analysis of interdisciplinarity in obesity research. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 870. PMID 18999104  1
2008 Stetson PD, Morrison FP, Bakken S, Johnson SB. Preliminary development of the physician documentation quality instrument. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 15: 534-41. PMID 18436914 DOI: 10.1197/Jamia.M2404  1
2008 Guerrero-Preston R, Chan C, Vlahov D, Mitchell MK, Johnson SB, Freeman H. Previous cancer screening behavior as predictor of endoscopic colon cancer screening among women aged 50 and over, in NYC 2002. Journal of Community Health. 33: 10-21. PMID 18080204 DOI: 10.1007/S10900-007-9067-3  1
2008 Hung PW, Johnson SB, Kaufman DR, Mendonça EA. A multi-level model of information seeking in the clinical domain. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 41: 357-70. PMID 18006383 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jbi.2007.09.005  1
2008 Johnson SB, Bakken S, Dine D, Hyun S, Mendonça E, Morrison F, Bright T, Van Vleck T, Wrenn J, Stetson P. An electronic health record based on structured narrative. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 15: 54-64. PMID 17947628 DOI: 10.1197/Jamia.M2131  1
2007 Natarajan K, Duffy RF, Johnson SB, Mendonça EA. Feasibility study of speech recognition for gathering information needs. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 1059. PMID 18694157  1
2007 Wrenn JO, Stetson PD, Johnson SB. An unsupervised machine learning approach to segmentation of clinician-entered free text. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 811-5. PMID 18693949  1
2007 Van Vleck TT, Stein DM, Stetson PD, Johnson SB. Assessing data relevance for automated generation of a clinical summary. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 761-5. PMID 18693939  1
2007 Stein DM, Wrenn JO, Johnson SB, Stetson PD. Signout: a collaborative document with implications for the future of clinical information systems. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 696-700. PMID 18693926  1
2007 Khan SA, Kukafka R, Payne PR, Bigger JT, Johnson SB. A day in the life of a clinical research coordinator: observations from community practice settings. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 129: 247-51. PMID 17911716  0.48
2007 Bales ME, Lussier YA, Johnson SB. Topological analysis of large-scale biomedical terminology structures. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 14: 788-97. PMID 17712094 DOI: 10.1197/Jamia.M2080  1
2007 Payne PR, Mendonça EA, Johnson SB, Starren JB. Conceptual knowledge acquisition in biomedicine: A methodological review. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 40: 582-602. PMID 17482521 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jbi.2007.03.005  1
2007 Johnson SB, Friedman RA. Bridging the gap between biological and clinical informatics in a graduate training program. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 40: 59-66. PMID 16616697 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jbi.2006.02.011  1
2006 Bright TJ, Bakken S, Johnson SB. Heuristic evaluation of eNote: an electronic notes system. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 864. PMID 17238484  1
2006 Hyun S, Bakken S, Johnson SB. Markup of temporal information in electronic health records. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 122: 907-8. PMID 17102457  0.48
2006 Hyun S, Ventura R, Johnson SB, Bakken S. Is the Health Level 7/LOINC document ontology adequate for representing nursing documents? Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 122: 527-31. PMID 17102314  0.48
2006 Bales ME, Johnson SB. Graph theoretic modeling of large-scale semantic networks. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 39: 451-64. PMID 16442849 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jbi.2005.10.007  1
2005 Haas J, Bakken S, Bright TJ, Melton GB, Stetson P, Johnson SB. Clinicians' perceptions of usability of eNote. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 973. PMID 16779260  1
2005 Shapiro JS, Bakken S, Hyun S, Melton GB, Schlegel C, Johnson SB. Document ontology: supporting narrative documents in electronic health records. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 684-8. PMID 16779127  1
2005 Bakken S, Hyun S, Friedman C, Johnson SB. ISO reference terminology models for nursing: applicability for natural language processing of nursing narratives. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 74: 615-22. PMID 16043086 DOI: 10.1016/J.Ijmedinf.2005.01.002  1
2005 Payne PR, Johnson SB, Starren JB, Tilson HH, Dowdy D. Breaking the translational barriers: the value of integrating biomedical informatics and translational research. Journal of Investigative Medicine : the Official Publication of the American Federation For Clinical Research. 53: 192-200. PMID 15974245 DOI: 10.2310/6650.2005.00402  1
2005 Yoon TH, Johnson SB, Brown GE. Adsorption of organic matter at mineral/water interfaces. IV. Adsorption of humic substances at boehmite/water interfaces and impact on boehmite dissolution. Langmuir : the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids. 21: 5002-12. PMID 15896043 DOI: 10.1021/La0476276  1
2005 Johnson SB, Yoon TH, Brown GE. Adsorption of organic matter at mineral/water interfaces: 5. Effects of adsorbed natural organic matter analogues on mineral dissolution. Langmuir : the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids. 21: 2811-21. PMID 15779953 DOI: 10.1021/La0481041  1
2005 Hripcsak G, Zhou L, Parsons S, Das AK, Johnson SB. Modeling electronic discharge summaries as a simple temporal constraint satisfaction problem. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 12: 55-63. PMID 15492038 DOI: 10.1197/Jamia.M1623  0.36
2004 Seol YH, Kaufman DR, Mendonça EA, Cimino JJ, Johnson SB. Scenario-based assessment of physicians' information needs. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 107: 306-10. PMID 15360824  1
2004 Mitchell MK, Gregersen PK, Johnson S, Parsons R, Vlahov D. The New York Cancer Project: rationale, organization, design, and baseline characteristics. Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. 81: 301-10. PMID 15136663 DOI: 10.1093/Jurban/Jth116  0.48
2004 Crowley WF, Sherwood L, Salber P, Scheinberg D, Slavkin H, Tilson H, Reece EA, Catanese V, Johnson SB, Dobs A, Genel M, Korn A, Reame N, Bonow R, Grebb J, et al. Clinical research in the United States at a crossroads: proposal for a novel public-private partnership to establish a national clinical research enterprise. Jama. 291: 1120-6. PMID 14996782 DOI: 10.1001/Jama.291.9.1120  0.48
2004 Bakken S, Hyun S, Friedman C, Johnson S. A comparison of semantic categories of the ISO reference terminology models for nursing and the MedLEE natural language processing system Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 107: 472-476. DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-949-3-472  0.48
2003 Mollah SA, Johnson SB. Automatic learning of the morphology of medical language using information compression. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 938. PMID 14728443  1
2003 Johnson SB, Campbell DA, Krauthammer M, Tulipano PK, Medonca EA, Friedman C, Hripcsak G. A native XML database design for clinical document research. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 883. PMID 14728388  1
2003 Hyun S, Bakken S, Friedman C, Johnson SB. Natural language processing challenges in HIV/AIDS clinic notes. Amia ... Annual Symposium Proceedings / Amia Symposium. Amia Symposium. 872. PMID 14728377  1
2003 Kukafka R, Johnson SB, Linfante A, Allegrante JP. Grounding a new information technology implementation framework in behavioral science: a systematic analysis of the literature on IT use. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 36: 218-27. PMID 14615230 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jbi.2003.09.002  1
2003 Sung NS, Crowley WF, Genel M, Salber P, Sandy L, Sherwood LM, Johnson SB, Catanese V, Tilson H, Getz K, Larson EL, Scheinberg D, Reece EA, Slavkin H, Dobs A, et al. Central challenges facing the national clinical research enterprise. Jama. 289: 1278-87. PMID 12633190 DOI: 10.1001/Jama.289.10.1278  1
2002 Wang D, Kaufman DR, Mendonca EA, Seol YH, Johnson SB, Cimino JJ. The cognitive demands of an innovative query user interface. Proceedings / Amia ... Annual Symposium. Amia Symposium. 850-4. PMID 12463945  1
2002 Stetson PD, Johnson SB, Scotch M, Hripcsak G. The sublanguage of cross-coverage. Proceedings / Amia ... Annual Symposium. Amia Symposium. 742-6. PMID 12463923  1
2002 Krauthammer M, Johnson SB, Hripcsak G, Campbell DA, Friedman C. Representing nested semantic information in a linear string of text using XML. Proceedings / Amia ... Annual Symposium. Amia Symposium. 405-9. PMID 12463856  0.4
2002 Liu H, Johnson SB, Friedman C. Automatic resolution of ambiguous terms based on machine learning and conceptual relations in the UMLS. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 9: 621-36. PMID 12386113 DOI: 10.1197/Jamia.M1101  0.52
2001 Mendonça EA, Cimino JJ, Johnson SB, Seol YH. Accessing heterogeneous sources of evidence to answer clinical questions. Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 34: 85-98. PMID 11515415 DOI: 10.1006/Jbin.2001.1012  0.48
2001 Johnson S. Editorial: Methodological review Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 34: 51. DOI: 10.1006/jbin.2001.1006  0.48
2000 Starren J, Johnson SB. An object-oriented taxonomy of medical data presentations Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 7: 1-20. PMID 10641959 DOI: 10.1136/Jamia.2000.0070001  0.48
1999 Seol YH, Johnson SB, Starren J. Use of the Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL) for medical data transformation. Proceedings / Amia ... Annual Symposium. Amia Symposium. 142-6. PMID 10566337  0.48
1998 Wacholder N, Imielinska C, Johnson S, Soliz E, Molholt P. Implications of 3D visualization for medical education Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 50: 377-378. PMID 1998125965 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-894-6-377  0.48
1998 Wilcox A, Hripcsak G, Johnson SB, Hwang JJ, Wu M. Developing online support for clinical information system developers: The FAQ approach Computers and Biomedical Research. 31: 112-121. PMID 9570902 DOI: 10.1006/Cbmr.1998.1470  0.48
1996 Hripcsak G, Clayton PD, Jenders RA, Cimino JJ, Johnson SB. Design of a clinical event monitor Computers and Biomedical Research. 29: 194-221. PMID 8812070 DOI: 10.1006/Cbmr.1996.0016  0.48
1995 Friedman C, Cimino JJ, Johnson SB. A schema for representing medical language applied to clinical radiology. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 1: 233-48. PMID 7719806 DOI: 10.1136/Jamia.1994.95236155  0.44
1995 Hripcsak G, Friedman C, Alderson PO, DuMouchel W, Johnson SB, Clayton PD. Unlocking clinical data from narrative reports: A study of natural language processing Annals of Internal Medicine. 122: 681-688. PMID 7702231 DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-122-9-199505010-00007  0.48
1995 Friedman C, Hripcsak G, Dumouchel W, Johnson SB, Clayton PD. Natural Language Processing in an Operational Clinical Information System Natural Language Engineering. 1: 83-108. DOI: 10.1017/S1351324900000061  0.4
1994 Sengupta S, Clayton PD, Molholt P, Sideli RV, Cimino JJ, Hripcsak G, Johnson SB, Allen B, McCormack M, Hill C. IAIMS and sharing International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing. 34: 339-348. PMID 8125648 DOI: 10.1016/0020-7101(94)90034-5  0.48
1994 Friedman C, Alderson PO, Austin JH, Cimino JJ, Johnson SB. A general natural-language text processor for clinical radiology. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : Jamia. 1: 161-74. PMID 7719797 DOI: 10.1136/Jamia.1994.95236146  0.4
1994 Cimino JJ, Clayton PD, Hripcsak G, Johnson SB. Knowledge-based approaches to the maintenance of a large controlled medical terminology Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 1: 35-50. PMID 7719786 DOI: 10.1136/Jamia.1994.95236135  0.48
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