Philip D. Gingerich, Ph.D. - Publications

Affiliations: 
Museum of Paleontology University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, MI 
Area:
Vertebrate evolution, evolution of mammals
Website:
http://www-personal.umich.edu/~gingeric/

84 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2019 Gingerich PD, Antar MSM, Zalmout IS. Aegicetus gehennae, a new late Eocene protocetid (Cetacea, Archaeoceti) from Wadi Al Hitan, Egypt, and the transition to tail-powered swimming in whales. Plos One. 14: e0225391. PMID 31825956 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225391  0.88
2019 Voss M, Antar MSM, Zalmout IS, Gingerich PD. Stomach contents of the archaeocete Basilosaurus isis: Apex predator in oceans of the late Eocene. Plos One. 14: e0209021. PMID 30625131 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209021  0.88
2017 D'Ambrosia AR, Clyde WC, Fricke HC, Gingerich PD, Abels HA. Repetitive mammalian dwarfing during ancient greenhouse warming events. Science Advances. 3: e1601430. PMID 28345031 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601430  0.76
2016 Abels HA, Lauretano V, Van Yperen AE, Hopman T, Zachos JC, Lourens LJ, Gingerich PD, Bowen GJ. Environmental impact and magnitude of paleosol carbonate carbon isotope excursions marking five early Eocene hyperthermals in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming Climate of the Past. 12: 1151-1163. DOI: 10.5194/cp-12-1151-2016  1
2016 Gunnell GF, Winkler AJ, Miller ER, Head JJ, El-Barkooky AN, Gawad MA, Sanders WJ, Gingerich PD. Small vertebrates from Khasm El-Raqaba, late Middle Miocene, Eastern Desert, Egypt Historical Biology. 28: 159-171. DOI: 10.1080/08912963.2015.1014354  1
2014 Orliac MJ, Ladevèze S, Gingerich PD, Lebrun R, Smith T. Endocranial morphology of Palaeocene Plesiadapis tricuspidens and evolution of the early primate brain. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 281: 20132792. PMID 24573845 DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.2792  0.68
2014 Abels HA, Wang C, Lauretano V, Bowen GJ, Karssenberg D, Ziegler M, Li G, Van Den Berg PF, Van Broekhuizen S, Hopman T, Laks J, Adriaens R, Clyde WC, Elsen J, Kraus MJ, ... ... Gingerich PD, et al. Terrestrial sedimentary archives of episodes of greenhouse warming in ancient river floodplain deposits of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming Rendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana. 31: 3-4. DOI: 10.3301/ROL.2014.16  1
2014 Bowen GJ, Maibauer BJ, Kraus MJ, Röhl U, Westerhold T, Steimke A, Gingerich PD, Wing SL, Clyde WC. Two massive, rapid releases of carbon during the onset of the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum Nature Geoscience. 8: 44-47. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2316  1
2013 Clyde WC, Gingerich PD, Wing SL, Röhl U, Westerhold T, Bowen G, Johnson K, Baczynski AA, Diefendorf A, McInerney F, Schnurrenberger D, Noren A, Brady K, Acks R, Baczynski A, ... ... Gingerich P, et al. Bighorn Basin Coring Project (BBCP): A continental perspective on early Paleogene hyperthermals Scientific Drilling. 21-31. DOI: 10.5194/sd-16-21-2013  0.76
2013 Abels HA, Kraus MJ, Gingerich PD. Precession-scale cyclicity in the fluvial lower Eocene Willwood Formation of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming (USA) Sedimentology. 60: 1467-1483. DOI: 10.1111/sed.12039  0.44
2013 Fahlke JM, Bastl KA, Semprebon GM, Gingerich PD. Paleoecology of archaeocete whales throughout the Eocene: Dietary adaptations revealed by microwear analysis Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 386: 690-701. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.06.032  1
2012 Ryan TM, Silcox MT, Walker A, Mao X, Begun DR, Benefit BR, Gingerich PD, Köhler M, Kordos L, McCrossin ML, Moyà-Solà S, Sanders WJ, Seiffert ER, Simons E, Zalmout IS, et al. Evolution of locomotion in Anthropoidea: the semicircular canal evidence. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 279: 3467-75. PMID 22696520 DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2012.0939  1
2012 Missiaen P, Gingerich PD. New early Eocene tapiromorph perissodactyls from the Ghazij Formation of Pakistan, with implications for mammalian biochronology in Asia Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 57: 21-34. DOI: 10.4202/app.2010.0093  0.92
2012 Gingerich PD, Zalmout IS, Antar MSM, Williams EM, Carlson AE, Kelly DC, Peters SE. Large-scale glaciation and deglaciation of Antarctica during the late Eocene Geology. 40: 255. DOI: 10.1130/G33046Y.1  1
2012 Gunnell GF, Gingerich PD, Bloch JI, Clyde WC. Sulaimanius, gen. nov., and Indusomys, gen. nov., replacement names for Sulaimania and Indusius Gunnell, Gingerich, Ul-Haq, Bloch, Khan, and Clyde, 2008, preoccupied names Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32: 975. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2012.670180  1
2012 Abels HA, Clyde WC, Gingerich PD, Hilgen FJ, Fricke HC, Bowen GJ, Lourens LJ. Terrestrial carbon isotope excursions and biotic change during Palaeogene hyperthermals Nature Geoscience. 5: 326-329. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1427  1
2012 Clyde WC, Gingerich PD, Wing SL. Coring project in Bighorn Basin: Drilling phase complete Eos. 93: 41-42. DOI: 10.1029/2012EO040002  1
2012 Von Koenigswald W, Habersetzer J, Gingerich PD. Pedal distal phalanges of the Eocene adapoids Europolemur and Darwinius compared to phalanges of Notharctus and other primates Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. 92: 539-565. DOI: 10.1007/s12549-012-0096-2  0.44
2012 Bebej RM, ul-Haq M, Zalmout IS, Gingerich PD. Morphology and Function of the Vertebral Column in Remingtonocetus domandaensis (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Middle Eocene Domanda Formation of Pakistan Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 19: 77-104. DOI: 10.1007/s10914-011-9184-8  1
2011 Fahlke JM, Gingerich PD, Welsh RC, Wood AR. Cranial asymmetry in Eocene archaeocete whales and the evolution of directional hearing in water. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 108: 14545-8. PMID 21873217 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1108927108  1
2011 Missiaen P, Gunnell GF, Gingerich PD. New Brontotheriidae (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) from the early and middle Eocene of Pakistan with implications for mammalian paleobiogeography Journal of Paleontology. 85: 665-677. DOI: 10.1666/10-087.1  1
2011 Underwood CJ, Ward DJ, King C, Antar SM, Zalmout IS, Gingerich PD. Shark and ray faunas in the Middle and Late Eocene of the Fayum Area, Egypt Proceedings of the Geologists' Association. 122: 47-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2010.09.004  1
2011 Wood AR, Bebej RM, Manz CL, Begun DL, Gingerich PD. Postcranial Functional Morphology of Hyracotherium (Equidae, Perissodactyla) and Locomotion in the Earliest Horses Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 18: 1-32. DOI: 10.1007/s10914-010-9145-7  1
2010 Secord R, Gingerich PD, Lohmann KC, Macleod KG. Continental warming preceding the Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Nature. 467: 955-8. PMID 20962843 DOI: 10.1038/nature09441  1
2010 Zalmout IS, Sanders WJ, Maclatchy LM, Gunnell GF, Al-Mufarreh YA, Ali MA, Nasser AA, Al-Masari AM, Al-Sobhi SA, Nadhra AO, Matari AH, Wilson JA, Gingerich PD. New Oligocene primate from Saudi Arabia and the divergence of apes and Old World monkeys. Nature. 466: 360-4. PMID 20631798 DOI: 10.1038/nature09094  1
2010 Gingerich PD, Franzen JL, Habersetzer J, Hurum JH, Smith BH. Darwinius masillae is a Haplorhine - Reply to Williams et al. (2010) Journal of Human Evolution. 59: 574-579. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2010.07.013  1
2009 Franzen JL, Gingerich PD, Habersetzer J, Hurum JH, von Koenigswald W, Smith BH. Complete primate skeleton from the Middle Eocene of Messel in Germany: morphology and paleobiology. Plos One. 4: e5723. PMID 19492084 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005723  0.52
2009 Gingerich PD, Ul-Haq M, von Koenigswald W, Sanders WJ, Smith BH, Zalmout IS. New protocetid whale from the middle eocene of pakistan: birth on land, precocial development, and sexual dimorphism. Plos One. 4: e4366. PMID 19194487 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004366  0.88
2009 Peters SE, Antar MSM, Zalmout IS, Gingerich PD. Sequence stratigraphic control on preservation of late Eocene whales and other vertebrates at Wadi Al-Hitan, Egypt Palaios. 24: 290-302. DOI: 10.2110/palo.2008.p08-080r  1
2009 Von Koenigswald W, Ruf I, Gingerich PD. Cranial morphology of a new apatemyid, Carcinella sigei n. gen. n. sp. (Mammalia, Apatotheria) from the late Eocene of southern France Palaeontographica, Abteilung a: Palaozoologie - Stratigraphie. 288: 53-91.  0.44
2008 Gingerich PD, Rose KD, Smith T. Oldest North American primate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 105: E30; author reply E3. PMID 18544650 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0802296105  1
2008 Wood AR, Kraus MJ, Gingerich PD. Downslope fossil contamination: Mammal-bearing fluvial conglomerates and the Paleocene-Eocene faunal transition (Willwood Formation, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming) Palaios. 23: 380-390. DOI: 10.2110/palo.2007.p07-045r  1
2008 Abdul Aziz H, Hilgen FJ, van Luijk GM, Sluijs A, Kraus MJ, Pares JM, Gingerich PD. Astronomical climate control on paleosol stacking patterns in the upper Paleocene-lower Eocene Willwood Formation, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming Geology. 36: 531-534. DOI: 10.1130/G24734A.1  0.44
2007 Wood AR, Zelditch ML, Rountrey AN, Eiting TP, Sheets HD, Gingerich PD. Multivariate stasis in the dental morphology of the Paleocene-Eocene condylarth Ectocion Paleobiology. 33: 248-260. DOI: 10.1666/06048.1  1
2006 Missiaen P, Smith T, Guo DY, Bloch JI, Gingerich PD. Asian gliriform origin for arctostylopid mammals. Die Naturwissenschaften. 93: 407-11. PMID 16865388 DOI: 10.1007/s00114-006-0122-1  1
2006 Smith T, Rose KD, Gingerich PD. Rapid Asia-Europe-North America geographic dispersal of earliest Eocene primate Teilhardina during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 103: 11223-7. PMID 16847264 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0511296103  1
2006 Yans J, Strait SG, Smith T, Dupuis C, Steurbaut E, Gingerich PD. High-resolution carbon isotope stratigraphy and mammalian faunal change at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary in the Honeycombs area of the southern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming American Journal of Science. 306: 712-735. DOI: 10.2475/09.2006.02  0.68
2006 Secord R, Gingerich PD, Smith ME, Clyde WC, Wilf P, Singer BS. Geochronology and mammalian biostratigraphy of middle and upper paleocene continental strata, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming American Journal of Science. 306: 211-245. DOI: 10.2475/04.2006.01  1
2006 Clementz MT, Goswami A, Gingerich PD, Koch PL. Isotopic records from early whales and sea cows: Contrasting patterns of ecological transition Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 26: 355-370. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[355:IRFEWA]2.0.CO;2  1
2004 Magioncalda R, Dupuis C, Smith T, Steurbaut E, Gingerich PD. Paleocene-Eocene carbon isotope excursion in organic carbon and pedogenic carbonate: Direct comparison in a continental stratigraphic section Geology. 32: 553-556. DOI: 10.1130/G20476.1  0.68
2004 Brunet M, Boisserie JR, Ahounta D, Blondel C, De Bonis L, Coppens Y, Denys C, Duringer P, Eisenmann V, Fronty P, Geraads D, Fanoné G, Guy F, Lehmann T, Lihoreau F, ... ... Gingerich PD, et al. Sahelanthropus tchadensis: The facts South African Journal of Science. 100: 443-446.  1
2003 Clyde WC, Khan IH, Gingerich PD. Stratigraphic response and mammalian dispersal during initial India-Asia collision: Evidence from the Ghazij Formation, Balochistan, Pakistan Geology. 31: 1097-1100. DOI: 10.1130/G19956.1  0.76
2003 Aubry MP, Berggren WA, Van Couvering JA, Ali J, Brinkhuis H, Cramer B, Kent DV, Swisher CC, Dupuis C, Gingerich PD, Heilmann-Clausen C, King C, Ward DJ, Knox RWOB, Ouda K, et al. Chronostratigraphic terminology at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary Special Paper of the Geological Society of America. 369: 551-566. DOI: 10.1130/0-8137-2369-8.551  1
2003 Bains S, Norris RD, Corfield RM, Bowen GJ, Gingerich PD, Koch PL. Marine-terrestrial linkages at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary Special Paper of the Geological Society of America. 369: 1-9. DOI: 10.1130/0-8137-2369-8.1  1
2002 Bloch JI, Boyer DM, Gingerich PD, Gunnell GF. New primitive paromomyid from the clarkforkian of Wyoming and dental eruption in plesiadapiformes Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 22: 366-379.  1
2001 Gingerich PD, Haq Mu, Zalmout IS, Khan IH, Malkani MS. Origin of whales from early artiodactyls: hands and feet of Eocene Protocetidae from Pakistan. Science (New York, N.Y.). 293: 2239-42. PMID 11567134 DOI: 10.1126/science.1063902  1
2001 Ciochon RL, Gingerich PD, Gunnell GF, Simons EL. Primate postcrania from the late middle Eocene of Myanmar. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 98: 7672-7. PMID 11438722 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.051003298  1
2001 Bloch JI, Fisher DC, Rose KD, Gingerich PD. Stratocladistic analysis of paleocene carpolestidae (mammalia, plesiadapiformes) with description of a new late tiffanian genus Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 21: 119-131.  1
2001 Uhen MD, Gingerich PD. New genus of dorudontine archaeocete (Cetacea) from the middle-to-late Eocene of South Carolina Marine Mammal Science. 17: 1-34.  0.76
2000 Zalmout IS, Mustafa HA, Gingerich PD. Priabonian Basilosaurus isis (Cetacea) from the Wadi Esh-Shallala formation: First marine mammal from the Eocene of Jordan Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 20: 201-204.  1
1998 Clyde WC, Gingerich PD. Mammalian community response to the latest Paleocene thermal maximum: An isotaphonomic study in the northern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming Geology. 26: 1011-1014. DOI: 10.1130/0091-7613(1998)026<1011:MCRTTL>2.3.CO;2  0.76
1998 Fricke HC, Clyde WC, O'Neil JR, Gingerich PD. Evidence for rapid climate changes in North America during the latest Paleocene thermal maximum: oxygen isotope compositions of biogenic phosphate from the Bighorn Basin (Wyoming) Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 160: 193-208. DOI: 10.1016/S0012-821X(98)00088-0  0.76
1998 Gingerich PD, Uhen MD. Likelihood estimation of the time of origin of Cetacea and the time of divergence of Cetacea and Artiodactyla Palaeontologia Electronica. 1: XV-XVI.  0.76
1998 Bloch JI, Rose KD, Gingerich PD. New species of Batodonoides (Lipotyphla, Geolabididae) from the early eocene of Wyoming: Smallest known mammal? Journal of Mammalogy. 79: 804-827.  1
1998 Janis CM, Scott KM, Jacobs LL. Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America. Volume 1: terrestrial carnivores, ungulates, and ungulatelike mammals Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America. Volume 1: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulatelike Mammals 0.36
1997 Bloch JI, Fisher DC, Gingerich PD, Gunnell GF, Simons EL, Uhen MD. Cladistic analysis and anthropoid origins. Science (New York, N.Y.). 278: 2134-6. PMID 9432721 DOI: 10.1126/science.278.5346.2134  1
1995 Morgan ME, Badgley C, Gunnell GF, Gingerich PD, Kappelman JW, Maas MC. Comparative paleoecology of Paleogene and Neogene mammalian faunas: body-size structure Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 115: 287-317. DOI: 10.1016/0031-0182(94)00116-P  1
1995 Gunnell GF, Morgan ME, Maas MC, Gingerich PD. Comparative paleoecology of Paleogene and Neogene mammalian faunas: Trophic structure and composition Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 115: 265-286. DOI: 10.1016/0031-0182(94)00115-O  1
1995 Gingerich PD, Gunnell GF. Rates of evolution in Paleocene-Eocene mammals of the Clarks Fork Basin, Wyoming, and a comparison with Neoghene Siwalik lineages of Pakistan Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 115: 227-247. DOI: 10.1016/0031-0182(94)00113-M  1
1995 Maas MC, Anthony MRL, Gingerich PD, Gunnell GF, Krause DW. Mammalian generic diversity and turnover in the late Paleocene and early Eocene of the Bighorn and Crazy Mountains Basins, Wyoming and Montana (USA) Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 115: 181-207. DOI: 10.1016/0031-0182(94)00111-K  1
1995 Simons EL, Rasmussen DT, Gingerich PD. New cercamoniine adapid from Fayum, Egypt Journal of Human Evolution. 29: 577-589. DOI: 10.1006/jhev.1995.1076  1
1994 Clyde WC, Stamatakos J, Gingerich PD. Chronology of the Wasatchian land-mammal age (early Eocene): magnetostratigraphic results from the McCullough Peaks section, northern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming Journal of Geology. 102: 367-377.  0.76
1994 Clyde WC, Gingerich PD. Rates of evolution in the dentition of early Eocene Cantius: Comparison of size and shape Paleobiology. 20: 506-522.  0.76
1992 Koch PL, Zachos JC, Gingerich PD. Correlation between isotope records in marine and continental carbon reservoirs near the Palaeocene/Eocene boundary Nature. 358: 319-322.  1
1991 Gingerich PD, Dashzeveg D, Russell DE. Dentition and systematic relationships of Altanius orlovi (Mammalia, Primates) from the early Eocene of Mongolia Geobios. 24: 637-646. DOI: 10.1016/0016-6995(91)80029-Y  1
1990 Gingerich PD, Smith BH, Simons EL. Hind limbs of eocene basilosaurus: evidence of feet in whales. Science (New York, N.Y.). 249: 154-7. PMID 17836967 DOI: 10.1126/science.249.4965.154  1
1990 Rea DK, Zachos JC, Owen RM, Gingerich PD. Global change at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary: climatic and evolutionary consequences of tectonic events Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 79: 117-128. DOI: 10.1016/0031-0182(90)90108-J  1
1989 Thewissen JGM, Gingerich PD. Skull and endocranial cast of Eoryctes Melanus, a new palaeoryctid (Mammalia: Insectivora) from the early Eocene of western North America Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 9: 459-470. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.1989.10011778  1
1988 Badgley C, Gingerich PD. Sampling and faunal turnover in early Eocene mammals Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 63: 141-157. DOI: 10.1016/0031-0182(88)90094-6  0.52
1988 Russell DE, Galoyer A, Louis P, Gingerich PD. ( New Sparnacian vertebrates from the 'Conglomerat de Meudon' at Meudon, France). | Nouveaux vertebres sparnaciens du Conglomerat de Meudon a Meudon, France. Comptes Rendus - Academie Des Sciences, Serie Ii. 307: 429-433.  1
1987 Butler RF, Krause DW, Gingerich PD. Magnetic polarity stratigraphy and biostratigraphy of Middle-Late Paleocene continental deposits of south-central Montana ( USA). Journal of Geology. 95: 647-657.  0.68
1987 Russell DE, Gingerich PD. (New Eocene primates from Pakistan). | Nouveaux Primates de l'Eocene du Pakistan. Comptes Rendus - Academie Des Sciences, Serie Ii. 304: 209-214.  1
1985 Jenkins FA, Simons EL, McKenna MC, Gingerich PD. Princeton's Intellectual Trust. Science (New York, N.Y.). 229: 330. PMID 17795882 DOI: 10.1126/science.229.4711.330-a  1
1985 Jenkins FA, Simons EL, McKenna MC, Gingerich PD. Princeton's intellectual trust [2] Science. 229: 330.  1
1983 Gingerich PD, Wells NA, Russell DE, Shah SM. Origin of whales in epicontinental remnant seas: new evidence from the early eocene of pakistan. Science (New York, N.Y.). 220: 403-6. PMID 17831411 DOI: 10.1126/science.220.4595.403  1
1983 MacPhee RD, Cartmill M, Gingerich PD. New Palaeogene primate basicrania and the definition of the order Primates. Nature. 301: 509-11. PMID 6823328 DOI: 10.1038/301509a0  1
1982 Gingerich PD, Smith BH, Rosenberg K. Allometric scaling in the dentition of primates and prediction of body weight from tooth size in fossils. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 58: 81-100. PMID 7124918 DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.1330580110  0.52
1981 Gunnell GF, Gingerich PD. A new species of Niptomomys (Microsyopidae) from the early eocene of Wyoming. Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology. 36: 128-37. PMID 7338333  1
1980 Jungers WL, Gingerich PD. Supernumerary molars in Anthropoidea, Adapidae, and Archaeolemur: implications for primate dental homologies. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 52: 1-5. PMID 6768299 DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.1330520102  1
1979 Gingerich PD, Schoeninger MJ. Patterns of tooth size variability in the dentition of primates. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 51: 457-65. PMID 532829 DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.1330510318  1
1978 Cartmill M, Gingerich PD. An ethmoid exposure (os planum) in the orbit of Indri indri (Primates, Lemuriformes). American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 48: 535-8. PMID 418693 DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.1330480414  1
1977 Gingerich PD, Schoeninger M. The fossil record and primate phylogeny Journal of Human Evolution. 6: 483-505. DOI: 10.1016/S0047-2484(77)80059-6  1
1977 Gingerich PD, Rose KD. Preliminary report on the American Clark Fork mammal fauna, and its correlation with similar faunas in Europe and Asia Geobios. 10: 39-45. DOI: 10.1016/S0016-6995(77)80005-3  1
1973 Bown TM, Gingerich PD. The paleocene primate Plesiolestes and the origin of Microsyopidae. Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology. 19: 1-8. PMID 4718725  0.56
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