Isaac M. Held - Publications

Affiliations: 
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 
Area:
Atmospheric Science Physics

163 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Shen Z, Ming Y, Held IM. Using the fast impact of anthropogenic aerosols on regional land temperature to constrain aerosol forcing. Science Advances. 6: eabb5297. PMID 32821838 DOI: 10.1126/Sciadv.Abb5297  0.36
2020 Dunne JP, Horowitz LW, Adcroft AJ, Ginoux P, Held IM, John JG, Krasting JP, Malyshev S, Naik V, Paulot F, Shevliakova E, Stock CA, Zadeh N, Balaji V, Blanton C, et al. The GFDL Earth System Model version 4.1 (GFDL‐ESM 4.1): Overall coupled model description and simulation characteristics Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ms002015  0.76
2020 Hsieh T, Vecchi GA, Yang W, Held IM, Garner ST. Large-scale control on the frequency of tropical cyclones and seeds: a consistent relationship across a hierarchy of global atmospheric models Climate Dynamics. 1-20. DOI: 10.1007/S00382-020-05446-5  0.68
2016 Zhao M, Golaz JC, Held IM, Ramaswamy V, Lin SJ, Ming Y, Ginoux P, Wyman B, Donner LJ, Paynter D, Guo H. Uncertainty in model climate sensitivity traced to representations of cumulus precipitation microphysics Journal of Climate. 29: 543-560. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-15-0191.1  1
2016 Merlis TM, Zhou W, Held IM, Zhao M. Surface temperature dependence of tropical cyclone-permitting simulations in a spherical model with uniform thermal forcing Geophysical Research Letters. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl067730  1
2015 Hill SA, Ming Y, Held IM. Mechanisms of forced tropical meridional energy flux change Journal of Climate. 28: 1725-1742. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-14-00165.1  1
2015 Lutsko NJ, Held IM, Zurita-Gotor P. Applying the fluctuation-dissipation theorem to a two-layer model of quasigeostrophic turbulence Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 72: 3161-3177. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-D-14-0356.1  1
2015 Ballinger AP, Merlis TM, Held IM, Zhao M. The Sensitivity of Tropical Cyclone Activity to Off-Equatorial Thermal Forcing in Aquaplanet Simulations Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 72: 2286-2302. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-D-14-0284.1  1
2015 Jansen MF, Held IM, Adcroft A, Hallberg R. Energy budget-based backscatter in an eddy permitting primitive equation model Ocean Modelling. 94: 15-26. DOI: 10.1016/J.Ocemod.2015.07.015  1
2015 Jansen MF, Adcroft AJ, Hallberg R, Held IM. Parameterization of eddy fluxes based on a mesoscale energy budget Ocean Modelling. 92: 28-41. DOI: 10.1016/J.Ocemod.2015.05.007  1
2015 Zurita-Gotor P, Held IM, Jansen MF. Kinetic energy-conserving hyperdiffusion can improve low resolution atmospheric models Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 7: 1117-1135. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ms000480  1
2015 Fueglistaler S, Radley C, Held IM. The distribution of precipitation and the spread in tropical upper tropospheric temperature trends in CMIP5/AMIP simulations Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 6000-6007. DOI: 10.1002/2015Gl064966  1
2014 Wallace JM, Held IM, Thompson DW, Trenberth KE, Walsh JE. Global warming and winter weather. Science (New York, N.Y.). 343: 729-30. PMID 24531953 DOI: 10.1126/Science.343.6172.729  1
2014 Merlis TM, Held IM, Stenchikov GL, Zeng F, Horowitz LW. Constraining transient climate sensitivity using coupled climate model simulations of volcanic eruptions Journal of Climate. 27: 7781-7795. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-14-00214.1  1
2014 Zhou W, Held IM, Garner ST. Parameter study of tropical cyclones in rotating radiative-convective equilibrium with column physics and resolution of a 25-km GCM Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 71: 1058-1069. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-D-13-0190.1  1
2014 Jansen MF, Held IM. Parameterizing subgrid-scale eddy effects using energetically consistent backscatter Ocean Modelling. 80: 36-48. DOI: 10.1016/J.Ocemod.2014.06.002  1
2014 Kang SM, Held IM, Xie SP. Contrasting the tropical responses to zonally asymmetric extratropical and tropical thermal forcing Climate Dynamics. 42: 2033-2043. DOI: 10.1007/S00382-013-1863-0  1
2014 Flannaghan TJ, Fueglistaler S, Held IM, Po-Chedley S, Wyman B, Zhao M. Tropical temperature trends in Atmospheric General Circulation Model simulations and the impact of uncertainties in observed SSTs Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 119: 13327-13337. DOI: 10.1002/2014Jd022365  1
2013 Held IM. Climate science: The cause of the pause. Nature. 501: 318-9. PMID 24048060 DOI: 10.1038/501318A  1
2013 Williamson DL, Blackburn M, Nakajima K, Ohfuchi W, Takahashi YO, Hayashi YY, Nakamura H, Ishiwatari M, McGregor JL, Borth H, Wirth V, Frank H, Bechtold P, Wedi NP, Tomita H, ... ... Held IM, et al. The aqua-planet experiment (APE): Response to changed meridional SST profile Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. 91: 57-89. DOI: 10.2151/Jmsj.2013-A03  1
2013 Blackburn M, Williamson DL, Nakajima K, Ohfuchi W, Takahashi YO, Hayashi YY, Nakamura H, Ishiwatari M, McGregor JL, Borth H, Wirth V, Frank H, Bechtold P, Wedi NP, Tomita H, ... ... Held IM, et al. The aqua-planet experiment (APE): CONTROL SST simulation Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. 91: 17-56. DOI: 10.2151/Jmsj.2013-A02  1
2013 Knutson TR, Sirutis JJ, Vecchi GA, Garner S, Zhao M, Kim HS, Bender M, Tuleya RE, Held IM, Villarini G. Dynamical downscaling projections of twenty-first-century atlantic hurricane activity: CMIP3 and CMIP5 model-based scenarios Journal of Climate. 26: 6591-6617. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-12-00539.1  1
2013 Vecchi GA, Fueglistaler S, Held IM, Knutson TR, Zhao M. Impacts of atmospheric temperature trends on tropical cyclone activity Journal of Climate. 26: 3877-3891. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-12-00503.1  1
2013 Fan Y, Held IM, Lin SJ, Wang XL. Ocean warming effect on surface gravity wave climate change for the end of the twenty-first century Journal of Climate. 26: 6046-6066. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-12-00410.1  1
2013 Zhang R, Delworth TL, Dixon KW, Held IM, Ming Y, Msadek R, Rosati AJ, Vecchi GA, Sutton R, Hodson DLR, Robson J, Kushnir Y, Ting M, Marshall J. Have aerosols caused the observed atlantic multidecadal variability? Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 70: 1135-1144. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-D-12-0331.1  1
2013 Potter SF, Spengler T, Held IM. Reflection of barotropic rossby waves in sheared flow and validity of the WKB approximation Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 70: 2170-2178. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-D-12-0315.1  1
2013 Merlis TM, Zhao M, Held IM. The sensitivity of hurricane frequency to ITCZ changes and radiatively forced warming in aquaplanet simulations Geophysical Research Letters. 40: 4109-4114. DOI: 10.1002/Grl.50680  1
2012 Held IM, Shell KM. Using relative humidity as a state variable in climate feedback analysis Journal of Climate. 25: 2578-2582. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-11-00721.1  1
2012 Fan Y, Lin SJ, Held IM, Yu Z, Tolman HL. Global ocean surface wave simulation using a coupled atmosphere-wave model Journal of Climate. 25: 6233-6252. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-11-00621.1  1
2012 Zhao M, Held IM. Tc-permitting GCM simulations of hurricane frequency response to sea surface temperature anomalies projected for the late-twenty-first century Journal of Climate. 25: 2995-3009. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-11-00313.1  1
2012 Voigt A, Held IM, Marotzke J. Hadley cell dynamics in a virtually dry snowball Earth atmosphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 69: 116-128. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-D-11-083.1  1
2012 Muller CJ, Held IM. Detailed investigation of the self-aggregation of convection in cloud-resolving simulations Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 69: 2551-2565. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-D-11-0257.1  1
2012 Zhao M, Held IM, Lin SJ. Some counterintuitive dependencies of tropical cyclone frequency on parameters in a GCM Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 69: 2272-2283. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-D-11-0238.1  1
2012 Kang SM, Held IM. Tropical precipitation, SSTs and the surface energy budget: A zonally symmetric perspective Climate Dynamics. 38: 1917-1924. DOI: 10.1007/S00382-011-1048-7  1
2011 Hwang YT, Frierson DMW, Soden BJ, Held IM. Corrigendum Journal of Climate. 24: 1559-1560. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-16-0485.1  1
2011 Held IM, Zhao M. The response of tropical cyclone statistics to an increase in CO2 with fixed sea surface temperatures Journal of Climate. 24: 5353-5364. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-D-11-00050.1  1
2011 Donner LJ, Wyman BL, Hemler RS, Horowitz LW, Ming Y, Zhao M, Golaz JC, Ginoux P, Lin SJ, Schwarzkopf MD, Austin J, Alaka G, Cooke WF, Delworth TL, Freidenreich SM, ... ... Held IM, et al. The dynamical core, physical parameterizations, and basic simulation characteristics of the atmospheric component AM3 of the GFDL global coupled model CM3 Journal of Climate. 24: 3484-3519. DOI: 10.1175/2011Jcli3955.1  1
2011 Galbraith ED, Kwon EY, Gnanadesikan A, Rodgers KB, Griffies SM, Bianchi D, Sarmiento JL, Dunne JP, Simeon J, Slater RD, Wittenberg AT, Held IM. Climate variability and radiocarbon in the CM2Mc earth system model Journal of Climate. 24: 4230-4254. DOI: 10.1175/2011Jcli3919.1  1
2011 Vecchi GA, Zhao M, Wang H, Villarini G, Rosati A, Kumar A, Held IM, Gudgel R. Statistical-dynamical predictions of seasonal North Atlantic hurricane activity Monthly Weather Review. 139: 1070-1082. DOI: 10.1175/2010Mwr3499.1  1
2011 Fang Y, Fiore AM, Horowitz LW, Gnanadesikan A, Held I, Chen G, Vecchi G, Levy H. The impacts of changing transport and precipitation on pollutant distributions in a future climate Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 116. DOI: 10.1029/2011Jd015642  1
2010 Bender MA, Knutson TR, Tuleya RE, Sirutis JJ, Vecchi GA, Garner ST, Held IM. Modeled impact of anthropogenic warming on the frequency of intense Atlantic hurricanes. Science (New York, N.Y.). 327: 454-8. PMID 20093471 DOI: 10.1126/Science.1180568  1
2010 Zhao M, Held IM, Vecchi GA. Retrospective forecasts of the hurricane season using a global atmospheric model assuming persistence of SST anomalies Monthly Weather Review. 138: 3858-3868. DOI: 10.1175/2010Mwr3366.1  1
2010 Zhao M, Held IM. An analysis of the effect of global warming on the intensity of atlantic hurricanes using a GCM with statistical refinement Journal of Climate. 23: 6382-6393. DOI: 10.1175/2010Jcli3837.1  1
2010 Held IM, Winton M, Takahashi K, Delworth T, Zeng F, Vallis GK. Probing the fast and slow components of global warming by returning abruptly to preindustrial forcing Journal of Climate. 23: 2418-2427. DOI: 10.1175/2009Jcli3466.1  1
2010 Winton M, Takahashi K, Held IM. Importance of Ocean Heat Uptake Efficacy to Transient Climate Change Journal of Climate. 23: 2333-2344. DOI: 10.1175/2009Jcli3139.1  1
2010 Zhang R, Kang SM, Held IM. Sensitivity of climate change induced by the weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to cloud feedback Journal of Climate. 23: 378-389. DOI: 10.1175/2009Jcli3118.1  1
2010 Knutson TR, McBride JL, Chan J, Emanuel K, Holland G, Landsea C, Held I, Kossin JP, Srivastava AK, Sugi M. Tropical cyclones and climate change Nature Geoscience. 3: 157-163. DOI: 10.1038/Ngeo779  1
2009 Zhao M, Held IM, Lin SJ, Vecchi GA. Simulations of global hurricane climatology, interannual variability, and response to global warming using a 50-km resolution GCM Journal of Climate. 22: 6653-6678. DOI: 10.1175/2009Jcli3049.1  1
2009 Garner ST, Held IM, Knutson T, Sirutis J. The roles of wind shear and thermal stratification in past and projected changes of Atlantic tropical cyclone activity Journal of Climate. 22: 4723-4734. DOI: 10.1175/2009Jcli2930.1  1
2009 Kang SM, Frierson DMW, Held IM. The tropical response to extratropical thermal forcing in an idealized GCM: The importance of radiative feedbacks and convective parameterization Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 66: 2812-2827. DOI: 10.1175/2009Jas2924.1  1
2008 Medeiros B, Stevens B, Held IM, Zhao M, Williamson DL, Olson JG, Bretherton CS. Aquaplanets, climate sensitivity, and low clouds Journal of Climate. 21: 4974-4991. DOI: 10.1175/2008Jcli1995.1  1
2008 Lee MI, Suarez MJ, Kang IS, Held IM, Kim D. A moist benchmark calculation for atmospheric general circulation models Journal of Climate. 21: 4934-4954. DOI: 10.1175/2008Jcli1891.1  1
2008 Kang SM, Held IM, Frierson DMW, Zhao M. The response of the ITCZ to extratropical thermal forcing: Idealized slab-ocean experiments with a GCM Journal of Climate. 21: 3521-3532. DOI: 10.1175/2007Jcli2146.1  1
2008 Soden BJ, Held IM, Colman RC, Shell KM, Kiehl JT, Shields CA. Quantifying climate feedbacks using radiative kernels Journal of Climate. 21: 3504-3520. DOI: 10.1175/2007Jcli2110.1  1
2008 Biasutti M, Held IM, Sobel AH, Giannini A. SST forcings and Sahel rainfall variability in simulations of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries Journal of Climate. 21: 3471-3486. DOI: 10.1175/2007Jcli1896.1  1
2008 Held IM, Zhao M. Horizontally homogeneous rotating radiative-convective equilibria at GCM resolution Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 65: 2003-2013. DOI: 10.1175/2007Jas2604.1  1
2008 Knutson T, Sirutis J, Garner S, Vecchi GA, Held IM. Erratum: Simulated reduction in Atlantic hurricane frequency under twenty-first-century warming conditions (Nature Geoscience (2008) 1 (359-364)) Nature Geoscience. 1. DOI: 10.1038/Ngeo229  0.4
2008 Knutson TR, Sirutis JJ, Garner ST, Vecchi GA, Held IM. Simulated reduction in Atlantic hurricane frequency under twenty-first-century warming conditions Nature Geoscience. 1: 359-364. DOI: 10.1038/Ngeo202  1
2008 Giannini A, Biasutti M, Held IM, Sobel AH. A global perspective on African climate Climatic Change. 90: 359-383. DOI: 10.1007/S10584-008-9396-Y  1
2007 Seager R, Ting M, Held I, Kushnir Y, Lu J, Vecchi G, Huang HP, Harnik N, Leetmaa A, Lau NC, Li C, Velez J, Naik N. Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America. Science (New York, N.Y.). 316: 1181-4. PMID 17412920 DOI: 10.1126/Science.1139601  1
2007 Lee MI, Schubert SD, Suarez MJ, Held IM, Lau NC, Ploshay JJ, Kumar A, Kim HK, Schemm JKE. An analysis of the warm-season diurnal cycle over the continental United States and northern Mexico in general circulation models Journal of Hydrometeorology. 8: 344-366. DOI: 10.1175/Jhm581.1  1
2007 Lee MI, Schubert SD, Suarez MJ, Held IM, kumar A, Bell TL, Schemm JKE, Lau NC, Ploshay JJ, Kim HK, Yoo SH. Sensitivity of horizontal resolution in the AGCM simulations of Warm season diurnal cycle of precipitation over the United States and Northern Mexico Journal of Climate. 20: 1862-1881. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli4090.1  1
2007 Chen G, Held IM, Robinson WA. Sensitivity of the latitude of the surface westerlies to surface friction Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 64: 2899-2915. DOI: 10.1175/Jas3995.1  1
2007 Garner ST, Frierson DMW, Held IM, Pauluis O, Vallis GK. Resolving convection in a global hypohydrostatic model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 64: 2061-2075. DOI: 10.1175/Jas3929.1  1
2007 Frierson DMW, Held IM, Zurita-Gotor P. A gray-radiation aquaplanet moist GCM. Part II: Energy transports in altered climates Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 64: 1680-1693. DOI: 10.1175/Jas3913.1  1
2007 Jiang X, Lau NC, Held IM, Ploshay JJ. Mechanisms of the Great Plains low-level jet as simulated in an AGCM Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 64: 532-547. DOI: 10.1175/Jas3847.1  1
2007 Held IM, Zhao M, Wyman B. Dynamic radiative-convective equilibria using GCM column physics Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 64: 228-238. DOI: 10.1175/Jas3825.11  1
2007 Knutson TR, Sirutis JJ, Garner ST, Held IM, Tuleya RE. Simulation of the recent multidecadal increase of Atlantic hurricane activity using an 18-km-grid regional model Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 88: 1549-1565. DOI: 10.1175/Bams-88-10-1549  1
2007 Chen G, Held IM. Phase speed spectra and the recent poleward shift of Southern Hemisphere surface westerlies Geophysical Research Letters. 34. DOI: 10.1029/2007Gl031200  1
2007 Zhang R, Delworth TL, Held IM. Can the Atlantic Ocean drive the observed multidecadal variability in Northern Hemisphere mean temperature? Geophysical Research Letters. 34. DOI: 10.1029/2006Gl028683  1
2007 Biasutti M, Giannini A, Sobel AH, Held IM, Chiang JCH. Sahel climate change Eos. 88: 295.  1
2006 Vecchi GA, Soden BJ, Wittenberg AT, Held IM, Leetmaa A, Harrison MJ. Weakening of tropical Pacific atmospheric circulation due to anthropogenic forcing. Nature. 441: 73-6. PMID 16672967 DOI: 10.1038/Nature04744  1
2006 Held IM, Soden BJ. Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming Journal of Climate. 19: 5686-5699. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli3990.1  1
2006 Sun DZ, Zhang T, Covey C, Klein SA, Collins WD, Hack JJ, Kiehl JT, Meehl GA, Held IM, Suarez M. Radiative and dynamical feedbacks over the equatorial cold tongue: Results from nine atmospheric GCMs Journal of Climate. 19: 4059-4074. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli3835.1  1
2006 Soden BJ, Held IM. An assessment of climate feedbacks in coupled ocean-atmosphere models Journal of Climate. 19: 3354-3360. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli3799.1  1
2006 Knutson TR, Delworth TL, Dixon KW, Held IM, Lu J, Ramaswamy V, Schwarzkopf MD, Stenchikov G, Stouffer RJ. Assessment of twentieth-century regional surface temperature trends using the GFDL CM2 coupled models Journal of Climate. 19: 1624-1651. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli3709.1  1
2006 Stouffer RJ, Broccoli AJ, Delworth TL, Dixon KW, Gudgel R, Held I, Hemler R, Knutson T, Lee HC, Schwarzkopf MD, Soden B, Spelman MJ, Winton M, Zeng F. GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models. Part IV: Idealized climate response Journal of Climate. 19: 723-740. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli3632.1  1
2006 Gnanadesikan A, Dixon KW, Griffies SM, Balaji V, Barreiro M, Beesley JA, Cooke WF, Delworth TL, Gerdes R, Harrison MJ, Held IM, Hurlin WJ, Lee HC, Liang Z, Nong G, et al. GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models. Part II: The baseline ocean simulation Journal of Climate. 19: 675-697. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3630.1  1
2006 Delworth TL, Broccoli AJ, Rosati A, Stouffer RJ, Balaji V, Beesley JA, Cooke WF, Dixon KW, Dunne J, Dunne KA, Durachta JW, Findell KL, Ginoux P, Gnanadesikan A, Gordon CT, ... ... Held IM, et al. GFDL's CM2 global coupled climate models. Part I: Formulation and simulation characteristics Journal of Climate. 19: 643-674. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli3629.1  1
2006 Frierson DMW, Held IM, Zurita-Gotor P. A gray-radiation aquaplanet moist GCM. Part I: Static stability and eddy scale Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 63: 2548-2566. DOI: 10.1175/Jas3753.1  1
2006 Wyant MC, Bretherton CS, Bacmeister JT, Kiehl JT, Held IM, Zhao M, Klein SA, Soden BJ. A comparison of low-latitude cloud properties and their response to climate change in three AGCMs sorted into regimes using mid-tropospheric vertical velocity Climate Dynamics. 27: 261-279. DOI: 10.1007/S00382-006-0138-4  1
2006 Pauluis O, Frierson DMW, Garner ST, Held IM, Vallis GK. The hypohydrostatic rescaling and its impacts on modeling of atmospheric convection Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics. 20: 485-499. DOI: 10.1007/S00162-006-0026-X  1
2005 Held IM, Delworth TL, Lu J, Findell KL, Knutson TR. Simulation of Sahel drought in the 20th and 21st centuries Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 102: 17891-17896. PMID 16322101 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.0509057102  1
2005 Galewsky J, Sobel A, Held I. Diagnosis of subtropical humidity dynamics using tracers of last saturation Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 62: 3353-3367. DOI: 10.1175/Jas3533.1  1
2005 Held IM. The gap between simulation and understanding in climate modeling Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 86: 1609-1614. DOI: 10.1175/Bams-86-11-1609  1
2005 Tian B, Held IM, Lau NC, Soden BJ. Diurnal cycle of summertime deep convection over North America: A satellite perspective Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres. 110: 1-10. DOI: 10.1029/2004Jd005275  1
2004 Anderson JL, Balaji V, Broccoli AJ, Cooke WF, Delworth TL, Dixon KW, Donner LJ, Dunne KA, Freidenreich SM, Garner ST, Gudgel RG, Gordon CT, Held IM, Hemler RS, Horowitz LW, et al. The new GFDL global atmosphere and land model AM2-LM2: Evaluation with prescribed SST simulations Journal of Climate. 17: 4641-4673. DOI: 10.1175/Jcli-3223.1  1
2004 Shell KM, Held IM. Abrupt transition to strong superrotation in an axisymmetric model of the upper troposphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 61: 2928-2935. DOI: 10.1175/Jas-3312.1  1
2004 Lapeyre G, Held IM. The role of moisture in the dynamics and energetics of turbulent baroclinic eddies Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 61: 1693-1710. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2004)061<1693:Tromit>2.0.Co;2  1
2004 Grianik N, Held IM, Smith KS, Vallis GK. The effects of quadratic drag on the inverse cascade of two-dimensional turbulence Physics of Fluids. 16: 73-78. DOI: 10.1063/1.1630054  1
2004 Shell KM, Held IM. Abrupt transition to strong superrotation Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 85: 1474-1475.  1
2003 Schneider T, Held IM, Garner ST. Boundary Effects in Potential Vorticity Dynamics Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 60: 1024-1040. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2003)60<1024:Beipvd>2.0.Co;2  0.96
2003 Schneider T, Held IM, Garner ST. Boundary effects in potential vorticity dynamics Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 60: 1024-1040. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2003)60<1024:BEIPVD>2.0.CO;2  1
2003 Lapeyre G, Held IM. Diffusivity, kinetic energy dissipation, and closure theories for the poleward eddy heat flux Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 60: 2907-2916. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2003)060<2907:Dkedac>2.0.Co;2  1
2002 Pauluis O, Held IM. Entropy budget of an atmosphere in radiative-convective equilibrium. Part II: Latent heat transport and moist processes Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 59: 140-149. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<0140:Eboaai>2.0.Co;2  1
2002 Pauluis O, Held IM. Entropy budget of an atmosphere in radiative-convective equilibrium. Part I: Maximum work and frictional dissipation Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 59: 125-139. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<0125:Eboaai>2.0.Co;2  1
2002 Sobel AH, Held IM, Bretherton CS. The ENSO signal in tropical tropospheric temperature Journal of Climate. 15: 2702-2706. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<2702:Tesitt>2.0.Co;2  1
2002 Held IM, Ting M, Wang H. Northern winter stationary waves: Theory and modeling Journal of Climate. 15: 2125-2144. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<2125:Nwswta>2.0.Co;2  1
2002 Smith KS, Boccaletti G, Henning CC, Marinov I, Tam CY, Held IM, Vallis GK. Turbulent diffusion in the geostrophic inverse cascade Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 469: 13-48. DOI: 10.1017/S0022112002001763  1
2001 Held IM. The partitioning of the poleward energy transport between the tropical ocean and atmosphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 58: 943-948. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2001)058<0943:Tpotpe>2.0.Co;2  1
2001 Schneider T, Held IM. Discriminants of Twentieth-Century Changes in Earth Surface Temperatures Journal of Climate. 14: 249-254. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<0249:Ldotcc>2.0.Co;2  0.96
2001 Kushner PJ, Held IM, Delworth TL. Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation response to global warming Journal of Climate. 14: 2238-2249. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<0001:Shacrt>2.0.Co;2  1
2001 Schneider T, Held IM. Discriminants of twentieth-century changes in earth surface temperatures Journal of Climate. 14: 249-254.  1
2000 Pauluis O, Balaji V, Held IM. Frictional dissipation in a precipitating atmosphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 57: 989-994. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0989:Fdiapa>2.0.Co;2  1
2000 Held IM, Soden BJ. Water vapor feedback and global warming Annual Review of Energy and the Environment. 25: 441-475. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.energy.25.1.441  1
1999 Held IM. The macroturbulence of the troposphere Tellus, Series a: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography. 51: 59-70. DOI: 10.3402/Tellusb.V51I1.16260  1
1999 Zhang Y, Held IM. A linear stochastic model of a GCM's midlatitude storm tracks Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 56: 3416-3435. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<3416:Alsmoa>2.0.Co;2  1
1999 Held IM, Schneider T. The Surface Branch of the Zonally Averaged Mass Transport Circulation in the Troposphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 56: 1688-1697. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<1688:Tsbotz>2.0.Co;2  0.96
1999 Kushner PJ, Held IM. Potential vorticity thickness fluxes and wave-mean flow interaction Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 56: 948-958. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1999)056<0948:Pvtfaw>2.0.Co;2  1
1999 Held IM, Schneider T. The surface branch of the zonally averaged mass transport circulation in the troposphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 56: 1688-1697.  1
1998 Kushner PJ, Held IM. A test, using atmospheric data, of a method for estimating oceanic eddy diffusivity Geophysical Research Letters. 25: 4213-4216. DOI: 10.1029/1998Gl900142  1
1997 Treguier AM, Held IM, Larichev VD. Parameterization of quasigeostrophic eddies in primitive equation ocean models Journal of Physical Oceanography. 27: 567-580. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0485(1997)027<0567:Poqeip>2.0.Co;2  1
1997 Swanson KL, Kushner PJ, Held IM. Dynamics of barotropic storm tracks Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 54: 791-810. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1997)054<0791:Dobst>2.0.Co;2  1
1996 Pavan V, Held IM. The diffusive approximation for eddy fluxes in baroclinically unstable jets Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 53: 1262-1272. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<1262:Tdafef>2.0.Co;2  1
1996 Held IM, Larichev VD. A scaling theory for horizontally homogeneous, baroclinically unstable flow on a beta plane Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 53: 946-963. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<0946:Astfhh>2.0.Co;2  1
1996 Kushnir Y, Held IM. Equilibrium atmospheric response to north Atlantic SST anomalies Journal of Climate. 9: 1208-1220. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1208:Eartna>2.0.Co;2  1
1996 Sun DZ, Held IM. A comparison of modeled and observed relationships between interannual variations of water vapor and temperature Journal of Climate. 9: 665-675. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<0665:Acomao>2.0.Co;2  1
1995 Larichev VD, Held IM. Eddy amplitudes and fluxes in a homogeneous model of fully developed baroclinic instability Journal of Physical Oceanography. 25: 2285-2297. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0485(1995)025<2285:Eaafia>2.0.Co;2  1
1995 Held IM, Pierrehumbert RT, Garner ST, Swanson KL. Surface quasi-geostrophic dynamics Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 282: 1-20. DOI: 10.1017/S0022112095000012  1
1994 Held IM, Suarez MJ. A proposal for the intercomparison of the dynamical cores of atmospheric general circulation models Bulletin - American Meteorological Society. 75: 1825-1830. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477(1994)075<1825:Apftio>2.0.Co;2  1
1994 Phillipps PJ, Held IM. The response to orbital perturbations in an atmospheric model coupled to a slab ocean Journal of Climate. 7: 767-782. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(1994)007<0767:Trtopi>2.0.Co;2  1
1994 Pierrehumbert RT, Held IM, Swanson KL. Spectra of local and nonlocal two-dimensional turbulence Chaos, Solitons and Fractals. 4: 1111-1116. DOI: 10.1016/0960-0779(94)90140-6  1
1993 Held IM. Large-scale dynamics and global warming Bulletin - American Meteorological Society. 74: 228-241. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477(1993)074<0228:Lsdagw>2.0.Co;2  1
1993 Held IM, Hemler RS, Ramaswamy V. Radiative-convective equilibrium with explicit two-dimensional moist convection Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 50: 3909-3927. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<3909:Rcewet>2.0.Co;2  1
1993 Lee S, Held IM. Baroclinic wave packets in models and observations Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 50: 1413-1428. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<1413:Bwpima>2.0.Co;2  0.96
1993 Stephenson DB, Held IM. GCM response of northern winter stationary waves and storm tracks to increasing amounts of carbon dioxide Journal of Climate. 6: 1859-1870. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<1859:Gronws>2.0.Co;2  1
1993 Held IM, Phillipps PJ. Sensitivity of the eddy momentum flux to meridional resolution in atmospheric GCMs Journal of Climate. 6: 499-507. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0442(1993)006<0499:Sotemf>2.0.Co;2  1
1993 Sukyoung Lee, Held IM. Baroclinic wave packets in models and observations Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 50: 1413-1428.  1
1992 Garner ST, Nakamura N, Held IM. Nonlinear Equilibration of Two-Dimensional Eady Waves: A New Perspective Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 49: 1984-1996. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1992)049<1984:Neotde>2.0.Co;2  0.68
1992 Held IM, O'Brien E. Quasigeostrophic turbulence in a three-layer model: effects of vertical structure in the mean shear Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 49: 1861-1870. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1992)049<1861:Qtiatl>2.0.Co;2  1
1992 Cook KH, Held IM. The stationary response to large-scale orography in a general circulation model and a linear model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 49: 525-539. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1992)049<0525:Tsrtls>2.0.Co;2  1
1992 Garner ST, Nakamura N, Held IM. Nonlinear equilibration of two-dimensional Eady waves: a new perspective Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 49: 1984-1996.  1
1991 Lee S, Held IM. Subcritical Instability and Hysteresis in a Two-Layer Model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 48: 1071-1077. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1991)048<1071:Siahia>2.0.Co;2  0.96
1991 Randel WJ, Held IM. Phase speed spectra of transient eddy fluxes and critical layer absorption Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 48: 688-697. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1991)048<0688:Pssote>2.0.Co;2  1
1991 Sukyoung Lee, Held IM. Subcritical instability and hysteresis in a two-layer model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 48: 1071-1077.  1
1990 Mingfang Ting, Held IM. The stationary wave response to a tropical SST anomaly in an idealized GCM Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 47: 2546-2566. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1990)047<2546:Tswrta>2.0.Co;2  1
1990 Held IM, Phillips PJ. A barotropic model of the interaction between the Hadley cell and a Rossby wave Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 47: 856-869. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1990)047<0856:Abmoti>2.0.Co;2  1
1990 Fyfe J, Held IM. The two-fifths and one-fifth rules for Rossby wave breaking in the WKB limit Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 47: 697-706. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1990)047<0697:Ttfaof>2.0.Co;2  1
1990 Held IM, Mingfang Ting. Orographic versus thermal forcing of stationary waves: the importance of the mean low-level wind Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 47: 495-500. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1990)047<0495:Ovtfos>2.0.Co;2  1
1989 Feldstein SB, Held IM. Barotropic decay of baroclinic waves in a two-layer beta-plane model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 46: 3416-3430. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1989)046<3416:Bdobwi>2.0.Co;2  1
1989 Nakamura N, Held IM. Nonlinear equilibration of two-dimensional Eady waves Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 46: 3055-3064.  1
1989 Held IM, Lyons SW, Nigam S. Transients and the extratropical response to El Nino Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 46: 163-174.  1
1988 Ngar-Cheung Lau, Held IM, Neelin JD. The Madden-Julian oscillation in an idealized general circulation model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 45: 3810-3832. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1988)045<3810:Tmjoia>2.0.Co;2  1
1988 Panetta RL, Held IM. Baroclinic eddy fluxes in a one-dimensional model of quasi- geostrophic turbulence Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 45: 3354-3365. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1988)045<3354:Befiao>2.0.Co;2  1
1988 Nigam S, Held IM, Lyons SW. Linear simulation of the stationary eddies in a GCM. Part II: the "mountain' model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 45: 1433-1452.  1
1987 Neelin JD, Held IM. Modeling tropical convergence based on the moist static energy budget Monthly Weather Review. 115: 3-12. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0493(1987)115<0003:Mtcbot>2.0.Co;2  1
1987 Held IM, Kang IS. Barotropic models of the extratropical response to El Nino Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 44: 3576-3586. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1987)044<3576:Bmoter>2.0.Co;2  1
1987 Held IM, Phillips PJ. Linear and nonlinear barotropic decay on the sphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 44: 200-207. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1987)044<0200:Lanbdo>2.0.Co;2  1
1986 Kang IS, Held IM. Linear and nonlinear diagnostic models of stationary eddies in the upper troposphere during northern summer Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 43: 3045-3057. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1986)043<3045:Landmo>2.0.Co;2  1
1986 Nigam S, Held IM, Lyons SW. Linear simulation of the stationary eddies in a general circulation model. Part I: the no- mountain model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 43: 2944-2961.  1
1985 Held IM. Pseudomomentum and the orthogonality of modes in shear flows Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 42: 2280-2288. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1985)042<2280:Patoom>2.0.Co;2  1
1985 Held IM, Panetta PL, Pierrehumbert RT. Stationary external Rossby waves in vertical shear Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 42: 865-883. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1985)042<0865:Serwiv>2.0.Co;2  1
1985 Held IM, Hoskins BJ. Large-Scale Eddies and the General Circulation of the Troposphere Advances in Geophysics. 28: 3-31. DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2687(08)60218-6  1
1984 Sardeshmukh PD, Held IM. The vorticity balance in the tropical upper troposphere of a general circulation model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 41: 768-778. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1984)041<0768:Tvbitt>2.0.Co;2  1
1983 Held IM, Andrews DG. On the direction of the eddy momentum flux in baroclinic instability Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 40: 2220-2231. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1983)040<2220:Otdote>2.0.Co;2  1
1983 Nigam S, Held IM. The influence of a critical latitude on topographically forced stationary waves in a barotropic model Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 40: 2610-2622.  1
1982 Held IM. Climate models and the astronomical theory of the ice ages Icarus. 50: 449-461. DOI: 10.1016/0019-1035(82)90135-X  1
1982 Held IM. On the height of the tropopause and the static stability of the troposphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 39: 412-417.  1
1981 Held IM, Linder DI, Suarez MJ. Albedo feedback, the meridional structure of the effective heat diffusivity, and climatic sensitivity: results from dynamic and diffusive models Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 38: 1911-1927. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1981)038<1911:Aftmso>2.0.Co;2  1
1980 Held IM, Hou AY. Nonlinear axially symmetric circulations in a nearly inviscid atmosphere Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 37: 515-533. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<0515:Nascia>2.0.Co;2  1
1979 Suarez MJ, Held IM. The sensitivity of an energy balance climate model to variations in the orbital parameters Journal of Geophysical Research. 84: 4285-4836. DOI: 10.1029/Jc084Ic08P04825  1
1976 Suarez MJ, Held IM. Modelling climatic response to orbital parameter variations Nature. 263: 46-47. DOI: 10.1038/263046A0  1
1974 Held IM, Suarez MJ. Simple albedo feedback models of the icecaps Tellus A. 26: 613-629. DOI: 10.1111/J.2153-3490.1974.Tb01641.X  0.48
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