Philip S. Stewart - Publications

Affiliations: 
Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 
Area:
Chemical Engineering, Microbiology Biology

153 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2019 Godoy-Santos F, Pitts B, Stewart PS, Mantovani HC. Nisin penetration and efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus biofilms under continuous-flow conditions. Microbiology (Reading, England). PMID 31088602 DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.000804  0.4
2019 Ferrer-Espada R, Shahrour H, Pitts B, Stewart PS, Sánchez-Gómez S, Martínez-de-Tejada G. A permeability-increasing drug synergizes with bacterial efflux pump inhibitors and restores susceptibility to antibiotics in multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains. Scientific Reports. 9: 3452. PMID 30837499 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-39659-4  0.4
2018 Parker AE, Pitts B, Lorenz L, Stewart PS. Polynomial accelerated solutions to a LARGE Gaussian model for imaging biofilms: in theory and finite precision. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 113: 1431-1442. PMID 30906085 DOI: 10.1080/01621459.2017.1409121  0.4
2017 Ausbacher D, Lorenz L, Pitts B, Stewart PS, Goeres DM. Paired methods to measure biofilm killing and removal: a case study with Penicillin G treatment of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm. Letters in Applied Microbiology. PMID 29288553 DOI: 10.1111/lam.12843  0.4
2016 Stewart PS, Zhang T, Xu R, Pitts B, Walters MC, Roe F, Kikhney J, Moter A. Reaction-diffusion theory explains hypoxia and heterogeneous growth within microbial biofilms associated with chronic infections. Npj Biofilms and Microbiomes. 2: 16012. PMID 28721248 DOI: 10.1038/npjbiofilms.2016.12  0.4
2016 Pabst B, Pitts B, Lauchnor E, Stewart PS. Gel-entrapped Staphylococcus aureus as Models of Biofilm Infection Exhibit Growth in Dense Aggregates, Oxygen Limitation, Antibiotic Tolerance, and Heterogeneous Gene Expression. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. PMID 27503656 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.01336-16  0.4
2015 Villa F, Pitts B, Lauchnor E, Cappitelli F, Stewart PS. Development of a Laboratory Model of a Phototroph-Heterotroph Mixed-Species Biofilm at the Stone/Air Interface. Frontiers in Microbiology. 6: 1251. PMID 26635736 DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01251  0.4
2015 Stewart PS. Prospects for Anti-Biofilm Pharmaceuticals. Pharmaceuticals (Basel, Switzerland). 8: 504-11. PMID 26343685 DOI: 10.3390/ph8030504  1
2015 Stewart PS. Antimicrobial Tolerance in Biofilms. Microbiology Spectrum. 3. PMID 26185072 DOI: 10.1128/microbiolspec.MB-0010-2014  1
2015 Sánchez-Gómez S, Ferrer-Espada R, Stewart PS, Pitts B, Lohner K, Martínez de Tejada G. Antimicrobial activity of synthetic cationic peptides and lipopeptides derived from human lactoferricin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa planktonic cultures and biofilms. Bmc Microbiology. 15: 137. PMID 26149536 DOI: 10.1186/s12866-015-0473-x  1
2015 Stewart PS, Franklin MJ, Williamson KS, Folsom JP, Boegli L, James GA. Contribution of Stress Responses to Antibiotic Tolerance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 59: 3838-47. PMID 25870065 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00433-15  1
2015 Aristotelous AC, Klapper I, Grabovsky Y, Pabst B, Pitts B, Stewart PS. Diffusive transport through a model host-biofilm system Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 92. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.92.022703  0.4
2014 Stewart PS. Biophysics of biofilm infection. Pathogens and Disease. 70: 212-8. PMID 24376149 DOI: 10.1111/2049-632X.12118  1
2013 Zhang T, Pabst B, Klapper I, Stewart PS. General theory for integrated analysis of growth, gene, and protein expression in biofilms. Plos One. 8: e83626. PMID 24376726 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083626  1
2013 Nagant C, Pitts B, Stewart PS, Feng Y, Savage PB, Dehaye JP. Study of the effect of antimicrobial peptide mimic, CSA-13, on an established biofilm formed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Microbiologyopen. 2: 318-25. PMID 23436807 DOI: 10.1002/mbo3.77  1
2013 Sandvik EL, McLeod BR, Parker AE, Stewart PS. Direct electric current treatment under physiologic saline conditions kills Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms via electrolytic generation of hypochlorous acid. Plos One. 8: e55118. PMID 23390518 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055118  1
2012 Nagant C, Pitts B, Nazmi K, Vandenbranden M, Bolscher JG, Stewart PS, Dehaye JP. Identification of peptides derived from the human antimicrobial peptide LL-37 active against biofilms formed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa using a library of truncated fragments. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 56: 5698-708. PMID 22908164 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00918-12  1
2012 Secor PR, Jennings LK, James GA, Kirker KR, Pulcini ED, McInnerney K, Gerlach R, Livinghouse T, Hilmer JK, Bothner B, Fleckman P, Olerud JE, Stewart PS. Phevalin (aureusimine B) production by Staphylococcus aureus biofilm and impacts on human keratinocyte gene expression. Plos One. 7: e40973. PMID 22808288 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040973  1
2012 Zhao G, Usui ML, Underwood RA, Singh PK, James GA, Stewart PS, Fleckman P, Olerud JE. Time course study of delayed wound healing in a biofilm-challenged diabetic mouse model. Wound Repair and Regeneration : Official Publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society. 20: 342-52. PMID 22564229 DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2012.00793.x  1
2012 Woods J, Boegli L, Kirker KR, Agostinho AM, Durch AM, deLancey Pulcini E, Stewart PS, James GA. Development and application of a polymicrobial, in vitro, wound biofilm model Journal of Applied Microbiology. 112: 998-1006. PMID 22353049 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2012.05264.x  1
2012 Stewart PS. Mini-review: convection around biofilms. Biofouling. 28: 187-98. PMID 22352315 DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2012.662641  1
2012 Williamson KS, Richards LA, Perez-Osorio AC, Pitts B, McInnerney K, Stewart PS, Franklin MJ. Heterogeneity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms includes expression of ribosome hibernation factors in the antibiotic-tolerant subpopulation and hypoxia-induced stress response in the metabolically active population. Journal of Bacteriology. 194: 2062-73. PMID 22343293 DOI: 10.1128/JB.00022-12  1
2012 Kirker KR, James GA, Fleckman P, Olerud JE, Stewart PS. Differential effects of planktonic and biofilm MRSA on human fibroblasts. Wound Repair and Regeneration : Official Publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society. 20: 253-61. PMID 22332802 DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2012.00769.x  1
2011 Han A, Zenilman JM, Melendez JH, Shirtliff ME, Agostinho A, James G, Stewart PS, Mongodin EF, Rao D, Rickard AH, Lazarus GS. The importance of a multifaceted approach to characterizing the microbial flora of chronic wounds. Wound Repair and Regeneration : Official Publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society. 19: 532-41. PMID 22092791 DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2011.00720.x  1
2011 Agostinho AM, Hartman A, Lipp C, Parker AE, Stewart PS, James GA. An in vitro model for the growth and analysis of chronic wound MRSA biofilms. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 111: 1275-82. PMID 21883733 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2011.05138.x  1
2011 Folsom JP, Baker B, Stewart PS. In vitro efficacy of bismuth thiols against biofilms formed by bacteria isolated from human chronic wounds Journal of Applied Microbiology. 111: 989-996. PMID 21794034 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2011.05110.x  1
2011 Brindle ER, Miller DA, Stewart PS. Hydrodynamic deformation and removal of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms treated with urea, chlorhexidine, iron chloride, or DispersinB. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 108: 2968-77. PMID 21732324 DOI: 10.1002/bit.23245  1
2011 Secor PR, James GA, Fleckman P, Olerud JE, McInnerney K, Stewart PS. Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm and Planktonic cultures differentially impact gene expression, mapk phosphorylation, and cytokine production in human keratinocytes. Bmc Microbiology. 11: 143. PMID 21693040 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-11-143  1
2011 Villa F, Pitts B, Stewart PS, Giussani B, Roncoroni S, Albanese D, Giordano C, Tunesi M, Cappitelli F. Efficacy of zosteric acid sodium salt on the yeast biofilm model Candida albicans. Microbial Ecology. 62: 584-98. PMID 21614460 DOI: 10.1007/s00248-011-9876-x  1
2011 Corbin A, Pitts B, Parker A, Stewart PS. Antimicrobial penetration and efficacy in an in vitro oral biofilm model. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 55: 3338-44. PMID 21537022 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00206-11  1
2011 Jones WL, Sutton MP, McKittrick L, Stewart PS. Chemical and antimicrobial treatments change the viscoelastic properties of bacterial biofilms. Biofouling. 27: 207-15. PMID 21279860 DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2011.554977  1
2011 Khan MM, Stewart PS, Moll DJ, Mickols WE, Nelson SE, Camper AK. Characterization and effect of biofouling on polyamide reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membrane surfaces. Biofouling. 27: 173-83. PMID 21253926 DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2010.551766  1
2010 Folsom JP, Richards L, Pitts B, Roe F, Ehrlich GD, Parker A, Mazurie A, Stewart PS. Physiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in biofilms as revealed by transcriptome analysis. Bmc Microbiology. 10: 294. PMID 21083928 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-10-294  1
2010 Wolcott RD, Rumbaugh KP, James G, Schultz G, Phillips P, Yang Q, Waiters C, Stewart PS, Dowd SE. Biofilm maturity studies indicate sharp debridement opens a timedependent therapeutic window Journal of Wound Care. 19: 320-328. PMID 20852503  1
2010 Cotter JJ, O'Gara JP, Stewart PS, Pitts B, Casey E. Characterization of a modified rotating disk reactor for the cultivation of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm Journal of Applied Microbiology. 109: 2105-2117. PMID 20846333 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2010.04842.x  1
2010 Zhao G, Hochwalt PC, Usui ML, Underwood RA, Singh PK, James GA, Stewart PS, Fleckman P, Olerud JE. Delayed wound healing in diabetic (db/db) mice with Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm challenge: a model for the study of chronic wounds. Wound Repair and Regeneration : Official Publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society. 18: 467-77. PMID 20731798 DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2010.00608.x  1
2010 Villa F, Albanese D, Giussani B, Stewart PS, Daffonchio D, Cappitelli F. Hindering biofilm formation with zosteric acid. Biofouling. 26: 739-52. PMID 20711895 DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2010.511197  1
2010 Zuroff TR, Bernstein H, Lloyd-Randolfi J, Jimenez-Taracido L, Stewart PS, Carlson RP. Robustness analysis of culturing perturbations on Escherichia coli colony biofilm beta-lactam and aminoglycoside antibiotic tolerance. Bmc Microbiology. 10: 185. PMID 20609240 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-10-185  1
2010 Davison WM, Pitts B, Stewart PS. Spatial and temporal patterns of biocide action against Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 54: 2920-7. PMID 20457816 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.01734-09  1
2009 Kirker KR, Secor PR, James GA, Fleckman P, Olerud JE, Stewart PS. Loss of viability and induction of apoptosis in human keratinocytes exposed to Staphylococcus aureus biofilms in vitro. Wound Repair and Regeneration : Official Publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society. 17: 690-9. PMID 19671124 DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2009.00523.x  1
2009 Goeres DM, Hamilton MA, Beck NA, Buckingham-Meyer K, Hilyard JD, Loetterle LR, Lorenz LA, Walker DK, Stewart PS. A method for growing a biofilm under low shear at the air-liquid interface using the drip flow biofilm reactor. Nature Protocols. 4: 783-8. PMID 19528953 DOI: 10.1038/nprot.2009.59  1
2009 Stewart PS, Davison WM, Steenbergen JN. Daptomycin rapidly penetrates a Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 53: 3505-7. PMID 19451285 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.01728-08  1
2009 Klayman BJ, Volden PA, Stewart PS, Camper AK. Escherichia coli O157:H7 requires colonizing partner to adhere and persist in a capillary flow cell. Environmental Science & Technology. 43: 2105-11. PMID 19368221 DOI: 10.1021/es802218q  1
2009 Arce FT, Carlson R, Monds J, Veeh R, Hu FZ, Stewart PS, Lal R, Ehrlich GD, Avci R. Nanoscale structural and mechanical properties of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae biofilms. Journal of Bacteriology. 191: 2512-20. PMID 19218382 DOI: 10.1128/JB.01596-08  1
2009 Hornemann JA, Codd SL, Fell RJ, Stewart PS, Seymour JD. Secondary flow mixing due to biofilm growth in capillaries of varying dimensions. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 103: 353-60. PMID 19191352 DOI: 10.1002/bit.22248  1
2009 Takenaka S, Pitts B, Trivedi HM, Stewart PS. Diffusion of macromolecules in model oral biofilms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 75: 1750-3. PMID 19168660 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02279-08  1
2009 Kim J, Hahn JS, Franklin MJ, Stewart PS, Yoon J. Tolerance of dormant and active cells in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01 biofilm to antimicrobial agents. The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 63: 129-35. PMID 19001451 DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkn462  1
2009 Ammons MCB, James GA, Stewart PS. Highlights from the Montana wound biofilm retreat Wound Repair and Regeneration. 17: 626-627. DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2009.00517.x  1
2008 Hornemann JA, Lysova AA, Codd SL, Seymour JD, Busse SC, Stewart PS, Brown JR. Biopolymer and water dynamics in microbial biofilm extracellular polymeric substance. Biomacromolecules. 9: 2322-8. PMID 18665639 DOI: 10.1021/bm800269h  1
2008 Carlson RP, Taffs R, Davison WM, Stewart PS. Anti-biofilm properties of chitosan-coated surfaces. Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition. 19: 1035-46. PMID 18644229 DOI: 10.1163/156856208784909372  1
2008 Klayman BJ, Klapper I, Stewart PS, Camper AK. Measurements of accumulation and displacement at the single cell cluster level in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Environmental Microbiology. 10: 2344-54. PMID 18557771 DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01660.x  1
2008 Lenz AP, Williamson KS, Pitts B, Stewart PS, Franklin MJ. Localized gene expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 74: 4463-71. PMID 18487401 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00710-08  1
2008 Stewart PS, Franklin MJ. Physiological heterogeneity in biofilms. Nature Reviews. Microbiology. 6: 199-210. PMID 18264116 DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro1838  1
2008 Takenaka S, Trivedi HM, Corbin A, Pitts B, Stewart PS. Direct visualization of spatial and temporal patterns of antimicrobial action within model oral biofilms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 74: 1869-75. PMID 18223108 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02218-07  1
2008 Kim J, Pitts B, Stewart PS, Camper A, Yoon J. Comparison of the antimicrobial effects of chlorine, silver ion, and tobramycin on biofilm. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 52: 1446-53. PMID 18195062 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00054-07  1
2008 James GA, Swogger E, Wolcott R, Pulcini Ed, Secor P, Sestrich J, Costerton JW, Stewart PS. Biofilms in chronic wounds. Wound Repair and Regeneration : Official Publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society. 16: 37-44. PMID 18086294 DOI: 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2007.00321.x  1
2007 Klapper I, Gilbert P, Ayati BP, Dockery J, Stewart PS. Senescence can explain microbial persistence Microbiology. 153: 3623-3630. PMID 17975070 DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.2007/006734-0  1
2007 Suci PA, Berglund DL, Liepold L, Brumfield S, Pitts B, Davison W, Oltrogge L, Hoyt KO, Codd S, Stewart PS, Young M, Douglas T. High-density targeting of a viral multifunctional nanoplatform to a pathogenic, biofilm-forming bacterium. Chemistry & Biology. 14: 387-98. PMID 17462574 DOI: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2007.02.006  1
2007 Stewart PS, Rani SA, Gjersing E, Codd SL, Zheng Z, Pitts B. Observations of cell cluster hollowing in Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms Letters in Applied Microbiology. 44: 454-457. PMID 17397487 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2007.02112.x  1
2007 Rani SA, Pitts B, Beyenal H, Veluchamy RA, Lewandowski Z, Davison WM, Buckingham-Meyer K, Stewart PS. Spatial patterns of DNA replication, protein synthesis, and oxygen concentration within bacterial biofilms reveal diverse physiological states. Journal of Bacteriology. 189: 4223-33. PMID 17337582 DOI: 10.1128/JB.00107-07  1
2007 Chambless JD, Stewart PS. A three-dimensional computer model analysis of three hypothetical biofilm detachment mechanisms. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 97: 1573-84. PMID 17274065 DOI: 10.1002/bit.21363  1
2007 Horswill AR, Stoodley P, Stewart PS, Parsek MR. The effect of the chemical, biological, and physical environment on quorum sensing in structured microbial communities. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 387: 371-80. PMID 17047948 DOI: 10.1007/s00216-006-0720-y  1
2006 Rabinovitch C, Stewart PS. Removal and inactivation of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms by electrolysis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 72: 6364-6. PMID 16957263 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00442-06  1
2006 Chambless JD, Hunt SM, Stewart PS. A three-dimensional computer model of four hypothetical mechanisms protecting biofilms from antimicrobials. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 72: 2005-13. PMID 16517649 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.72.3.2005-2013.2006  1
2006 Borriello G, Richards L, Ehrlich GD, Stewart PS. Arginine or nitrate enhances antibiotic susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in biofilms Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 50: 382-384. PMID 16377718 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.50.1.382-384.2006  1
2005 Xavier JB, Picioreanu C, Rani SA, van Loosdrecht MC, Stewart PS. Biofilm-control strategies based on enzymic disruption of the extracellular polymeric substance matrix--a modelling study. Microbiology (Reading, England). 151: 3817-32. PMID 16339929 DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.28165-0  1
2005 Stewart PS. Diffusion coefficient of fluoride in dental plaque. Journal of Dental Research. 84: 1087; author reply 1. PMID 16304436 DOI: 10.1177/154405910508401202  1
2005 O'Toole GA, Stewart PS. Biofilms strike back. Nature Biotechnology. 23: 1378-9. PMID 16273068 DOI: 10.1038/nbt1105-1378  1
2005 Norris P, Noble M, Francolini I, Vinogradov AM, Stewart PS, Ratner BD, Costerton JW, Stoodley P. Ultrasonically controlled release of ciprofloxacin from self-assembled coatings on poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) hydrogels for Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm prevention. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 49: 4272-9. PMID 16189108 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.49.10.4272-4279.2005  1
2005 Ehrlich GD, Stoodley P, Kathju S, Zhao Y, McLeod BR, Balaban N, Hu FZ, Sotereanos NG, Costerton JW, Stewart PS, Post JC, Lin Q. Engineering approaches for the detection and control of orthopaedic biofilm infections. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 59-66. PMID 16056027 DOI: 10.1097/01.blo.0000175125.60214.a4  1
2005 Szomolay B, Klapper I, Dockery J, Stewart PS. Adaptive responses to antimicrobial agents in biofilms. Environmental Microbiology. 7: 1186-91. PMID 16011755 DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00797.x  1
2005 Gjersing EL, Codd SL, Seymour JD, Stewart PS. Magnetic resonance microscopy analysis of advective transport in a biofilm reactor. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 89: 822-34. PMID 15696510 DOI: 10.1002/bit.20400  1
2005 Rani SA, Pitts B, Stewart PS. Rapid diffusion of fluorescent tracers into Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms visualized by time lapse microscopy. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 49: 728-32. PMID 15673757 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.49.2.728-732.2005  1
2005 Fux CA, Costerton JW, Stewart PS, Stoodley P. Survival strategies of infectious biofilms Trends in Microbiology. 13: 34-40. PMID 15639630 DOI: 10.1016/j.tim.2004.11.010  1
2005 Roberts ME, Stewart PS. Modelling protection from antimicrobial agents in biofilms through the formation of persister cells. Microbiology (Reading, England). 151: 75-80. PMID 15632427 DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.27385-0  1
2005 Hunt SM, Hamilton MA, Stewart PS. A 3D model of antimicrobial action on biofilms Water Science and Technology. 52: 143-148.  1
2004 Hunt SM, Werner EM, Huang B, Hamilton MA, Stewart PS. Hypothesis for the role of nutrient starvation in biofilm detachment. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 70: 7418-25. PMID 15574944 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.70.12.7418-7425.2004  1
2004 Werner E, Roe F, Bugnicourt A, Franklin MJ, Heydorn A, Molin S, Pitts B, Stewart PS. Stratified growth in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 70: 6188-96. PMID 15466566 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.70.10.6188-6196.2004  1
2004 Borriello G, Werner E, Roe F, Kim AM, Ehrlich GD, Stewart PS. Oxygen limitation contributes to antibiotic tolerance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in biofilms. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 48: 2659-64. PMID 15215123 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.48.7.2659-2664.2004  1
2004 Seymour JD, Codd SL, Gjersing EL, Stewart PS. Magnetic resonance microscopy of biofilm structure and impact on transport in a capillary bioreactor. Journal of Magnetic Resonance (San Diego, Calif. : 1997). 167: 322-7. PMID 15040989 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmr.2004.01.009  1
2004 Roberts ME, Stewart PS. Modeling antibiotic tolerance in biofilms by accounting for nutrient limitation. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 48: 48-52. PMID 14693517 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.48.1.48-52.2004  1
2003 Mah TF, Pitts B, Pellock B, Walker GC, Stewart PS, O'Toole GA. A genetic basis for Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm antibiotic resistance. Nature. 426: 306-10. PMID 14628055 DOI: 10.1038/nature02122  1
2003 Wend CF, Stewart PS, Jones W, Camper AK. Pretreatment for membrane water treatment systems: a laboratory study. Water Research. 37: 3367-78. PMID 12834730 DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00234-3  1
2003 Pitts B, Hamilton MA, Zelver N, Stewart PS. A microtiter-plate screening method for biofilm disinfection and removal. Journal of Microbiological Methods. 54: 269-76. PMID 12782382 DOI: 10.1016/S0167-7012(03)00034-4  1
2003 Anderl JN, Zahller J, Roe F, Stewart PS. Role of nutrient limitation and stationary-phase existence in Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm resistance to ampicillin and ciprofloxacin. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 47: 1251-6. PMID 12654654 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.47.4.1251-1256.2003  1
2003 Stewart PS. Diffusion in biofilms. Journal of Bacteriology. 185: 1485-91. PMID 12591863 DOI: 10.1128/JB.185.5.1485-1491.2003  1
2003 Stewart PS. New ways to stop biofilm infections. Lancet (London, England). 361: 97. PMID 12531571 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(03)12245-3  1
2003 Walters MC, Roe F, Bugnicourt A, Franklin MJ, Stewart PS. Contributions of antibiotic penetration, oxygen limitation, and low metabolic activity to tolerance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms to ciprofloxacin and tobramycin. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 47: 317-23. PMID 12499208 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.47.1.317-323.2003  1
2002 Gardner LR, Stewart PS. Action of glutaraldehyde and nitrite against sulfate-reducing bacterial biofilms Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 29: 354-360. PMID 12483478 DOI: 10.1038/sj.jim.7000284  1
2002 Chen X, Stewart PS. Role of electrostatic interactions in cohesion of bacterial biofilms Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 59: 718-720. PMID 12226730 DOI: 10.1007/s00253-002-1044-2  1
2002 Stewart PS. Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in bacterial biofilms. International Journal of Medical Microbiology : Ijmm. 292: 107-13. PMID 12195733 DOI: 10.1078/1438-4221-00196  1
2002 Zahller J, Stewart PS. Transmission electron microscopic study of antibiotic action on Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 46: 2679-83. PMID 12121956 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.46.8.2679-2683.2002  1
2002 Grobe KJ, Zahller J, Stewart PS. Role of dose concentration in biocide efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 29: 10-15. PMID 12080421 DOI: 10.1038/sj.jim.7000256  1
2002 Zheng Z, Stewart PS. Penetration of rifampin through Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 46: 900-3. PMID 11850284 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.46.3.900-903.2002  1
2001 Stewart PS, Rayner J, Roe F, Rees WM. Biofilm penetration and disinfection efficacy of alkaline hypochlorite and chlorosulfamates Journal of Applied Microbiology. 91: 525-532. PMID 11556920 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2001.01413.x  1
2001 Stewart PS, Costerton JW. Antibiotic resistance of bacteria in biofilms Lancet. 358: 135-138. PMID 11463434 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(01)05321-1  1
2001 Pitts B, Willse A, McFeters GA, Hamilton MA, Zelver N, Stewart PS. A repeatable laboratory method for testing the efficacy of biocides against toilet bowl biofilms Journal of Applied Microbiology. 91: 110-117. PMID 11442720 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2001.01342.x  1
2001 Stewart PS. Multicellular resistance: Biofilms Trends in Microbiology. 9: 204. PMID 11393180 DOI: 10.1016/S0966-842X(01)01983-7  1
2001 Xu KD, Franklin MJ, Park CH, McFeters GA, Stewart PS. Gene expression and protein levels of the stationary phase sigma factor, RpoS, in continuously-fed Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms Fems Microbiology Letters. 199: 67-71. PMID 11356569 DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1097(01)00164-1  1
2001 Costerton JW, Stewart PS. Battling biofilms Scientific American. 285: 61-67.  1
2000 Anderl JN, Franklin MJ, Stewart PS. Role of antibiotic penetration limitation in Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm resistance to ampicillin and ciprofloxacin. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 44: 1818-24. PMID 10858336 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.44.7.1818-1824.2000  1
2000 Cochran WL, Suh SJ, McFeters GA, Stewart PS. Role of RpoS and AlgT in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm resistance to hydrogen peroxide and monochloramine Journal of Applied Microbiology. 88: 546-553. PMID 10747236 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2000.00995.x  1
2000 Xu KD, McFeters GA, Stewart PS. Biofilm resistance to antimicrobial agents Microbiology. 146: 547-549. PMID 10746758  1
2000 Dodds MG, Grobe KJ, Stewart PS. Modeling biofilm antimicrobial resistance Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 68: 456-465. PMID 10745214 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(20000520)68:4<456::AID-BIT11>3.0.CO;2-Z  1
2000 Cochran WL, McFeters GA, Stewart PS. Reduced susceptibility of thin Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms to hydrogen peroxide and monochloramine Journal of Applied Microbiology. 88: 22-30. PMID 10735239 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2000.00825.x  1
2000 Wattanakaroon W, Stewart PS. Electrical enhancement of Streptococcus gordonii biofilm killing by gentamicin Archives of Oral Biology. 45: 167-171. PMID 10716621 DOI: 10.1016/S0003-9969(99)00132-6  1
2000 Stewart PS, Roe F, Rayner J, Elkins JG, Lewandowski Z, Ochsner UA, Hassett DJ. Effect of catalase on hydrogen peroxide penetration into Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 66: 836-838. PMID 10653761 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.66.2.836-838.2000  1
2000 Chen X, Stewart PS. Biofilm removal caused by chemical treatments Water Research. 34: 4229-4233. DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00187-1  1
1999 Huang CT, Stewart PS. Reduction of polysaccharide production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms by bismuth dimercaprol (BisBAL) treatment Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 44: 601-605. PMID 10552975 DOI: 10.1093/jac/44.5.601  1
1999 Mcleod BR, Fortun S, Costerton JW, Stewart PS. Enhanced bacterial biofilm control using electromagnetic fields in combination with antibiotics Methods in Enzymology. 310: 656-670. PMID 10547827 DOI: 10.1016/S0076-6879(99)10051-X  1
1999 Lisle JT, Stewart PS, Mcfeters GA. Fluorescent probes applied to physiological characterization of bacterial biofilms Methods in Enzymology. 310: 166-178. PMID 10547791 DOI: 10.1016/S0076-6879(99)10015-6  1
1999 Elkins JG, Hassett DJ, Stewart PS, Schweizer HP, McDermott TR. Protective role of catalase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm resistance to hydrogen peroxide Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 65: 4594-4600. PMID 10508094  1
1999 Costerton JW, Stewart PS, Greenberg EP. Bacterial biofilms: A common cause of persistent infections Science. 284: 1318-1322. PMID 10334980 DOI: 10.1126/science.284.5418.1318  1
1999 Stewart PS, Wattanakaroon W, Goodrum L, Fortun SM, McLeod BR. Electrolytic generation of oxygen partially explains electrical enhancement of tobramycin efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 43: 292-296. PMID 9925521  1
1999 Mcleod BR, Fortun S, Costerton JW, Stewart PS. [49] Enhanced bacterial biofilm control using electromagnetic fields in combination with antibiotics Methods in Enzymology. 310: 644-656.  1
1998 Pitts B, Hamilton MA, McFeters GA, Stewart PS, Willse A, Zelver N. Color measurement as a means of quantifying surface biofouling Journal of Microbiological Methods. 34: 143-149. PMID 11542299 DOI: 10.1016/S0167-7012(98)00082-7  1
1998 Stewart PS. A review of experimental measurements of effective diffusive permeabilities and effective diffusion coefficients in biofilms Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 59: 261-272. PMID 10099336 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19980805)59:3<261::AID-BIT1>3.0.CO;2-9  1
1998 Xu KD, Stewart PS, Xia F, Huang CT, McFeters GA. Spatial physiological heterogeneity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm is determined by oxygen availability Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 64: 4035-4039. PMID 9758837  1
1998 Stewart PS, Grab L, Diemer JA. Analysis of biocide transport limitation in an artificial biofilm system Journal of Applied Microbiology. 85: 495-500. PMID 9750280 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.1998.853529.x  1
1998 Huang CT, Xu KD, McFeters GA, Stewart PS. Spatial patterns of alkaline phosphatase expression within bacterial colonies and biofilms in response to phosphate starvation Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 64: 1526-1531. PMID 9546188  1
1998 Pitts B, Stewart PS, Mcfeters GA, Hamilton MA, Willse A, Zelver N. Bacterial characterization of toilet bowl biofilm Biofouling. 13: 19-30.  1
1997 Vrany JD, Stewart PS, Suci PA. Comparison of recalcitrance to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin exhibited by Pseudomonas aeruginosa bofilms displaying rapid-transport characteristics Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 41: 1352-1358. PMID 9174198  1
1997 Stewart PS, Camper AK, Handran SD, Huang C, Warnecke M. Spatial Distribution and Coexistence of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Biofilms Microbial Ecology. 33: 2-10. PMID 9039760 DOI: 10.1007/s002489900002  1
1997 Sanderson SS, Stewart PS. Evidence of bacterial adaptation to monochloramine in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms and evaluation of biocide action model Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 56: 201-209. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19971020)56:2<201::AID-BIT9>3.0.CO;2-T  1
1996 Stewart PS. Theoretical aspects of antibiotic diffusion into microbial biofilms Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 40: 2517-2522. PMID 8913456  1
1996 Wentland EJ, Stewart PS, Huang CT, McFeters GA. Spatial variations in growth rate within Klebsiella pneumoniae colonies and biofilm Biotechnology Progress. 12: 316-321. PMID 8652119  1
1996 Huang CT, James G, Pitt WG, Stewart PS. Effects of ultrasonic treatment on the efficacy of gentamicin against established Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 6: 235-242. DOI: 10.1016/0927-7765(96)01257-X  1
1996 Stewart PS, Hamilton MA, Goldstein BR, Schneider BT. Modeling biocide action against biofilms Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 49: 445-455. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19960220)49:4<445::AID-BIT12>3.0.CO;2-9  1
1996 Xu X, Stewart PS, Chen X. Transport limitation of chlorine disinfection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa entrapped in alginate beads Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 49: 93-100. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19960105)49:1<93::AID-BIT12>3.0.CO;2-C  1
1996 Chen X, Stewart PS. Chlorine penetration into artificial biofilm is limited by a reaction-diffusion interaction Environmental Science and Technology. 30: 2078-2083.  1
1996 Huang CT, Mcfeters GA, Stewart PS. Evaluation of physiological staining, cryoembedding and autofluorescence quenching techniques on fouling biofilms Biofouling. 9: 269-277.  1
1996 Reinsel MA, Sears JT, Stewart PS, Mclnerney MJ. Control of microbial souring by nitrate, nitrite or glutaraldehyde injection in a sandstone column Journal of Industrial Microbiology. 17: 128-136.  1
1995 McFeters GA, Yu FP, Pyle BH, Stewart PS. Physiological assessment of bacteria using fluorochromes Journal of Microbiological Methods. 21: 1-13. PMID 11538412 DOI: 10.1016/0167-7012(94)00027-5  1
1995 Huang CT, Yu FP, McFeters GA, Stewart PS. Nonuniform spatial patterns of respiratory activity within biofilms during disinfection Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 61: 2252-2256. PMID 7793945  1
1995 Sturman PJ, Stewart PS, Cunningham AB, Bouwer EJ, Wolfram JH. Engineering scale-up of in situ bioremediation processes: a review Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. 19: 171-203. DOI: 10.1016/0169-7722(95)00017-P  1
1995 Stewart PS, Murga R, Srinivasan R, de Beer D. Biofilm structural heterogeneity visualized by three microscopic methods Water Research. 29: 2006-2009. DOI: 10.1016/0043-1354(94)00339-9  1
1995 Stewart PS, Raquepas JB. Implications of reaction-diffusion theory for the disinfection of microbial biofilms by reactive antimicrobial agents Chemical Engineering Science. 50: 3099-3104. DOI: 10.1016/0009-2509(95)00143-S  1
1995 McFeters GA, Yu FP, Pyle BH, Stewart PS. Physiological methods to study biofilm disinfection Journal of Industrial Microbiology. 15: 333-338. DOI: 10.1007/BF01569988  1
1995 Srinivasan R, Stewart PS, Griebe T, Chen CI, Xu X. Biofilm parameters influencing biocide efficacy Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 46: 553-560. DOI: 10.1002/bit.260460608  1
1995 Murga R, Stewart PS, Daly D. Quantitative analysis of biofilm thickness variability Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 45: 503-510. DOI: 10.1002/bit.260450607  1
1994 Stewart PS. Biofilm accumulation model that predicts antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 38: 1052-1058. PMID 8067737  1
1994 Stewart PS, Griebe T, Srinivasan R, Chen CI, Yu FP, DeBeer D, McFeters GA. Comparison of respiratory activity and culturability during monochloramine disinfection of binary population biofilms Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 60: 1690-1692. PMID 8017950  1
1994 De Beer D, Srinivasan R, Stewart PS. Direct measurement of chlorine penetration into biofilms during disinfection Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 60: 4339-4344. PMID 7811074  1
1994 Yu FP, Stewart PS, Griebe T, McFeters GA, McAllis G. Cryosectioning of biofilms for microscopic examination Biofouling. 8: 85-91. DOI: 10.1080/08927019409378264  1
1993 Drury WJ, Stewart PS, Characklis WG. Transport of 1-microm latex particles in pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 42: 111-7. PMID 18609654 DOI: 10.1002/bit.260420115  1
1993 Stewart PS, Peyton BM, Drury WJ, Murga R. Quantitative observations of heterogeneities in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 59: 327-9. PMID 8439159  1
1993 Chen CI, Griebe T, Srinivasan R, Stewart PS. Effects of various metal substrata on accumulation of pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms and the efficacy of monochloramine as a biocide Biofouling. 7: 241-251. DOI: 10.1080/08927019309386256  1
1993 Drury WJ, Characklis WG, Stewart PS. Interactions of 1 μm latex particles with pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms Water Research. 27: 1119-1126. DOI: 10.1016/0043-1354(93)90003-Z  1
1993 Stewart PS. A model of biofilm detachment Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 41: 111-117. DOI: 10.1002/bit.260410115  1
1993 Stewart PS, Tedaldi DJ, Lewis AR, Goldman E. Biodegradation rates of crude oil in seawater Water Environment Research. 65: 845-848.  1
1991 Stewart PS, Karel SF, Robertson CR. Characterization of immobilized cell growth rates using autoradiography. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 37: 824-33. PMID 18600682 DOI: 10.1002/bit.260370906  1
1989 Stewart PS, Robertson CR. Microbial growth in a fixed volume: studies with entrapped Escherichia coli Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 30: 34-40. DOI: 10.1007/BF00255993  1
1988 Stewart PS, Robertson CR. Product inhibition of immobilized Escherichia coli arising from mass transfer limitation. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 54: 2464-71. PMID 3060016  1
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