Randall K. Holmes - Publications

Affiliations: 
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Denver, Aurora, CO 
Area:
Microbiology Biology

176 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2015 Jobling MG, Gotow LF, Yang Z, Holmes RK. A mutational analysis of residues in cholera toxin A1 necessary for interaction with its substrate, the stimulatory G protein Gsα. Toxins. 7: 919-35. PMID 25793724 DOI: 10.3390/toxins7030919  0.4
2015 Day CA, Baetz NW, Copeland CA, Kraft LJ, Han B, Tiwari A, Drake KR, De Luca H, Chinnapen DJ, Davidson MW, Holmes RK, Jobling MG, Schroer TA, Lencer WI, Kenworthy AK. Microtubule motors power plasma membrane tubulation in clathrin-independent endocytosis. Traffic (Copenhagen, Denmark). 16: 572-90. PMID 25690058 DOI: 10.1111/tra.12269  0.4
2014 Price GA, Holmes RK. Immunizing adult female mice with a TcpA-A2-CTB chimera provides a high level of protection for their pups in the infant mouse model of cholera. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases. 8: e3356. PMID 25474636 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003356  0.4
2014 Banerjee T, Taylor M, Jobling MG, Burress H, Yang Z, Serrano A, Holmes RK, Tatulian SA, Teter K. ADP-ribosylation factor 6 acts as an allosteric activator for the folded but not disordered cholera toxin A1 polypeptide. Molecular Microbiology. 94: 898-912. PMID 25257027 DOI: 10.1111/mmi.12807  0.4
2013 Price GA, McFann K, Holmes RK. Immunization with cholera toxin B subunit induces high-level protection in the suckling mouse model of cholera. Plos One. 8: e57269. PMID 23468950 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057269  0.4
2012 Jobling MG, Yang Z, Kam WR, Lencer WI, Holmes RK. A single native ganglioside GM1-binding site is sufficient for cholera toxin to bind to cells and complete the intoxication pathway. Mbio. 3. PMID 23111873 DOI: 10.1128/mBio.00401-12  0.4
2012 Price GA, Holmes RK. Evaluation of TcpF-A2-CTB chimera and evidence of additive protective efficacy of immunizing with TcpF and CTB in the suckling mouse model of cholera. Plos One. 7: e42434. PMID 22879984 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042434  0.4
2012 Arifuzzaman M, Rashu R, Leung DT, Hosen MI, Bhuiyan TR, Bhuiyan MS, Rahman MA, Khanam F, Saha A, Charles RC, LaRocque RC, Weil AA, Clements JD, Holmes RK, Calderwood SB, et al. Antigen-specific memory T cell responses after vaccination with an oral killed cholera vaccine in Bangladeshi children and comparison to responses in patients with naturally acquired cholera. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology : Cvi. 19: 1304-11. PMID 22739692 DOI: 10.1128/CVI.00196-12  0.4
2012 Zajdowicz S, Haller JC, Krafft AE, Hunsucker SW, Mant CT, Duncan MW, Hodges RS, Jones DN, Holmes RK. Purification and structural characterization of siderophore (corynebactin) from Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Plos One. 7: e34591. PMID 22514641 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034591  0.4
2012 Casey TA, Connell TD, Holmes RK, Whipp SC. Evaluation of heat-labile enterotoxins type IIa and type IIb in the pathogenicity of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli for neonatal pigs. Veterinary Microbiology. 159: 83-9. PMID 22480773 DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.03.018  0.4
2012 Kim JS, Holmes RK. Characterization of OxyR as a negative transcriptional regulator that represses catalase production in Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Plos One. 7: e31709. PMID 22438866 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031709  0.4
2012 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Type II heat-labile enterotoxins from 50 diverse Escherichia coli isolates belong almost exclusively to the LT-IIc family and may be prophage encoded. Plos One. 7: e29898. PMID 22242186 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029898  0.4
2011 Korotkov KV, Johnson TL, Jobling MG, Pruneda J, Pardon E, Héroux A, Turley S, Steyaert J, Holmes RK, Sandkvist M, Hol WG. Structural and functional studies on the interaction of GspC and GspD in the type II secretion system. Plos Pathogens. 7: e1002228. PMID 21931548 DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002228  0.4
2011 Zajdowicz SL, Jones-Carson J, Vazquez-Torres A, Jobling MG, Gill RE, Holmes RK. Alanine racemase mutants of Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei and use of alanine racemase as a non-antibiotic-based selectable marker. Plos One. 6: e21523. PMID 21720554 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021523  0.4
2010 Banerjee T, Pande A, Jobling MG, Taylor M, Massey S, Holmes RK, Tatulian SA, Teter K. Contribution of subdomain structure to the thermal stability of the cholera toxin A1 subunit. Biochemistry. 49: 8839-46. PMID 20839789 DOI: 10.1021/bi101201c  0.4
2009 Spinler JK, Zajdowicz SL, Haller JC, Oram DM, Gill RE, Holmes RK. Development and use of a selectable, broad-host-range reporter transposon for identifying environmentally regulated promoters in bacteria. Fems Microbiology Letters. 291: 143-50. PMID 19146571 DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2008.01430.x  0.4
2009 Hamad MA, Zajdowicz SL, Holmes RK, Voskuil MI. An allelic exchange system for compliant genetic manipulation of the select agents Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei. Gene. 430: 123-31. PMID 19010402 DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2008.10.011  0.4
2008 Wolf AA, Jobling MG, Saslowsky DE, Kern E, Drake KR, Kenworthy AK, Holmes RK, Lencer WI. Attenuated endocytosis and toxicity of a mutant cholera toxin with decreased ability to cluster ganglioside GM1 molecules. Infection and Immunity. 76: 1476-84. PMID 18212085 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.01286-07  0.4
2007 Pande AH, Scaglione P, Taylor M, Nemec KN, Tuthill S, Moe D, Holmes RK, Tatulian SA, Teter K. Conformational instability of the cholera toxin A1 polypeptide. Journal of Molecular Biology. 374: 1114-28. PMID 17976649 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.10.025  0.4
2007 Schonteich E, Pilli M, Simon GC, Matern HT, Junutula JR, Sentz D, Holmes RK, Prekeris R. Molecular characterization of Rab11-FIP3 binding to ARF GTPases. European Journal of Cell Biology. 86: 417-31. PMID 17628206 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2007.05.004  0.4
2007 Oram M, Woolston JE, Jacobson AD, Holmes RK, Oram DM. Bacteriophage-based vectors for site-specific insertion of DNA in the chromosome of Corynebacteria. Gene. 391: 53-62. PMID 17275217 DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2006.12.003  0.4
2007 Wisedchaisri G, Chou CJ, Wu M, Roach C, Rice AE, Holmes RK, Beeson C, Hol WG. Crystal structures, metal activation, and DNA-binding properties of two-domain IdeR from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Biochemistry. 46: 436-47. PMID 17209554 DOI: 10.1021/bi0609826  0.4
2006 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Heat-Labile Enterotoxins. Ecosal Plus. 2. PMID 26443570 DOI: 10.1128/ecosalplus.8.7.5  0.4
2006 Howard MW, Tripet B, Jobling MG, Holmes RK, Holmes KV, Hodges RS. Dissection of the fusion machine of SARS-coronavirus. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 581: 319-22. PMID 17037552 DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-33012-9_56  0.4
2006 Oram DM, Jacobson AD, Holmes RK. Transcription of the contiguous sigB, dtxR, and galE genes in Corynebacterium diphtheriae: evidence for multiple transcripts and regulation by environmental factors. Journal of Bacteriology. 188: 2959-73. PMID 16585757 DOI: 10.1128/JB.188.8.2959-2973.2006  0.4
2006 Teter K, Jobling MG, Sentz D, Holmes RK. The cholera toxin A1(3) subdomain is essential for interaction with ADP-ribosylation factor 6 and full toxic activity but is not required for translocation from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cytosol. Infection and Immunity. 74: 2259-67. PMID 16552056 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.74.4.2259-2267.2006  0.4
2006 Oram DM, Holmes RK. Diphtheria toxin The Comprehensive Sourcebook of Bacterial Protein Toxins. 245-256. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012088445-2/50018-4  0.4
2005 O'Neal CJ, Jobling MG, Holmes RK, Hol WG. Structural basis for the activation of cholera toxin by human ARF6-GTP. Science (New York, N.Y.). 309: 1093-6. PMID 16099990 DOI: 10.1126/science.1113398  0.4
2005 Guerra L, Teter K, Lilley BN, Stenerlöw B, Holmes RK, Ploegh HL, Sandvig K, Thelestam M, Frisan T. Cellular internalization of cytolethal distending toxin: a new end to a known pathway. Cellular Microbiology. 7: 921-34. PMID 15953025 DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-5822.2005.00520.x  0.4
2005 Tinker JK, Erbe JL, Holmes RK. Characterization of fluorescent chimeras of cholera toxin and Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxins produced by use of the twin arginine translocation system. Infection and Immunity. 73: 3627-35. PMID 15908392 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.73.6.3627-3635.2005  0.4
2005 Oram DM, Must LM, Spinler JK, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK. Analysis of truncated variants of the iron dependent transcriptional regulators from Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Fems Microbiology Letters. 243: 1-8. PMID 15667993 DOI: 10.1016/j.femsle.2004.11.031  0.4
2004 Li X, Erbe JL, Lockatell CV, Johnson DE, Jobling MG, Holmes RK, Mobley HL. Use of translational fusion of the MrpH fimbrial adhesin-binding domain with the cholera toxin A2 domain, coexpressed with the cholera toxin B subunit, as an intranasal vaccine to prevent experimental urinary tract infection by Proteus mirabilis. Infection and Immunity. 72: 7306-10. PMID 15557656 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.72.12.7306-7310.2004  0.4
2004 Teter K, Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Vesicular transport is not required for the cytoplasmic pool of cholera toxin to interact with the stimulatory alpha subunit of the heterotrimeric g protein. Infection and Immunity. 72: 6826-35. PMID 15557603 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.72.12.6826-6835.2004  0.4
2004 Gorbea C, Goellner GM, Teter K, Holmes RK, Rechsteiner M. Characterization of mammalian Ecm29, a 26 S proteasome-associated protein that localizes to the nucleus and membrane vesicles. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 279: 54849-61. PMID 15496406 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M410444200  0.4
2004 Chou CJ, Wisedchaisri G, Monfeli RR, Oram DM, Holmes RK, Hol WG, Beeson C. Functional studies of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis iron-dependent regulator. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 279: 53554-61. PMID 15456786 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M407385200  0.4
2004 Wisedchaisri G, Holmes RK, Hol WG. Crystal structure of an IdeR-DNA complex reveals a conformational change in activated IdeR for base-specific interactions. Journal of Molecular Biology. 342: 1155-69. PMID 15351642 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.07.083  0.4
2004 O'Neal CJ, Amaya EI, Jobling MG, Holmes RK, Hol WG. Crystal structures of an intrinsically active cholera toxin mutant yield insight into the toxin activation mechanism. Biochemistry. 43: 3772-82. PMID 15049684 DOI: 10.1021/bi0360152  0.4
2004 Oram DM, Avdalovic A, Holmes RK. Analysis of genes that encode DtxR-like transcriptional regulators in pathogenic and saprophytic corynebacterial species. Infection and Immunity. 72: 1885-95. PMID 15039307 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.72.4.1885-1895.2004  0.4
2004 Tripet B, Howard MW, Jobling M, Holmes RK, Holmes KV, Hodges RS. Structural characterization of the SARS-coronavirus spike S fusion protein core. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 279: 20836-49. PMID 14996844 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M400759200  0.4
2003 Fujinaga Y, Wolf AA, Rodighiero C, Wheeler H, Tsai B, Allen L, Jobling MG, Rapoport T, Holmes RK, Lencer WI. Gangliosides That Associate with Lipid Rafts Mediate Transport of Cholera and Related Toxins from the Plasma Membrane to Endoplasmic Reticulm Molecular Biology of the Cell. 14: 4783-4793. PMID 13679513 DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E03-06-0354  0.4
2003 Tinker JK, Erbe JL, Hol WG, Holmes RK. Cholera holotoxin assembly requires a hydrophobic domain at the A-B5 interface: mutational analysis and development of an in vitro assembly system. Infection and Immunity. 71: 4093-101. PMID 12819100 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.71.7.4093-4101.2003  0.4
2003 Teter K, Jobling MG, Holmes RK. A class of mutant CHO cells resistant to cholera toxin rapidly degrades the catalytic polypeptide of cholera toxin and exhibits increased endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation. Traffic (Copenhagen, Denmark). 4: 232-42. PMID 12694562  0.4
2002 Teter K, Holmes RK. Inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation in CHO cells resistant to cholera toxin, Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A, and ricin. Infection and Immunity. 70: 6172-9. PMID 12379695 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.70.11.6172-6179.2002  0.4
2002 Teter K, Allyn RL, Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Transfer of the cholera toxin A1 polypeptide from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cytosol is a rapid process facilitated by the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation pathway. Infection and Immunity. 70: 6166-71. PMID 12379694 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.70.11.6166-6171.2002  0.4
2002 Oram DM, Avdalovic A, Holmes RK. Construction and characterization of transposon insertion mutations in Corynebacterium diphtheriae that affect expression of the diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR). Journal of Bacteriology. 184: 5723-32. PMID 12270831 DOI: 10.1128/JB.184.20.5723-5732.2002  0.4
2002 Qian Y, Lee JH, Holmes RK. Identification of a DtxR-regulated operon that is essential for siderophore-dependent iron uptake in Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Journal of Bacteriology. 184: 4846-56. PMID 12169610 DOI: 10.1128/JB.184.17.4846-4856.2002  0.4
2002 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Mutational analysis of ganglioside GM(1)-binding ability, pentamer formation, and epitopes of cholera toxin B (CTB) subunits and CTB/heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit chimeras. Infection and Immunity. 70: 1260-71. PMID 11854209 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.70.3.1260-1271.2002  0.4
2001 Wimer-Mackin S, Holmes RK, Wolf AA, Lencer WI, Jobling MG. Characterization of receptor-mediated signal transduction by Escherichia coli type iia heat-labile enterotoxin in the polarized human intestinal cell line T84 Infection and Immunity. 69: 7205-7212. PMID 11705889 DOI: 10.1128/IAI.69.12.7205-7212.2001  0.4
2001 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Biological and biochemical characterization of variant a subunits of cholera toxin constructed by site-directed mutagenesis Journal of Bacteriology. 183: 4024-4032. PMID 11395467 DOI: 10.1128/JB.183.13.4024-4032.2001  0.4
2001 Pohl E, Goranson-Siekierke J, Choi MK, Roosild T, Holmes RK, Hol WG. Structures of three diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) variants with decreased repressor activity. Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Biological Crystallography. 57: 619-27. PMID 11320302 DOI: 10.1107/S090744490100230X  0.4
2001 Feese MD, Ingason BP, Goranson-Siekierke J, Holmes RK, Hol WGJ. Crystal Structure of the Iron-dependent Regulator from Mycobacterium tuberculosis at 2.0-Å Resolution Reveals the Src Homology Domain 3-like Fold and Metal Binding Function of the Third Domain Journal of Biological Chemistry. 276: 5959-5966. PMID 11053439 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M007531200  0.4
2000 Badizadegan K, Wolf AA, Rodighiero C, Jobling M, Hirst TR, Holmes RK, Lencer WI. Floating cholera toxin into epithelial cells: Functional association with caveolae-like detergent-insoluble membrane microdomains International Journal of Medical Microbiology. 290: 403-408. PMID 11111918  0.4
2000 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Identification of motifs in cholera toxin A1 polypeptide that are required for its interaction with human ADP-ribosylation factor 6 in a bacterial two-hybrid system Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 97: 14662-14667. PMID 11106366 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.011442598  0.4
2000 Badizadegan K, Dickinson BL, Wheeler HE, Blumberg RS, Holmes RK, Lencer WI. Heterogeneity of detergent-insoluble membranes from human intestine containing caveolin-1 and ganglioside G(M)1 American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. 278. PMID 10859219  0.4
2000 Holmes RK. Biology and molecular epidemiology of diphtheria toxin and the tox gene Journal of Infectious Diseases. 181. PMID 10657208 DOI: 10.1086/315554  0.4
2000 Lee JH, Holmes RK. Characterization of specific nucleotide substitutions in DtxR-specific operators of Corynebacterium diphtheriae that dramatically affect DtxR binding, operator function, and promoter strength Journal of Bacteriology. 182: 432-438. PMID 10629190 DOI: 10.1128/JB.182.2.432-438.2000  0.4
1999 Pohl E, Holmes RK, Hol WGJ. Crystal structure of a cobalt-activated diphtheria toxin repressor-DNA complex reveals a metal-binding SH3-like domain Journal of Molecular Biology. 292: 653-667. PMID 10497029 DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1999.3073  0.4
1999 Lencer WI, Hirst TR, Holmes RK. Membrane traffic and the cellular uptake of cholera toxin Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research. 1450: 177-190. PMID 10395933 DOI: 10.1016/S0167-4889(99)00070-1  0.4
1999 Dussurget O, Timm J, Gomez M, Gold B, Yu S, Sabol SZ, Holmes RK, Jacobs WR, Smith I. Transcriptional control of the iron-responsive fxbA gene by the mycobacterial regulator IdeR Journal of Bacteriology. 181: 3402-3408. PMID 10348851  0.4
1999 Goranson-Siekierke J, Pohl E, Hol WGJ, Holmes RK. Anion-coordinating residues at binding site 1 are essential for the biological activity of the diphtheria toxin repressor Infection and Immunity. 67: 1806-1811. PMID 10085021  0.4
1999 Pohl E, Holmes RK, Hol WGJ. Crystal structure of the iron-dependent regulator (IdeR) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis shows both metal binding sites fully occupied Journal of Molecular Biology. 285: 1145-1156. PMID 9887269 DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1998.2339  0.4
1998 Merritt EA, Kuhn P, Sarfaty S, Erbe JL, Holmes RK, Hol WGJ. The 1.25 Å resolution refinement of the cholera toxin B-pentamer: Evidence of peptide backbone strain at the receptor-binding site Journal of Molecular Biology. 282: 1043-1059. PMID 9753553 DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1998.2076  0.4
1998 Pohl E, Holmes RK, Hol WGJ. Motion of the DNA-binding domain with respect to the core of the diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) revealed in the crystal structures of apo- and holo-DtxR Journal of Biological Chemistry. 273: 22420-22427. PMID 9712865 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.35.22420  0.4
1998 Wolf AA, Jobling MG, Wimer-Mackin S, Ferguson-Maltzman M, Madara JL, Holmes RK, Lencer WI. Ganglioside structure dictates signal transduction by cholera toxin and association with caveolae-like membrane domains in polarized epithelia. The Journal of Cell Biology. 141: 917-27. PMID 9585411 DOI: 10.1083/jcb.141.4.917  0.4
1998 Sultan F, Jin LL, Jobling MG, Holmes RK, Stanley SL. Mucosal immunogenicity of a holotoxin-like molecule containing the serine-rich Entamoeba histolytica protein (SREHP) fused to the A2 domain of cholera toxin. Infection and Immunity. 66: 462-8. PMID 9453596  0.4
1997 Jobling MG, Palmer LM, Erbe JL, Holmes RK. Construction and characterization of versatile cloning vectors for efficient delivery of native foreign proteins to the periplasm of Escherichia coli Plasmid. 38: 158-173. PMID 9435018 DOI: 10.1006/plas.1997.1309  0.4
1997 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Characterization of hapR, a positive regulator of the Vibrio cholerae HA/protease gene hap, and its identification as a functional homologue of the Vibrio harveyi luxR gene Molecular Microbiology. 26: 1023-1034. PMID 9426139  0.4
1997 Schmitt MP, Talley BG, Holmes RK. Characterization of lipoprotein IRP1 from Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which is regulated by the diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) and iron Infection and Immunity. 65: 5364-5367. PMID 9393842  0.4
1997 Lee JH, Wang T, Ault K, Liu J, Schmitt MP, Holmes RK. Identification and characterization of three new promoter/operators from Corynebacterium diphtheriae that are regulated by the diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) and iron Infection and Immunity. 65: 4273-4280. PMID 9317037  0.4
1997 Merritt EA, Sarfaty S, Jobling MG, Chang T, Holmes RK, Hirst TR, Hol WGJ. Structural studies of receptor binding by cholera toxin mutants Protein Science. 6: 1516-1528. PMID 9232653  0.4
1997 Lencer WI, Constable C, Moe S, Rufo PA, Wolf A, Jobling MG, Ruston SP, Madara JL, Holmes RK, Hirst TR. Proteolytic activation of cholera toxin and Escherichia coli labile toxin by entry into host epithelial cells. Signal transduction by a protease-resistant toxin variant. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272: 15562-8. PMID 9182593 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.272.24.15562  0.4
1997 Pohl E, Qiu X, Must LM, Holmes RK, Hol WGJ. Comparison of high-resolution structures of the diphtheria toxin repressor in complex with cobalt and zinc at the cation-anion binding site Protein Science. 6: 1114-1118. PMID 9144784  0.4
1996 Qiu X, Pohl E, Holmes RK, Hol WGJ. High-resolution structure of the diphtheria toxin repressor complexed with cobalt and manganese reveals an SH3-like third domain and suggests a possible role of phosphate as co-corepressor Biochemistry. 35: 12292-12302. PMID 8823163 DOI: 10.1021/bi960861d  0.4
1996 Van Den Akker F, Sarfaty S, Twiddy EM, Connell TD, Holmes RK, Hol WGJ. Crystal structure of a new heat-labile enterotoxin, LT-IIb Structure. 4: 665-678. PMID 8805549  0.4
1995 Merritt EA, Sarfaty S, Chang Tt, Palmer LM, Jobling MG, Holmes RK, Hol WG. Surprising leads for a cholera toxin receptor-binding antagonist: crystallographic studies of CTB mutants Structure. 3: 561-570. PMID 8590017 DOI: 10.1016/S0969-2126(01)00190-3  0.4
1995 Connell TD, Martone AJ, Holmes RK. A new mobilizable cosmid vector for use in Vibrio cholerae and other gram - bacteria Gene. 153: 85-87. PMID 7883191 DOI: 10.1016/0378-1119(94)00804-2  0.4
1995 Qiu X, Verlinde CL, Zhang S, Schmitt MP, Holmes RK, Hol WG. Three-dimensional structure of the diphtheria toxin repressor in complex with divalent cation co-repressors Structure. 3: 87-100. PMID 7743135 DOI: 10.1016/S0969-2126(01)00137-X  0.4
1995 Connell TD, Holmes RK. Mutational analysis of the ganglioside-binding activity of the type II escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin LT-IIb Molecular Microbiology. 16: 21-31. PMID 7651134  0.4
1995 Domenighini M, Pizza M, Jobling MG, Holmes RK, Rappuoli R. Identification of errors among database sequence entries and comparison of correct amino acid sequences for the heat labile enterotoxins of Escherichia coli and Vibrio citolerae [1] Molecular Microbiology. 15: 1165-1167. PMID 7623669  0.4
1995 Drazek ES, Dubois A, Holmes RK, Kersulyte D, Akopyants NS, Berg DE, Warren RL. Cloning and characterization of hemolytic genes from Helicobacter pylori Infection and Immunity. 63: 4345-4349. PMID 7591069  0.4
1995 Schmitt MP, Predich M, Doukhan L, Smith I, Holmes RK. Characterization of an iron-dependent regulatory protein (IdeR) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a functional homolog of the diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) from Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infection and Immunity. 63: 4284-4289. PMID 7591059  0.4
1995 Connell TD, Metzger DJ, Wang M, Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Initial studies of the structural signal for extracellular transport of cholera toxin and other proteins recognized by Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity. 63: 4091-4098. PMID 7558324  0.4
1995 Lencer WI, Constable C, Moe S, Jobling MG, Webb HM, Ruston S, Madara JL, Hirst TR, Holmes RK. Targeting of cholera toxin and Escherichia coli heat labile toxin in polarized epithelia: role of COOH-terminal KDEL. The Journal of Cell Biology. 131: 951-62. PMID 7490296 DOI: 10.1083/jcb.131.4.951  0.4
1994 Wang Z, Schmitt MP, Holmes RK. Characterization of mutations that inactivate the diphtheria toxin repressor gene (dtxR) Infection and Immunity. 62: 1600-1608. PMID 8168920  0.4
1994 Schmitt MP, Holmes RK. Cloning, sequence, and footprint analysis of two promoter/operators from Corynebacterium diphtheriae that are regulated by the diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) and iron Journal of Bacteriology. 176: 1141-1149. PMID 8106325  0.4
1994 Drazek ES, Dubois A, Holmes RK. Characterization and presumptive identification of Helicobacter pylori isolates from rhesus monkeys Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 32: 1799-1804. PMID 7523441  0.4
1993 Schmitt MP, Holmes RK. Analysis of diphtheria toxin repressor-operator interactions and characterization of a mutant repressor with decreased binding activity for divalent metals Molecular Microbiology. 9: 173-181. PMID 8412663  0.4
1992 Connell TD, Holmes RK. Molecular genetic analysis of ganglioside GD1b-binding activity of Escherichia coli type IIa heat-labile enterotoxin by use of random and site- directed mutagenesis Infection and Immunity. 60: 63-70. PMID 1729197  0.4
1992 Connell TD, Holmes RK. Characterization of hybrid toxins produced in Escherichia coli by assembly of A and B polypeptides from type I and type II heat-labile enterotoxins Infection and Immunity. 60: 1653-1661. PMID 1548088  0.4
1992 Schmitt MP, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK. Purification and characterization of the diphtheria toxin repressor Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 89: 7576-7580. PMID 1502169  0.4
1992 Krafft AE, Tai SPS, Coker C, Holmes RK. Transcription analysis and nucleotide sequence of tox promoter/operator mutants of corynebacteriophage β Microbial Pathogenesis. 13: 85-92. PMID 1453929 DOI: 10.1016/0882-4010(92)90069-Z  0.4
1992 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Fusion proteins containing the A2 domain of cholera toxin assemble with B polypeptides of cholera toxin to form immunoreactive and functional holotoxin-like chimeras Infection and Immunity. 60: 4915-4924. PMID 1399002  0.4
1992 Donta ST, Tomicic T, Holmes RK. Binding of class II Escherichia coli enterotoxins to mouse Y1 and intestinal cells Infection and Immunity. 60: 2870-2873. PMID 1319406  0.4
1992 Francis ML, Ryan J, Jobling MG, Holmes RK, Moss J, Mond JJ. Cyclic AMP-independent effects of cholera toxin on B cell activation. II. Binding of ganglioside GM1 induces B cell activation Journal of Immunology. 148: 1999-2005. PMID 1312102  0.4
1991 Perera LP, Samuel JE, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Mapping the minimal contiguous gene segment that encodes functionally active Shiga-like toxin II Infection and Immunity. 59: 829-835. PMID 1997433  0.4
1991 Perera LP, Samuel JE, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Identification of three amino acid residues in the B subunit of Shiga toxin and Shiga-like toxin type II that are essential for holotoxin activity Journal of Bacteriology. 173: 1151-1160. PMID 1991714  0.4
1991 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Analysis of structure and function of the B subunit of cholera toxin by the use of site-directed mutagenesis Molecular Microbiology. 5: 1755-1767. PMID 1943708  0.4
1991 Lee CM, Chang PP, Tsai SC, Adamik R, Price SR, Kunz BC, Moss J, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK. Activation of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxins by native and recombinant adenosine diphosphate-ribosylation factors, 20-kD guanine nucleotide-binding proteins Journal of Clinical Investigation. 87: 1780-1786. PMID 1902492  0.4
1991 Schmitt MP, Holmes RK. Iron-dependent regulation of diphtheria toxin and siderophore expression by the cloned Corynebacterium diphtheriae repressor gene dtxR in C. diphtheriae C7 strains Infection and Immunity. 59: 1899-1904. PMID 1828057  0.4
1991 Schmitt MP, Holmes RK. Characterization of a defective diphtheria toxin repressor (dtxR) allele and analysis of dtxR transcription in wild-type and mutant strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infection and Immunity. 59: 3903-3908. PMID 1718867  0.4
1990 Jackson MP, Wadolkowski EA, Weinstein DL, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Functional analysis of the Shiga toxin and Shiga-like toxin type II variant binding subunits by using site-directed mutagenesis Journal of Bacteriology. 172: 653-658. PMID 2404947  0.4
1990 Jobling MG, Holmes RK. Construction of vectors with the pl5a replicon, kanamycin resistance, inducible lacZα and pUC18 or pUC19 multiple cloning sites Nucleic Acids Research. 18: 5315. PMID 2402474 DOI: 10.1093/nar/18.17.5315  0.4
1990 Marcus H, Ketley JM, Kaper JB, Holmes RK. Effects of DNase production, plasmid size, and restriction barriers on transformation of Vibrio cholerae by electroporation and osmotic shock Fems Microbiology Letters. 68: 149-154. PMID 2332153 DOI: 10.1016/0378-1097(90)90141-C  0.4
1990 Sung LM, Jackson MP, O'Brien AD, Holmes RK. Transcription of the shiga-like toxin type II and shiga-like toxin type II variant operons of Escherichia coli Journal of Bacteriology. 172: 6386-6395. PMID 2228965  0.4
1990 Tai SPS, Krafft AE, Nootheti P, Holmes RK. Coordinate regulation of siderophore and diphtheria toxin production by iron in Corynebacterium diphtheriae Microbial Pathogenesis. 9: 267-273. PMID 2151460 DOI: 10.1016/0882-4010(90)90015-I  0.4
1989 Weinstein DL, Jackson MP, Perera LP, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. In vivo formation of hybrid toxins comprising Shiga toxin and the Shiga-like toxin and role of the B subunit in localization and cytotoxic activity Infection and Immunity. 57: 3743-3750. PMID 2807546  0.4
1989 O'Brien AD, Marques LRM, Kerry CF, Newland JW, Holmes RK. Shiga-like toxin converting phage of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli strain 933 Microbial Pathogenesis. 6: 381-390. PMID 2671581 DOI: 10.1016/0882-4010(89)90080-6  0.4
1989 Pickett CL, Twiddy EM, Coker C, Holmes RK. Cloning, nucleotide sequence, and hybridization studies of the type IIb heat-labile enterotoxin gene of Escherichia coli Journal of Bacteriology. 171: 4945-4952. PMID 2670900  0.4
1988 Fukuta S, Magnani JL, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK, Ginsburg V. Comparison of the carbohydrate-binding specificities of cholera toxin and Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxins LTh-I, LT-IIa, and LT-IIb Infection and Immunity. 56: 1748-1753. PMID 3290106  0.4
1988 Weinstein DL, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Effects of iron and temperature on shiga-like toxin I production by Escherichia coli Infection and Immunity. 56: 106-111. PMID 3121508  0.4
1988 Weinstein DL, Jackson MP, Samuel JE, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Cloning and sequencing of a Shiga-like toxin type II variant from an Escherichia coli strain responsible for edema disease of swine Journal of Bacteriology. 170: 4223-4230. PMID 3045088  0.4
1988 Tai SPS, Holmes RK. Iron regulation of the cloned diphtheria toxin promoter in Escherichia coli Infection and Immunity. 56: 2430-2436. PMID 3044999  0.4
1988 Strockbine NA, Jackson MP, Sung LM, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Cloning and sequencing of the genes for shiga toxin from Shigella dysenteriae type 1 Journal of Bacteriology. 170: 1116-1122. PMID 2830229  0.4
1987 Hu VW, Holmes RK. Single mutation in the A domain of diphtheria toxin results in a protein with altered membrane insertion behavior Bba - Biomembranes. 902: 24-30. PMID 3607056 DOI: 10.1016/0005-2736(87)90132-5  0.4
1987 Mishra L, Holmes RK. Transcription of cholera toxin operon in wild-type and mutant strains of Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity. 55: 1529-1532. PMID 3570476  0.4
1987 Jackson MP, Newland JW, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the structural genes for Shiga-like toxin I encoded by bacteriophage 933J from Escherichia coli Microbial Pathogenesis. 2: 147-153. PMID 3333796 DOI: 10.1016/0882-4010(87)90106-9  0.4
1987 O'Brien AD, Holmes RK. Shiga and Shiga-like toxins Microbiological Reviews. 51: 206-220. PMID 3299029  0.4
1987 Chang PP, Moss J, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK. Type II heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli activates adenylate cyclase in human fibroblasts by ADP ribosylation Infection and Immunity. 55: 1854-1858. PMID 3112012  0.4
1987 Pickett CL, Weinstein DL, Holmes RK. Genetics of type IIa heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli: operon fusions, nucleotide sequence, and hybridization studies Journal of Bacteriology. 169: 5180-5187. PMID 2822667  0.4
1987 Jackson MP, Neill RJ, O'Brien AD, Holmes RK, Newland JW. Nucleotide sequence analysis and comparison of the structural genes for Shiga-like toxin I and Shiga-like toxin II encoded by bacteriophages from Escherichia coli 933 Fems Microbiology Letters. 44: 109-114.  0.4
1986 Guth BEC, Pickett CL, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK, Gomes TA, Lima AA, Guerrant RL, Franco BD, Trabulsi LR. Production of type II heat-labile enterotoxin by Escherichia coli isolated from food and human feces Infection and Immunity. 54: 587-589. PMID 3533784  0.4
1986 Strockbine NA, Marques LR, Newland JW, Smith HW, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Two toxin-converting phages from Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain 933 encode antigenically distinct toxins with similar biologic activities. Infection and Immunity. 53: 135-40. PMID 3522426  0.4
1986 Pickett CL, Twiddy EM, Wolfganger Belisle B, Holmes RK. Cloning of genes that encode a new heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli Journal of Bacteriology. 165: 348-352. PMID 3511028  0.4
1986 Holmes RK, Twiddy EM, Pickett CL. Purification and characterization of type II heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli Infection and Immunity. 53: 464-473. PMID 3017862  0.4
1986 Guth BEC, Twiddy EM, Trabulsi LR, Holmes RK. Variation in chemical properties and antigenic determinants among type II heat-labile enterotoxins of Escherichia coli Infection and Immunity. 54: 529-536. PMID 2429930  0.4
1985 Strockbine NA, Marques LRM, Holmes RK, O'Brien AD. Characterization of monoclonal antibodies against Shiga-like toxin from Escherichia coli Infection and Immunity. 50: 695-700. PMID 3905611  0.4
1985 Russell LM, Holmes RK. Highly toxinogenic but avirulent Park-Williams 8 strain of Corynebacterium diphtheriae does not produce siderophore Infection and Immunity. 47: 575-578. PMID 3155709  0.4
1985 Newland JW, Strockbine NA, Miller SF, O'Brien AD, Holmes RK. Cloning of Shiga-like toxin structural genes from a toxin converting phage of Escherichia coli Science. 230: 179-181. PMID 2994228 DOI: 10.1126/science.2994228  0.4
1985 Newland JW, Green BA, Foulds J, Holmes RK. Cloning of extracellular DNase and construction of a DNase-negative strain of Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity. 47: 691-696. PMID 2982738  0.4
1985 Ludwig DS, Holmes RK, Schoolnik GK. Chemical and immunochemical studies on the receptor binding domain of cholera toxin B subunit Journal of Biological Chemistry. 260: 12528-12534. PMID 2413025  0.4
1985 Chang PP, Moss J, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK. An E. coli enterotoxin, immunologically distinct from cholera toxin, activates adenylate cyclase in human fibroblasts Federation Proceedings. 44.  0.4
1984 Hu VW, Holmes RK. Evidence for direct insertion of fragments A and B of diphtheria toxin into model membranes Journal of Biological Chemistry. 259: 12226-12233. PMID 6480607  0.4
1984 O'Brien AD, Newland JW, Miller SF, Holmes RK, Smith HW, Formal SB. Shiga-like toxin-converting phages from Escherichia coli strains that cause hemorrhagic colitis or infantile diarrhea. Science (New York, N.Y.). 226: 694-6. PMID 6387911 DOI: 10.1126/science.6387911  0.4
1984 Belisle BW, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK. Characterization of monoclonal antibodies to heat-labile enterotoxin encoded by a plasmid from a clinical isolate of Escherichia coli Infection and Immunity. 43: 1027-1032. PMID 6365779  0.4
1984 Belisle BW, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK. Monoclonal antibodies with an expanded repertoire of specificities and potent neutralizing activity for Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin Infection and Immunity. 46: 759-764. PMID 6209224  0.4
1984 Newland JW, Green BA, Holmes RK. Transposon-mediated mutagenesis and recombination in Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity. 45: 428-432. PMID 6086528  0.4
1984 Russell LM, Cryz SJ, Holmes RK. Genetic and biochemical evidence for a siderophore-dependent iron transport system in Corynebacterium diphtheriae Infection and Immunity. 45: 143-149.  0.4
1983 Neill RJ, Ivins BE, Holmes RK. Synthesis and secretion of the plasmid-coded heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli in Vibrio cholerae Science. 221: 289-291. PMID 6857285  0.4
1983 Russell LM, Holmes RK. Initial characterization of the ferric iron transport system of Corynebacterium diphtheriae Journal of Bacteriology. 155: 1439-1442. PMID 6411692  0.4
1983 Cryz SJ, Russell LM, Holmes RK. Regulation of toxinogenesis in Corynebacterium diphtheriae: Mutations in the bacterial genome that alter the effects of iron on toxin production Journal of Bacteriology. 154: 245-252. PMID 6403502  0.4
1983 Neill RJ, Twiddy EM, Holmes RK. Synthesis of plasmid-coded heat-labile enterotoxin in wild-type and hypertoxinogenic strains of Escherichia coli and in other genera of Enterobacteriaceae Infection and Immunity. 41: 1056-1061. PMID 6350177  0.4
1983 Green BA, Neill RJ, Ruyechan WT, Holmes RK. Evidence that a new enterotoxin of Escherichia coli which activates adenylate cyclase in eucaryotic target cells is not plasmid mediated Infection and Immunity. 41: 383-390. PMID 6345396  0.4
1983 Green BA, Newland JW, Holmes RK. Mapping of chromosomal genes that determine the El Tor biotype in Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity. 42: 924-929. PMID 6315594  0.4
1983 Holmes RK, Twiddy EM. Characterization of monoclonal antibodies that react with unique and cross-reacting determinants of cholera enterotoxin and its subunits Infection and Immunity. 42: 914-923. PMID 6196297  0.4
1981 Ivine BE, Holmes RK. Factors affecting phaeomelanin production by a melanin-producing (mel) mutant of Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity. 34: 895-899. PMID 7333674  0.4
1981 Bramucci MG, Twiddy EM, Baine WB, Holmes RK. Isolation and characterization of hypertoxinogenic (htx) mutants of Escherichia coli KL320(pCG86) Infection and Immunity. 32: 1034-1044. PMID 7019086  0.4
1981 Welkos SL, Holmes RK. Regulation of toxinogenesis in Corynebacterium diphtheriae. II. Genetic mapping of a tox regulatory mutation in bacteriophage β Journal of Virology. 37: 946-954. PMID 6785450  0.4
1981 Welkos SL, Holmes RK. Regulation of toxinogenesis in Corynebacterium diphtheriae. I. Mutations in bacteriophage β that alter the effects of iron on toxin production Journal of Virology. 37: 936-945. PMID 6785449  0.4
1980 Ivins BE, Holmes RK. Isolation and characterization of melanin-producing (mel) mutants of Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity. 27: 721-729. PMID 7380551  0.4
1980 Cryz SJ, Welkos SL, Holmes RK. Immunochemical studies of diphtherial toxin and related nontoxic mutant proteins Infection and Immunity. 30: 835-846. PMID 6164646  0.4
1979 Holmes RK, Bramucci MG, Twiddy EM. Genetics of toxinogenesis in Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli Contributions to Microbiology and Immunology. 6: 165-177. PMID 394927  0.4
1979 Welkos SL, Holmes RK. Characterization of a screening test for diphtherial toxin antigen produced by individual plaques of corynebacteriophages Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 9: 693-698. PMID 115898  0.4
1978 Baine WB, Vasil ML, Holmes RK. Genetic mapping of mutations in independently isolated nontoxinogenic mutants of Vibrio cholerae Infection and Immunity. 21: 194-200. PMID 711315  0.4
1978 Holmes RK, Baine WB, Vasil ML. Quantitative measurements of cholera enterotoxin in cultures of toxinogenic wild-type and nontoxinogenic mutant strains of Vibrio cholerae by using a sensitive and specific reversed passive hemagglutination assay for cholera enterotoxin Infection and Immunity. 19: 101-106. PMID 624584  0.4
1978 Bramucci MG, Holmes RK. Radial passive immune hemolysis assay for detection of heat-labile enterotoxin produced by individual colonies of Escherichia coli or Vibrio cholerae Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 8: 252-255. PMID 359590  0.4
1976 Holmes RK. Characterization and genetic mapping of nontoxinogenic (tox) mutants of corynebacteriophage beta Journal of Virology. 19: 195-207. PMID 820871  0.4
1975 Thorley JD, Holmes RK, Sanford JP. Tetanus and diphtheria antitoxin levels following a hospital-based adult immunization program American Journal of Epidemiology. 101: 438-443. PMID 1168991  0.4
1975 Ramirez Ronda CH, Holmes RK, Sanford JP. Effects of divalent cations on binding of aminoglycoside antibiotics to human serum proteins and to bacteria Antimicrob.Agents Chemother.. 7: 239-245. PMID 1137375  0.4
1975 Minshew BH, Holmes RK, Baxter CR. Comparison of a radioimmunoassay with an enzymatic assay for gentamicin Antimicrob.Agents Chemother.. 7: 107-109. PMID 1137354  0.4
1975 Vasil ML, Holmes RK, Finkelstein RA. Conjugal transfer of a chromosomal gene determining production of enterotoxin in Vibrio cholerae Science. 187: 849-850. PMID 1114331  0.4
1975 Gould K, Ramirez Ronda CH, Holmes RK, Sanford JP. Adherence of bacteria to heart valves in vitro Journal of Clinical Investigation. 56: 1364-1370. PMID 811687  0.4
1975 Holmes RK, Vasil ML, Finkelstein RA. Studies on toxinogenesis in Vibrio cholerae. III. Characterization of nontoxinogenic mutants in vitro and in experimental animals Journal of Clinical Investigation. 55: 551-560. PMID 803978  0.4
1975 Holmes RK, Perlow RB. Quantitative assay of diphtherial toxin and of immunological cross reacting proteins by reversed passive hemagglutination Infection and Immunity. 12: 1392-1400. PMID 54339  0.4
1975 Thorley JD, Kaplan JM, Holmes RK, McCracken GH, Sanford JP. Passive transfer of antibodies of maternal origin from blood to cerebrospinal fluid in infants. Lancet. 1: 651-3. PMID 47079 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(75)91755-9  0.4
1975 Holmes RK. Genetic aspects of toxinogenesis in bacteria Amer.Soc.Microbiol.. 296-301.  0.4
1975 Ramirez Ronda CH, Holmes RK, Sanford JP. Effects of calcium and magnesium on the binding of 3H gentamicin to Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli Clinical Research. 23.  0.4
1974 Holmes RK, Minshew BH, Gould IK, Sanford JP. Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to gentamicin and related aminoglycoside antibiotics Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 6: 253-262. PMID 15830470  0.4
1974 Blankenship RM, Holmes RK, Sanford JP. Letter: Abbreviated treatment for gonococcal arthritis New England Journal of Medicine. 291: 106. PMID 4835898  0.4
1974 Holmes RK, Sanford JP. Enzymatic assay for gentamicin and related aminoglycoside antibiotics Journal of Infectious Diseases. 129: 519-527. PMID 4595988  0.4
1974 Vasil ML, Holmes RK, Finkelstein RA. Studies on toxinogenesis in Vibrio cholerae. II. An in vitro test for enterotoxin production Infection and Immunity. 9: 195-197. PMID 4587384  0.4
1974 Holmes RK, Minshew BH, Sanford JP. Resistance of pseudomonas aeruginosa to aminoglycoside antibiotics Journal of Infectious Diseases. 130: S163-S165. PMID 4214382 DOI: 10.1093/infdis/130.Supplement.S163  0.4
1974 Blankenship RM, Holmes RK, Sanford JP. Treatment of disseminated gonococcal infection. A prospective evaluation of short-term antibiotic therapy New England Journal of Medicine. 290: 267-269. PMID 4203009  0.4
1974 Minshew BH, Holmes RK, Sanford JP, Baxter CR. Transferrable resistance to tobramycin in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae associated with enzymatic acetylation of tobramycin Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 6: 492-497. PMID 4157351  0.4
1974 Finkelstein RA, Vasil ML, Holmes RK. Studies on toxinogenesis in Vibrio cholerae. I. Isolation of mutants with altered toxinogenicity Journal of Infectious Diseases. 129: 117-123. PMID 4129825  0.4
1970 Holmes RK, Barksdale L. Comparative studies with tox plus and tox minus corynebacteriophages Journal of Virology. 5: 783-784. PMID 4193835  0.4
1969 Holmes RK, Barksdale L. Genetic analysis of tox+ and tox- bacteriophages of Corynebacterium diphtheriae Journal of Virology. 3: 586-598. PMID 4978942  0.4
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