Martin Ryle, PhD

Affiliations: 
Physics University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom 
Area:
Radioastronomy
Website:
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1974/ryle-bio.html
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"Martin Ryle"
Bio:

(1918 - 1984)
http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/BruceMedalists/Ryle/index.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Ryle
Sir Martin Ryle FRS[1] (27 September 1918 – 14 October 1984) was an English radio astronomer who developed revolutionary radio telescope systems (see e.g. aperture synthesis) and used them for accurate location and imaging of weak radio sources.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1974 was awarded jointly to Sir Martin Ryle and Antony Hewish "for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars"

Mean distance: 12.49
 
SNBCP
Cross-listing: Astronomy Tree

Parents

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John Ashworth Ratcliffe grad student 1936-1939 Oxford

Children

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John Baldwin grad student Cambridge
Antony Hewish grad student 1952 Cambridge
Robin G. Conway grad student 1957 Cambridge (Astronomy Tree)
Harry van der Laan grad student 1962 Cambridge
Malcolm Sim Longair grad student 1967 Cambridge
Gareth Wynn-Williams grad student 1968-1971 Cambridge
Andrew Stephen Wilson grad student 1972 Cambridge (Astronomy Tree)
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Publications

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Koehntop KD, Marimanikkuppam S, Ryle MJ, et al. (2006) Self-hydroxylation of taurine/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase: evidence for more than one oxygen activation mechanism. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry : Jbic : a Publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry. 11: 63-72
Grzyska PK, Ryle MJ, Monterosso GR, et al. (2005) Steady-state and transient kinetic analyses of taurine/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase: effects of oxygen concentration, alternative sulfonates, and active-site variants on the FeIV-oxo intermediate. Biochemistry. 44: 3845-55
Proshlyakov DA, Henshaw TF, Monterosso GR, et al. (2004) Direct detection of oxygen intermediates in the non-heme Fe enzyme taurine/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 126: 1022-3
Ryle MJ, Koehntop KD, Liu A, et al. (2003) Interconversion of two oxidized forms of taurine/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase, a non-heme iron hydroxylase: evidence for bicarbonate binding. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 100: 3790-5
Ryle MJ, Liu A, Muthukumaran RB, et al. (2003) O2- and alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent tyrosyl radical formation in TauD, an alpha-keto acid-dependent non-heme iron dioxygenase. Biochemistry. 42: 1854-62
Ryle MJ, Hausinger RP. (2002) Non-heme iron oxygenases. Current Opinion in Chemical Biology. 6: 193-201
Elkins JM, Ryle MJ, Clifton IJ, et al. (2002) X-ray crystal structure of Escherichia coli taurine/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase complexed to ferrous iron and substrates. Biochemistry. 41: 5185-92
Liu A, Ho RY, Que L, et al. (2001) Alternative reactivity of an alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent iron(II) oxygenase: enzyme self-hydroxylation. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 123: 5126-7
Ho RY, Mehn MP, Hegg EL, et al. (2001) Resonance Raman studies of the iron(II)--alpha-keto acid chromophore in model and enzyme complexes. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 123: 5022-9
Chiu H, Peters JW, Lanzilotta WN, et al. (2001) MgATP-Bound and nucleotide-free structures of a nitrogenase protein complex between the Leu 127 Delta-Fe-protein and the MoFe-protein. Biochemistry. 40: 641-50
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