Harlan Ernest Spence, PhD - Publications

Affiliations: 
Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, United States 
Area:
Theoretical and experimental space plasma physics; cosmic rays and radiation belt processes; heliospheric, planetary magnetospheric, lunar, and auroral physics
Website:
http://www.eos.unh.edu/Faculty/spence

345 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Wilson JK, Spence HE, Schwadron NA, Case AW, Looper MD, Jordan AP, de Wet W, Kasper J. Precise Detections of Solar Particle Events and a New View of the Moon. Geophysical Research Letters. 47. PMID 33688109 DOI: 10.1029/2019gl085522  0.764
2020 Nosé M, Matsuoka A, Kumamoto A, Kasahara Y, Teramoto M, Kurita S, Goldstein J, Kistler LM, Singh S, Gololobov A, Shiokawa K, Imajo S, Oimatsu S, Yamamoto K, Obana Y, ... ... Spence H, et al. Oxygen torus and its coincidence with EMIC wave in the deep inner magnetosphere: Van Allen Probe B and Arase observations. Earth, Planets, and Space : Eps. 72: 111. PMID 32831576 DOI: 10.1186/S40623-020-01235-W  0.315
2020 de Wet WC, Slaba TC, Rahmanifard F, Wilson JK, Jordan AP, Townsend LW, Schwadron NA, Spence HE. CRaTER observations and permissible mission duration for human operations in deep space. Life Sciences in Space Research. 26: 149-162. PMID 32718681 DOI: 10.1016/J.Lssr.2020.04.004  0.717
2020 Johnson AT, Shumko M, Griffith B, Klumpar DM, Sample J, Springer L, Leh N, Spence HE, Smith S, Crew A, Handley M, Mashburn KM, Larsen BA, Blake JB. The FIREBIRD-II CubeSat mission: Focused investigations of relativistic electron burst intensity, range, and dynamics. The Review of Scientific Instruments. 91: 034503. PMID 32260014 DOI: 10.1063/1.5137905  0.403
2020 Korotova G, Sibeck D, Engebretson M, Balikhin M, Thaller S, Kletzing C, Spence H, Redmon R. Multipoint Observations of Compressional Pc5 Pulsations in the Dayside Magnetosphere and Corresponding Particle Signatures Annales Geophysicae. 1-30. DOI: 10.5194/Angeo-2020-32  0.374
2020 Berger T, Matthiä D, Burmeister S, Zeitlin C, Rios R, Stoffle N, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Hassler DM, Ehresmann B, Wimmer-Schweingruber RF. Long term variations of galactic cosmic radiation on board the International Space Station, on the Moon and on the surface of Mars Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate. 10: 34. DOI: 10.1051/Swsc/2020028  0.426
2020 Hao YX, Zong Q‐, Zhou X‐, Zou H, Rankin R, Sun YX, Chen XR, Liu Y, Fu SY, Baker DN, Spence HE, Blake JB, Reeves GD, Claudepierre SG. A Short‐lived Three‐Belt Structure for Sub‐MeV Electrons in the Van Allen Belts: Time Scale and Energy Dependence Journal of Geophysical Research. 125. DOI: 10.1029/2020Ja028031  0.321
2020 Yue C, Ma Q, Jun CW, Bortnik J, Zong Q, Zhou X, Jang E, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Wygant JR. The modulation of plasma and waves by background electron density irregularities in the inner magnetosphere Geophysical Research Letters. 47. DOI: 10.1029/2020Gl088855  0.341
2020 Ma Q, Connor HK, Zhang X‐, Li W, Shen X‐, Gillespie D, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Claudepierre SG, Reeves GD, Spence HE. Global Survey of Plasma Sheet Electron Precipitation due to Whistler Mode Chorus Waves in Earth’s Magnetosphere Geophysical Research Letters. 47. DOI: 10.1029/2020Gl088798  0.328
2020 Bruff M, Jaynes AN, Zhao H, Goldstein J, Malaspina DM, Baker DN, Kanekal SG, Spence HE, Reeves GD. The Role of the Dynamic Plasmapause in Outer Radiation Belt Electron Flux Enhancement Geophysical Research Letters. 47. DOI: 10.1029/2020Gl086991  0.374
2020 Rahmanifard F, Wet WC, Schwadron NA, Owens MJ, Jordan AP, Wilson JK, Joyce CJ, Spence HE, Smith CW, Townsend LW. Galactic Cosmic Radiation in the Interplanetary Space Through a Modern Secular Minimum Space Weather. 18. DOI: 10.1029/2019Sw002428  0.685
2020 Martinez‐Calderon C, Bortnik J, Li W, Spence H, Claudepierre SG, Douma E, Rodger CJ. Comparison of Long‐Term Lightning Activity and Inner Radiation Belt Electron Flux Perturbations Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 125. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja027763  0.387
2020 Pinto VA, Bortnik J, Moya PS, Lyons LR, Sibeck DG, Kanekal SG, Spence HE, Baker DN. Radial Response of Outer Radiation Belt Relativistic Electrons During Enhancement Events at Geostationary Orbit Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 125. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja027660  0.385
2020 Motoba T, Ohtani S, Gkioulidou M, Mitchell DG, Ukhorskiy AY, Takahashi K, Lanzerotti LJ, Claudepierre S, Spence HE, Reeves GD. Pitch Angle Dependence of Electron and Ion Flux Changes During Local Magnetic Dipolarization Inside Geosynchronous Orbit Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 125. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja027543  0.354
2020 Ozeke LG, Mann IR, Olifer L, Dufresne KY, Morley SK, Claudepierre SG, Murphy KR, Spence HE, Baker DN, Degeling AW. Rapid Outer Radiation Belt Flux Dropouts and Fast Acceleration During the March 2015 and 2013 Storms: The Role of Ultra‐Low Frequency Wave Transport From a Dynamic Outer Boundary Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 125. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja027179  0.397
2020 Wilson JK, Spence HE, Schwadron NA, Case AW, Looper MD, Jordan AP, Wet W, Kasper J. Precise Detections of Solar Particle Events and a New View of the Moon Geophysical Research Letters. 47. DOI: 10.1029/2019Gl085522  0.759
2020 Marshall RA, Xu W, Woods T, Cully C, Jaynes A, Randall C, Baker D, McCarthy M, Spence HE, Berland G, Wold A, Davis E. The AEPEX Mission: Imaging Energetic Particle Precipitation in the Atmosphere through its Bremsstrahlung X-ray Signatures Advances in Space Research. 66: 66-82. DOI: 10.1016/J.Asr.2020.03.003  0.397
2020 Zaman F, Townsend LW, de Wet WC, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Wilson JK, Jordan AP, Smith SS, Looper MD. Absorbed doses from GCR and albedo particles emitted by the lunar surface Acta Astronautica. 175: 185-189. DOI: 10.1016/J.Actaastro.2020.05.040  0.699
2019 Boyd AJ, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Funsten HO, Larsen BA, Skoug RM, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Baker DN, Kanekal SG, Jaynes AN. RBSP-ECT Combined Spin-Averaged Electron Flux Data Product. Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics. 124: 9124-9136. PMID 32025458 DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja026733  0.376
2019 Li J, Bortnik J, An X, Li W, Angelopoulos V, Thorne RM, Russell CT, Ni B, Shen X, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Hartley DP, Funsten HO, Spence HE, Baker DN. Origin of two-band chorus in the radiation belt of Earth. Nature Communications. 10: 4672. PMID 31611553 DOI: 10.1038/S41467-019-12561-3  0.369
2019 Claudepierre SG, O'Brien TP, Looper MD, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Roeder JL, Clemmons JH, Mazur JE, Turner DL, Reeves GD, Spence HE. A Revised Look at Relativistic Electrons in the Earth's Inner Radiation Zone and Slot Region. Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics. 124: 934-951. PMID 31008007 DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja026349  0.417
2019 Zeitlin C, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Jordan AP, Looper MD, Wilson J, Mazur JE, Townsend LW. Update on Galactic Cosmic Ray Integral Flux Measurements in Lunar Orbit With CRaTER Social Work. 17: 1011-1017. DOI: 10.1029/2019Sw002223  0.678
2019 Yamamoto K, Nosé M, Keika K, Hartley DP, Smith CW, MacDowall RJ, Lanzerotti LJ, Mitchell DG, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Wygant JR, Bonnell JW, Oimatsu S. Eastward Propagating Second Harmonic Poloidal Waves Triggered by Temporary Outward Gradient of Proton Phase Space Density: Van Allen Probe A Observation Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 124: 9904-9923. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja027158  0.313
2019 Ren J, Zong QG, Zhou XZ, Spence HE, Funsten HO, Wygant JR, Rankin R. Cold Plasmaspheric Electrons Affected by ULF Waves in the Inner Magnetosphere: A Van Allen Probes Statistical Study Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 124: 7954-7965. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja027009  0.331
2019 Bingham ST, Mouikis CG, Kistler LM, Paulson KW, Farrugia CJ, Huang CL, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Kletzing C. The Storm Time Development of Source Electrons and Chorus Wave Activity During CME‐ and CIR‐Driven Storms Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 124: 6438-6452. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja026689  0.327
2019 Menz A, Kistler L, Mouikis C, Matsui H, Spence H, Thaller S, Wygant J. Efficacy of Electric Field Models in Reproducing Observed Ring Current Ion Spectra During Two Geomagnetic Storms Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 124: 8974-8991. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja026683  0.305
2019 Lessard MR, Paulson K, Spence HE, Weaver C, Engebretson MJ, Millan R, Woodger L, Halford A, Horne R, Rodger CJ, Hendry A. Generation of EMIC Waves and Effects on Particle Precipitation During a Solar Wind Pressure Intensification With B z >0 Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 124: 4492-4508. DOI: 10.1029/2019Ja026477  0.345
2019 Li J, Ma Q, Bortnik J, Li W, An X, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Spence H, Baker DN, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Hartley DP. Parallel Acceleration of Suprathermal Electrons Caused by Whistler‐Mode Hiss Waves Geophysical Research Letters. 46: 12675-12684. DOI: 10.1029/2019Gl085562  0.31
2019 Capannolo L, Li W, Ma Q, Chen L, Shen X, Spence HE, Sample J, Johnson A, Shumko M, Klumpar DM, Redmon RJ. Direct Observation of Subrelativistic Electron Precipitation Potentially Driven by EMIC Waves Geophysical Research Letters. 46: 12711-12721. DOI: 10.1029/2019Gl084202  0.335
2019 Cohen IJ, Mauk BH, Turner DL, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Reeves GD, Leonard TW, Baker DN, Jaynes AN, Spence HE, Gabrielse C. Drift‐Dispersed Flux Dropouts of Energetic Electrons Observed in Earth's Middle Magnetosphere by the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mission Geophysical Research Letters. 46: 3069-3078. DOI: 10.1029/2019Gl082008  0.381
2019 Capannolo L, Li W, Ma Q, Shen X‐, Zhang X‐, Redmon RJ, Rodriguez JV, Engebretson MJ, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Raita T. Energetic Electron Precipitation: Multievent Analysis of Its Spatial Extent During EMIC Wave Activity Journal of Geophysical Research. 124: 2466-2483. DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja026291  0.316
2019 Hao YX, Zong Q, Zhou X, Rankin R, Chen XR, Liu Y, Fu SY, Baker DN, Spence HE, Blake JB, Reeves GD, Claudepierre SG. Global‐Scale ULF Waves Associated With SSC Accelerate Magnetospheric Ultrarelativistic Electrons Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 124: 1525-1538. DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja026134  0.32
2019 Turner DL, Kilpua EKJ, Hietala H, Claudepierre SG, O'Brien TP, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Jaynes AN, Kanekal S, Baker DN, Spence HE, Ripoll J, Reeves GD. The Response of Earth's Electron Radiation Belts to Geomagnetic Storms: Statistics From the Van Allen Probes Era Including Effects From Different Storm Drivers Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 124: 1013-1034. DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja026066  0.389
2019 Jordan A, Stubbs T, Shusterman M, Izenberg N, Wilson J, Hayne P, Schwadron N, Spence H. How dielectric breakdown may contribute to the global weathering of regolith on the moon Icarus. 319: 785-794. DOI: 10.1016/J.Icarus.2018.10.025  0.671
2018 Sandhu JK, Rae IJ, Freeman MP, Forsyth C, Gkioulidou M, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Jackman CM, Lam MM. Energization of the Ring Current by Substorms. Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics. 123: 8131-8148. PMID 30775195 DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja025766  0.364
2018 Ozeke LG, Mann IR, Murphy KR, Degeling AW, Claudepierre SG, Spence HE. Explaining the apparent impenetrable barrier to ultra-relativistic electrons in the outer Van Allen belt. Nature Communications. 9: 1844. PMID 29748536 DOI: 10.1038/S41467-018-04162-3  0.397
2018 Shi R, Li W, Ma Q, Claudepierre SG, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Thaller SA, Wygant JR. Van Allen Probes observation of plasmaspheric hiss modulated by injected energetic electrons Annales Geophysicae. 36: 781-791. DOI: 10.5194/Angeo-36-781-2018  0.381
2018 Korotova G, Sibeck D, Thaller S, Wygant J, Spence H, Kletzing C, Angelopoulos V, Redmon R. Multisatellite observations of the magnetosphere response to changes in the solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field Annales Geophysicae. 36: 1319-1333. DOI: 10.5194/Angeo-36-1319-2018  0.388
2018 Winslow RM, Schwadron NA, Lugaz N, Guo J, Joyce CJ, Jordan AP, Wilson JK, Spence HE, Lawrence DJ, Wimmer-Schweingruber RF, Mays ML. Opening a Window on ICME-driven GCR Modulation in the Inner Solar System The Astrophysical Journal. 856: 139. DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/Aab098  0.677
2018 Mann IR, Ozeke LG, Morley SK, Murphy KR, Claudepierre SG, Turner DL, Baker DN, Rae IJ, Kale A, Milling DK, Boyd AJ, Spence HE, Singer HJ, Dimitrakoudis S, Daglis IA, et al. Reply to 'The dynamics of Van Allen belts revisited' Nature Physics. 14: 103-104. DOI: 10.1038/Nphys4351  0.313
2018 Bingham ST, Mouikis CG, Kistler LM, Boyd AJ, Paulson K, Farrugia CJ, Huang CL, Spence HE, Claudepierre SG, Kletzing C. The Outer Radiation Belt Response to the Storm Time Development of Seed Electrons and Chorus Wave Activity During CME and CIR Driven Storms Journal of Geophysical Research. 123. DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja025963  0.372
2018 Zhao H, Friedel RHW, Chen Y, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Li X, Jaynes AN, Kanekal SG, Claudepierre SG, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Spence HE. An Empirical Model of Radiation Belt Electron Pitch Angle Distributions Based On Van Allen Probes Measurements Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 123: 3493-3511. DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja025277  0.37
2018 Ren J, Zong QG, Miyoshi Y, Rankin R, Spence HE, Funsten HO, Wygant JR, Kletzing CA. A Comparative Study of ULF Waves' Role in the Dynamics of Charged Particles in the Plasmasphere: Van Allen Probes Observation Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 123: 5334-5343. DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja025255  0.303
2018 Kavosi S, Spence HE, Fennell JF, Turner DL, Connor HK, Raeder J. MMS/FEEPS Observations of Electron Microinjections Due to Kelvin-Helmholtz Waves and Flux Transfer Events: A Case Study Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 123: 5364-5378. DOI: 10.1029/2018Ja025244  0.333
2018 Pinto VA, Bortnik J, Moya PS, Lyons LR, Sibeck DG, Kanekal SG, Spence HE, Baker DN. Characteristics, Occurrence, and Decay Rates of Remnant Belts Associated With Three‐Belt Events in the Earth's Radiation Belts Geophysical Research Letters. 45: 12,099-12,107. DOI: 10.1029/2018Gl080274  0.342
2018 Capannolo L, Li W, Ma Q, Zhang X, Redmon RJ, Rodriguez JV, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Engebretson MJ, Spence HE, Reeves GD. Understanding the Driver of Energetic Electron Precipitation Using Coordinated Multisatellite Measurements Geophysical Research Letters. 45: 6755-6765. DOI: 10.1029/2018Gl078604  0.332
2018 Boyd AJ, Turner DL, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Baker DN, Blake JB. What Causes Radiation Belt Enhancements: A Survey of the Van Allen Probes Era Geophysical Research Letters. 45: 5253-5259. DOI: 10.1029/2018Gl077699  0.323
2018 Schwadron N, Wilson J, Jordan A, Looper M, Zeitlin C, Townsend L, Spence H, Legere J, Bloser P, Farrell W, Hurley D, Petro N, Stubbs T, Pieters C. Using proton radiation from the moon to search for diurnal variation of regolith hydrogenation Planetary and Space Science. 162: 113-132. DOI: 10.1016/J.Pss.2017.09.012  0.698
2018 Saikin A, Jordanova V, Zhang J, Smith C, Spence H, Larsen B, Reeves G, Torbert R, Kletzing C, Zhelavskaya I, Shprits Y. Comparing simulated and observed EMIC wave amplitudes using in situ Van Allen Probes’ measurements Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 177: 190-201. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jastp.2018.01.024  0.347
2018 Jordan A, Stubbs T, Wilson J, Schwadron N, Spence H. The possible contribution of dielectric breakdown to space weathering on Phobos Advances in Space Research. 62: 2187-2198. DOI: 10.1016/J.Asr.2018.01.029  0.679
2018 McComas DJ, Christian ER, Schwadron NA, Fox N, Westlake J, Allegrini F, Baker DN, Biesecker D, Bzowski M, Clark G, Cohen CMS, Cohen I, Dayeh MA, Decker R, de Nolfo GA, ... ... Spence HE, et al. Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP): A New NASA Mission Space Science Reviews. 214. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-018-0550-1  0.435
2018 Schwadron NA, Rahmanifard F, Wilson J, Jordan AP, Spence HE, Joyce CJ, Blake JB, Case AW, de Wet W, Farrell WM, Kasper JC, Looper MD, Lugaz N, Mays L, Mazur JE, et al. Update on the Worsening Particle Radiation Environment Observed by CRaTER and Implications for Future Human Deep-Space Exploration Space Weather. 16: 289-303. DOI: 10.1002/2017Sw001803  0.788
2018 Ma Q, Li W, Bortnik J, Thorne RM, Chu X, Ozeke LG, Reeves GD, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Engebretson MJ, Spence HE, Baker DN, Blake JB, Fennell JF, et al. Quantitative Evaluation of Radial Diffusion and Local Acceleration Processes During GEM Challenge Events Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 123: 1938-1952. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja025114  0.424
2018 Ferradas CP, Zhang J, Spence HE, Kistler LM, Larsen BA, Reeves GD, Skoug RM, Funsten HO. Temporal Evolution of Ion Spectral Structures During a Geomagnetic Storm: Observations and Modeling Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 123: 179-196. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024702  0.31
2018 Murphy KR, Watt CEJ, Mann IR, Jonathan Rae I, Sibeck DG, Boyd AJ, Forsyth CF, Turner DL, Claudepierre SG, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Blake JB, Fennell J. The Global Statistical Response of the Outer Radiation Belt During Geomagnetic Storms Geophysical Research Letters. 45: 3783-3792. DOI: 10.1002/2017Gl076674  0.377
2017 Quinn PR, Schwadron NA, Townsend LW, Wimmer-Schweingruber RF, Case AW, Spence HE, Wilson JK, Joyce CJ. Modeling the effectiveness of shielding in the earth-moon-mars radiation environment using PREDICCS: five solar events in 2012 Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate. 7: A16. DOI: 10.1051/Swsc/2017014  0.66
2017 Jordan A, Stubbs T, Wilson J, Schwadron N, Spence H. The rate of dielectric breakdown weathering of lunar regolith in permanently shadowed regions Icarus. 283: 352-358. DOI: 10.1016/J.Icarus.2016.08.027  0.682
2017 Schwadron NA, Cooper JF, Desai M, Downs C, Gorby M, Jordan AP, Joyce CJ, Kozarev K, Linker JA, Mikíc Z, Riley P, Spence HE, Török T, Townsend LW, Wilson JK, et al. Particle Radiation Sources, Propagation and Interactions in Deep Space, at Earth, the Moon, Mars, and Beyond: Examples of Radiation Interactions and Effects Space Science Reviews. 212: 1069-1106. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-017-0381-5  0.71
2017 Yue C, Chen L, Bortnik J, Ma Q, Thorne RM, Angelopoulos V, Li J, An X, Zhou C, Kletzing C, Reeves GD, Spence HE. The Characteristic Response of Whistler Mode Waves to Interplanetary Shocks Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 10,047-10,057. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024574  0.363
2017 Shi R, Li W, Ma Q, Reeves GD, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG. Systematic Evaluation of Low‐Frequency Hiss and Energetic Electron Injections Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 10,263-10,274. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024571  0.368
2017 Zhao H, Baker DN, Califf S, Li X, Jaynes AN, Leonard T, Kanekal SG, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Turner DL, Reeves GD, Spence HE. Van Allen Probes Measurements of Energetic Particle Deep Penetration Into the Low L Region (L  < 4) During the Storm on 8 April 2016 Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 12,140-12,152. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024558  0.421
2017 Turner DL, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Claudepierre SG, Clemmons JH, Jaynes AN, Leonard T, Baker DN, Cohen IJ, Gkioulidou M, Ukhorskiy AY, Mauk BH, Gabrielse C, Angelopoulos V, Strangeway RJ, ... ... Spence HE, et al. Multipoint Observations of Energetic Particle Injections and Substorm Activity During a Conjunction Between Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) and Van Allen Probes Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 11,481-11,504. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024554  0.402
2017 Matsui H, Torbert RB, Spence HE, Argall MR, Alm L, Farrugia CJ, Kurth WS, Baker DN, Blake JB, Funsten HO, Reeves GD, Ergun RE, Khotyaintsev YV, Lindqvist P. Relativistic Electron Increase During Chorus Wave Activities on the 6-8 March 2016 Geomagnetic Storm Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 11,302-11,319. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024540  0.371
2017 Ma Q, Li W, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Turner DL, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Baker DN. Diffusive Transport of Several Hundred keV Electrons in the Earth's Slot Region Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 10,235-10,246. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024452  0.37
2017 Yue C, Bortnik J, Thorne RM, Ma Q, An X, Chappell CR, Gerrard AJ, Lanzerotti LJ, Shi Q, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Mitchell DG, Gkioulidou M, Kletzing CA. The Characteristic Pitch Angle Distributions of 1 eV to 600 keV Protons Near the Equator Based On Van Allen Probes Observations Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 9464-9473. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024421  0.365
2017 Tang CL, Wang YX, Ni B, Su ZP, Reeves GD, Zhang J, Baker DN, Spence HE, Funsten HO, Blake JB. The effects of magnetospheric processes on relativistic electron dynamics in the Earth's outer radiation belt Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 9952-9968. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024407  0.424
2017 Cohen IJ, Mauk BH, Anderson BJ, Westlake JH, Sibeck DG, Turner DL, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Jaynes AN, Leonard TW, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Giles BJ, Strangeway RJ, et al. Statistical analysis of MMS observations of energetic electron escape observed at/beyond the dayside magnetopause Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 9440-9463. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024401  0.446
2017 Ren J, Zong Q, Miyoshi Y, Zhou XZ, Wang YF, Rankin R, Yue C, Spence HE, Funsten HO, Wygant JR, Kletzing CA. Low‐Energy (<200 eV) Electron Acceleration by ULF Waves in the Plasmaspheric Boundary Layer: Van Allen Probes Observation Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 9969-9982. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024316  0.366
2017 Allen RC, Livi SA, Vines SK, Goldstein J, Cohen I, Fuselier SA, Mauk BH, Spence HE. Storm time empirical model of O+ and O6+ distributions in the magnetosphere Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 8353-8374. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024245  0.327
2017 Jahn J-, Goldstein J, Reeves GD, Fernandes PA, Skoug RM, Larsen BA, Spence HE. The Warm Plasma Composition in the Inner Magnetosphere During 2012–2015 Journal of Geophysical Research. 122. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024183  0.391
2017 Su Z, Gao Z, Zheng H, Wang Y, Wang S, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Wygant JR. Rapid Loss of Radiation Belt Relativistic Electrons by EMIC Waves Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 9880-9897. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja024169  0.424
2017 Min K, Denton RE, Liu K, Gary SP, Spence HE. Ion Bernstein instability as a possible source for oxygen ion cyclotron harmonic waves Journal of Geophysical Research. 122: 5449-5465. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja023979  0.383
2017 Tang CL, Wang YX, Ni B, Zhang J, Reeves GD, Su ZP, Baker DN, Spence HE, Funsten HO, Blake JB. Radiation belt seed population and its association with the relativistic electron dynamics: A statistical study Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 5261-5276. DOI: 10.1002/2017Ja023905  0.381
2017 Ma Q, Artemyev AV, Mourenas D, Li W, Thorne RM, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Wygant J. Very Oblique Whistler Mode Propagation in the Radiation Belts: Effects of Hot Plasma and Landau Damping Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 12,057-12,066. DOI: 10.1002/2017Gl075892  0.37
2017 Breneman AW, Crew A, Sample J, Klumpar D, Johnson A, Agapitov O, Shumko M, Turner DL, Santolik O, Wygant JR, Cattell CA, Thaller S, Blake B, Spence H, Kletzing CA. Observations Directly Linking Relativistic Electron Microbursts to Whistler Mode Chorus: Van Allen Probes and FIREBIRD II Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 11,265-11,272. DOI: 10.1002/2017Gl075001  0.424
2017 Hao YX, Zong Q, Zhou X, Rankin R, Chen XR, Liu Y, Fu SY, Spence HE, Blake JB, Reeves GD. Relativistic electron dynamics produced by azimuthally localized poloidal mode ULF waves: Boomerang-shaped pitch angle evolutions Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 7618-7627. DOI: 10.1002/2017Gl074006  0.438
2017 Yang C, Su Z, Xiao F, Zheng H, Wang Y, Wang S, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Blake JB, Funsten HO. A positive correlation between energetic electron butterfly distributions and magnetosonic waves in the radiation belt slot region Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 3980-3990. DOI: 10.1002/2017Gl073116  0.337
2017 Zhou Q, Xiao F, Yang C, Liu S, He Y, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO. Generation of lower and upper bands of electrostatic electron cyclotron harmonic waves in the Van Allen radiation belts Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 5251-5258. DOI: 10.1002/2017Gl073051  0.382
2017 Min K, Takahashi K, Ukhorskiy AY, Manweiler JW, Spence HE, Singer HJ, Claudepierre SG, Larsen BA, Soto‐Chavez AR, Cohen RJ. Second harmonic poloidal waves observed by Van Allen Probes in the dusk‐midnight sector Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 3013-3039. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023770  0.367
2017 Anderson BR, Shekhar S, Millan RM, Crew AB, Spence HE, Klumpar DM, Blake JB, O'Brien TP, Turner DL. Spatial scale and duration of one microburst region on 13 August 2015 Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 5949-5964. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023752  0.794
2017 Claudepierre SG, O'Brien TP, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Clemmons JH, Looper MD, Mazur JE, Roeder JL, Turner DL, Reeves GD, Spence HE. The hidden dynamics of relativistic electrons (0.7–1.5 MeV) in the inner zone and slot region Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 3127-3144. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023719  0.402
2017 Zhao H, Baker DN, Jaynes AN, Li X, Elkington SR, Kanekal SG, Spence HE, Boyd AJ, Huang C, Forsyth C. On the relation between radiation belt electrons and solar wind parameters/geomagnetic indices: Dependence on the first adiabatic invariant and L * Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 1624-1642. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023658  0.408
2017 Li LY, Yu J, Cao JB, Yang JY, Li X, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Spence H. Roles of whistler mode waves and magnetosonic waves in changing the outer radiation belt and the slot region Journal of Geophysical Research. 122: 5431-5448. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023634  0.351
2017 Wang C, Thorne R, Liu TZ, Hartinger MD, Nagai T, Angelopoulos V, Wygant JR, Breneman A, Kletzing C, Reeves GD, Claudepierre SG, Spence HE. A multispacecraft event study of Pc5 ultralow-frequency waves in the magnetosphere and their external drivers Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 5132-5147. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023610  0.354
2017 Xiao F, Liu S, Tao X, Su Z, Zhou Q, Yang C, He Z, He Y, Gao Z, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Blake JB. Generation of extremely low frequency chorus in Van Allen radiation belts Journal of Geophysical Research. 122: 3201-3211. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023561  0.434
2017 Goldstein J, Angelopoulos V, De Pascuale S, Funsten HO, Kurth WS, LLera K, McComas DJ, Perez JD, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Thaller SA, Valek PW, Wygant JR. Cross‐scale observations of the 2015 St. Patrick's day storm: THEMIS, Van Allen Probes, and TWINS Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 122: 368-392. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023173  0.429
2017 Liu N, Su Z, Gao Z, Zheng H, Wang Y, Wang S, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Blake JB, Funsten HO, Wygant JR. Simultaneous disappearances of plasmaspheric hiss, exohiss, and chorus waves triggered by a sudden decrease in solar wind dynamic pressure Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 52-61. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl071987  0.377
2017 Yue C, Bortnik J, Chen L, Ma Q, Thorne RM, Reeves GD, Spence HE. Transitional behavior of different energy protons based on Van Allen Probes observations Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 625-633. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl071324  0.352
2016 Baker DN, Jaynes AN, Kanekal SG, Foster JC, Erickson PJ, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Zhao H, Li X, Elkington SR, Henderson MG, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Kletzing CA, Wygant JR. Highly relativistic radiation belt electron acceleration, transport, and loss: Large solar storm events of March and June 2015. Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics. 121: 6647-6660. PMID 27867796 DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022502  0.451
2016 Reeves GD, Friedel RH, Larsen BA, Skoug RM, Funsten HO, Claudepierre SG, Fennell JF, Turner DL, Denton MH, Spence HE, Blake JB, Baker DN. Energy-dependent dynamics of keV to MeV electrons in the inner zone, outer zone, and slot regions. Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics. 121: 397-412. PMID 27818855 DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021569  0.369
2016 Lugaz N, Farrugia CJ, Huang CL, Winslow RM, Spence HE, Schwadron NA. Earth's magnetosphere and outer radiation belt under sub-Alfvénic solar wind. Nature Communications. 7: 13001. PMID 27694887 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms13001  0.604
2016 Shprits YY, Drozdov AY, Spasojevic M, Kellerman AC, Usanova ME, Engebretson MJ, Agapitov OV, Zhelavskaya IS, Raita TJ, Spence HE, Baker DN, Zhu H, Aseev NA. Wave-induced loss of ultra-relativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts. Nature Communications. 7: 12883. PMID 27678050 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms12883  0.462
2016 Forsyth C, Rae IJ, Murphy KR, Freeman MP, Huang CL, Spence HE, Boyd AJ, Coxon JC, Jackman CM, Kalmoni NM, Watt CE. What effect do substorms have on the content of the radiation belts? Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics. 121: 6292-6306. PMID 27656336 DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022620  0.434
2016 Korotova G, Sibeck D, Engebretson M, Wygant J, Thaller S, Spence H, Kletzing C, Angelopoulos V, Redmon R. Multipoint spacecraft observations of long-lasting poloidal Pc4 pulsations in the dayside magnetosphere on 1–2 May 2014 Annales Geophysicae. 34: 985-998. DOI: 10.5194/Angeo-34-985-2016  0.373
2016 Xiang Z, Ni B, Zhou C, Zou Z, Gu X, Zhao Z, Zhang X, Zhang S, Li X, Zuo P, Spence H, Reeves G. Multi-satellite simultaneous observations of magnetopause and atmospheric losses of radiation belt electrons during an intense solar wind dynamic pressure pulse Annales Geophysicae. 34: 493-509. DOI: 10.5194/Angeo-34-493-2016  0.455
2016 Mann IR, Ozeke LG, Murphy KR, Claudepierre SG, Turner DL, Baker DN, Rae IJ, Kale A, Milling DK, Boyd AJ, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Singer HJ, Dimitrakoudis S, Daglis IA, et al. Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt Nature Physics. DOI: 10.1038/Nphys3799  0.389
2016 Joyce CJ, Schwadron NA, Townsend LW, deWet WC, Wilson JK, Spence HE, Tobiska WK, Shelton-Mur K, Yarborough A, Harvey J, Herbst A, Koske-Phillips A, Molina F, Omondi S, Reid C, et al. Atmospheric radiation modeling of galactic cosmic rays using LRO/CRaTER and the EMMREM model with comparisons to balloon and airline based measurements Space Weather. DOI: 10.1002/2016Sw001425  0.385
2016 Clements EB, Carlton AK, Joyce CJ, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Sun X, Cahoy K. Interplanetary space weather effects on Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter avalanche photodiode performance Social Work. 14: 343-350. DOI: 10.1002/2016Sw001381  0.374
2016 Duderstadt KA, Dibb JE, Jackman CH, Randall CE, Schwadron NA, Solomon SC, Spence HE. Comment on “Atmospheric ionization by high-fluence, hard spectrum solar proton events and their probable appearance in the ice core archive” by A. L. Melott et al. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 121: 12,484-12,489. DOI: 10.1002/2016Jd025220  0.303
2016 Tang CL, Zhang J, Reeves GD, Su ZP, Baker DN, Spence HE, Funsten HO, Blake JB, Wygant JR. Prompt enhancement of the Earth's outer radiation belt due to substorm electron injections Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 11,826-11,838. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023550  0.429
2016 Ma Q, Li W, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Reeves GD, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Baker DN, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Angelopoulos V. Characteristic energy range of electron scattering due to plasmaspheric hiss Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 11,737-11,749. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023311  0.409
2016 Goldstein J, Baker DN, Blake JB, De Pascuale S, Funsten HO, Jaynes AN, Jahn J, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Li W, Reeves GD, Spence HE. The relationship between the plasmapause and outer belt electrons Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 8392-8416. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja023046  0.425
2016 Lawrence DJ, Peplowski PN, Feldman WC, Schwadron NA, Spence HE. Galactic cosmic ray variations in the inner heliosphere from solar distances less than 0.5 AU: Measurements from the MESSENGER Neutron Spectrometer Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 121: 7398-7406. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022962  0.399
2016 Ferradas CP, Zhang J, Spence HE, Kistler LM, Larsen BA, Reeves G, Skoug R, Funsten H. Ion nose spectral structures observed by the Van Allen Probes Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 12,025-12,046. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022942  0.365
2016 Zhang J, Halford AJ, Saikin AA, Huang C, Spence HE, Larsen BA, Reeves GD, Millan RM, Smith CW, Torbert RB, Kurth WS, Kletzing CA, Blake JB, Fennel JF, Baker DN. EMIC waves and associated relativistic electron precipitation on 25-26 January 2013 Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 11,086-11,100. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022918  0.586
2016 Yue C, Li W, Nishimura Y, Zong Q, Ma Q, Bortnik J, Thorne RM, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Kletzing CA, Wygant JR, Nicolls MJ. Rapid enhancement of low-energy (<100eV) ion flux in response to interplanetary shocks based on two Van Allen Probes case studies: Implications for source regions and heating mechanisms Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022808  0.388
2016 Boyd AJ, Spence HE, Huang CL, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Turner DL, Claudepierre SG, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Shprits YY. Statistical properties of the radiation belt seed population Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 121: 7636-7646. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022652  0.35
2016 Kanekal SG, Baker DN, Fennell JF, Jones A, Schiller Q, Richardson IG, Li X, Turner DL, Califf S, Claudepierre SG, Wilson LB, Jaynes A, Blake JB, Reeves GD, Spence HE, et al. Prompt acceleration of magnetospheric electrons to ultrarelativistic energies by the 17 March 2015 interplanetary shock Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 121: 7622-7635. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022596  0.433
2016 Nosé M, Keika K, Kletzing CA, Spence HE, Smith CW, MacDowall RJ, Reeves GD, Larsen BA, Mitchell DG. Van Allen Probes observations of magnetic field dipolarization and its associated O + flux variations in the inner magnetosphere at L < 6.6 Journal of Geophysical Research. 121: 7572-7589. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022549  0.335
2016 Su Z, Gao Z, Zhu H, Li W, Zheng H, Wang Y, Wang S, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Blake JB, Funsten HO, Wygant JR. Nonstorm time dropout of radiation belt electron fluxes on 24 September 2013 Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 6400-6416. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022546  0.447
2016 Allen RC, Zhang JC, Kistler LM, Spence HE, Lin RL, Klecker B, Dunlop MW, André M, Jordanova VK. A statistical study of EMIC waves observed by Cluster: 2. Associated plasma conditions Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022541  0.354
2016 Saikin AA, Zhang JC, Smith CW, Spence HE, Torbert RB, Kletzing CA. The dependence on geomagnetic conditions and solar wind dynamic pressure of the spatial distributions of EMIC waves observed by the Van Allen Probes Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 121: 4362-4377. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022523  0.358
2016 Zhang X, Li W, Ma Q, Thorne RM, Angelopoulos V, Bortnik J, Chen L, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Blake JB, Fennell JF. Direct evidence for EMIC wave scattering of relativistic electrons in space Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 6620-6631. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022521  0.385
2016 Zhang X, Li W, Thorne RM, Angelopoulos V, Ma Q, Li J, Bortnik J, Nishimura Y, Chen L, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, et al. Physical mechanism causing rapid changes in ultrarelativistic electron pitch angle distributions right after a shock arrival: Evaluation of an electron dropout event Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 8300-8316. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022517  0.43
2016 Ma Q, Li W, Thorne RM, Nishimura Y, Zhang X, Reeves GD, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Henderson MG, Spence HE, Baker DN, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Angelopoulos V. Simulation of energy-dependent electron diffusion processes in the Earth's outer radiation belt Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 4217-4231. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022507  0.406
2016 Baker DN, Jaynes AN, Kanekal SG, Foster JC, Erickson PJ, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Zhao H, Li X, Elkington SR, Henderson MG, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Kletzing CA, Wygant JR. Highly relativistic radiation belt electron acceleration, transport, and loss: Large solar storm events of March and June 2015 Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 121: 6647-6660. DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022502  0.338
2016 Crew AB, Spence HE, Blake JB, Klumpar DM, Larsen BA, O'Brien TP, Driscoll S, Handley M, Legere J, Longworth S, Mashburn K, Mosleh E, Ryhajlo N, Smith S, Springer L, et al. First multipoint in situ observations of electron microbursts: Initial results from the NSF FIREBIRD II mission Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022485  0.802
2016 Li W, Ma Q, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Zhang X, Li J, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Kanekal SG, et al. Radiation belt electron acceleration during the 17 March 2015 geomagnetic storm: Observations and simulations Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 5520-5536. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022400  0.39
2016 Keika K, Seki K, Nosé M, Machida S, Miyoshi Y, Lanzerotti LJ, Mitchell DG, Gkioulidou M, Turner D, Spence H, Larsen BA. Storm time impulsive enhancements of energetic oxygen due to adiabatic acceleration of preexisting warm oxygen in the inner magnetosphere Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 7739-7752. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022384  0.364
2016 Li J, Bortnik J, Thorne RM, Li W, Ma Q, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Fennell JF, Spence HE, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Angelopoulos V, Blake JB. Ultrarelativistic electron butterfly distributions created by parallel acceleration due to magnetosonic waves Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 121: 3212-3222. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022370  0.361
2016 Zhou Q, Xiao F, Yang C, Liu S, He Y, Wygant J, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO. Evolution of chorus emissions into plasmaspheric hiss observed by Van Allen Probes Journal of Geophysical Research. 121: 4518-4529. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022366  0.347
2016 Zhao H, Li X, Baker DN, Claudepierre SG, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Larsen BA, Skoug RM, Funsten HO, Friedel RHW, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Mitchell DG, Lanzerotti LJ. Ring current electron dynamics during geomagnetic storms based on the Van Allen Probes measurements Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2016Ja022358  0.373
2016 Schiller Q, Kanekal SG, Jian LK, Li X, Jones A, Baker DN, Jaynes A, Spence HE. Prompt injections of highly relativistic electrons induced by interplanetary shocks: A statistical study of Van Allen Probes observations Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 12,317-12,324. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl071628  0.33
2016 Ferradas CP, Zhang J, Spence HE, Kistler LM, Larsen BA, Reeves G, Skoug R, Funsten H. Drift paths of ions composing multiple‐nose spectral structures near the inner edge of the plasma sheet Geophysical Research Letters. 43. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl071359  0.366
2016 Denton MH, Reeves GD, Thomsen MF, Henderson MG, Friedel RHW, Larsen B, Skoug RM, Funsten HO, Spence HE, Kletzing CA. The complex nature of storm-time ion dynamics: Transport and local acceleration Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 10,059-10,067. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl070878  0.392
2016 Li W, Mourenas D, Artemyev AV, Bortnik J, Thorne RM, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Spence HE. Unraveling the excitation mechanisms of highly oblique lower band chorus waves Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 8867-8875. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl070386  0.367
2016 Yang C, Su Z, Xiao F, Zheng H, Wang Y, Wang S, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Blake JB, Funsten HO. Rapid flattening of butterfly pitch angle distributions of radiation belt electrons by whistler-mode chorus Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 8339-8347. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl070194  0.41
2016 Turner DL, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Clemmons JH, Mauk BH, Cohen IJ, Jaynes AN, Craft JV, Wilder FD, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Gershman DJ, Avanov LA, Dorelli JC, Giles BL, ... ... Spence HE, et al. Energy limits of electron acceleration in the plasma sheet during substorms: A case study with the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 7785-7794. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl069691  0.38
2016 Fennell JF, Turner DL, Lemon CL, Blake JB, Clemmons JH, Mauk BH, Jaynes AN, Cohen IJ, Westlake JH, Baker DN, Craft JV, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Torbert RB, Burch JL, et al. Microinjections observed by MMS FEEPS in the dusk to midnight region Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 6078-6086. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl069207  0.35
2016 Hao YX, Zong Q, Zhou X, Fu SY, Rankin R, Yuan C, Lui ATY, Spence HE, Blake JB, Baker DN, Reeves GD. Electron dropout echoes induced by interplanetary shock: Van Allen Probes observations Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 5597-5605. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl069140  0.379
2016 Yu J, Li LY, Cao JB, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Spence H. The influences of solar wind pressure and interplanetary magnetic field on global magnetic field and outer radiation belt electrons Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 7319-7327. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl069029  0.396
2016 Cohen IJ, Mauk BH, Anderson BJ, Westlake JH, Sibeck DG, Giles BL, Pollock CJ, Turner DL, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Clemmons JH, Jaynes AN, Baker DN, Craft JV, Spence HE, et al. Observations of energetic particle escape at the magnetopause: Early results from the MMS Energetic Ion Spectrometer (EIS) Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 5960-5968. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl068689  0.406
2016 Maldonado AA, Chen L, Claudepierre SG, Bortnik J, Thorne RM, Spence H. Electron butterfly distribution modulation by magnetosonic waves Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 3051-3059. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl068161  0.332
2016 Li J, Ni B, Ma Q, Xie L, Pu Z, Fu S, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Chen L, Li W, Baker DN, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Fennell JF, ... ... Spence HE, et al. Formation of energetic electron butterfly distributions by magnetosonic waves via Landau resonance Geophysical Research Letters. 43: 3009-3016. DOI: 10.1002/2016Gl067853  0.39
2016 Zeitlin C, Case AW, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Mazur JE, Joyce CJ, Looper MD, Jordan A, Rios RR, Townsend LW, Kasper JC, Blake JB, Smith S, Wilson J, Iwata Y. Solar modulation of the deep space galactic cosmic ray lineal energy spectrum measured by CRaTER, 2009-2014 Space Weather. DOI: 10.1002/2015Sw001314  0.793
2016 Duderstadt KA, Dibb JE, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Solomon SC, Yudin VA, Jackman CH, Randall CE. Nitrate ion spikes in ice cores not suitable as proxies for solar proton events Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 121: 2994-3016. DOI: 10.1002/2015Jd023805  0.359
2016 Kistler LM, Mouikis CG, Spence HE, Menz AM, Skoug RM, Funsten HO, Larsen BA, Mitchell DG, Gkioulidou M, Wygant JR, Lanzerotti LJ. The source of O+ in the storm time ring current Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 121: 5333-5349. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja022204  0.344
2016 Shi R, Summers D, Ni B, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Spence HE, Reeves GD. Survey of radiation belt energetic electron pitch angle distributions based on the Van Allen Probes MagEIS measurements Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021724  0.385
2016 Liu J, Angelopoulos V, Zhang XJ, Turner DL, Gabrielse C, Runov A, Li J, Funsten HO, Spence HE. Dipolarizing flux bundles in the cis-geosynchronous magnetosphere: Relationship between electric fields and energetic particle injections Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 121: 1362-1376. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021691  0.322
2016 Sigsbee K, Kletzing CA, Smith CW, Macdowall R, Spence H, Reeves G, Blake JB, Baker DN, Green JC, Singer HJ, Carr C, Santolík O. Van Allen Probes, THEMIS, GOES, and Cluster observations of EMIC waves, ULF pulsations, and an electron flux dropout Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020877  0.619
2015 Dai L, Wang C, Duan S, He Z, Wygant JR, Cattell CA, Tao X, Su Z, Kletzing C, Baker DN, Li X, Malaspina D, Blake JB, Fennell J, Claudepierre S, ... ... Spence HE, et al. Near-Earth injection of MeV electrons associated with intense dipolarization electric fields: Van Allen Probes observations. Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 6170-6179. PMID 27656009 DOI: 10.1002/2015Gl064955  0.396
2015 Su Z, Zhu H, Xiao F, Zong QG, Zhou XZ, Zheng H, Wang Y, Wang S, Hao YX, Gao Z, He Z, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Blake JB, et al. Ultra-low-frequency wave-driven diffusion of radiation belt relativistic electrons. Nature Communications. 6: 10096. PMID 26690250 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms10096  0.405
2015 Xiao F, Yang C, Su Z, Zhou Q, He Z, He Y, Baker DN, Spence HE, Funsten HO, Blake JB. Wave-driven butterfly distribution of Van Allen belt relativistic electrons. Nature Communications. 6: 8590. PMID 26436770 DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms9590  0.429
2015 Korotova GI, Sibeck DG, Tahakashi K, Dai L, Spence HE, Kletzing CA, Wygant JR, Manweiler JW, Moya PS, Hwang KJ, Redmon RJ. Van Allen Probe observations of drift-bounce resonances with Pc 4 pulsations and wave-particle interactions in the pre-midnight inner magnetosphere Annales Geophysicae. 33: 955-964. DOI: 10.5194/Angeo-33-955-2015  0.392
2015 Jordan AP, Stubbs TJ, Wilson JK, Schwadron NA, Spence HE. Deep dielectric charging and breakdown of lunar polar regolith Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 646. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/646/1/012010  0.6
2015 Schwadron NA, Lee MA, Gorby M, Lugaz N, Spence HE, Desai M, Török T, Downs C, Linker J, Lionello R, Mikić Z, Riley P, Giacalone J, Jokipii JR, Kota J, et al. PARTICLE ACCELERATION at LOW CORONAL COMPRESSION REGIONS and SHOCKS Astrophysical Journal. 810. DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/97  0.367
2015 Schwadron NA, Wilson JK, Looper MD, Jordan AP, Spence HE, Blake JB, Case AW, Iwata Y, Kasper JC, Farrell WM, Lawrence DJ, Livadiotis G, Mazur J, Petro N, Pieters C, et al. Signatures of volatiles in the lunar proton albedo Icarus. DOI: 10.1016/J.Icarus.2015.12.003  0.785
2015 Blake JB, Mauk BH, Baker DN, Carranza P, Clemmons JH, Craft J, Crain WR, Crew A, Dotan Y, Fennell JF, Friedel RH, Friesen LM, Fuentes F, Galvan R, Ibscher C, ... ... Spence HE, et al. The Fly’s Eye Energetic Particle Spectrometer (FEEPS) Sensors for the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mission Space Science Reviews. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-015-0163-X  0.357
2015 Sakaguchi K, Nagatsuma T, Reeves GD, Spence HE. Prediction of MeV electron fluxes throughout the outer radiation belt using multivariate autoregressive models Space Weather. DOI: 10.1002/2015Sw001254  0.431
2015 Joyce CJ, Schwadron NA, Townsend LW, Mewaldt RA, Cohen CMS, Von Rosenvinge TT, Case AW, Spence HE, Wilson JK, Gorby M, Quinn M, Zeitlin CJ. Analysis of the potential radiation hazard of the 23 July 2012 SEP event observed by STEREO A using the EMMREM model and LRO/CRaTER Space Weather. 13: 560-567. DOI: 10.1002/2015Sw001208  0.657
2015 Mazur JE, Zeitlin C, Schwadron N, Looper MD, Townsend LW, Blake JB, Spence H. Update on Radiation Dose From Galactic and Solar Protons at the Moon Using the LRO/CRaTER Microdosimeter Space Weather. DOI: 10.1002/2015Sw001175  0.419
2015 Zhang JC, Kistler LM, Spence HE, Wolf RA, Reeves G, Skoug R, Funsten H, Larsen BA, Niehof JT, Macdonald EA, Friedel R, Ferradas CP, Luo H. "Trunk-like" heavy ion structures observed by the Van Allen Probes Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021822  0.327
2015 Zhao H, Li X, Baker DN, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Larsen BA, Skoug RM, Funsten HO, Friedel RHW, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Mitchell DG, Lanzerotti LJ, Rodriguez JV. The evolution of ring current ion energy density and energy content during geomagnetic storms based on Van Allen Probes measurements Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 7493-7511. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021533  0.37
2015 Yu J, Li LY, Cao JB, Yuan ZG, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Blake JB, Spence H. Multiple loss processes of relativistic electrons outside the heart of outer radiation belt during a storm sudden commencement Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 10275-10288. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021460  0.415
2015 Kanekal SG, Baker DN, Henderson MG, Li W, Fennell JF, Zheng Y, Richardson IG, Jones A, Ali AF, Elkington SR, Jaynes A, Li X, Blake JB, Reeves GD, Spence HE, et al. Relativistic electron response to the combined magnetospheric impact of a coronal mass ejection overlapping with a high-speed stream: Van Allen Probes observations Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 7629-7641. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021395  0.434
2015 Jaynes AN, Lessard MR, Takahashi K, Ali AF, Malaspina DM, Michell RG, Spanswick EL, Baker DN, Blake JB, Cully C, Donovan EF, Kletzing CA, Reeves GD, Samara M, Spence HE, et al. Correlated Pc4-5 ULF waves, whistler-mode chorus, and pulsating aurora observed by the Van Allen Probes and ground-based systems Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 8749-8761. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021380  0.359
2015 He Y, Xiao F, Zhou Q, Yang C, Liu S, Baker DN, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Blake JB. Van Allen Probes observation and modeling of chorus excitation and propagation during weak geomagnetic activities Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 6371-6385. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021376  0.412
2015 Saikin AA, Zhang JC, Allen RC, Smith CW, Kistler LM, Spence HE, Torbert RB, Kletzing CA, Jordanova VK. The occurrence and wave properties of H+-, He+-, and O+-band EMIC waves observed by the Van Allen Probes Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 7477-7492. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021358  0.311
2015 Jaynes AN, Baker DN, Singer HJ, Rodriguez JV, Loto'aniu TM, Ali AF, Elkington SR, Li X, Kanekal SG, Fennell JF, Li W, Thorne RM, Kletzing CA, Spence HE, Reeves GD. Source and seed populations for relativistic electrons: Their roles in radiation belt changes Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 7240-7254. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021234  0.458
2015 Engebretson MJ, Posch JL, Wygant JR, Kletzing CA, Lessard MR, Huang CL, Spence HE, Smith CW, Singer HJ, Omura Y, Horne RB, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Gkioulidou M, Oksavik K, et al. Van Allen probes, NOAA, GOES, and ground observations of an intense EMIC wave event extending over 12 h in magnetic local time Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021227  0.415
2015 Claudepierre SG, O'Brien TP, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Roeder JL, Clemmons JH, Looper MD, Mazur JE, Mulligan TM, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Friedel RHW, Henderson MG, Larsen BA. A background correction algorithm for Van Allen Probes MagEIS electron flux measurements Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 5703-5727. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021171  0.396
2015 Valek PW, Goldstein J, Jahn JM, McComas DJ, Spence HE. First joint in situ and global observations of the medium-energy oxygen and hydrogen in the inner magnetosphere Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 7615-7628. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021151  0.352
2015 Ni B, Zou Z, Gu X, Zhou C, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Shi R, Zhao Z, Baker DN, Kanekal SG, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Li X. Variability of the pitch angle distribution of radiation belt ultrarelativistic electrons during and following intense geomagnetic storms: Van Allen Probes observations Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 4863-4876. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021065  0.4
2015 Ferradas CP, Zhang JC, Kistler LM, Spence HE. Heavy-ion dominance near Cluster perigees Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 10485-10505. DOI: 10.1002/2015Ja021063  0.356
2015 Xiao F, Zhou Q, He Y, Yang C, Liu S, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Blake JB. Penetration of magnetosonic waves into the plasmasphere observed by the Van Allen Probes Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 7287-7294. DOI: 10.1002/2015Gl065745  0.3
2015 Li W, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Kanekal SG, Spence HE, Green JC. Solar wind conditions leading to efficient radiation belt electron acceleration: A superposed epoch analysis Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 6906-6915. DOI: 10.1002/2015Gl065342  0.639
2015 Shprits YY, Kellerman AC, Drozdov AY, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN. Combined convective and diffusive simulations: VERB-4D comparison with 17 March 2013 Van Allen Probes observations Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 9600-9608. DOI: 10.1002/2015Gl065230  0.375
2015 Lugaz N, Farrugia CJ, Huang CL, Spence HE. Extreme geomagnetic disturbances due to shocks within CMEs Geophysical Research Letters. DOI: 10.1002/2015Gl064530  0.41
2015 Su Z, Zhu H, Xiao F, Zheng H, Wang Y, Shen C, Zhang M, Wang S, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Blake JB, et al. Disappearance of plasmaspheric hiss following interplanetary shock Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 3129-3140. DOI: 10.1002/2015Gl063906  0.408
2015 Kilpua EKJ, Hietala H, Turner DL, Koskinen HEJ, Pulkkinen TI, Rodriguez JV, Reeves GD, Claudepierre SG, Spence HE. Unraveling the drivers of the storm time radiation belt response Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 3076-3084. DOI: 10.1002/2015Gl063542  0.443
2015 Jordan AP, Stubbs TJ, Wilson JK, Schwadron NA, Spence HE. Dielectric breakdown weathering of the Moon's polar regolith Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets. 120: 210-225. DOI: 10.1002/2014Je004710  0.707
2015 De Soria-Santacruz M, Li W, Thorne RM, Ma Q, Bortnik J, Ni B, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Blake JB, Fennell JF. Analysis of plasmaspheric hiss wave amplitudes inferred from low-altitude POES electron data: Technique sensitivity analysis Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 3552-3563. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020941  0.351
2015 Dixon P, Macdonald EA, Funsten HO, Glocer A, Grande M, Kletzing C, Larsen BA, Reeves G, Skoug RM, Spence H, Thomsen MF. Multipoint observations of the open-closed field line boundary as observed by the Van Allen Probes and geostationary satellites during the 14 November 2012 geomagnetic storm Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 6596-6613. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020883  0.409
2015 Artemyev AV, Agapitov OV, Mozer FS, Spence H. Butterfly pitch angle distribution of relativistic electrons in the outer radiation belt: Evidence of nonadiabatic scattering Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 4279-4297. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020865  0.431
2015 O'Brien TP, Claudepierre SG, Looper MD, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Clemmons JH, Roeder JL, Kanekal SG, Manweiler JW, Mitchell DG, Gkioulidou M, Lanzerotti LJ, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN. On the use of drift echoes to characterize on-orbit sensor discrepancies Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 2076-2087. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020859  0.375
2015 Liu S, Xiao F, Yang C, He Y, Zhou Q, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Blake JB, Baker DN, Wygant JR. Van Allen Probes observations linking radiation belt electrons to chorus waves during 2014 multiple storms Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 938-948. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020781  0.395
2015 Min K, Liu K, Bonnell JW, Breneman AW, Denton RE, Funsten HO, Jahn JM, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Larsen BA, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Wygant JR. Study of EMIC wave excitation using direct ion measurements Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 2702-2719. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020717  0.328
2015 Foster JC, Wygant JR, Hudson MK, Boyd AJ, Baker DN, Erickson PJ, Spence HE. Shock-induced prompt relativistic electron acceleration in the inner magnetosphere Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 1661-1674. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020642  0.686
2015 Drozdov AY, Shprits YY, Orlova KG, Kellerman AC, Subbotin DA, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD. Energetic, relativistic, and ultrarelativistic electrons: Comparison of long-term VERB code simulations with Van Allen Probes measurements Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 120: 3574-3587. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020637  0.417
2015 Nosé M, Oimatsu S, Keika K, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Pascuale SD, Smith CW, Macdowall RJ, Nakano S, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Larsen BA. Formation of the oxygen torus in the inner magnetosphere: Van Allen Probes observations Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020593  0.357
2015 Zhou Q, Xiao F, Yang C, Liu S, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Blake JB, Baker DN, Wygant JR. Excitation of nightside magnetosonic waves observed by Van Allen Probes Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020481  0.316
2015 Ma Q, Li W, Thorne RM, Ni B, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Reeves GD, Henderson MG, Spence HE, Baker DN, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Angelopoulos V. Modeling inward diffusion and slow decay of energetic electrons in the Earth's outer radiation belt Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 987-995. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl062977  0.423
2015 Zhu H, Su Z, Xiao F, Zheng H, Wang Y, Shen C, Xian T, Wang S, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Blake JB, et al. Plasmatrough exohiss waves observed by Van Allen Probes: Evidence for leakage from plasmasphere and resonant scattering of radiation belt electrons Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 1012-1019. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl062964  0.417
2015 Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Blake JB, O'Brien TP, Clemmons JH, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD. Van Allen Probes show that the inner radiation zone contains no MeV electrons: ECT/MagEIS data Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 1283-1289. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl062874  0.46
2014 Mauk BH, Blake JB, Baker DN, Clemmons JH, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Jaskulek SE, Schlemm CE, Brown LE, Cooper SA, Craft JV, Fennell JF, Gurnee RS, Hammock CM, Hayes JR, et al. The Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) Investigation and the Energetic Ion Spectrometer (EIS) for the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mission Space Science Reviews. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-014-0055-5  0.388
2014 Blake JB, Carranza PA, Claudepierre SG, Clemmons JH, Crain WR, Dotan Y, Fennell JF, Fuentes FH, Galvan RM, George JS, Henderson MG, Lalic M, Lin AY, Looper MD, Mabry DJ, ... ... Spence HE, et al. The Magnetic Electron Ion Spectrometer (MagEIS) instruments aboard the Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) spacecraft The Van Allen Probes Mission. 383-421. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-013-9991-8  0.394
2014 Funsten HO, Skoug RM, Guthrie AA, MacDonald EA, Baldonado JR, Harper RW, Henderson KC, Kihara KH, Lake JE, Larsen BA, Puckett AD, Vigil VJ, Friedel RH, Henderson MG, Niehof JT, ... ... Spence HE, et al. Helium, oxygen, proton, and electron (HOPE) mass spectrometer for the Radiation Belt Storm Probes mission The Van Allen Probes Mission. 423-484. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-013-9968-7  0.423
2014 Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Blake JB, Bolton M, Bourdarie S, Chan AA, Claudepierre SG, Clemmons JH, Cravens JP, Elkington SR, Fennell JF, Friedel RHW, Funsten HO, Goldstein J, et al. Science goals and overview of the Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) Energetic Particle, Composition, and Thermal Plasma (ECT) suite on NASA's Van Allen Probes mission The Van Allen Probes Mission. 311-336. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-013-0007-5  0.644
2014 Baker DN, Kanekal SG, Hoxie VC, Batiste S, Bolton M, Li X, Elkington SR, Monk S, Reukauf R, Steg S, Westfall J, Belting C, Bolton B, Braun D, Cervelli B, ... ... Spence HE, et al. The Relativistic Electron-Proton Telescope (REPT) Instrument on Board the Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) Spacecraft: Characterization of earth's radiation belt high-energy particle populations The Van Allen Probes Mission. 337-381. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-012-9950-9  0.442
2014 Schwadron NA, Gorby M, Török T, Downs C, Linker J, Lionello R, Mikic̈ Z, Riley P, Giacalone J, Chandran B, Germaschewski K, Isenberg PA, Lee MA, Lugaz N, Smith S, ... Spence HE, et al. Synthesis of 3-D coronal-solar wind energetic particle acceleration modules Space Weather. 12: 323-328. DOI: 10.1002/2014Sw001086  0.335
2014 Schwadron NA, Blake JB, Case AW, Joyce CJ, Kasper J, Mazur J, Petro N, Quinn M, Porter JA, Smith CW, Smith S, Spence HE, Townsend LW, Turner R, Wilson JK, et al. Does the worsening galactic cosmic radiation environment observed by CRaTER preclude future manned deep space exploration? Space Weather. 12: 622-632. DOI: 10.1002/2014Sw001084  0.684
2014 Jordan AP, Stubbs TJ, Wilson JK, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Joyce CJ. Deep dielectric charging of regolith within the Moon's permanently shadowed regions Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets. 119: 1806-1821. DOI: 10.1002/2014Je004648  0.701
2014 Su Z, Zhu H, Xiao F, Zheng H, Wang Y, Zong QG, He Z, Shen C, Zhang M, Wang S, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, et al. Quantifying the relative contributions of substorm injections and chorus waves to the rapid outward extension of electron radiation belt Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 119: 10023-10040. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020709  0.437
2014 Goldstein J, Pascuale SD, Kletzing C, Kurth W, Genestreti KJ, Skoug RM, Larsen BA, Kistler LM, Mouikis C, Spence H. Simulation of Van Allen probes plasmapause encounters Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 119: 7464-7484. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020252  0.37
2014 Hao YX, Zong QG, Wang YF, Zhou XZ, Zhang H, Fu SY, Pu ZY, Spence HE, Blake JB, Bonnell J, Wygant JR, Kletzing CA. Interactions of energetic electrons with ULF waves triggered by interplanetary shock: Van Allen Probes observations in the magnetotail Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 119: 8262-8273. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja020023  0.365
2014 Li W, Thorne RM, Ma Q, Ni B, Bortnik J, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Kanekal SG, Green JC, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Blake JB, Fennell JF, et al. Radiation belt electron acceleration by chorus waves during the 17 March 2013 storm Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 119: 4681-4693. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja019945  0.634
2014 Su Z, Zhu H, Xiao F, Zheng H, Wang Y, He Z, Shen C, Wang CB, Liu R, Zhang M, Wang S, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, et al. Intense duskside lower band chorus waves observed by Van Allen Probes: Generation and potential acceleration effect on radiation belt electrons Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 119: 4266-4273. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja019919  0.415
2014 Xiao F, Yang C, He Z, Su Z, Zhou Q, He Y, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, Blake JB, Baker DN, Wygant JR. Chorus acceleration of radiation belt relativistic electrons during March 2013 geomagnetic storm Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 119: 3325-3332. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja019822  0.401
2014 Turner DL, Angelopoulos V, Li W, Bortnik J, Ni B, Ma Q, Thorne RM, Morley SK, Henderson MG, Reeves GD, Usanova M, Mann IR, Claudepierre SG, Blake JB, Baker DN, ... ... Spence H, et al. Competing source and loss mechanisms due to wave-particle interactions in Earth's outer radiation belt during the 30 September to 3 October 2012 geomagnetic storm Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 119: 1960-1979. DOI: 10.1002/2014Ja019770  0.428
2014 Li Z, Millan RM, Hudson MK, Woodger LA, Smith DM, Chen Y, Friedel R, Rodriguez JV, Engebretson MJ, Goldstein J, Fennell JF, Spence HE. Investigation of EMIC wave scattering as the cause for the BARREL 17 January 2013 relativistic electron precipitation event: A quantitative comparison of simulation with observations Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 8722-8729. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl062273  0.39
2014 Ma Q, Li W, Chen L, Thorne RM, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Reeves GD, Henderson MG, Spence HE. The trapping of equatorial magnetosonic waves in the Earth's outer plasmasphere Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 6307-6313. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl061414  0.309
2014 Chen L, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Li W, Horne RB, Reeves GD, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Blake JB, Fennell JF. Generation of unusually low frequency plasmaspheric hiss Geophysical Research Letters. 41. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl060628  0.336
2014 Boyd AJ, Spence HE, Claudepierre SG, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Turner DL. Quantifying the radiation belt seed population in the 17 March 2013 electron acceleration event Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 2275-2281. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl059626  0.42
2014 Jordanova VK, Yu Y, Niehof JT, Skoug RM, Reeves GD, Kletzing CA, Fennell JF, Spence HE. Simulations of inner magnetosphere dynamics with an expanded RAM-SCB model and comparisons with Van Allen Probes observations Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 2687-2694. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl059533  0.432
2014 Ni B, Li W, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Ma Q, Chen L, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Bernard Blake J, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG. Resonant scattering of energetic electrons by unusual low-frequency hiss Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 1854-1861. DOI: 10.1002/2014Gl059389  0.368
2014 Joyce CJ, Schwadron NA, Wilson JK, Spence HE, Kasper JC, Golightly M, Blake JB, Townsend LW, Case AW, Semones E, Smith S, Zeitlin CJ. Radiation modeling in the Earth and Mars atmospheres using LRO/CRaTER with the EMMREM Module Space Weather. 12: 112-119. DOI: 10.1002/2013Sw000997  0.66
2014 Porter JA, Townsend LW, Spence H, Golightly M, Schwadron N, Kasper J, Case AW, Blake JB, Zeitlin C. Radiation environment at the Moon: Comparisons of transport code modeling and measurements from the CRaTER instrument Space Weather. 12: 329-336. DOI: 10.1002/2013Sw000994  0.648
2014 Duderstadt KA, Dibb JE, Jackman CH, Randall CE, Solomon SC, Mills MJ, Schwadron NA, Spence HE. Nitrate deposition to surface snow at Summit, Greenland, following the 9 November 2000 solar proton event Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 119: 6938-6957. DOI: 10.1002/2013Jd021389  0.371
2014 Turner DL, Angelopoulos V, Morley SK, Henderson MG, Reeves GD, Li W, Baker DN, Huang CL, Boyd A, Spence HE, Claudepierre SG, Blake JB, Rodriguez JV. On the cause and extent of outer radiation belt losses during the 30 September 2012 dropout event Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 119: 1530-1540. DOI: 10.1002/2013Ja019446  0.423
2014 Chen Y, Friedel RHW, Henderson MG, Claudepierre SG, Morley SK, Spence HE. REPAD: An empirical model of pitch angle distributions for energetic electrons in the Earth's outer radiation belt Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 119: 1693-1708. DOI: 10.1002/2013Ja019431  0.395
2014 Yu Y, Koller J, Jordanova VK, Zaharia SG, Friedel RW, Morley SK, Chen Y, Baker D, Reeves GD, Spence HE. Application and testing of the L neural network with the self-consistent magnetic field model of RAM-SCB Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 119: 1682-1692. DOI: 10.1002/2013Ja019350  0.32
2014 Fennell JF, Roeder JL, Kurth WS, Henderson MG, Larsen BA, Hospodarsky G, Wygant JR, Claudepierre JSG, Blake JB, Spence HE, Clemmons JH, Funsten HO, Kletzing CA, Reeves GD. Van Allen Probes observations of direct wave-particle interactions Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 1869-1875. DOI: 10.1002/2013Gl059165  0.431
2014 Li W, Ni B, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Nishimura Y, Green JC, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Gu X. Quantifying hiss-driven energetic electron precipitation: A detailed conjunction event analysis Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 1085-1092. DOI: 10.1002/2013Gl059132  0.64
2014 Usanova ME, Drozdov A, Orlova K, Mann IR, Shprits Y, Robertson MT, Turner DL, Milling DK, Kale A, Baker DN, Thaller SA, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Kletzing C, Wygant J. Effect of EMIC waves on relativistic and ultrarelativistic electron populations: Ground-based and Van Allen Probes observations Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 1375-1381. DOI: 10.1002/2013Gl059024  0.389
2014 Baker DN, Jaynes AN, Li X, Henderson MG, Kanekal SG, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Claudepierre SG, Fennell JF, Hudson MK, Thorne RM, Foster JC, Erickson PJ, Malaspina DM, Wygant JR, et al. Gradual diffusion and punctuated phase space density enhancements of highly relativistic electrons: Van Allen Probes observations Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 1351-1358. DOI: 10.1002/2013Gl058942  0.441
2014 Su Z, Xiao F, Zheng H, He Z, Zhu H, Zhang M, Shen C, Wang Y, Wang S, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Funsten HO, et al. Nonstorm time dynamics of electron radiation belts observed by the Van Allen Probes Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 229-235. DOI: 10.1002/2013Gl058912  0.445
2014 Tu W, Cunningham GS, Chen Y, Morley SK, Reeves GD, Blake JB, Baker DN, Spence H. Event-specific chorus wave and electron seed population models in DREAM3D using the Van Allen Probes Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 1359-1366. DOI: 10.1002/2013Gl058819  0.389
2014 O'Brien TP, Claudepierre SG, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Clemmons JH, Roeder JL, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN. An empirically observed pitch-angle diffusion eigenmode in the Earth's electron belt near L* = 5.0 Geophysical Research Letters. 41: 251-258. DOI: 10.1002/2013Gl058713  0.326
2013 Thorne RM, Li W, Ni B, Ma Q, Bortnik J, Chen L, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Henderson MG, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Blake JB, Fennell JF, et al. Rapid local acceleration of relativistic radiation-belt electrons by magnetospheric chorus. Nature. 504: 411-4. PMID 24352287 DOI: 10.1038/Nature12889  0.473
2013 Reeves GD, Spence HE, Henderson MG, Morley SK, Friedel RH, Funsten HO, Baker DN, Kanekal SG, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Thorne RM, Turner DL, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, et al. Electron acceleration in the heart of the Van Allen radiation belts. Science (New York, N.Y.). 341: 991-4. PMID 23887876 DOI: 10.1126/Science.1237743  0.43
2013 Baker DN, Kanekal SG, Hoxie VC, Henderson MG, Li X, Spence HE, Elkington SR, Friedel RH, Goldstein J, Hudson MK, Reeves GD, Thorne RM, Kletzing CA, Claudepierre SG. A long-lived relativistic electron storage ring embedded in Earth's outer Van Allen belt. Science (New York, N.Y.). 340: 186-90. PMID 23450000 DOI: 10.1126/Science.1233518  0.458
2013 Mann IR, Lee EA, Claudepierre SG, Fennell JF, Degeling A, Rae IJ, Baker DN, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Ozeke LG, Rankin R, Milling DK, Kale A, Friedel RHW, Honary F. Discovery of the action of a geophysical synchrotron in the Earth's Van Allen radiation belts Nature Communications. 4. DOI: 10.1038/Ncomms3795  0.354
2013 Angelopoulos V, Spence HE. Magnetospheric constellation : Past, present and future Geophysical Monograph. 109: 247-262. DOI: 10.1029/Gm109P0247  0.304
2013 Lopez RE, Spence HE, Meng C. Simultaneous observations of the westward electrojet and the cross-tail current sheet during substorms Geophysical Monograph. 123-130. DOI: 10.1029/Gm064P0123  0.352
2013 Boudouridis A, Spence HE, Onsager TG. Formation of the LLBL in the Context of a Unifying Magnetopause Reconnection Mechanism Geophysical Monograph. 133: 131-138. DOI: 10.1029/133Gm13  0.77
2013 Schwadron N, Bancroft C, Bloser P, Legere J, Ryan J, Smith S, Spence H, Mazur J, Zeitlin C. Dose spectra from energetic particles and neutrons Space Weather. 11: 547-556. DOI: 10.1002/Swe.20095  0.368
2013 Joyce CJ, Schwadron NA, Wilson JK, Spence HE, Kasper JC, Golightly M, Blake JB, Mazur J, Townsend LW, Case AW, Semones E, Smith S, Zeitlin CJ. Validation of PREDICCS using LRO/CRaTER observations during three major solar events in 2012 Space Weather. 11: 350-360. DOI: 10.1002/Swe.20059  0.664
2013 Case AW, Kasper JC, Spence HE, Zeitlin CJ, Looper MD, Golightly MJ, Schwadron NA, Townsend LW, Mazur JE, Blake JB, Iwata Y. The deep space galactic cosmic ray lineal energy spectrum at solar minimum Space Weather. 11: 361-368. DOI: 10.1002/Swe.20051  0.69
2013 Zeitlin C, Case AW, Spence HE, Schwadron NA, Golightly M, Wilson JK, Kasper JC, Blake JB, Looper MD, Mazur JE, Townsend LW, Iwata Y. Measurements of galactic cosmic ray shielding with the CRaTER instrument Space Weather. 11: 284-296. DOI: 10.1002/Swe.20043  0.672
2013 Looper MD, Mazur JE, Blake JB, Spence HE, Schwadron NA, Golightly MJ, Case AW, Kasper JC, Townsend LW. The radiation environment near the lunar surface: CRaTER observations and Geant4 simulations Space Weather. 11: 142-152. DOI: 10.1002/Swe.20034  0.676
2013 Schwadron NA, Smith S, Spence HE. The CRaTER special issue of space weather: Building the observational foundation to deduce biological effects of space radiation Space Weather. 11: 47-48. DOI: 10.1002/Swe.20026  0.317
2013 Jordan AP, Stubbs TJ, Joyce CJ, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Wilson JK. The formation of molecular hydrogen from water ice in the lunar regolith by energetic charged particles Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets. 118: 1257-1264. DOI: 10.1002/Jgre.20095  0.682
2013 Allen RC, Zhang JC, Kistler LM, Spence HE, Lin RL, Dunlop MW, André M. Multiple bidirectional EMIC waves observed by Cluster at middle magnetic latitudes in the dayside magnetosphere Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 118: 6266-6278. DOI: 10.1002/Jgra.50600  0.318
2013 Claudepierre SG, Mann IR, Takahashi K, Fennell JF, Hudson MK, Blake JB, Roeder JL, Clemmons JH, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Baker DN, Funsten HO, W. Friedel RH, Henderson MG, Kletzing CA, et al. Van Allen Probes observation of localized drift resonance between poloidal mode ultra-low frequency waves and 60 keV electrons Geophysical Research Letters. 40: 4491-4497. DOI: 10.1002/Grl.50901  0.379
2013 Dai L, Takahashi K, Wygant JR, Chen L, Bonnell J, Cattell CA, Thaller S, Kletzing C, Smith CW, Macdowall RJ, Baker DN, Blake JB, Fennell J, Claudepierre S, Funsten HO, ... ... Spence HE, et al. Excitation of poloidal standing Alfvén waves through drift resonance wave-particle interaction Geophysical Research Letters. 40: 4127-4132. DOI: 10.1002/Grl.50800  0.386
2013 Li W, Thorne RM, Bortnik J, Reeves GD, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Spence HE, Blake JB, Fennell JF, Claudepierre SG, Wygant JR, Thaller SA. An unusual enhancement of low-frequency plasmaspheric hiss in the outer plasmasphere associated with substorm-injected electrons Geophysical Research Letters. 40: 3798-3803. DOI: 10.1002/Grl.50787  0.346
2013 Thorne RM, Li W, Ni B, Ma Q, Bortnik J, Baker DN, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Henderson MG, Kletzing CA, Kurth WS, Hospodarsky GB, Turner D, Angelopoulos V. Evolution and slow decay of an unusual narrow ring of relativistic electrons near L ~ 3.2 following the September 2012 magnetic storm Geophysical Research Letters. 40: 3507-3511. DOI: 10.1002/Grl.50627  0.393
2013 Li X, Schiller Q, Blum L, Califf S, Zhao H, Tu W, Turner DL, Gerhardt D, Palo S, Kanekal S, Baker DN, Fennell J, Blake JB, Looper M, Reeves GD, ... Spence H, et al. First results from CSSWE CubeSat: Characteristics of relativistic electrons in the near-Earth environment during the October 2012 magnetic storms Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 118: 6489-6499. DOI: 10.1002/2013Ja019342  0.434
2012 Anderson JA, Townsend LW, Spence H, Golightly M, Schwadron N, Blake JB, Mazur J, Kasper JC, Case AW. Observed and simulated LET spectra comparison for the CRaTER instrument on LRO Ieee Aerospace Conference Proceedings. DOI: 10.1109/AERO.2012.6187012  0.55
2012 Spence HE, Blake JB, Crew AB, Driscoll S, Klumpar DM, Larsen BA, Legere J, Longworth S, Mosleh E, Obrien TP, Smith S, Springer L, Widholm M. Focusing on size and energy dependence of electron microbursts from the Van Allen radiation belts Space Weather. 10. DOI: 10.1029/2012Sw000869  0.791
2012 Schwadron NA, Baker T, Blake B, Case AW, Cooper JF, Golightly M, Jordan A, Joyce C, Kasper J, Kozarev K, Mislinski J, Mazur J, Posner A, Rother O, Smith S, ... Spence HE, et al. Lunar radiation environment and space weathering from the Cosmic Ray Telescope for the Effects of Radiation (CRaTER) Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets. 117. DOI: 10.1029/2011Je003978  0.794
2012 Wilson JK, Spence HE, Kasper J, Golightly M, Bern Blake J, Mazur JE, Townsend LW, Case AW, Dixon Looper M, Zeitlin C, Schwadron NA. The first cosmic ray albedo proton map of the Moon Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets. 117. DOI: 10.1029/2011Je003921  0.635
2011 Schwadron NA, Smith CW, Spence HE, Kasper JC, Korreck K, Stevens ML, Maruca BA, Kiefer KK, Lepri ST, McComas D. Coronal electron temperature from the solar wind scaling law throughout the space age Astrophysical Journal. 739. DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/739/1/9  0.397
2011 Jordan AP, Spence HE, Blake JB, Shaul DNA. Revisiting two-step Forbush decreases Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 116. DOI: 10.1029/2011Ja016791  0.691
2011 Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Came R. Does the space environment affect the ecosphere? Eos. 92: 297-298. DOI: 10.1029/2011Eo360001  0.383
2011 Mazur JE, Crain WR, Looper MD, Mabry DJ, Blake JB, Case AW, Golightly MJ, Kasper JC, Spence HE. New measurements of total ionizing dose in the lunar environment Space Weather. 9. DOI: 10.1029/2010Sw000641  0.666
2010 Schwadron NA, Boyd AJ, Kozarev K, Golightly M, Spence H, Townsend LW, Owens M. Galactic cosmic ray radiation hazard in the unusual extended solar minimum between solar cycles 23 and 24 Space Weather. 8: n/a-n/a. DOI: 10.1029/2010Sw000567  0.395
2010 Case AW, Spence HE, Golightly MJ, Kasper JC, Blake JB, Mazur JE, Townsend LW, Zeitlin CJ. GCR access to the Moon as measured by the CRaTER instrument on LRO Geophysical Research Letters. 37. DOI: 10.1029/2010Gl045118  0.674
2010 Townsend LW, Charara YM, Delauder N, PourArsalan M, Anderson JA, Fisher CM, Spence HE, Schwadron NA, Golightly MJ, Cucinotta FA. Parameterizations of the linear energy transfer spectrum for the CRaTER instrument during the LRO mission Space Weather. 8: n/a-n/a. DOI: 10.1029/2009Sw000526  0.396
2010 Schwadron NA, Townsend L, Kozarev K, Dayeh MA, Cucinotta F, Desai M, Golightly M, Hassler D, Hatcher R, Kim MY, Posner A, PourArsalan M, Spence HE, Squier RK. Earth-Moon-Mars radiation environment module framework Space Weather. 8. DOI: 10.1029/2009Sw000523  0.409
2010 Huang CL, Spence HE, Hudson MK, Elkington SR. Modeling radiation belt radial diffusion in ULF wave fields: 2. Estimating rates of radial diffusion using combined MHD and particle codes Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 115. DOI: 10.1029/2009Ja014918  0.599
2010 Huang CL, Spence HE, Singer HJ, Hughes WJ. Modeling radiation belt radial diffusion in ULF wave fields: 1. Quantifying ULF wave power at geosynchronous orbit in observations and in global MHD model Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 115. DOI: 10.1029/2009Ja014917  0.58
2010 Spence HE, Case AW, Golightly MJ, Heine T, Larsen BA, Blake JB, Caranza P, Crain WR, George J, Lalic M, Lin A, Looper MD, Mazur JE, Salvaggio D, Kasper JC, et al. CRaTER: The cosmic ray telescope for the effects of radiation experiment on the lunar reconnaissance orbiter mission Space Science Reviews. 150: 243-284. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-009-9584-8  0.674
2010 Viall NM, Spence HE, Vourlidas A, Howard R. Examining Periodic Solar-Wind Density Structures Observed in the SECCHI Heliospheric Imagers Solar Physics. 267: 175-202. DOI: 10.1007/S11207-010-9633-1  0.796
2009 Blum LW, MacDonald EA, Gary SP, Thomsen MF, Spence HE. Ion observations from geosynchronous orbit as a proxy for ion cyclotron wave growth during storm times Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 114. DOI: 10.1029/2009Ja014396  0.385
2009 Viall NM, Spence HE, Kasper J. Are periodic solar wind number density structures formed in the solar corona? Geophysical Research Letters. 36. DOI: 10.1029/2009Gl041191  0.796
2009 Huang CL, Spence HE, Kress BT. Assessing access of galactic cosmic rays at Moon's orbit Geophysical Research Letters. 36. DOI: 10.1029/2009Gl037916  0.598
2009 Jordan AP, Spence HE, Blake JB, Mulligan T, Shaul DNA, Galametz M. Multipoint, high time resolution galactic cosmic ray observations associated with two interplanetary coronal mass ejections Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 114. DOI: 10.1029/2008Ja013891  0.702
2009 Schmit DJ, Gibson S, De Toma G, Wiltberger M, Hughes WJ, Spence H, Riley P, Linker JA, Mikic Z. A novel metric for coronal MHD models Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 114. DOI: 10.1029/2008Ja013732  0.353
2009 Viall NM, Kepko L, Spence HE. Relative occurrence rates and connection of discrete frequency oscillations in the solar wind density and dayside magnetosphere Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 114. DOI: 10.1029/2008Ja013334  0.787
2009 Kepko L, Spence H, Smart D, Shea M. Interhemispheric observations of impulsive nitrate enhancements associated with the four large ground-level solar cosmic ray events (1940–1950) Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 71: 1840-1845. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jastp.2009.07.002  0.399
2008 Reeves KK, Guild TB, Hughes WJ, Korreck KE, Lin J, Raymond J, Savage S, Schwadron NA, Spence HE, Webb DF, Wiltberger M. Posteruptive phenomena in coronal mass ejections and substorms: Indicators of a universal process? Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 113: n/a-n/a. DOI: 10.1029/2008Ja013049  0.385
2008 Case AW, Spence HE, Owens MJ, Riley P, Odstrcil D. Ambient solar winds' effect on ICME transit times Geophysical Research Letters. 35. DOI: 10.1029/2008Gl034493  0.638
2008 Owens MJ, Spence HE, McGregor S, Hughes WJ, Quinn JM, Arge CN, Riley P, Linker J, Odstrcil D. Metrics for solar wind prediction models comparison of empirical, hybrid, and physics-based schemes with 8 years of L1 observations Space Weather. 6. DOI: 10.1029/2007Sw000380  0.382
2008 Burns AG, Wang W, Wiltberger M, Solomon SC, Spence H, Killeen TL, Lopez RE, Landivar JE. An event study to provide validation of TING and CMIT geomagnetic middle-latitude electron densities at the F2 peak Journal of Geophysical Research. 113. DOI: 10.1029/2007Ja012931  0.373
2008 Viall NM, Kepko L, Spence HE. Inherent length-scales of periodic solar wind number density structures Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 113. DOI: 10.1029/2007Ja012881  0.788
2008 Huang CL, Spence HE, Singer HJ, Tsyganenko NA. A quantitative assessment of empirical magnetic field models at geosynchronous orbit during magnetic storms Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 113. DOI: 10.1029/2007Ja012623  0.554
2008 Guild TB, Spence HE, Kepko EL, Merkin V, Lyon JG, Wiltberger M, Goodrich CC. Geotail and LFM comparisons of plasma sheet climatology: 2. Flow variability Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 113. DOI: 10.1029/2007Ja012613  0.776
2008 Guild TB, Spence HE, Kepko EL, Merkin V, Lyon JG, Wiltberger M, Goodrich CC. Geotail and LFM comparisons of plasma sheet climatology: 1. average values Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 113. DOI: 10.1029/2007Ja012611  0.785
2008 Slavin JA, Le G, Strangeway RJ, Wang Y, Boardsen SA, Moldwin MB, Spence HE. Space Technology 5 multi-point measurements of near-Earth magnetic Fields: Initial results Geophysical Research Letters. 35. DOI: 10.1029/2007Gl031728  0.345
2007 Merkin VG, Owens MJ, Spence HE, Hughes WJ, Quinn JM. Predicting magnetospheric dynamics with a coupled Sun-to-Earth model: Challenges and first results Space Weather. 5. DOI: 10.1029/2007Sw000335  0.337
2007 Boudouridis A, Spence HE. Separation of spatial and temporal structure of auroral particle precipitation Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 112: A12217. DOI: 10.1029/2007Ja012591  0.771
2007 Lopez RE, Hernandez S, Wiltberger M, Huang CL, Kepko EL, Spence H, Goodrich CC, Lyon JG. Predicting magnetopause crossings at geosynchronous orbit during the Halloween storms Space Weather. 5. DOI: 10.1029/2006Sw000222  0.78
2007 Owens MJ, Schwadron NA, Crooker NU, Hughes WJ, Spence HE. Role of coronal mass ejections in the heliospheric Hale cycle Geophysical Research Letters. 34. DOI: 10.1029/2006Gl028795  0.376
2007 Chin G, Brylow S, Foote M, Garvin J, Kasper J, Keller J, Litvak M, Mitrofanov I, Paige D, Raney K, Robinson M, Sanin A, Smith D, Spence H, Spudis P, et al. Lunar reconnaissance orbiter overview: The instrument suite and mission Space Science Reviews. 129: 391-419. DOI: 10.1007/S11214-007-9153-Y  0.348
2007 Charara YM, Townsend L, Spence HE, Blake JB, Golightly MJ, Kepko EL, Kasper JC, Looper MD, Mazur JE, Farmer C. Pytosmic Ray Telescope for the Effects Of Radiation (CRaTER): Comparison between experiment and computer simulations Space Nuclear Conference 2007 - Proceedings of Embedded Topical Meeting, Snc'07. 379-388.  0.764
2006 Huang CL, Spence HE, Lyon JG, Toffoletto FR, Singer HJ, Sazykin S. Storm-time configuration of the inner magnetosphere: Lyon-Fedder-Mobarry MHD code, Tsyganenko model, and GOES observations Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 111. DOI: 10.1029/2006Ja011626  0.575
2006 Wilson JK, Mendillo M, Spence HE. Magnetospheric influence on the Moon's exosphere Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 111. DOI: 10.1029/2005Ja011364  0.362
2006 Smart DF, Shea MA, Spence HE, Kepko L. Two groups of extremely large >30 MeV solar proton fluence events Advances in Space Research. 37: 1734-1740. DOI: 10.1016/J.Asr.2005.09.008  0.426
2006 Shea MA, Smart DF, McCracken KG, Dreschhoff GAM, Spence HE. Solar proton events for 450 years: The Carrington event in perspective Advances in Space Research. 38: 232-238. DOI: 10.1016/J.Asr.2005.02.100  0.387
2005 Owens MJ, Arge CN, Spence HE, Pembroke A. An event-based approach to validating solar wind speed predictions: High-speed enhancements in the Wang-Sheeley-Arge model Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 110. DOI: 10.1029/2005Ja011343  0.372
2005 Zong QG, Fritz TA, Spence H, Zhang H, Huang ZY, Pu ZY, Glassmeier KH, Korth A, Daly PW, Balogh A, Reme H. Plasmoid in the high latitude boundary/cusp region observed by Cluster Geophysical Research Letters. 32: 1-4. DOI: 10.1029/2004Gl020960  0.354
2005 Zong QG, Fritz TA, Spence H, Frey HU, Mende SB, Korth A, Daly PW. Reverse convection and cusp proton aurora: Cluster, polar and image observation Advances in Space Research. 36: 1779-1784. DOI: 10.1016/J.Asr.2004.09.023  0.334
2004 Kepko L, Kivelson MG, McPherron RL, Spence HE. Relative timing of substorm onset phenomena Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 109. DOI: 10.1029/2003Ja010285  0.542
2004 Crooker NU, Huang CL, Lamassa SM, Larson DE, Kahler SW, Spence HE. Heliospheric plasma sheets Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 109: A03107. DOI: 10.1029/2003Ja010170  0.307
2004 Jorgensen AM, Spence HE, Hughes WJ, Singer HJ. A statistical study of the global structure of the ring current Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 109. DOI: 10.1029/2003Ja010090  0.542
2004 Zong QG, Fritz TA, Spence H, Oksavik K, Pu ZY, Korth A, Daly PW. Energetic particle sounding of the magnetopause: A contribution by Cluster/RAPID Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 109. DOI: 10.1029/2003Ja009929  0.404
2004 Bobra MG, Petrinec SM, Fuselier SA, Claflin ES, Spence HE. On the solar wind control of cusp aurora during northward IMF Geophysical Research Letters. 31: L04805 1-5. DOI: 10.1029/2003Gl018417  0.356
2004 Baker DN, Weigel RS, Rigler EJ, McPherron RL, Vassiliadis D, Arge CN, Siscoe GL, Spence HE. Sun-to-magnetosphere modeling: CISM forecast model development using linked empirical methods Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 66: 1491-1497. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jastp.2004.04.011  0.405
2004 Spence H, Baker D, Burns A, Guild T, Huang CL, Siscoe G, Weigel R. Center for integrated space weather modeling metrics plan and initial model validation results Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 66: 1499-1507. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jastp.2004.03.029  0.78
2004 Guild T, Spence H, Kepko L, Wiltberger M, Goodrich C, Lyon J, Hughes WJ. Plasma sheet climatology: Geotail observations and LFM model comparisons Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 66: 1351-1360. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jastp.2004.03.021  0.757
2003 Crooker NU, Larson DE, Kahler SW, Lamassa SM, Spence HE. Suprathermal electron isotropy in high-beta solar wind and its role in heat flux dropouts Geophysical Research Letters. 30: 21-1. DOI: 10.1029/2003Gl017036  0.38
2003 Kepko L, Spence HE. Observations of discrete, global magnetospheric oscillations directly driven by solar wind density variations Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 108. DOI: 10.1029/2002Ja009676  0.385
2003 Zong QG, Fritz TA, Spence H, Dunlop M, Pu ZY, Korth A, Daly PW, Balogh A, Reme H. Bursty energetic electrons confined in flux ropes in the cusp region Planetary and Space Science. 51: 821-830. DOI: 10.1016/S0032-0633(03)00116-8  0.419
2002 Kepko L, Spence HE, Singer HJ. ULF waves in the solar wind as direct drivers of magnetospheric pulsations Geophysical Research Letters. 29: 39-1 - 39-4. DOI: 10.1029/2001Gl014405  0.398
2002 Boudouridis A, Spence HE, Onsager TG. A new look at the pulsed reconnection model of the dayside magnetopause Advances in Space Research. 30: 2295-2300. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(02)80250-2  0.765
2001 Chang SW, Scudder JD, Kudela K, Spence HE, Fennell JF, Lepping RP, Lin RP, Russell CT. MeV magnetosheath ions energized at the bow shock Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 106: 19101-19115. DOI: 10.1029/2000Ja003037  0.332
2001 Boudouridis A, Spence HE, Onsager TG. Investigation of magnetopause reconnection models using two colocated, low-altitude satellites: A unifying reconnection geometry Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 106: 29451-29466. DOI: 10.1029/2000Ja000350  0.782
2001 Jorgensen AM, Henderson MG, Roelof EC, Reeves GD, Spence HE. Charge exchange contribution to the decay of the ring current, measured by energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 106: 1931-1937. DOI: 10.1029/2000Ja000124  0.534
2000 Chang SW, Scudder JD, Fennell JF, Friedel R, Lepping RP, Russell CT, Trattner KJ, Fuselier SA, Peterson WK, Spence HE. Energetic magnetosheath ions connected to the Earth's bow shock: Possible source of cusp energetic ions Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 105: 5471-5488. DOI: 10.1029/1999Ja900468  0.352
2000 Jorgensen AM, Kepko L, Henderson MG, Spence HE, Reeves GD, Sigwarth JB, Frank LA. Association of energetic neutral atom bursts and magnetospheric substorms Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 105: 18753-18763. DOI: 10.1029/1999Ja000445  0.59
2000 Henderson MG, Reeves GD, Jorgensen AM, Spence HE, Frank LA, Sigwarth JB, Fennell JF, Roeder JL, Blake JB, Yumoto K, Bourdarie S. Polar CEPPAD/IPS energetic neutral atom (ENA) images of a substorm injection Advances in Space Research. 25: 2407-2416. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(99)00530-X  0.543
1999 Jorgensen AM, Spence HE, Hughes TJ, McDiarmid D. A study of omega bands and Ps6 pulsations on the ground, at low altitude and at geostationary orbit Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 104: 14705-14715. DOI: 10.1029/1998Ja900100  0.554
1999 Henderson MG, Reeves GD, Moore KR, Spence HE, Jorgensen AM, Fennell JF, Blake JB, Roelof EC. Energetic neutral atom imaging with the Polar CEPPAD/IPS instrument: Initial forward modeling results Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part C: Solar, Terrestrial and Planetary Science. 24: 203-208. DOI: 10.1016/S1464-1917(98)00029-4  0.543
1999 Fritz TA, Chen J, Sheldon RB, Spence HE, Fennell JF, Livi S, Russell CT, Pickett JS. Cusp energetic particle events measured by POLAR spacecraft Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part C: Solar, Terrestrial and Planetary Science. 24: 135-140. DOI: 10.1016/S1464-1917(98)00020-8  0.417
1999 Fennell JF, Roeder JL, Friedel R, Grande M, Spence HE. Dayside open field line region boundary at high altitudes Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part C: Solar, Terrestrial and Planetary Science. 24: 129-133. DOI: 10.1016/S1464-1917(98)00019-1  0.39
1998 Chang SW, Scudder JD, Fuselier SA, Fennell JF, Trattner KJ, Pickett JS, Spence HE, Menietti JD, Peterson WK, Lepping RP, Friedel R. Cusp energetic ions: a bow shock source Geophysical Research Letters. 25: 3729-3732. DOI: 10.1029/98Gl52808  0.4
1998 Reeves GD, Baker DN, Belian RD, Blake JB, Cayton TE, Fennell JF, Friedel RHW, Meier MM, Selesnick RS, Spence HE. The global response of relativistic radiation belt electrons to the January 1997 magnetic cloud Geophysical Research Letters. 25: 3265-3268. DOI: 10.1029/98Gl02509  0.432
1998 Sheldon RB, Spence HE, Sullivan JD, Fritz TA, Chen J. The discovery of trapped energetic electrons in the outer cusp Geophysical Research Letters. 25: 1825-1828. DOI: 10.1029/98Gl01399  0.431
1998 Sheldon RB, Spence HE, Fennell JF. Observation of the 40 keV field-aligned ion beams Geophysical Research Letters. 25: 1617-1620. DOI: 10.1029/98Gl01054  0.335
1998 Baker DN, Pulkkinen TI, Li X, Kanekal SG, Blake JB, Selesnick RS, Henderso MG, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Rostoke G. Coronal mass ejections, magnetic clouds, and relativistic magnetospheric electron events: ISTP Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 103: 17279-17291. DOI: 10.1029/97Ja03329  0.456
1998 Ohtani S, Takahashi K, Higuchi T, Lui ATY, Spence HE, Fennell JF. AMPTE/CCE-SCATHA simultaneous observations of substorm-associated magnetic fluctuations Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 103: 4671-4682. DOI: 10.1029/97Ja03239  0.352
1998 Chen J, Fritz TA, Sheldon RB, Spence HE, Spjeldvik WN, Fennell JF, Livi S, Russell CT, Pickett JS, Gurnett DA. Cusp energetic particle events: Implications for a major acceleration region of the magnetosphere Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 103: 69-78. DOI: 10.1029/97Ja02246  0.424
1997 Baker DN, Li X, Turner N, Allen JH, Bargatze LF, Blake JB, Sheldon RB, Spence HE, Belian RD, Reeves GD, Kanekal SG, Klecker B, Lepping RP, Ogilvie K, Mewaldt RA, et al. Recurrent geomagnetic storms and relativistic electron enhancements in the outer magnetosphere: ISTP coordinated measurements Journal of Geophysical Research a: Space Physics. 102: 14141-14148. DOI: 10.1029/97Ja00565  0.444
1997 Jorgensen AM, Spence HE, Henderson MG, Reeves GD, Sugiura M, Kamei T. Global Energetic Neutral Atom (ENA) measurements and their association with the Dst index Geophysical Research Letters. 24: 3173-3176. DOI: 10.1029/97Gl03095  0.582
1997 Kawano H, Le G, Russell CT, Rostoker G, Mukai T, Spence HE. Initial POLAR MFE observation of substorm signatures in the polar magnetosphere Geophysical Research Letters. 24: 1459-1462. DOI: 10.1029/97Gl01405  0.324
1997 Chen J, Fritz TA, Sheldon RB, Spence HE, Spjeldvik WN, Fennell JF, Livi S. A new, temporarily confined population in the polar cap during the August 27, 1996 geomagnetic field distortion period Geophysical Research Letters. 24: 1447-1450. DOI: 10.1029/97Gl01369  0.408
1997 Grande M, Fennell J, Livi S, Kellett B, Perry C, Anderson P, Roeder J, Spence H, Fritz T, Wilken B. First polar and 1995-034 observations of the midaltitude cusp during a persistent northward IMF condition Geophysical Research Letters. 24: 1475-1478. DOI: 10.1029/97Gl01291  0.407
1997 Henderson MG, Reeves GD, Spence HE, Sheldon RB, Jorgensen AM, Blake JB, Fennell JF. First energetic neutral atom images from Polar Geophysical Research Letters. 24: 1167-1170. DOI: 10.1029/97Gl01162  0.559
1997 Jorgensen AM, Spence HE. On separating space and time variations of auroral precipitation: Dual DMSP-F6 and -F8 observations Advances in Space Research. 20: 453-456. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00710-2  0.562
1997 Sheldon RB, Spence HE. Alfvén boundaries: Noses and zippers Advances in Space Research. 20: 445-448. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00708-4  0.374
1997 Fennell JF, Blake JB, Roeder JL, Sheldon R, Spence HE. Tail lobe and open field line region entries at mid to high latitudes Advances in Space Research. 20: 431-435. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00705-9  0.348
1997 Spence HE, Jorgensen AM, Hughes WJ, Fennell JF, Roeder JL. Towards inner magnetosphere particle and field models Advances in Space Research. 20: 427-430. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00704-7  0.579
1997 Baker DN, Spence HE, Blake JB. ISTP: Relativistic particle acceleration and global energy transport Advances in Space Research. 20: 1075-1080. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00563-2  0.481
1997 Spence HE, Blake JB. First observations by the CEPPAD imaging proton spectrometer aboard POLAR Advances in Space Research. 20: 933-936. DOI: 10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00501-2  0.389
1996 Hirsch KL, Spence HE, Onsager TG. Low altitude signatures of the plasma sheet: Model predictions of local time dependence Journal of Geomagnetism and Geoelectricity. 48: 887-895. DOI: 10.5636/Jgg.48.887  0.355
1996 Spence HE. The what, where, when, and why of magnetospheric substorm triggers Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union. 77: 81-86. DOI: 10.1029/96Eo00051  0.344
1996 Fennell J, Roeder J, Spence H, Singer H, Korth A, Grande M, Vampola A. CRRES observations of particle flux dropout events Advances in Space Research. 18: 217-228. DOI: 10.1016/0273-1177(95)00991-4  0.425
1994 Lui ATY, Spence HE, Stern DP. Empirical modeling of the quiet time nightside magnetosphere Journal of Geophysical Research. 99: 151-157. DOI: 10.1029/93Ja02647  0.317
1993 Spence H, Blake J, Fennell J. Surface charging analysis of high-inclination, high-altitude spacecraft: Identification and physics of the plasma source region Ieee Transactions On Nuclear Science. 40: 1521-1524. DOI: 10.1109/23.273510  0.376
1993 Spence HE, Kivelson MG. Contributions of the low-latitude boundary layer to the finite width magnetotail convection model Journal of Geophysical Research. 98: 15487. DOI: 10.1029/93Ja01531  0.545
1993 Angelopoulos V, Kennel CF, Coroniti FV, Pellat R, Spence HE, Kivelson MG, Walker RJ, Baumjohann W, Feldman WC, Gosling JT, Russell CT. Characteristics of ion flow in the quiet state of the inner plasma sheet Geophysical Research Letters. 20: 1711-1714. DOI: 10.1029/93Gl00847  0.492
1993 Watermann J, de la Beaujardière O, Spence H. Space-time structure of the morning aurora inferred from coincident DMSP-F6, -F8, and Søndrestrøm incoherent scatter radar observations Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics. 55: 1729-1739. DOI: 10.1016/0021-9169(93)90141-K  0.384
1992 LOPEZ RE, SPENCE HE, MENG C-. Substorm Aurorae and Their Connection to the Inner Magnetosphere. Journal of Geomagnetism and Geoelectricity. 44: 1251-1260. DOI: 10.5636/Jgg.44.1251  0.322
1992 Takahashi K, Sato N, Warnecke J, Luhr H, Spence HE, Tonegawa Y. On the standing wave mode of giant pulsations Journal of Geophysical Research. 97: 10717-10732. DOI: 10.1029/92Ja00382  0.315
1991 Lopez RE, Spence HE, Meng C. DMSP F7 observations of a substorm field-aligned current Journal of Geophysical Research. 96: 19409. DOI: 10.1029/91Ja01984  0.332
1991 Takahashi K, Sibeck DG, Newell PT, Spence HE. ULF waves in the low-latitude boundary layer and their relationship to magnetospheric pulsations: A multisatellite observation Journal of Geophysical Research. 96: 9503. DOI: 10.1029/91Ja00612  0.397
1990 Spence HE, Kivelson MG. The variation of the plasma sheet polytropic index along the midnight meridian in a finite width magnetotail Geophysical Research Letters. 17: 591-594. DOI: 10.1029/Gl017I005P00591  0.546
1989 Spence HE, Kivelson MG, Walker RJ, McComas DJ. Magnetospheric plasma pressures in the midnight meridian: Observations from 2.5 to 35 RE Journal of Geophysical Research. 94: 5264. DOI: 10.1029/Ja094Ia05P05264  0.525
1988 Kivelson MG, Spence HE. On the possibility of quasi-static convection in the quiet magnetotail Geophysical Research Letters. 15: 1541-1544. DOI: 10.1029/Gl015I013P01541  0.57
1988 Spence HE, Kivelson MG, Walker RJ. Comparison of field-aligned currents at ionospheric and magnetospheric altitudes Advances in Space Research. 8: 343-346. DOI: 10.1016/0273-1177(88)90148-2  0.54
1987 Spence HE, Kivelson MG, Walker RJ. Static magnetic field models consistent with nearly isotropic plasma pressure Geophysical Research Letters. 14: 872-875. DOI: 10.1029/Gl014I008P00872  0.523
1986 McComas DJ, Spence HE, Russell CT, Saunders MA. The average magnetic field draping and consistent plasma properties of the Venus magnetotail Journal of Geophysical Research. 91: 7939-7953. DOI: 10.1029/Ja091Ia07P07939  0.328
1985 McComas DJ, Spence HE, Karl RR, Horak HG, Wilkerson TD. Bistatic LIDAR experiment proposed for the shuttle/tethered satellite system missions Review of Scientific Instruments. 56: 670-673. DOI: 10.1063/1.1138201  0.312
1985 Mendillo M, Spence H, Zalesak ST. Simulation studies of ionospheric airglow signatures of plasma depletions at the equator Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics. 47: 885-893. DOI: 10.1016/0021-9169(85)90063-7  0.324
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