Eric Donny, Ph.D. - Publications

Affiliations: 
Psychology University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States 

140 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2019 Benowitz NL, Donny EC, Edwards KC, Hatsukami D, Smith TT. The Role of Compensation in Nicotine Reduction. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 21: S16-S18. PMID 31867654 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz120  0.8
2019 Smith TT, Donny EC, Luo X, Allen AM, Carroll DM, Denlinger-Apte RL, Dermody SS, Koopmeiners JS, McClernon FJ, Pacek LR, Vandrey R, Hatsukami DK. The Impact of Gradual and Immediate Nicotine Reduction on Subjective Cigarette Ratings. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 21: S73-S80. PMID 31867651 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz158  1
2019 Tidey JW, Colby SM, Denlinger-Apte RL, Goodwin C, Cioe PA, Cassidy RN, Swift RM, Lindgren BR, Rubin N, Murphy SE, Hecht SS, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Effects of 6-Week Use of Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes in Smokers With Serious Mental Illness. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 21: S38-S45. PMID 31867650 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz133  0.76
2019 Koopmeiners JS, Vock DM, Boatman JA, Carroll D, Colby SM, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK, Luo X, Tidey JW. The Importance of Estimating Causal Effects for Evaluating a Nicotine Standard for Cigarettes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 21: S22-S25. PMID 31867648 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz119  0.64
2019 White CM, Pickworth WB, Sved AF, Donny EC. Using Product Standards to Render the Most Harmful Tobacco Products Minimally Addictive: Maximum Nicotine Level, Non-Nicotine Constituents, and Scope. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 21: S13-S15. PMID 31867639 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz121  0.8
2019 Denlinger-Apte RL, Kotlyar M, Koopmeiners JS, Tidey JW, Luo X, Benowitz NL, Jensen JA, Ikuemonisan JO, Pacek LR, Smith TT, Vandrey R, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK. Effects of Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes on Smoking Behavior and Biomarkers of Exposure in Menthol and Non-menthol Smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 21: S63-S72. PMID 31867637 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz160  0.8
2019 Robinson JD, Kypriotakis G, al'Absi M, Denlinger-Apte RL, Drobes DJ, Leischow S, McClernon FJ, Pacek LR, Severson H, Smith TT, Donny EC, Luo X, Jensen JA, Strayer LG, Cinciripini PM, et al. Very low nicotine content cigarettes disrupt the feedback loop of affective states and smoking behavior. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 31701153 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz209  0.8
2019 Denlinger-Apte RL, Donny EC, Lindgren BR, Rubin N, Goodwin C, DeAtley T, Colby SM, Cioe PA, Hatsukami DK, Tidey JW. Smoking topography characteristics during a six-week trial of very low nicotine content cigarettes in smokers with serious mental illness. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 31628475 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz198  0.76
2019 Meier E, Vandrey R, Rubin N, Pacek LR, Jensen JA, Donny EC, Hecht SS, Carmella SG, Murphy SE, Luo X, Stepanov I, Ikuemonisan J, Severson H, al'Absi M, Hatsukami DK. Cigarette Smokers vs. Co-users of Cannabis and Cigarettes: Exposure to Toxicants. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 31616939 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz199  0.72
2019 Villanti AC, West JC, Mays D, Donny EC, Cappella JN, Strasser AA. Impact of Brief Nicotine Messaging on Nicotine-Related Beliefs in a U.S. Sample. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 57: e135-e142. PMID 31542145 DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.05.015  0.76
2019 Smith TT, Koopmeiners JS, Tessier KM, Davis EM, Conklin CA, Denlinger-Apte RL, Lane T, Murphy SE, Tidey JW, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Randomized Trial of Low-Nicotine Cigarettes and Transdermal Nicotine. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 57: 515-524. PMID 31542129 DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.05.010  0.8
2019 Ribisl KM, Hatsukami DK, Huang J, Williams RS, Donny EC. Strategies to Reduce Illicit Trade of Regular Nicotine Tobacco Products After Introduction of a Low-Nicotine Tobacco Product Standard. American Journal of Public Health. 109: 1007-1014. PMID 31166743 DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305067  0.6
2019 Hatsukami DK, Luo X, Heskin AK, Tang MK, Carmella SG, Jensen J, Robinson JD, Vandrey R, Drobes DJ, Strasser AA, al'Absi M, Leischow S, Cinciripini PM, Koopmeiners J, Ikuemonisan J, ... ... Donny EC, et al. Effects of immediate versus gradual nicotine reduction in cigarettes on biomarkers of biological effects. Addiction (Abingdon, England). PMID 31140663 DOI: 10.1111/add.14695  0.76
2019 Carmella SG, Heskin AK, Tang MK, Jensen J, Luo X, Le CT, Murphy SE, Benowitz NL, McClernon FJ, Vandrey R, Allen SS, Denlinger-Apte R, Cinciripini PM, Strasser AA, al'Absi M, ... ... Donny EC, et al. Longitudinal stability in cigarette smokers of urinary eicosanoid biomarkers of oxidative damage and inflammation. Plos One. 14: e0215853. PMID 31022220 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0215853  0.76
2019 Weeks JJ, Rupprecht LE, Grace AA, Donny EC, Sved AF. Nicotine self-administration is not increased in the MAM rodent model of schizophrenia. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 30899959 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntz048  1
2019 Chen M, Carmella SG, Sipe C, Jensen J, Luo X, Le CT, Murphy SE, Benowitz NL, McClernon FJ, Vandrey R, Allen SS, Denlinger-Apte R, Cinciripini PM, Strasser AA, al'Absi M, ... ... Donny EC, et al. Longitudinal stability in cigarette smokers of urinary biomarkers of exposure to the toxicants acrylonitrile and acrolein. Plos One. 14: e0210104. PMID 30608961 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210104  0.76
2018 Denlinger-Apte RL, Tidey JW, Koopmeiners JS, Hatsukami DK, Smith TT, Pacek LR, McClernon FJ, Donny EC. Correlates of support for a nicotine-reduction policy in smokers with 6-week exposure to very low nicotine cigarettes. Tobacco Control. PMID 30385649 DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054622  0.8
2018 Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. The Debate About Nicotine Addiction and the Role of Medicinal Products: Commentary on Zeller. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 30312443 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/nty195  0.6
2018 Hatsukami DK, Luo X, Jensen JA, al'Absi M, Allen SS, Carmella SG, Chen M, Cinciripini PM, Denlinger-Apte R, Drobes DJ, Koopmeiners JS, Lane T, Le CT, Leischow S, Luo K, ... ... Donny EC, et al. Effect of Immediate vs Gradual Reduction in Nicotine Content of Cigarettes on Biomarkers of Smoke Exposure: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Jama. 320: 880-891. PMID 30193275 DOI: 10.1001/jama.2018.11473  0.76
2018 Cassidy RN, Tidey JW, Cao Q, Colby SM, McClernon FJ, Koopmeiners JS, Hatsukami D, Donny EC. Age Moderates Smokers' Subjective Response to Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 29718460 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/nty079  0.6
2018 Smith TT, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Colby SM, Joseph McClernon F, Strasser AA, Tidey JW, White CM, Donny EC. Whether to push or pull? Nicotine reduction and non-combusted alternatives - Two strategies for reducing smoking and improving public health. Preventive Medicine. PMID 29604326 DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.03.021  0.8
2018 Dermody SS, McClernon FJ, Benowitz N, Luo X, Tidey JW, Smith TT, Vandrey R, Hatsukami D, Donny EC. Effects of reduced nicotine content cigarettes on individual withdrawal symptoms over time and during abstinence. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. PMID 29504780 DOI: 10.1037/pha0000179  1
2018 Rupprecht LE, Kreisler AD, Spierling SR, de Guglielmo G, Kallupi M, George O, Donny EC, Zorrilla EP, Sved AF. Self-administered nicotine increases fat metabolism and suppresses weight gain in male rats. Psychopharmacology. PMID 29354872 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-018-4830-y  1
2017 Pacek LR, Joseph McClernon F, Denlinger-Apte RL, Mercincavage M, Strasser AA, Dermody SS, Vandrey R, Smith TT, Nardone N, Hatsukami DK, Koopmeiners JS, Kozink RV, Donny EC. Perceived nicotine content of reduced nicotine content cigarettes is a correlate of perceived health risks. Tobacco Control. PMID 28735272 DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053689  1
2017 Boatman JA, Vock DM, Koopmeiners JS, Donny EC. Estimating causal effects from a randomized clinical trial when noncompliance is measured with error. Biostatistics (Oxford, England). PMID 28605411 DOI: 10.1093/biostatistics/kxx029  0.56
2017 Smith TT, Rupprecht LE, Denlinger-Apte RL, Weeks JJ, Panas RS, Donny EC, Sved AF. Animal research on nicotine reduction: Current evidence and research gaps. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 28379511 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx077  1
2017 Robinson JD, Kypriotakis G, Karam-Hage M, Green CE, Hatsukami DK, Cinciripini PM, Donny EC. Cigarette Nicotine Content as a Moderator of the Relationship between Negative Affect and Smoking. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 28371900 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx068  0.6
2017 Murphy SE, Sipe CJ, Choi K, Raddatz LM, Koopmeiners JS, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK. Low cotinine glucuronidation results in higher serum and saliva cotinine in African American compared to White smokers. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association For Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. PMID 28264876 DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-16-0920  0.72
2017 Rupprecht LE, Smith TT, Donny EC, Sved AF. Self-administered nicotine differentially impacts body weight gain in obesity-prone and obesity-resistant rats. Physiology & Behavior. PMID 28189503 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2017.02.007  1
2017 Mercincavage M, Wileyto EP, Saddleson ML, Lochbuehler K, Donny EC, Strasser AA. Attrition during a randomized controlled trial of reduced nicotine content cigarettes as a proxy for understanding acceptability of nicotine product standards. Addiction (Abingdon, England). PMID 28107596 DOI: 10.1111/add.13766  0.76
2017 Denlinger-Apte RL, Joel DL, Strasser AA, Donny EC. Low Nicotine Content Descriptors Reduce Perceived Health Risks and Positive Cigarette Ratings in Participants Using Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 19: 1149-1154. PMID 28003507 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntw320  0.76
2016 Denlinger RL, Smith TT, Murphy SE, Koopmeiners JS, Benowitz NL, Hatsukami DK, Pacek LR, Colino C, Cwalina SN, Donny EC. Nicotine and Anatabine Exposure from Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes. Tobacco Regulatory Science. 2: 186-203. PMID 29600258 DOI: 10.18001/TRS.2.2.9  0.84
2016 Rupprecht LE, Koopmeiners JS, Dermody SS, Oliver JA, al'Absi M, Benowitz NL, Denlinger-Apte R, Drobes DJ, Hatsukami D, McClernon FJ, Pacek LR, Smith TT, Sved AF, Tidey J, Vandrey R, ... Donny EC, et al. Reducing nicotine exposure results in weight gain in smokers randomised to very low nicotine content cigarettes. Tobacco Control. PMID 27856940 DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053301  1
2016 Henningfield JE, Smith TT, Kleykamp BA, Fant RV, Donny EC. Nicotine self-administration research: the legacy of Steven R. Goldberg and implications for regulation, health policy, and research. Psychopharmacology. PMID 27766371 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-016-4441-4  1
2016 Smith TT, Cassidy RN, Tidey JW, Luo X, Le CT, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Impact of smoking reduced nicotine content cigarettes on sensitivity to cigarette price: Further results from a multi-site clinical trial. Addiction (Abingdon, England). PMID 27741367 DOI: 10.1111/add.13636  0.8
2016 Donny EC, Walker N, Hatsukami D, Bullen C. Reducing the nicotine content of combusted tobacco products sold in New Zealand. Tobacco Control. PMID 27672126 DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053186  0.32
2016 Smith TT, Rupprecht LE, Sved AF, Donny EC. Characterizing the relationship between increases in the cost of nicotine and decreases in nicotine content in adult male rats: implications for tobacco regulation. Psychopharmacology. PMID 27627909 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-016-4426-3  1
2016 Tidey JW, Pacek LR, Koopmeiners JS, Vandrey R, Nardone N, Drobes DJ, Benowitz NL, Dermody SS, Lemieux A, Denlinger RL, Cassidy R, al'Absi M, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Effects of 6-Week Use of Reduced-Nicotine Content Cigarettes in Smokers With and Without Elevated Depressive Symptoms. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 27613885 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntw199  1
2016 Pacek LR, Vandrey R, Dermody SS, Denlinger-Apte RL, Lemieux A, Tidey JW, McClernon FJ, Bangdiwala AS, Drobes DJ, al'Absi M, Strasser AA, Koopmeiners JS, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Evaluation of a reduced nicotine product standard: Moderating effects of and impact on cannabis use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. PMID 27590743 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.08.620  1
2016 Benowitz NL, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK. Reduced nicotine content cigarettes, e-cigarettes and the cigarette end game. Addiction (Abingdon, England). PMID 27555354 DOI: 10.1111/add.13534  0.6
2016 Nardone N, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK, Koopmeiners JS, Murphy SE, Strasser AA, Tidey JW, Vandrey R, Benowitz NL. Estimations and Predictors of Non-Compliance in Switchers to Reduced Nicotine Content Cigarettes. Addiction (Abingdon, England). PMID 27367436 DOI: 10.1111/add.13519  0.76
2016 Hatsukami DK, Zaatari G, Donny E. The case for the WHO Advisory Note, Global Nicotine Reduction Strategy. Tobacco Control. PMID 27357938 DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053134  0.6
2016 Rupprecht LE, Smith TT, Donny EC, Sved AF. Self-Administered Nicotine Suppresses Body Weight Gain Independent of Food Intake in Male Rats. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 27194544 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntw113  1
2016 Buffalari DM, Mollica JK, Smith TT, Schassburger RL, Rinaman L, Thiels E, Donny EC, Sved AF. Nicotine Enhances Footshock- and Lithium Chloride-Conditioned Place Avoidance in Male Rats. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 27178831 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntw098  0.8
2016 Sweitzer MM, Geier CF, Addicott MA, Denlinger R, Raiff BR, Dallery J, McClernon FJ, Donny EC. Smoking Abstinence-Induced Changes in Resting State Functional Connectivity with Ventral Striatum Predict Lapse During a Quit Attempt. Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. PMID 27091382 DOI: 10.1038/npp.2016.56  0.84
2016 Perkins KA, Kunkle N, Karelitz JL, Michael VC, Donny EC. Threshold dose for discrimination of nicotine via cigarette smoking. Psychopharmacology. PMID 27037937 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-016-4281-2  0.68
2016 Perkins KA, Kunkle N, Michael VC, Karelitz JL, Donny EC. Assessing Discrimination of Nicotine in Humans Via Cigarette Smoking. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 27013335 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntw082  0.68
2016 Smith TT, Rupprecht LE, Cwalina SN, Onimus MJ, Murphy SE, Donny EC, Sved AF. Effects of Monoamine Oxidase Inhibition on the Reinforcing Properties of Low-Dose Nicotine. Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. PMID 26955970 DOI: 10.1038/npp.2016.36  1
2016 Dermody SS, Tidey JW, Denlinger RL, Pacek LR, al'Absi M, Drobes DJ, Hatsukami DK, Vandrey R, Donny EC. The Impact of Smoking Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes on Alcohol Use. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. PMID 26916879 DOI: 10.1111/acer.12980  0.6
2016 von Weymarn L, Thomson NM, Donny EC, Hatsukami D, Murphy SE. Quantitation of the minor tobacco alkaloids nornicotine, anatabine, and anabasine in smokers' urine by high throughput liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Chemical Research in Toxicology. PMID 26825008 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.5b00521  1
2016 Schassburger RL, Pitzer EM, Smith TT, Rupprecht LE, Thiels E, Donny EC, Sved AF. Adolescent rats self-administer less nicotine than adults at low doses. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. PMID 26764255 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntw006  1
2015 Sweitzer MM, Geier CF, Denlinger R, Forbes EE, Raiff BR, Dallery J, McClernon FJ, Donny EC. Blunted striatal response to monetary reward anticipation during smoking abstinence predicts lapse during a contingency-managed quit attempt. Psychopharmacology. PMID 26660448 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-015-4152-2  0.6
2015 Donny EC, Denlinger RL, Tidey JW, Koopmeiners JS, Benowitz NL, Vandrey RG, al'Absi M, Carmella SG, Cinciripini PM, Dermody SS, Drobes DJ, Hecht SS, Jensen J, Lane T, Le CT, et al. Randomized Trial of Reduced-Nicotine Standards for Cigarettes. The New England Journal of Medicine. 373: 1340-1349. PMID 26422724 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMsa1502403  1
2015 Rupprecht LE, Donny EC, Sved AF. Obese Smokers as a Potential Subpopulation of Risk in Tobacco Reduction Policy. The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. 88: 289-94. PMID 26339212  1
2015 Smith TT, Schaff MB, Rupprecht LE, Schassburger RL, Buffalari DM, Murphy SE, Sved AF, Donny EC. Effects of MAO inhibition and a combination of minor alkaloids, β-carbolines, and acetaldehyde on nicotine self-administration in adult male rats. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. PMID 26257022 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.07.002  1
2015 Rupprecht LE, Smith TT, Schassburger RL, Buffalari DM, Sved AF, Donny EC. Behavioral mechanisms underlying nicotine reinforcement. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences. 24: 19-53. PMID 25638333 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13482-6_2  1
2015 Hatsukami DK, Donny EC, Koopmeiners JS, Benowitz NL. Compensatory smoking from gradual and immediate reduction in cigarette nicotine content. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association For Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 24: 472-6. PMID 25515551 DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-0739  0.64
2015 Benowitz NL, Nardone N, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Biochemical estimation of noncompliance with smoking of very low nicotine content cigarettes. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association For Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 24: 331-5. PMID 25416718 DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-1040  0.64
2015 Schassburger RL, Levin ME, Weaver MT, Palmatier MI, Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Sved AF. Differentiating the primary reinforcing and reinforcement-enhancing effects of varenicline. Psychopharmacology. 232: 975-83. PMID 25209677 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-014-3732-x  1
2015 Benowitz NL, Nardone N, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Biochemical estimation of noncompliance with smoking of very low nicotine content cigarettes Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention. 24: 331-335. DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-1040  1
2015 Hatsukami DK, Donny EC, Koopmeiners JS, Benowitz NL. Compensatory smoking from gradual and immediate reduction in cigarette nicotine content Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention. 24: 472-476. DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-14-0739  1
2015 Smith TT, Schaff MB, Rupprecht LE, Schassburger RL, Buffalari DM, Murphy SE, Sved AF, Donny EC. Effects of MAO inhibition and a combination of minor alkaloids, β-carbolines, and acetaldehyde on nicotine self-administration in adult male rats Drug and Alcohol Dependence. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.07.002  1
2014 Dermody SS, Donny EC, Hertsgaard LA, Hatsukami DK. Greater reductions in nicotine exposure while smoking very low nicotine content cigarettes predict smoking cessation. Tobacco Control. PMID 25192771 DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051797  1
2014 Smith TT, Sved AF, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Nicotine reduction as an increase in the unit price of cigarettes: a behavioral economics approach. Preventive Medicine. 68: 23-8. PMID 25025523 DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.07.005  1
2014 Smith TT, Schassburger RL, Buffalari DM, Sved AF, Donny EC. Low-dose nicotine self-administration is reduced in adult male rats naïve to high doses of nicotine: implications for nicotine product standards. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 22: 453-9. PMID 24999867 DOI: 10.1037/a0037396  1
2014 Donny EC, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Sved AF, Tidey JW, Cassidy RN. Reduced nicotine product standards for combustible tobacco: building an empirical basis for effective regulation. Preventive Medicine. 68: 17-22. PMID 24967958 DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.06.020  1
2014 Buffalari DM, Marfo NY, Smith TT, Levin ME, Weaver MT, Thiels E, Sved AF, Donny EC. Nicotine enhances the expression of a sucrose or cocaine conditioned place preference in adult male rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 124: 320-5. PMID 24967870 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2014.06.013  1
2014 Geier CF, Sweitzer MM, Denlinger R, Sparacino G, Donny EC. Abstinent adult daily smokers show reduced anticipatory but elevated saccade-related brain responses during a rewarded antisaccade task. Psychiatry Research. 223: 140-7. PMID 24914005 DOI: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2014.04.007  1
2014 Dermody SS, Donny EC. The predicted impact of reducing the nicotine content in cigarettes on alcohol use Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 16: 1033-1044. PMID 24647051 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntu037  1
2014 Sweitzer MM, Geier CF, Joel DL, McGurrin P, Denlinger RL, Forbes EE, Donny EC. Dissociated effects of anticipating smoking versus monetary reward in the caudate as a function of smoking abstinence. Biological Psychiatry. 76: 681-8. PMID 24342923 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.11.013  1
2013 Smith TT, Levin ME, Schassburger RL, Buffalari DM, Sved AF, Donny EC. Gradual and immediate nicotine reduction result in similar low-dose nicotine self-administration. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 15: 1918-25. PMID 23817582 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntt082  1
2013 Hatsukami DK, Heishman SJ, Vogel RI, Denlinger RL, Roper-Batker AN, Mackowick KM, Jensen J, Murphy SE, Thomas BF, Donny E. Dose-response effects of spectrum research cigarettes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 15: 1113-21. PMID 23178320 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/nts247  1
2013 Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Donny E, Henningfield J, Zeller M. Nicotine reduction: Strategic research plan Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 15: 1003-1013. PMID 23100460 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/nts214  1
2013 Sweitzer MM, Denlinger RL, Donny EC. Dependence and withdrawal-induced craving predict abstinence in an incentive-based model of smoking relapse Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 15: 36-43. PMID 22513801 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/nts080  1
2012 Joel DL, Denlinger RL, Dermody SS, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Donny EC. Very low nicotine content cigarettes and potential consequences on cardiovascular disease. Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports. 6: 534-541. PMID 23264843 DOI: 10.1007/s12170-012-0266-9  1
2012 Donny EC, Taylor TG, LeSage MG, Levin M, Buffalari DM, Joel D, Sved AF. Impact of tobacco regulation on animal research: new perspectives and opportunities. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 14: 1319-38. PMID 22949581 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/nts162  1
2012 Weaver MT, Geier CF, Levin ME, Caggiula AR, Sved AF, Donny EC. Adolescent exposure to nicotine results in reinforcement enhancement but does not affect adult responding in rats. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 125: 307-12. PMID 22483812 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.03.006  1
2012 Sweitzer MM, Donny EC, Hariri AR. Imaging genetics and the neurobiological basis of individual differences in vulnerability to addiction. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 123: S59-71. PMID 22342427 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.01.017  1
2012 Weaver MT, Sweitzer M, Coddington S, Sheppard J, Verdecchia N, Caggiula AR, Sved AF, Donny EC. Precipitated withdrawal from nicotine reduces reinforcing effects of a visual stimulus for rats. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 14: 824-32. PMID 22218403 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntr293  1
2012 Levin ME, Weaver MT, Palmatier MI, Caggiula AR, Sved AF, Donny EC. Varenicline dose dependently enhances responding for nonpharmacological reinforcers and attenuates the reinforcement-enhancing effects of nicotine. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 14: 299-305. PMID 21994342 DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntr213  1
2011 Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Sweitzer M, Chaudhri N, Gharib M, Sved AF. Self-administered and yoked nicotine produce robust increases in blood pressure and changes in heart rate with modest effects of behavioral contingency in rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 99: 459-67. PMID 21554897 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2011.04.018  1
2011 Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Weaver MT, Levin ME, Sved AF. The reinforcement-enhancing effects of nicotine: implications for the relationship between smoking, eating and weight. Physiology & Behavior. 104: 143-8. PMID 21549139 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.04.043  1
2011 Dierker LC, Rose JS, Donny E, Tiffany S. Alcohol use as a signal for sensitivity to nicotine dependence among recent onset smokers Addictive Behaviors. 36: 421-426. PMID 21232875 DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.12.010  1
2010 Rose JS, Dierker LC, Donny E. Nicotine dependence symptoms among recent onset adolescent smokers Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 106: 126-132. PMID 19765916 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.08.012  1
2010 Walsh SL, Donny EC, Nuzzo PA, Umbricht A, Bigelow GE. Cocaine abuse versus cocaine dependence: Cocaine self-administration and pharmacodynamic response in the human laboratory Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 106: 28-37. PMID 19717246 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.07.011  1
2009 Palmatier MI, Levin ME, Mays KL, Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Sved AF. Bupropion and nicotine enhance responding for nondrug reinforcers via dissociable pharmacological mechanisms in rats. Psychopharmacology. 207: 381-90. PMID 19760281 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-009-1666-5  1
2009 Donny EC, Jones M. Prolonged exposure to denicotinized cigarettes with or without transdermal nicotine Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 104: 23-33. PMID 19446968 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.01.021  1
2009 Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Palmatier MI, Liu X, Chaudhri N, Sved AF. The role of nicotine in smoking: a dual-reinforcement model. Nebraska Symposium On Motivation. Nebraska Symposium On Motivation. 55: 91-109. PMID 19013940  0.8
2009 Liu X, Palmatier MI, Caggiula AR, Sved AF, Donny EC, Gharib M, Booth S. Naltrexone attenuation of conditioned but not primary reinforcement of nicotine in rats. Psychopharmacology. 202: 589-98. PMID 18807246 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-008-1335-0  1
2009 Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Palmatier MI, Liu X, Chaudhri N, Sved AF. The role of nicotine in smoking: A dual-reinforcement model Nebraska Symposium On Motivation. 55: 91-109. DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-78748-0_6  1
2008 Sweitzer MM, Donny EC, Dierker LC, Flory JD, Manuck SB. Delay discounting and smoking: association with the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence but not cigarettes smoked per day. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 10: 1571-5. PMID 18946776 DOI: 10.1080/14622200802323274  1
2008 Palmatier MI, Coddington SB, Liu X, Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Sved AF. The motivation to obtain nicotine-conditioned reinforcers depends on nicotine dose. Neuropharmacology. 55: 1425-30. PMID 18809417 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2008.09.002  1
2008 Colder CR, Flay BR, Segawa E, Hedeker D, Abrams DB, Agnew C, Balster RL, Clayton RR, Collins LM, Dahl RE, Dierker LC, Donny EC, Dorn L, Eissenberg T, Flaherty BP, et al. Trajectories of smoking among freshmen college students with prior smoking history and risk for future smoking: Data from the University Project Tobacco Etiology Research Network (UpTERN) study Addiction. 103: 1534-1543. PMID 18783505 DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02280.x  1
2008 Primack BA, Sidani J, Agarwal AA, Shadel WG, Donny EC, Eissenberg TE. Prevalence of and associations with waterpipe tobacco smoking among U.S. university students. Annals of Behavioral Medicine : a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine. 36: 81-6. PMID 18719977 DOI: 10.1007/s12160-008-9047-6  1
2008 Donny EC, Griffin KM, Shiffman S, Sayette MA. The relationship between cigarette use, nicotine dependence, and craving in laboratory volunteers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 10: 934-42. PMID 18569770 DOI: 10.1080/14622200802133681  1
2008 Dierker L, Stolar M, Lloyd-Richardson E, Tiffany S, Flay B, Collins L, Nichter M, Nichter M, Bailey S, Clayton R. Tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use among first-year U.S. college students: a time series analysis. Substance Use & Misuse. 43: 680-99. PMID 18393083 DOI: 10.1080/10826080701202684  1
2008 Donny EC, Griffin KM, Shiffman S, Sayette MA. The relationship between cigarette use, nicotine dependence, and craving in laboratory volunteers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 10: 447-55. PMID 18324563 DOI: 10.1080/14622200801901906  1
2008 Dierker L, Donny E. The role of psychiatric disorders in the relationship between cigarette smoking and DSM-IV nicotine dependence among young adults Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 10: 439-446. PMID 18324562 DOI: 10.1080/14622200801901898  1
2008 Palmatier MI, Liu X, Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Sved AF. Metabotropic glutamate 5 receptor (mGluR5) antagonists decrease nicotine seeking, but do not affect the reinforcement enhancing effects of nicotine. Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. 33: 2139-47. PMID 18046312 DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301623  1
2008 Liu X, Caggiula AR, Palmatier MI, Donny EC, Sved AF. Cue-induced reinstatement of nicotine-seeking behavior in rats: effect of bupropion, persistence over repeated tests, and its dependence on training dose. Psychopharmacology. 196: 365-75. PMID 17932656 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-007-0967-9  1
2007 Palmatier MI, Liu X, Matteson GL, Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Sved AF. Conditioned reinforcement in rats established with self-administered nicotine and enhanced by noncontingent nicotine. Psychopharmacology. 195: 235-43. PMID 17676401 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-007-0897-6  1
2007 Liu X, Palmatier MI, Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Sved AF. Reinforcement enhancing effect of nicotine and its attenuation by nicotinic antagonists in rats. Psychopharmacology. 194: 463-73. PMID 17616849 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-007-0863-3  1
2007 Donny EC, Dierker LC. The absence of DSM-IV nicotine dependence in moderate-to-heavy daily smokers Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 89: 93-96. PMID 17276627 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.11.019  1
2007 Palmatier MI, Matteson GL, Black JJ, Liu X, Caggiula AR, Craven L, Donny EC, Sved AF. The reinforcement enhancing effects of nicotine depend on the incentive value of non-drug reinforcers and increase with repeated drug injections. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 89: 52-9. PMID 17240084 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.11.020  1
2007 Donny EC, Houtsmuller E, Stitzer ML. Smoking in the absence of nicotine: behavioral, subjective and physiological effects over 11 days. Addiction (Abingdon, England). 102: 324-34. PMID 17222288 DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01670.x  1
2007 Palmatier MI, Liu X, Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Sved AF. The role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the primary reinforcing and reinforcement-enhancing effects of nicotine. Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. 32: 1098-108. PMID 17091131 DOI: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301228  1
2007 Sledjeski EM, Dierker LC, Costello D, Shiffman S, Donny E, Flay BR. Predictive validity of four nicotine dependence measures in a college sample Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 87: 10-19. PMID 16930859 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.07.005  1
2007 Matta SG, Balfour DJ, Benowitz NL, Boyd RT, Buccafusco JJ, Caggiula AR, Craig CR, Collins AC, Damaj MI, Donny EC, Gardiner PS, Grady SR, Heberlein U, Leonard SS, Levin ED, et al. Guidelines on nicotine dose selection for in vivo research. Psychopharmacology. 190: 269-319. PMID 16896961 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-006-0441-0  1
2007 Chaudhri N, Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Booth S, Gharib M, Craven L, Palmatier MI, Liu X, Sved AF. Self-administered and noncontingent nicotine enhance reinforced operant responding in rats: impact of nicotine dose and reinforcement schedule. Psychopharmacology. 190: 353-62. PMID 16847680 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-006-0454-8  1
2007 Dierker LC, Donny E, Tiffany S, Colby SM, Perrine N, Clayton RR. The association between cigarette smoking and DSM-IV nicotine dependence among first year college students Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 86: 106-114. PMID 16837142 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.05.025  1
2007 Donny E, Colby S, Tidey J. Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 12th annual meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 15-18, 2006 Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 9: 91-350. DOI: 10.1080/14622200601038651  1
2006 Chaudhri N, Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Booth S, Gharib M, Craven L, Palmatier MI, Liu X, Sved AF. Operant responding for conditioned and unconditioned reinforcers in rats is differentially enhanced by the primary reinforcing and reinforcement-enhancing effects of nicotine. Psychopharmacology. 189: 27-36. PMID 17019569 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-006-0522-0  1
2006 Ridenour TA, Lanza ST, Donny EC, Clark DB. Different lengths of times for progressions in adolescent substance involvement Addictive Behaviors. 31: 962-983. PMID 16677774 DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.03.015  1
2006 Donny EC, Bigelow GE, Walsh SL. Comparing the physiological and subjective effects of self-administered vs yoked cocaine in humans Psychopharmacology. 186: 544-552. PMID 16552557 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-006-0312-8  1
2006 Juliano LM, Donny EC, Houtsmuller EJ, Stitzer ML. Experimental evidence for a causal relationship between smoking lapse and relapse. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 115: 166-73. PMID 16492107 DOI: 10.1037/0021-843X.115.1.166  1
2006 Palmatier MI, Evans-Martin FF, Hoffman A, Caggiula AR, Chaudhri N, Donny EC, Liu X, Booth S, Gharib M, Craven L, Sved AF. Dissociating the primary reinforcing and reinforcement-enhancing effects of nicotine using a rat self-administration paradigm with concurrently available drug and environmental reinforcers. Psychopharmacology. 184: 391-400. PMID 16249908 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-005-0183-4  1
2006 Chaudhri N, Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Palmatier MI, Liu X, Sved AF. Complex interactions between nicotine and nonpharmacological stimuli reveal multiple roles for nicotine in reinforcement. Psychopharmacology. 184: 353-66. PMID 16240165 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-005-0178-1  1
2006 Dierker L, Lloyd-Richardson E, Stolar M, Flay B, Tiffany S, Collins L, Bailey S, Nichter M, Nichter M, Clayton R. The proximal association between smoking and alcohol use among first year college students. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 81: 1-9. PMID 16006056 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2005.05.012  1
2005 Donny EC, Brasser SM, Bigelow GE, Stitzer ML, Walsh SL. Methadone doses of 100 mg or greater are more effective than lower doses at suppressing heroin self-administration in opioid-dependent volunteers. Addiction (Abingdon, England). 100: 1496-509. PMID 16185211 DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01232.x  1
2005 Chaudhri N, Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Booth S, Gharib MA, Craven LA, Allen SS, Sved AF, Perkins KA. Sex differences in the contribution of nicotine and nonpharmacological stimuli to nicotine self-administration in rats. Psychopharmacology. 180: 258-66. PMID 15682294 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-005-2152-3  1
2004 Donny EC, Lanza ST, Balster RL, Collins LM, Caggiula A, Rowell PP. Using growth models to relate acquisition of nicotine self-administration to break point and nicotinic receptor binding Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 75: 23-35. PMID 15225886 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.02.005  1
2004 Lanza ST, Donny EC, Collins LM, Balster RL. Analyzing the acquisition of drug self-administration using growth curve models Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 75: 11-21. PMID 15225885 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.02.006  1
2004 Donny EC, Bigelow GE, Walsh SL. Assessing the initiation of cocaine self-administration in humans during abstinence: Effects of dose, alternative reinforcement, and priming Psychopharmacology. 172: 316-323. PMID 14647955 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-003-1655-z  1
2004 Frenk H, Dar R, Donny EC, Chaudhri N, Caggiula AR, Sved AF. Reward potentiation or behavioral activation? A comment on Donny et al. Psychopharmacology. 171: 472-476. PMID 14566447 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-003-1622-8  1
2003 Donny EC, Chaudhri N, Caggiula AR, Evans-Martin FF, Booth S, Gharib MA, Clements LA, Sved AF. Operant responding for a visual reinforcer in rats is enhanced by noncontingent nicotine: implications for nicotine self-administration and reinforcement. Psychopharmacology. 169: 68-76. PMID 12774186 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-003-1473-3  1
2003 Donny EC, Bigelow GE, Walsh SL. Choosing to take cocaine in the human laboratory: Effects of cocaine dose, inter-choice interval, and magnitude of alternative reinforcement Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 69: 289-301. PMID 12633915 DOI: 10.1016/S0376-8716(02)00327-7  1
2002 Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Chaudhri N, Perkins KA, Evans-Martin FF, Sved AF. Importance of nonpharmacological factors in nicotine self-administration. Physiology & Behavior. 77: 683-7. PMID 12527019 DOI: 10.1016/S0031-9384(02)00918-6  1
2002 Caggiula AR, Donny EC, White AR, Chaudhri N, Booth S, Gharib MA, Hoffman A, Perkins KA, Sved AF. Environmental stimuli promote the acquisition of nicotine self-administration in rats. Psychopharmacology. 163: 230-7. PMID 12202970 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-002-1156-5  1
2002 Donny EC, Walsh SL, Bigelow GE, Eissenberg T, Stitzer ML. High-dose methadone produces superior opioid blockade and comparable withdrawal suppression to lower doses in opioid-dependent humans. Psychopharmacology. 161: 202-12. PMID 11981600 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-002-1027-0  1
2001 Caggiula AR, Donny EC, White AR, Chaudhri N, Booth S, Gharib MA, Hoffman A, Perkins KA, Sved AF. Cue dependency of nicotine self-administration and smoking. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 70: 515-30. PMID 11796151 DOI: 10.1016/S0091-3057(01)00676-1  1
2001 Nann-Vernotica E, Donny EC, Bigelow GE, Walsh SL. Repeated administration of the D1/5 antagonist ecopipam fails to attenuate the subjective effects of cocaine Psychopharmacology. 155: 338-347. PMID 11441423 DOI: 10.1007/s002130100724  1
2000 Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Rowell PP, Gharib MA, Maldovan V, Booth S, Mielke MM, Hoffman A, McCallum S. Nicotine self-administration in rats: estrous cycle effects, sex differences and nicotinic receptor binding. Psychopharmacology. 151: 392-405. PMID 11026746 DOI: 10.1007/s002130000497  1
2000 Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Rose C, Jacobs KS, Mielke MM, Sved AF. Differential effects of response-contingent and response-independent nicotine in rats. European Journal of Pharmacology. 402: 231-40. PMID 10958889 DOI: 10.1016/S0014-2999(00)00532-X  1
2000 McCallum SE, Caggiula AR, Booth S, Breese CR, Lee MJ, Donny EC, Leonard S, Sved AF. Mecamylamine prevents tolerance but enhances whole brain [3H]epibatidine binding in response to repeated nicotine administration in rats. Psychopharmacology. 150: 1-8. PMID 10867970 DOI: 10.1007/s002130000401  1
1999 Perkins KA, Donny E, Caggiula AR. Sex differences in nicotine effects and self-administration: review of human and animal evidence. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 1: 301-15. PMID 11072427  1
1999 Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Mielke MM, Booth S, Gharib MA, Hoffman A, Maldovan V, Shupenko C, McCallum SE. Nicotine self-administration in rats on a progressive ratio schedule of reinforcement. Psychopharmacology. 147: 135-42. PMID 10591880  1
1998 McAllister-Sistilli CG, Caggiula AR, Knopf S, Rose CA, Miller AL, Donny EC. The effects of nicotine on the immune system. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 23: 175-87. PMID 9621397 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4530(97)00080-2  1
1998 Caggiula AR, Donny EC, Epstein LH, Sved AF, Knopf S, Rose C, McAllister CG, Antelman SM, Perkins KA. The role of corticosteroids in nicotine's physiological and behavioral effects. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 23: 143-59. PMID 9621395 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4530(97)00078-4  1
1998 Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Mielke MM, Jacobs KS, Rose C, Sved AF. Acquisition of nicotine self-administration in rats: the effects of dose, feeding schedule, and drug contingency. Psychopharmacology. 136: 83-90. PMID 9537686 DOI: 10.1007/s002130050542  1
1995 Donny EC, Caggiula AR, Knopf S, Brown C. Nicotine self-administration in rats. Psychopharmacology. 122: 390-94. PMID 8657839 DOI: 10.1007/BF02246272  1
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