Ilene S. Speizer - Publications

Affiliations: 
Maternal & Child Health: Doctoral University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 
Area:
Public Health, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Theory and Methods

82 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Speizer IS, Xiong K, Mandal M, Makina-Zimalirana N, Hattori A, Durno D. HIV-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors among Grade 10 Girls and Boys in Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal: Cross-Sectional Results. The Open Aids Journal. 14: 75-83. PMID 33362883 DOI: 10.2174/1874613602014010075  0.6
2020 Sanchez EK, Speizer IS, Tolley E, Calhoun LM, Barrington C, Olumide AO. Influences on seeking a contraceptive method among adolescent women in three cities in Nigeria. Reproductive Health. 17: 167. PMID 33115489 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-020-01019-1  0.36
2020 Speizer IS, Mandal M, Xiong K, Makina N, Hattori A, Durno D. Impact evaluation of scripted lesson plans for HIV-related content in a life orientation curriculum: results from two provinces in South Africa. Bmc Public Health. 20: 1542. PMID 33054742 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-09640-2  0.6
2019 Feeser K, Chakraborty NM, Calhoun L, Speizer IS. Measures of family planning service quality associated with contraceptive discontinuation: an analysis of Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) project data from urban Kenya. Gates Open Research. 3: 1453. PMID 32140663 DOI: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12974.1  0.4
2019 Escamilla V, Calhoun L, Odero N, Speizer IS. Access to public transportation and health facilities offering long-acting reversible contraceptives among residents of formal and informal settlements in two cities in Kenya. Reproductive Health. 16: 161. PMID 31703700 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-019-0828-0  0.4
2018 Okigbo CC, Speizer IS, Domino ME, Curtis SL, Halpern CT, Fotso JC. Gender norms and modern contraceptive use in urban Nigeria: a multilevel longitudinal study. Bmc Women's Health. 18: 178. PMID 30373570 DOI: 10.1186/s12905-018-0664-3  0.6
2018 Speizer IS, Corroon M, Calhoun LM, Gueye A, Guilkey DK. Association of men's exposure to family planning programming and reported discussion with partner and family planning use: The case of urban Senegal. Plos One. 13: e0204049. PMID 30252875 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204049  0.4
2018 Speizer IS, Mandal M, Xiong K, Hattori A, Makina-Zimalirana N, Kumalo F, Taylor S, Ndlovu MS, Madibane M, Beke A. Methodology and Baseline Results From the Evaluation of a Sexuality Education Activity in Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Aids Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society For Aids Education. 30: 152-168. PMID 29688772 DOI: 10.1521/aeap.2018.30.2.152  0.6
2018 Barden-O'Fallon J, Speizer IS, Calhoun LM, Corroon M. Women's contraceptive discontinuation and switching behavior in urban Senegal, 2010-2015. Bmc Women's Health. 18: 35. PMID 29402320 DOI: 10.1186/s12905-018-0529-9  0.52
2018 Benson A, Calhoun L, Corroon M, Gueye A, Guilkey D, Kebede E, Lance P, O'Hara R, Speizer IS, Stewart J, Winston J. The Senegal Urban Reproductive Health Initiative: A Longitudinal Program Impact Evaluation. Contraception. PMID 29352973 DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2018.01.003  0.4
2018 Winston J, Calhoun LM, Corroon M, Guilkey D, Speizer I. Impact of the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative on family planning uptake at facilities in Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal. Bmc Women's Health. 18: 9. PMID 29304793 DOI: 10.1186/s12905-017-0504-x  0.4
2017 Escamilla V, Calhoun L, Winston J, Speizer IS. The Role of Distance and Quality on Facility Selection for Maternal and Child Health Services in Urban Kenya. Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. PMID 29270709 DOI: 10.1007/s11524-017-0212-8  0.4
2017 Benson A, Calhoun LM, Corroon M, Lance P, O'Hara R, Otsola J, Speizer IS, Winston J. Longitudinal Evaluation of the Tupange Urban Family Planning Program in Kenya. International Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health. 43: 75-87. PMID 29261507 DOI: 10.1363/43e4117  0.4
2017 Babalola S, Oyenubi O, Speizer IS, Cobb L, Akiode A, Odeku M. Factors affecting the achievement of fertility intentions in urban Nigeria: analysis of longitudinal data. Bmc Public Health. 17: 942. PMID 29228926 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4934-z  0.4
2017 Schwandt HM, Speizer IS, Corroon M. Contraceptive service provider imposed restrictions to contraceptive access in Urban Nigeria. Bmc Health Services Research. 17: 278. PMID 28416014 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-017-2223-2  0.4
2017 Schwandt HM, Speizer IS, Corroon M. Contraceptive service provider imposed restrictions to contraceptive access in urban Nigeria. Bmc Health Services Research. 17: 268. PMID 28403858 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-017-2233-0  0.4
2017 Speizer IS, Guilkey D, Calhoun LM, Corroon M, O'Hara R. Examination of youth sexual and reproductive health transitions in Nigeria and Kenya using longitudinal data. Bmc Public Health. 17: 142. PMID 28143467 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4039-8  0.4
2016 Achyut P, Benson A, Calhoun LM, Guilkey D, Kebede E, Lance PM, Mishra A, Nanda P, O'Hara R, Sengupta R, Speizer IS, Stewart JF, Winston J. Impact evaluation of the Urban Health Initiative in Urban Uttar Pradesh, India. Contraception. PMID 26948185 DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2016.02.031  0.4
2016 Parcesepe AM, L Engle KL, Martin SL, Green S, Sinkele W, Suchindran C, Speizer IS, Mwarogo P, Kingola N. The impact of an alcohol harm reduction intervention on interpersonal violence and engagement in sex work among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya: Results from a randomized controlled trial. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. PMID 26872880 DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.12.037  0.4
2015 Gueye A, Speizer IS, Corroon M, Okigbo CC. Belief in Family Planning Myths at the Individual and Community Levels and Modern Contraceptive Use in Urban Africa. International Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health. 41: 191-9. PMID 26871727 DOI: 10.1363/4119115  0.4
2015 Tumlinson K, Pence BW, Curtis SL, Marshall SW, Speizer IS. Quality of Care and Contraceptive Use in Urban Kenya. International Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health. 41: 69-79. PMID 26308259 DOI: 10.1363/4106915  0.4
2015 Rimal RN, Sripad P, Speizer IS, Calhoun LM. Interpersonal communication as an agent of normative influence: a mixed method study among the urban poor in India. Reproductive Health. 12: 71. PMID 26265221 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-015-0061-4  0.4
2015 Okigbo CC, Speizer IS, Corroon M, Gueye A. Exposure to family planning messages and modern contraceptive use among men in urban Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal: a cross-sectional study. Reproductive Health. 12: 63. PMID 26199068 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-015-0056-1  0.4
2015 Singh K, Osei-Akoto I, Otchere F, Sodzi-Tettey S, Barrington C, Huang C, Fordham C, Speizer I. Ghana's National Health insurance scheme and maternal and child health: a mixed methods study. Bmc Health Services Research. 15: 108. PMID 25889725 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-015-0762-y  0.4
2015 Speizer IS, Lance P, Verma R, Benson A. Descriptive study of the role of household type and household composition on women's reproductive health outcomes in urban Uttar Pradesh, India. Reproductive Health. 12: 4. PMID 25582429 DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-12-4  0.4
2015 Gueye A, Speizer IS, Corroon M, Okigbo CC. Belief in family planning myths at the individual and community levels and modern contraceptive use in Urban Africa International Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health. 41: 191-199. DOI: 10.1363/4119115  0.4
2015 Okigbo CC, Speizer IS, Corroon M, Gueye A. Exposure to family planning messages and modern contraceptive use among men in urban Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal: A cross-sectional study Reproductive Health. 12. DOI: 10.1186/s12978-015-0056-1  0.4
2014 Speizer IS, Corroon M, Calhoun L, Lance P, Montana L, Nanda P, Guilkey D. Demand generation activities and modern contraceptive use in urban areas of four countries: a longitudinal evaluation. Global Health, Science and Practice. 2: 410-26. PMID 25611476 DOI: 10.9745/GHSP-D-14-00109  0.4
2014 Tumlinson K, Speizer IS, Curtis SL, Pence BW. Accuracy of standard measures of family planning service quality: findings from the simulated client method. Studies in Family Planning. 45: 443-70. PMID 25469929 DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4465.2014.00007.x  0.4
2014 Barden-O'Fallon J, Speizer IS, Calhoun LM, Montana L, Nanda P. Understanding patterns of temporary method use among urban women from Uttar Pradesh, India. Bmc Public Health. 14: 1018. PMID 25266733 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1018  0.4
2014 Mishra A, Nanda P, Speizer IS, Calhoun LM, Zimmerman A, Bhardwaj R. Men's attitudes on gender equality and their contraceptive use in Uttar Pradesh India. Reproductive Health. 11: 41. PMID 24894376 DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-11-41  0.4
2014 Irani L, Speizer IS, Fotso JC. Relationship characteristics and contraceptive use among couples in urban kenya. International Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health. 40: 11-20. PMID 24733057 DOI: 10.1363/4001114  0.6
2014 Levy JK, Curtis S, Zimmer C, Speizer IS. Assessing gaps and poverty-related inequalities in the public and private sector family planning supply environment of urban Nigeria. Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. 91: 186-210. PMID 24248622 DOI: 10.1007/s11524-013-9841-8  0.4
2014 Corroon M, Speizer IS, Fotso JC, Akiode A, Saad A, Calhoun L, Irani L. The role of gender empowerment on reproductive health outcomes in urban Nigeria. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 18: 307-15. PMID 23576403 DOI: 10.1007/s10995-013-1266-1  0.4
2013 Calhoun LM, Speizer IS, Rimal R, Sripad P, Chatterjee N, Achyut P, Nanda P. Provider imposed restrictions to clients' access to family planning in urban Uttar Pradesh, India: a mixed methods study. Bmc Health Services Research. 13: 532. PMID 24365015 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-532  0.4
2013 Faye CM, Speizer IS, Fotso JC, Corroon M, Koumtingue D. Unintended pregnancy: magnitude and correlates in six urban sites in Senegal. Reproductive Health. 10: 59. PMID 24245750 DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-10-59  0.6
2013 Irani L, Speizer I, Barrington C. Attitudes, beliefs and norms relating to contraceptive use among young migrant and non-migrant adults in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Global Public Health. 8: 1048-62. PMID 24156247 DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2013.838598  0.4
2013 Tumlinson K, Speizer IS, Davis JT, Fotso JC, Kuria P, Archer LH. Partner communication, discordant fertility goals, and contraceptive use in urban Kenya. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 17: 79-90. PMID 24069770  0.4
2013 Calhoun LM, Nanda P, Speizer IS, Jain M. The effect of family sex composition on fertility desires and family planning behaviors in urban Uttar Pradesh, India. Reproductive Health. 10: 48. PMID 24025670 DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-10-48  0.4
2013 Fotso JC, Speizer IS, Mukiira C, Kizito P, Lumumba V. Closing the poor-rich gap in contraceptive use in urban Kenya: are family planning programs increasingly reaching the urban poor? International Journal For Equity in Health. 12: 71. PMID 23978064 DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-12-71  0.6
2013 Speizer IS, Fotso JC, Okigbo C, Faye CM, Seck C. Influence of integrated services on postpartum family planning use: a cross-sectional survey from urban Senegal. Bmc Public Health. 13: 752. PMID 23941611 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-752  0.6
2013 Singh K, Speizer I, Handa S, Boadu RO, Atinbire S, Barker PM, Twum-Danso NA. Impact evaluation of a quality improvement intervention on maternal and child health outcomes in Northern Ghana: early assessment of a national scale-up project. International Journal For Quality in Health Care : Journal of the International Society For Quality in Health Care / Isqua. 25: 477-87. PMID 23925506 DOI: 10.1093/intqhc/mzt054  0.4
2013 Speizer IS, Fotso JC, Davis JT, Saad A, Otai J. Timing and circumstances of first sex among female and male youth from select urban areas of Nigeria, Kenya, and Senegal. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society For Adolescent Medicine. 53: 609-16. PMID 23871802 DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.06.004  0.4
2013 Speizer IS, Calhoun LM, Hoke T, Sengupta R. Measurement of unmet need for family planning: longitudinal analysis of the impact of fertility desires on subsequent childbearing behaviors among urban women from Uttar Pradesh, India. Contraception. 88: 553-60. PMID 23706906 DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2013.04.006  0.4
2013 Santelli JS, Speizer IS, Edelstein ZR. Abstinence promotion under PEPFAR: the shifting focus of HIV prevention for youth. Global Public Health. 8: 1-12. PMID 23327516 DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2012.759609  0.4
2013 Reynolds HW, Luseno WK, Speizer IS. Consistent condom use among men with non-marital partners in four sub-Saharan African countries. Aids Care. 25: 592-600. PMID 23062101 DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2012.726340  0.4
2012 Speizer IS, Nanda P, Achyut P, Pillai G, Guilkey DK. Family planning use among urban poor women from six cities of Uttar Pradesh, India. Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. 89: 639-58. PMID 22399250 DOI: 10.1007/s11524-011-9667-1  0.4
2012 Reynolds HW, Luseno WK, Speizer IS. The measurement of condom use in four countries in East and southern Africa. Aids and Behavior. 16: 1044-53. PMID 22307821 DOI: 10.1007/s10461-012-0146-9  0.4
2011 Speizer IS, Gómez AM, Stewart J, Voss P. Community-level HIV risk behaviors and HIV prevalence among women and men in Zimbabwe. Aids Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society For Aids Education. 23: 437-47. PMID 22010807 DOI: 10.1521/aeap.2011.23.5.437  0.56
2011 Barden-O'Fallon J, Speizer IS, Cálix J, Rodriguez F. Contraceptive discontinuation among Honduran women who use reversible methods. Studies in Family Planning. 42: 11-20. PMID 21500697  0.52
2011 Feldacker C, Ennett ST, Speizer I. It's not just who you are but where you live: an exploration of community influences on individual HIV status in rural Malawi. Social Science & Medicine (1982). 72: 717-25. PMID 21316134 DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.01.003  0.4
2010 Samandari G, Speizer IS, O'Connell K. The role of social support and parity in contraceptive use in Cambodia. International Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health. 36: 122-31. PMID 20880797 DOI: 10.1363/ipsrh.36.122.10  1
2010 Gómez AM, Speizer IS. Community-level intimate partner violence and the circumstances of first sex among young women from five African countries. Reproductive Health. 7: 11. PMID 20565896 DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-7-11  0.56
2010 Barden-O'Fallon JL, Speizer IS. Indonesian couples' pregnancy ambivalence and contraceptive use. International Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health. 36: 36-43. PMID 20403804 DOI: 10.1363/ipsrh.36.036.10  0.4
2010 Samandari G, Speizer IS. Adolescent sexual behavior and reproductive outcomes in Central America: trends over the past two decades. International Perspectives On Sexual and Reproductive Health. 36: 26-35. PMID 20403803 DOI: 10.1363/ipsrh.36.026.10  1
2010 Gámez AM, Speizer IS. Community-level intimate partner violence and the circumstances of first sex among young women from five African countries Reproductive Health. 7. DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-7-11  0.4
2010 Gomes KRO, Speizer IS. Longitudinal study on self-esteem among recently pregnant Brazilian adolescents Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 28: 359-371. DOI: 10.1080/02646831003587361  0.4
2009 Speizer IS, Beauvais H, Gómez AM, Outlaw TF, Roussel B. Using multiple sampling approaches to measure sexual risk-taking among young people in Haiti: programmatic implications. Studies in Family Planning. 40: 277-88. PMID 23012724  0.56
2009 Speizer IS, Irani L, Barden-O'Fallon J, Levy J. Inconsistent fertility motivations and contraceptive use behaviors among women in Honduras. Reproductive Health. 6: 19. PMID 19925660 DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-6-19  0.6
2009 Santelli JS, Lindberg LD, Orr MG, Finer LB, Speizer I. Toward a multidimensional measure of pregnancy intentions: evidence from the United States. Studies in Family Planning. 40: 87-100. PMID 19662801 DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4465.2009.00192.x  0.4
2009 Gómez AM, Speizer IS, Beauvais H. Sexual violence and reproductive health among youth in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society For Adolescent Medicine. 44: 508-10. PMID 19380102 DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.09.012  0.56
2009 Gómez AM, Speizer IS. Intersections between childhood abuse and adult intimate partner violence among Ecuadorian women. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 13: 559-66. PMID 18649129 DOI: 10.1007/s10995-008-0387-4  0.56
2008 Speizer IS, White JS. The unintended consequences of intended pregnancies: youth, condom use, and HIV transmission in Mozambique. Aids Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society For Aids Education. 20: 531-46. PMID 19072528 DOI: 10.1521/aeap.2008.20.6.531  0.4
2008 Gómez AM, Speizer IS, Reynolds H, Murray N, Beauvais H. Age differences at sexual debut and subsequent reproductive health: Is there a link? Reproductive Health. 5: 8. PMID 18976477 DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-5-8  0.56
2008 Gomes KR, Speizer IS, Gomes FM, Oliveira DD, Moura LN. Who are the pregnant adolescents in the poorest state capital of Brazil? Public Health Nursing (Boston, Mass.). 25: 319-26. PMID 18666937 DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.2008.00712.x  0.4
2008 Gomes KR, Speizer IS, Oliveira DD, Moura LN, Gomes FM. Contraceptive method use by adolescents in Brazilian state capital. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. 21: 213-9. PMID 18656076 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpag.2007.05.002  0.4
2008 Barden-O'Fallon JL, Speizer IS, White JS. Association between contraceptive discontinuation and pregnancy intentions in Guatemala. Revista Panamericana De Salud PúBlica = Pan American Journal of Public Health. 23: 410-7. PMID 18644209  0.4
2008 Speizer IS, Goodwin MM, Samandari G, Kim SY, Clyde M. Dimensions of child punishment in two Central American countries: Guatemala and El Salvador. Revista Panamericana De Salud PúBlica = Pan American Journal of Public Health. 23: 247-56. PMID 18505605  1
2008 Bean MK, Mitchell KS, Speizer IS, Wilson DB, Smith BN, Fries EA. Rural adolescent attitudes toward smoking and weight loss: relationship to smoking status. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society For Research On Nicotine and Tobacco. 10: 279-86. PMID 18236292 DOI: 10.1080/14622200701824968  0.4
2008 Speizer IS, Bean MK, Obando CP, Fries E. Middle school students' perceived access to cigarettes in Virginia. American Journal of Health Behavior. 32: 399-410. PMID 18092900 DOI: 10.5555/ajhb.2008.32.4.399  0.4
2007 White JS, Speizer IS. Can family planning outreach bridge the urban-rural divide in Zambia? Bmc Health Services Research. 7: 143. PMID 17803805 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-7-143  0.4
2007 Smith BN, Bean MK, Mitchell KS, Speizer IS, Fries EA. Psychosocial factors associated with non-smoking adolescents' intentions to smoke. Health Education Research. 22: 238-47. PMID 16880217 DOI: 10.1093/her/cyl072  0.4
2005 Carter MW, Speizer I. Salvadoran fathers' attendance at prenatal care, delivery, and postpartum care. Revista Panamericana De Salud PúBlica = Pan American Journal of Public Health. 18: 149-56. PMID 16269116 DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892005000800001  0.4
2005 Wilson DB, Smith BN, Speizer IS, Bean MK, Mitchell KS, Uguy LS, Fries EA. Differences in food intake and exercise by smoking status in adolescents. Preventive Medicine. 40: 872-9. PMID 15850890 DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.10.005  0.4
2004 Le LC, Magnani R, Rice J, Speizer I, Bertrand W. Reassessing the level of unintended pregnancy and its correlates in Vietnam Studies in Family Planning. 35: 15-26. PMID 15067785 DOI: 10.1111/J.1728-4465.2004.00002.X  0.4
2003 Speizer IS, Magnani RJ, Colvin CE. The effectiveness of adolescent reproductive health interventions in developing countries: a review of the evidence. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society For Adolescent Medicine. 33: 324-48. PMID 14596955 DOI: 10.1016/S1054-139X(02)00535-9  0.4
2003 Tambashe BO, Speizer IS, Amouzou A, Djangone AM. Evaluation of the PSAMAO "Roulez Protégé" mass media campaign in Burkina Faso. Prévention du SIDA sur les Axes Migratoires de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Aids Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society For Aids Education. 15: 33-48. PMID 12627742 DOI: 10.1521/aeap.15.1.33.23847  0.4
2000 Speizer IS, Bollen KA. How well do perceptions of family planning service quality correspond to objective measures? Evidence from Tanzania Studies in Family Planning. 31: 163-177. PMID 10907281 DOI: 10.1111/J.1728-4465.2000.00163.X  0.4
1999 Mroz TA, Bollen KA, Speizer IS, Mancini DJ. Quality, accessibility, and contraceptive use in rural Tanzania Demography. 36: 23-40. PMID 10036591  0.4
1998 Speizer IS, Yates AJ. Polygyny and African couple research Population Research and Policy Review. 17: 551-570. DOI: 10.1023/A:1006092124516  0.4
1997 Loda FA, Speizer IS, Martin KL, Skatrud JD, Bennett TA. Programs and services to prevent pregnancy, childbearing, and poor birth outcomes among adolescents in rural areas of the southeastern United States. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society For Adolescent Medicine. 21: 157-66. PMID 9283936 DOI: 10.1016/S1054-139X(97)00048-7  0.4
1993 Muñoz A, Schrager LK, Bacellar H, Speizer I, Vermund SH, Detels R, Saah AJ, Kingsley LA, Seminara D, Phair JP. Trends in the incidence of outcomes defining acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the multicenter AIDS cohort study: 1985-1991 American Journal of Epidemiology. 137: 423-438. PMID 8096356 DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116691  0.4
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