Adam B. Lewin, Ph.D. - Publications

Affiliations: 
2007 University of Florida, Gainesville, Gainesville, FL, United States 
Area:
Clinical Psychology, Psychometrics Psychology, Individual and Family Studies

140 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2019 Rosenfield D, Smits JAJ, Hofmann SG, Mataix-Cols D, de la Cruz LF, Andersson E, Rück C, Monzani B, Pérez-Vigil A, Frumento P, Davis M, de Kleine RA, Difede J, Dunlop BW, Farrell LJ, ... ... Lewin AB, et al. Changes in Dosing and Dose Timing of D-Cycloserine Explain Its Apparent Declining Efficacy for Augmenting Exposure Therapy for Anxiety-related Disorders: An Individual Participant-data Meta-analysis. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 68: 102149. PMID 31698111 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2019.102149  0.64
2019 Storch EA, Schneider SC, De Nadai AS, Selles RR, McBride NM, Grebe SC, Bergez KC, Ramirez A, Viana AG, Lewin AB. A Pilot Study of Family-Based Exposure-Focused Treatment for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Anxiety. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. PMID 31493105 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-019-00923-3  0.64
2019 Guzick AG, Cooke DL, McNamara JPH, Reid AM, Graziano PA, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Goodman WK, Storch EA, Geffken GR. Parents' Perceptions of Internalizing and Externalizing Features in Childhood OCD. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. PMID 30778711 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-019-00873-w  0.64
2018 La Buissonnière-Ariza V, Wood JJ, Kendall PC, McBride NM, Cepeda SL, Small BJ, Lewin AB, Kerns C, Storch EA. Presentation and Correlates of Hoarding Behaviors in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Comorbid Anxiety or Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. PMID 29974314 DOI: 10.1007/s10803-018-3645-3  0.64
2018 Wise JM, Cepeda SL, Ordaz DL, McBride NM, Cavitt MA, Howie FR, Scalli L, Ehrenreich-May J, Wood JJ, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Open Trial of Modular Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in the Treatment of Anxiety Among Late Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. PMID 29855820 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-018-0817-5  0.64
2018 Zavrou S, Rudy B, Johnco C, Storch EA, Lewin AB. Preliminary study of family accommodation in 4-7 year-olds with anxiety: frequency, clinical correlates, and treatment response. Journal of Mental Health (Abingdon, England). 1-7. PMID 29708046 DOI: 10.1080/09638237.2018.1466034  0.64
2018 McGuire JF, Piacentini J, Storch EA, Murphy TK, Ricketts EJ, Woods DW, Walkup JW, Peterson AL, Wilhelm S, Lewin AB, McCracken JT, Leckman JF, Scahill L. A multicenter examination and strategic revisions of the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale. Neurology. PMID 29653992 DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005474  0.64
2017 Kerns CM, Collier A, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Therapeutic alliance in youth with autism spectrum disorder receiving cognitive-behavioral treatment for anxiety. Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice. 1362361316685556. PMID 28514865 DOI: 10.1177/1362361316685556  0.64
2017 Murphy TK, Brennan EM, Johnco C, Parker-Athill EC, Miladinovic B, Storch EA, Lewin AB. A Double-Blind Randomized Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study of Azithromycin in Youth with Acute-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. PMID 28358599 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2016.0190  0.64
2016 Kerns CM, Wood JJ, Kendall PC, Renno P, Crawford EA, Mercado RJ, Fujii C, Collier A, Hoff A, Kagan ER, Small BJ, Lewin AB, Storch EA. The Treatment of Anxiety in Autism Spectrum Disorder (TAASD) Study: Rationale, Design and Methods. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 25: 1889-1902. PMID 28747814 DOI: 10.1007/s10826-016-0372-2  0.64
2016 Rahman O, McGuire J, Storch EA, Lewin AB. Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial of Habit Reversal Training for Treatment of Hair Pulling in Youth. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. PMID 28005403 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2016.0085  0.64
2016 McBride NM, Johnco C, Salloum A, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Prevalence and Clinical Differences of Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors in a Community Sample of Youth Receiving Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. PMID 27832342 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-016-0696-6  0.64
2016 McGuire JF, McBride N, Piacentini J, Johnco C, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. The premonitory urge revisited: An individualized premonitory urge for tics scale. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 83: 176-183. PMID 27643476 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.09.007  0.44
2016 Hamblin RJ, Salloum A, Andel R, Nadeau JM, McBride NM, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Predictors of parent-child agreement on child anxiety diagnoses on the ADIS-IV-C/P. Psychiatry Research. 245: 303-310. PMID 27567193 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.07.041  0.64
2016 Storch EA, Wilhelm S, Sprich S, Henin A, Micco J, Small BJ, McGuire J, Mutch PJ, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Geller DA. Efficacy of Augmentation of Cognitive Behavior Therapy With Weight-Adjusted d-Cycloserine vs Placebo in Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Jama Psychiatry. PMID 27367832 DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.1128  0.44
2016 Storch EA, Johnco C, McGuire JF, Wu MS, McBride NM, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. An initial study of family accommodation in children and adolescents with chronic tic disorders. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. PMID 27277754 DOI: 10.1007/s00787-016-0879-5  0.44
2016 Skarphedinsson G, De Nadai AS, Storch EA, Lewin AB, Ivarsson T. Defining cognitive-behavior therapy response and remission in pediatric OCD: a signal detection analysis of the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. PMID 27209422 DOI: 10.1007/s00787-016-0863-0  0.64
2016 Johnco C, McGuire JF, McBride NM, Murphy TK, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Suicidal ideation in youth with tic disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders. 200: 204-211. PMID 27136419 DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.04.027  0.44
2016 Salloum A, Johnco C, Lewin AB, McBride NM, Storch EA. Barriers to access and participation in community mental health treatment for anxious children. Journal of Affective Disorders. 196: 54-61. PMID 26901657 DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.02.026  0.44
2016 McGuire JF, Orr SP, Wu MS, Lewin AB, Small BJ, Phares V, Murphy TK, Wilhelm S, Pine DS, Geller D, Storch EA. FEAR CONDITIONING AND EXTINCTION IN YOUTH WITH OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER. Depression and Anxiety. PMID 26799264 DOI: 10.1002/da.22468  0.44
2016 Storch EA, Nadeau JM, Johnco C, Timpano K, McBride N, Jane Mutch P, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. Hoarding in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Anxiety: Incidence, Clinical Correlates, and Behavioral Treatment Response. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. PMID 26749256 DOI: 10.1007/s10803-015-2687-z  0.64
2016 McGuire JF, Piacentini J, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Further evidence of behavioral interventions for tic disorders: A reply to Theule and colleagues. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 74: 35-7. PMID 26736039 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.12.011  0.64
2015 Johnco CJ, Salloum A, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Refining Clinical Judgment of Treatment Response and Symptom Remission Identification in Childhood Anxiety Using a Signal Detection Analysis on the Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 25: 674-83. PMID 26579629 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2015.0102  0.44
2015 Storch EA, De Nadai AS, Conceição do Rosário M, Shavitt RG, Torres AR, Ferrão YA, Miguel EC, Lewin AB, Fontenelle LF. Defining clinical severity in adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 63: 30-5. PMID 26555489 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.08.007  0.44
2015 McGuire JF, Ricketts EJ, Piacentini J, Murphy TK, Storch EA, Lewin AB. Behavior Therapy for Tic Disorders: An Evidenced-based Review and New Directions for Treatment Research. Current Developmental Disorders Reports. 2: 309-317. PMID 26543797 DOI: 10.1007/s40474-015-0063-5  0.64
2015 Wu MS, Salloum A, Lewin AB, Selles RR, McBride NM, Crawford EA, Storch EA. Treatment Concerns and Functional Impairment in Pediatric Anxiety. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. PMID 26438217 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-015-0596-1  0.44
2015 Hamblin RJ, Lewin AB, Salloum A, Crawford EA, McBride NM, Storch EA. Clinical characteristics and predictors of hoarding in children with anxiety disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 36: 9-14. PMID 26407051 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.07.006  0.64
2015 Storch EA, Salloum A, Johnco C, Dane BF, Crawford EA, King MA, McBride NM, Lewin AB. Phenomenology and clinical correlates of family accommodation in pediatric anxiety disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 35: 75-81. PMID 26398305 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.09.001  0.44
2015 Storch EA, Salloum A, King MA, Crawford EA, Andel R, McBride NM, Lewin AB. A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL IN COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH CENTERS OF COMPUTER-ASSISTED COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY VERSUS TREATMENT AS USUAL FOR CHILDREN WITH ANXIETY. Depression and Anxiety. 32: 843-52. PMID 26366886 DOI: 10.1002/da.22399  0.44
2015 Johnco CJ, De Nadai AS, Lewin AB, Ehrenreich-May J, Wood JJ, Storch EA. Erratum to: Defining Treatment Response and Symptom Remission for Anxiety Disorders in Pediatric Autism Spectrum Disorders Using the Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 45: 3243. PMID 26272676 DOI: 10.1007/s10803-015-2554-y  0.64
2015 Johnco C, Salloum A, De Nadai AS, McBride N, Crawford EA, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Incidence, clinical correlates and treatment effect of rage in anxious children. Psychiatry Research. 229: 63-9. PMID 26235476 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.071  0.44
2015 Johnco C, Lewin AB, Salloum A, Murphy TK, Crawford EA, Dane BF, McBride NM, Storch EA. Adverse Prenatal, Perinatal and Neonatal Experiences in Children with Anxiety Disorders. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. PMID 26206734 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-015-0569-4  0.44
2015 Johnco CJ, Salloum A, Lewin AB, McBride NM, Storch EA. The impact of comorbidity profiles on clinical and psychosocial functioning in childhood anxiety disorders. Psychiatry Research. 229: 237-44. PMID 26205632 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.027  0.44
2015 Storch EA, Rudy BM, Wu MS, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. Moderators of Impairment Agreement among Parent-Child Dyads in Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. 37: 318-328. PMID 26190901 DOI: 10.1007/s10862-014-9456-8  0.64
2015 Storch EA, Zavrou S, Collier AB, Ung D, Arnold EB, Mutch PJ, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. Preliminary study of family accommodation in youth with autism spectrum disorders and anxiety: Incidence, clinical correlates, and behavioral treatment response. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 34: 94-9. PMID 26188615 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.06.007  0.64
2015 Park JM, Storch EA, Pinto A, Lewin AB. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Traits in Youth with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. PMID 26160348 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-015-0565-8  0.44
2015 McGuire JF, Piacentini J, Lewin AB, Brennan EA, Murphy TK, Storch EA. A META-ANALYSIS OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND MEDICATION FOR CHILD OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER: MODERATORS OF TREATMENT EFFICACY, RESPONSE, AND REMISSION. Depression and Anxiety. 32: 580-93. PMID 26130211 DOI: 10.1002/da.22389  0.44
2015 Johnco CJ, De Nadai AS, Lewin AB, Ehrenreich-May J, Wood JJ, Storch EA. Defining Treatment Response and Symptom Remission for Anxiety Disorders in Pediatric Autism Spectrum Disorders Using the Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. PMID 26031924 DOI: 10.1007/s10803-015-2483-9  0.44
2015 De Nadai A, Nagpal PS, Piacentini J, Peris TS, Geffken GR, Geller DA, Murphy TK, Storch EA, Lewin AB. Contemporary models of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: An evaluation with a large clinical sample. Psychiatry Research. PMID 26003507 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.03.034  0.44
2015 Nadeau JM, Jordan C, Selles RR, Wu MS, King MA, Patel PD, Hanks CE, Arnold EB, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. A pilot trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy augmentation of antibiotic treatment in youth with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome-related obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 25: 337-43. PMID 25978743 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2014.0149  0.44
2015 Hanks CE, McGuire JF, Lewin AB, Storch EA, Murphy TK. Clinical Correlates and Mediators of Self-Concept in Youth with Chronic Tic Disorders. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. PMID 25791488 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-015-0544-0  0.44
2015 Storch EA, Hanks CE, Mink JW, McGuire JF, Adams HR, Augustine EF, Vierhile A, Thatcher A, Bitsko R, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. SUICIDAL THOUGHTS AND BEHAVIORS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH CHRONIC TIC DISORDERS. Depression and Anxiety. PMID 25711415 DOI: 10.1002/da.22357  0.44
2015 Wood JJ, Ehrenreich-May J, Alessandri M, Fujii C, Renno P, Laugeson E, Piacentini JC, De Nadai AS, Arnold E, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Cognitive behavioral therapy for early adolescents with autism spectrum disorders and clinical anxiety: a randomized, controlled trial. Behavior Therapy. 46: 7-19. PMID 25526831 DOI: 10.1016/j.beth.2014.01.002  0.44
2015 McGuire JF, Arnold E, Park JM, Nadeau JM, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Living with tics: reduced impairment and improved quality of life for youth with chronic tic disorders. Psychiatry Research. 225: 571-9. PMID 25500348 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.11.045  0.44
2015 Storch EA, Lewin AB, Collier AB, Arnold E, De Nadai AS, Dane BF, Nadeau JM, Mutch PJ, Murphy TK. A randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy versus treatment as usual for adolescents with autism spectrum disorders and comorbid anxiety. Depression and Anxiety. 32: 174-81. PMID 25424398 DOI: 10.1002/da.22332  0.44
2015 Murphy TK, Patel PD, McGuire JF, Kennel A, Mutch PJ, Parker-Athill EC, Hanks CE, Lewin AB, Storch EA, Toufexis MD, Dadlani GH, Rodriguez CA. Characterization of the pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome phenotype. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 25: 14-25. PMID 25314221 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2014.0062  0.44
2015 Murphy TK, Parker-Athill EC, Lewin AB, Storch EA, Mutch PJ. Cefdinir for recent-onset pediatric neuropsychiatric disorders: a pilot randomized trial. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 25: 57-64. PMID 25299463 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2014.0010  0.44
2015 Nadeau JM, Arnold EB, Keene AC, Collier AB, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Frequency and Clinical Correlates of Sleep-Related Problems Among Anxious Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 46: 558-66. PMID 25239284 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-014-0496-9  0.44
2015 Selles RR, Arnold EB, Phares V, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety in youth with an autism spectrum disorder: A follow-up study. Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice. 19: 613-21. PMID 24923895 DOI: 10.1177/1362361314537912  0.64
2015 Storch EA, Bussing R, Jacob ML, Nadeau JM, Crawford E, Mutch PJ, Mason D, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. Frequency and correlates of suicidal ideation in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 46: 75-83. PMID 24682580 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-014-0453-7  0.44
2015 Sterling L, Renno P, Storch EA, Ehrenreich-May J, Lewin AB, Arnold E, Lin E, Wood J. Validity of the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale for youth with autism spectrum disorders. Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice. 19: 113-7. PMID 24419073 DOI: 10.1177/1362361313510066  0.44
2015 Salloum A, Crawford EA, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Consumers' and providers' perceptions of utilizing a computer-assisted cognitive behavioral therapy for childhood anxiety. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 43: 31-41. PMID 23886438 DOI: 10.1017/S1352465813000647  0.44
2014 Arnold EB, De Nadai AS, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Reid A, McNamara JP, Storch EA. Does cognitive-behavioral therapy response in youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder differ if treatment ends during summer? Annals of Clinical Psychiatry : Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists. 26: 299-300. PMID 25401717  0.44
2014 Sulkowski ML, Geller DA, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Mittelman A, Brown A, Storch EA. The Future of D-Cycloserine and Other Cognitive Modifiers in Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. Current Psychiatry Reviews. 10: 317-324. PMID 25383074 DOI: 10.2174/1573400510666140619224942  0.44
2014 Lewin AB, McGuire JF, Murphy TK, Storch EA. The importance of considering parent's preferences when planning treatment for their children--the case of childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. 55: 1314-6. PMID 25346230 DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12344  0.44
2014 Rudy BM, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Predictors of treatment response to intensive cognitive-behavioral therapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Research. 220: 433-40. PMID 25193378 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.08.002  0.64
2014 Lewin AB, Wu MS, McGuire JF, Storch EA. Cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. The Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 37: 415-45. PMID 25150570 DOI: 10.1016/j.psc.2014.05.002  0.44
2014 Park JM, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Adult offspring perspectives on parental hoarding behaviors. Psychiatry Research. 220: 328-34. PMID 25129564 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.07.061  0.44
2014 McGuire JF, Ung D, Selles RR, Rahman O, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Treating trichotillomania: a meta-analysis of treatment effects and moderators for behavior therapy and serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 58: 76-83. PMID 25108618 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.07.015  0.64
2014 Park JM, Small BJ, Geller DA, Murphy TK, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Does d-Cycloserine Augmentation of CBT Improve Therapeutic Homework Compliance for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder? Journal of Child and Family Studies. 23: 863-871. PMID 24999301 DOI: 10.1007/s10826-013-9742-1  0.44
2014 McGuire JF, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Enhancing exposure therapy for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. 14: 893-910. PMID 24972729 DOI: 10.1586/14737175.2014.934677  0.44
2014 Lewin AB, Mink JW, Bitsko RH, Holbrook JR, Parker-Athill EC, Hanks C, Storch EA, Augustine EF, Adams HR, Vierhile AE, Thatcher AR, Murphy TK. Utility of the diagnostic interview schedule for children for assessing Tourette syndrome in children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 24: 275-84. PMID 24813854 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2013.0128  0.44
2014 Wu MS, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Misophonia: incidence, phenomenology, and clinical correlates in an undergraduate student sample. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 70: 994-1007. PMID 24752915 DOI: 10.1002/jclp.22098  0.44
2014 Ung D, Arnold EB, De Nadai AS, Lewin AB, Phares V, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Inter-rater Reliability of the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV in High-Functioning Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. 26: 53-65. PMID 24683302 DOI: 10.1007/s10882-013-9343-3  0.64
2014 Lewin AB, Park JM, Jones AM, Crawford EA, De Nadai AS, Menzel J, Arnold EB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Family-based exposure and response prevention therapy for preschool-aged children with obsessive-compulsive disorder: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 56: 30-8. PMID 24657310 DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2014.02.001  0.64
2014 Selles RR, Storch EA, Lewin AB. Variations in symptom prevalence and clinical correlates in younger versus older youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 45: 666-74. PMID 24549726 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-014-0435-9  0.44
2014 McGuire JF, Crawford EA, Park JM, Storch EA, Murphy TK, Larson MJ, Lewin AB. Neuropsychological performance across symptom dimensions in pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder. Depression and Anxiety. 31: 988-96. PMID 24523044 DOI: 10.1002/da.22241  0.44
2014 Lewin AB, Larson MJ, Park JM, McGuire JF, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Neuropsychological functioning in youth with obsessive compulsive disorder: an examination of executive function and memory impairment. Psychiatry Research. 216: 108-15. PMID 24508366 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.01.014  0.44
2014 McGuire JF, Piacentini J, Brennan EA, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Small BJ, Storch EA. A meta-analysis of behavior therapy for Tourette Syndrome. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 50: 106-12. PMID 24398255 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2013.12.009  0.44
2014 Storch EA, Wu MS, Small BJ, Crawford EA, Lewin AB, Horng B, Murphy TK. Mediators and moderators of functional impairment in adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 55: 489-96. PMID 24342055 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.10.014  0.64
2014 Lewin AB, Piacentini J, De Nadai AS, Jones AM, Peris TS, Geffken GR, Geller DA, Nadeau JM, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Defining clinical severity in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychological Assessment. 26: 679-84. PMID 24320764 DOI: 10.1037/a0035174  0.44
2014 Storch EA, De Nadai AS, Jacob ML, Lewin AB, Muroff J, Eisen J, Abramowitz JS, Geller DA, Murphy TK. Phenomenology and correlates of insight in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 55: 613-20. PMID 24238933 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.09.014  0.44
2014 Wu MS, McGuire JF, Arnold EB, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Psychometric properties of the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale in youth with autism spectrum disorders and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 45: 201-11. PMID 23827959 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-013-0392-8  0.44
2013 Murphy TK, Lewin AB, Storch EA, Stock S. Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with tic disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 52: 1341-59. PMID 24290467 DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2013.09.015  0.64
2013 Storch EA, Bussing R, Small BJ, Geffken GR, McNamara JP, Rahman O, Lewin AB, Garvan CS, Goodman WK, Murphy TK. Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy alone or combined with sertraline in the treatment of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 51: 823-9. PMID 24184429 DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2013.09.007  0.44
2013 Ung D, Wood JJ, Ehrenreich-May J, Arnold EB, Fuji C, Renno P, Murphy TK, Lewin AB, Mutch PJ, Storch EA. Clinical characteristics of high-functioning youth with autism spectrum disorder and anxiety. Neuropsychiatry. 3. PMID 24179485 DOI: 10.2217/npy.13.9  0.44
2013 McGuire JF, Hanks C, Lewin AB, Storch EA, Murphy TK. Social deficits in children with chronic tic disorders: phenomenology, clinical correlates and quality of life. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 54: 1023-31. PMID 23806708 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.04.009  0.44
2013 McGuire JF, Small BJ, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, De Nadai AS, Phares V, Geffken G, Storch EA. Dysregulation in pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Research. 209: 589-95. PMID 23623154 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.04.003  0.64
2013 Murphy TK, Lewin AB, Parker-Athill EC, Storch EA, Mutch PJ. Tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies do not prevent the onset of pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with group A streptococcus. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 32: 834-8. PMID 23518825 DOI: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31829062e2  0.44
2013 Storch EA, Sulkowski ML, Nadeau J, Lewin AB, Arnold EB, Mutch PJ, Jones AM, Murphy TK. The phenomenology and clinical correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 43: 2450-9. PMID 23446993 DOI: 10.1007/s10803-013-1795-x  0.64
2013 Storch EA, Arnold EB, Lewin AB, Nadeau JM, Jones AM, De Nadai AS, Jane Mutch P, Selles RR, Ung D, Murphy TK. The effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy versus treatment as usual for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders: a randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 52: 132-142.e2. PMID 23357440 DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2012.11.007  0.44
2013 Kugler BB, Lewin AB, Phares V, Geffken GR, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Quality of life in obsessive-compulsive disorder: the role of mediating variables. Psychiatry Research. 206: 43-9. PMID 23122558 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.10.006  0.64
2013 Jones AM, De Nadai AS, Arnold EB, McGuire JF, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Psychometric properties of the obsessive compulsive inventory: child version in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 44: 137-51. PMID 22711294 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-012-0315-0  0.64
2012 McGuire JF, Lewin AB, Geller DA, Brown A, Ramsey K, Mutch J, Mittelman A, Micco J, Jordan C, Wilhelm S, Murphy TK, Small BJ, Storch EA. Advances in the treatment of pediatric obsessive-compulsive d-cycloserine with exposure and response prevention. Neuropsychiatry. 2. PMID 24174993 DOI: 10.2217/npy.12.38  0.44
2012 Lewin AB, Peris TS, De Nadai AS, McCracken JT, Piacentini J. Agreement between therapists, parents, patients, and independent evaluators on clinical improvement in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 80: 1103-7. PMID 22963592 DOI: 10.1037/a0029991  0.44
2012 Hacker LE, Park JM, Timpano KR, Cavitt MA, Alvaro JL, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Hoarding in Children With ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders. PMID 22923782 DOI: 10.1177/1087054712455845  0.44
2012 Storch EA, Ehrenreich May J, Wood JJ, Jones AM, De Nadai AS, Lewin AB, Arnold EB, Murphy TK. Multiple informant agreement on the anxiety disorders interview schedule in youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 22: 292-9. PMID 22856332 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2011.0114  0.44
2012 Storch EA, Jones AM, Lack CW, Ale CM, Sulkowski ML, Lewin AB, De Nadai AS, Murphy TK. Rage attacks in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: phenomenology and clinical correlates. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 51: 582-92. PMID 22632618 DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2012.02.016  0.44
2012 McGuire JF, Kugler BB, Park JM, Horng B, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Evidence-based assessment of compulsive skin picking, chronic tic disorders and trichotillomania in children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 43: 855-83. PMID 22488574 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-012-0300-7  0.64
2012 Storch EA, Arnold EB, Jones AM, Ale CM, Wood JJ, Ehrenreich-May J, Lewin AB, Mutch PJ, Murphy TK. The role of co-occurring disruptive behavior in the clinical presentation of children and adolescents with anxiety in the context of autism spectrum disorders. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 43: 734-46. PMID 22407279 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-012-0294-1  0.44
2012 Storch EA, Wood JJ, Ehrenreich-May J, Jones AM, Park JM, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. Convergent and discriminant validity and reliability of the pediatric anxiety rating scale in youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 42: 2374-82. PMID 22395820 DOI: 10.1007/s10803-012-1489-9  0.44
2012 Storch EA, Lewin AB, Larson MJ, Geffken GR, Murphy TK, Geller DA. Depression in youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder: clinical phenomenology and correlates. Psychiatry Research. 196: 83-9. PMID 22370151 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2011.10.013  0.44
2012 McGuire JF, Lewin AB, Horng B, Murphy TK, Storch EA. The nature, assessment, and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Postgraduate Medicine. 124: 152-65. PMID 22314125 DOI: 10.3810/pgm.2012.01.2528  0.44
2012 Murphy TK, Storch EA, Lewin AB, Edge PJ, Goodman WK. Clinical factors associated with pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections. The Journal of Pediatrics. 160: 314-9. PMID 21868033 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.07.012  0.64
2012 Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Storch EA, Conelea CA, Woods DW, Scahill LD, Compton SN, Zinner SH, Budman CL, Walkup JT. A phenomenological investigation of women with Tourette or other chronic tic disorders. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 53: 525-34. PMID 21867997 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2011.07.004  0.64
2012 McGuire JF, Storch EA, Lewin AB, Price LH, Rasmussen SA, Goodman WK. The role of avoidance in the phenomenology of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 53: 187-94. PMID 21550030 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2011.03.002  0.64
2011 Nadeau J, Sulkowski ML, Ung D, Wood JJ, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, May JE, Storch EA. Treatment of comorbid anxiety and autism spectrum disorders. Neuropsychiatry. 1: 567-578. PMID 24174992 DOI: 10.2217/npy.11.62  0.44
2011 De Nadai AS, Storch EA, McGuire JF, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. Evidence-based pharmacotherapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder and chronic tic disorders. Journal of Central Nervous System Disease. 3: 125-42. PMID 23861643 DOI: 10.4137/JCNSD.S6616  0.64
2011 Brauer L, Lewin AB, Storch EA. Evidence-based treatment for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences. 48: 280-7. PMID 22572092  0.44
2011 Lewin AB, Storch EA, Mutch PJ, Murphy TK. Neurocognitive functioning in youth with pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcus. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 23: 391-8. PMID 22231309 DOI: 10.1176/jnp.23.4.jnp391  0.44
2011 Storch EA, De Nadai AS, Lewin AB, McGuire JF, Jones AM, Mutch PJ, Shytle RD, Murphy TK. Defining treatment response in pediatric tic disorders: a signal detection analysis of the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 21: 621-7. PMID 22070181 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2010.0149  0.64
2011 Lewin AB, Peris TS, Lindsey Bergman R, McCracken JT, Piacentini J. The role of treatment expectancy in youth receiving exposure-based CBT for obsessive compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 49: 536-43. PMID 21723534 DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2011.06.001  0.44
2011 Storch EA, Caporino NE, Morgan JR, Lewin AB, Rojas A, Brauer L, Larson MJ, Murphy TK. Preliminary investigation of web-camera delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy for youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Research. 189: 407-12. PMID 21684018 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2011.05.047  0.44
2011 Lewin AB, Storch EA, Murphy TK. Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with Streptococcus in identical siblings. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 21: 177-82. PMID 21486169 DOI: 10.1089/cap.2010.0085  0.44
2011 Graziano PA, Geffken GR, Williams LB, Lewin AB, Duke DC, Storch EA, Silverstein JH. Gender differences in the relationship between parental report of self-regulation skills and adolescents' management of type 1 diabetes. Pediatric Diabetes. 12: 410-8. PMID 21392190 DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-5448.2010.00692.x  0.44
2011 Storch EA, Rahman O, Park JM, Reid J, Murphy TK, Lewin AB. Compulsive hoarding in children. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 67: 507-16. PMID 21381027 DOI: 10.1002/jclp.20794  0.64
2011 Storch EA, Park JM, Lewin AB, Morgan JR, Jones AM, Murphy TK. The Leyton Obsessional Inventory-Child Version Survey Form does not demonstrate adequate psychometric properties in American youth with pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 25: 574-8. PMID 21353458 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.01.005  0.44
2011 Lewin AB, Storch EA, Conelea CA, Woods DW, Zinner SH, Budman CL, Scahill LD, Compton SN, Walkup JT, Murphy TK. The roles of anxiety and depression in connecting tic severity and functional impairment. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 25: 164-8. PMID 20889290 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.08.016  0.64
2011 Storch EA, Muroff J, Lewin AB, Geller D, Ross A, McCarthy K, Morgan J, Murphy TK, Frost R, Steketee G. Development and preliminary psychometric evaluation of the Children's Saving Inventory. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 42: 166-82. PMID 20886284 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-010-0207-0  0.44
2011 Lewin AB, De Nadai AS, Park J, Goodman WK, Murphy TK, Storch EA. Refining clinical judgment of treatment outcome in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Research. 185: 394-401. PMID 20846725 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2010.08.021  0.64
2010 Storch EA, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Morgan JR, Murphy TK. The role of comorbid disruptive behavior in the clinical expression of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 48: 1204-10. PMID 20933220 DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.09.004  0.44
2010 Storch EA, Murphy TK, Goodman WK, Geffken GR, Lewin AB, Henin A, Micco JA, Sprich S, Wilhelm S, Bengtson M, Geller DA. A preliminary study of D-cycloserine augmentation of cognitive-behavioral therapy in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Biological Psychiatry. 68: 1073-6. PMID 20817153 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.07.015  0.64
2010 Lewin AB, Caporino N, Murphy TK, Geffken GR, Storch EA. Understudied clinical dimensions in pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 41: 675-91. PMID 20644997 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-010-0196-z  0.44
2010 Storch EA, Lewin AB, De Nadai AS, Murphy TK. Defining treatment response and remission in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a signal detection analysis of the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 49: 708-17. PMID 20610140 DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2010.04.005  0.44
2010 Storch EA, Björgvinsson T, Riemann B, Lewin AB, Morales MJ, Murphy TK. Factors associated with poor response in cognitive-behavioral therapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic. 74: 167-185. PMID 20545494 DOI: 10.1521/bumc.2010.74.2.167  0.44
2010 Morgan JR, Storch EA, Woods DW, Bodzin D, Lewin AB, Murphy TK. A preliminary analysis of the phenomenology of skin-picking in Prader-Willi syndrome. Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 41: 448-63. PMID 20405203 DOI: 10.1007/s10578-010-0180-7  0.44
2010 Storch EA, Lewin AB, Farrell L, Aldea MA, Reid J, Geffken GR, Murphy TK. Does cognitive-behavioral therapy response among adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder differ as a function of certain comorbidities? Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 24: 547-52. PMID 20399603 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.03.013  0.64
2010 Langley AK, Lewin AB, Bergman RL, Lee JC, Piacentini J. Correlates of comorbid anxiety and externalizing disorders in childhood obsessive compulsive disorder. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 19: 637-45. PMID 20349255 DOI: 10.1007/s00787-010-0101-0  0.44
2010 Lewin AB, Storch EA, Storch HD. Risks from antipsychotic medications in children and adolescents. Jama. 303: 729-30; author reply. PMID 20179278 DOI: 10.1001/jama.2010.132  0.44
2010 Lewin AB, Bergman RL, Peris TS, Chang S, McCracken JT, Piacentini J. Correlates of insight among youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. 51: 603-11. PMID 20039994 DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02181.x  0.44
2010 Lewin AB, Storch EA, Williams LB, Duke DC, Silverstein JH, Geffken GR. Brief report: normative data on a structured interview for diabetes adherence in childhood. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 35: 177-82. PMID 19589854 DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp055  0.44
2009 Lewin AB, LaGreca AM, Geffken GR, Williams LB, Duke DC, Storch EA, Silverstein JH. Validity and reliability of an adolescent and parent rating scale of type 1 diabetes adherence behaviors: the Self-Care Inventory (SCI). Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 34: 999-1007. PMID 19423660 DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp032  0.44
2009 Lewin AB, Piacentini J, Flessner CA, Woods DW, Franklin ME, Keuthen NJ, Moore P, Khanna M, March JS, Stein DJ. Depression, anxiety, and functional impairment in children with trichotillomania. Depression and Anxiety. 26: 521-7. PMID 19016486 DOI: 10.1002/da.20537  0.44
2008 Duke DC, Geffken GR, Lewin AB, Williams LB, Storch EA, Silverstein JH. Glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: family predictors and mediators. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 33: 719-27. PMID 18296726 DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsn012  0.44
2007 Storch EA, Milsom VA, Debraganza N, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Silverstein JH. Peer victimization, psychosocial adjustment, and physical activity in overweight and at-risk-for-overweight youth. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 32: 80-9. PMID 16601255 DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsj113  0.64
2006 Lewin AB, Storch EA, Geffken GR, Goodman WK, Murphy TK. A neuropsychiatric review of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: etiology and efficacious treatments. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2: 21-31. PMID 19412443  0.64
2006 Storch EA, Ledley DR, Lewin AB, Murphy TK, Johns NB, Goodman WK, Geffken GR. Peer victimization in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder: relations with symptoms of psychopathology. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology : the Official Journal For the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53. 35: 446-55. PMID 16836482 DOI: 10.1207/s15374424jccp3503_10  0.64
2006 Adkins JW, Storch EA, Lewin AB, Williams L, Silverstein JH, Malasanos T, Geffken GR. Home-based behavioral health intervention: Use of a telehealth model to address poor adherence to type-1 diabetes medical regimens. Telemedicine Journal and E-Health : the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association. 12: 370-2. PMID 16796506 DOI: 10.1089/tmj.2006.12.370  0.64
2006 Storch EA, Heidgerken AD, Geffken GR, Lewin AB, Ohleyer V, Freddo M, Silverstein JH. Bullying, regimen self-management, and metabolic control in youth with type I diabetes. The Journal of Pediatrics. 148: 784-7. PMID 16769387 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2006.01.007  0.64
2006 Heidgerken AD, Adkins J, Storch EA, Williams L, Lewin AB, Silverstein JH, Malasanos T, Geffken GR. Telehealth intervention for adolescents with type 1 diabetes. The Journal of Pediatrics. 148: 707-8. PMID 16737898 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2006.01.001  0.64
2006 Storch EA, Murphy TK, Adkins JW, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Johns NB, Jann KE, Goodman WK. The children's Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale: psychometric properties of child- and parent-report formats. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 20: 1055-70. PMID 16503111 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.01.006  0.64
2006 Lewin AB, Heidgerken AD, Geffken GR, Williams LB, Storch EA, Gelfand KM, Silverstein JH. The relation between family factors and metabolic control: the role of diabetes adherence. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 31: 174-83. PMID 16467317 DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsj004  0.44
2006 Geffken GR, Storch EA, Duke DC, Monaco L, Lewin AB, Goodman WK. Hope and coping in family members of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 20: 614-29. PMID 16084686 DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2005.07.001  0.64
2005 Williams LB, Storch EA, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Silverstein JH. Selecting families for successful insulin pump therapy. The Journal of Pediatrics. 146: 713; author reply 71. PMID 15870686 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2004.11.011  0.44
2005 Storch EA, Lewin AB, Silverstein JH, Baumeister A, Strawser MS, Geffken GR. Psychological adjustment of children with short stature: a comparison of clinic-referred children with short stature and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : Jpem. 18: 395-401. PMID 15844474  0.44
2005 Heidgerken AD, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Gelfand KM, Storch EA, Malasanos T. Online diabetes education: design and evaluation with prospective diabetes camp counsellors. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 11: 93-6. PMID 15829053 DOI: 10.1258/1357633053499813  0.44
2005 Baughcum AE, Johnson SB, Carmichael SK, Lewin AB, She JX, Schatz DA. Maternal efforts to prevent type 1 diabetes in at-risk children Diabetes Care. 28: 916-921. PMID 15793195 DOI: 10.2337/diacare.28.4.916  0.44
2005 Lewin AB, Storch EA, Adkins J, Murphy TK, Geffken GR. Current directions in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Pediatric Annals. 34: 128-34. PMID 15768689  0.44
2004 Storch EA, Lewin AB, Silverstein JH, Heidgerken AD, Strawser MS, Baumeister A, Geffken GR. Social-psychological correlates of peer victimization in children with endocrine disorders. The Journal of Pediatrics. 145: 784-9. PMID 15580202 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2004.08.025  0.44
2004 Storch EA, Lewin AB, Geffken GR, Heidgerken AD, Stawser MS, Baumeister A, Silverstein JH. Psychosocial adjustment of two boys with gynecomastia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 40: 331. PMID 15151602 DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2004.00387.x  0.44
Show low-probability matches.