Eric L. Charnov, Ph.D. - Publications

Affiliations: 
1973-1998 Biology University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 
 1998-2013 Biology University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States 
Area:
evolutionary ecology

127 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2019 Bull JJ, Charnov EL. ENIGMATIC REPTILIAN SEX RATIOS. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution. 43: 1561-1566. PMID 28564232 DOI: 10.1111/J.1558-5646.1989.Tb02605.X  0.32
2016 Schwanz L, Cordero GA, Charnov EL, Janzen FJ. SEX-SPECIFIC SURVIVAL TO MATURITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SEX DETERMINATION. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution. PMID 26767911 DOI: 10.1111/Evo.12856  0.6
2014 Charnov EL. Gompertz mortality, natural selection, and the 'shape of ageing' Evolutionary Ecology Research. 16: 435-439.  1
2013 Zuo W, Smith FA, Charnov EL. A life-history approach to the late Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. The American Naturalist. 182: 524-31. PMID 24021404 DOI: 10.1086/671995  1
2013 Charnov EL, Gislason H, Pope JG. Evolutionary assembly rules for fish life histories Fish and Fisheries. 14: 213-224. DOI: 10.1111/J.1467-2979.2012.00467.X  1
2012 Yamaguchi S, Charnov EL, Sawada K, Yusa Y. Sexual systems and life history of barnacles: a theoretical perspective. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 52: 356-65. PMID 22523128 DOI: 10.1093/icb/ics046  1
2011 Abbot P, Abe J, Alcock J, Alizon S, Alpedrinha JA, Andersson M, Andre JB, van Baalen M, Balloux F, Balshine S, Barton N, Beukeboom LW, Biernaskie JM, Bilde T, Borgia G, ... ... Charnov EL, et al. Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality. Nature. 471: E1-4; author reply E. PMID 21430721 DOI: 10.1038/Nature09831  1
2011 Bull J, Charnov EL, Carson T. In memoriam. George C. Williams (1926–2010). The American Naturalist. 177: v-vii. PMID 21142578 DOI: 10.1086/657901  1
2011 Charnov EL, Warne R. Average adult size in female lizards Evolutionary Ecology Research. 13: 753-757.  1
2011 Charnov EL, Wenyun Zuo W. Growth, mortality, and life-history scaling across species Evolutionary Ecology Research. 13: 661-664.  1
2011 Charnov EL. Body size is the history of life: Growth confronting landscapes of death Evolutionary Ecology Research. 13: 553-555.  1
2011 Charnov EL, Zuo W. Human hunting mortality threshold rules for extinction in mammals (and fish) Evolutionary Ecology Research. 13: 431-437.  1
2010 Charnov EL. Comparing body-size growth curves: The Gallucci-Quinn index, and beyond Environmental Biology of Fishes. 88: 293-294. DOI: 10.1007/S10641-010-9642-9  1
2009 Charnov EL. Alternative reproductive tactics: State of the ART : R Oliveira, Michael Taborsky, and H. Jane Brockmann (eds) (2008) Alternative reproductive tactics: An integrative approach, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 507 pp. Hardcover, US $160.00. ISBN-13: 9780521832434; Softcover, US $75.00. ISBN-13: 9780521540063 Environmental Biology of Fishes. 85: 89-90. DOI: 10.1007/S10641-009-9476-5  1
2009 Charnov EL. Optimal (plastic) life histories in growing versus stable populations Evolutionary Ecology Research. 11: 983-987.  1
2008 Warne RW, Charnov EL. Reproductive allometry and the size-number trade-off for lizards. The American Naturalist. 172: E80-98. PMID 18673058 DOI: 10.1086/589880  1
2008 Charnov EL. Fish growth: Bertalanffy k is proportional to reproductive effort Environmental Biology of Fishes. 83: 185-187. DOI: 10.1007/S10641-007-9315-5  1
2007 Charnov EL, Warne R, Moses M. Lifetime reproductive effort. The American Naturalist. 170: E129-42. PMID 18171160 DOI: 10.1086/522840  1
2006 Schwanz LE, Bragg JG, Charnov EL. Maternal condition and facultative sex ratios in populations with overlapping generations. The American Naturalist. 168: 521-30. PMID 17004223 DOI: 10.1086/507993  1
2006 Gillooly JF, Allen AP, Charnov EL. Dinosaur fossils predict body temperatures. Plos Biology. 4: e248. PMID 16817695 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pbio.0040248  1
2006 Charnov EL, Ernest SK. The offspring-size/clutch-size trade-off in mammals. The American Naturalist. 167: 578-82. PMID 16670999 DOI: 10.1086/501141  1
2006 Savage VM, White EP, Moses ME, Ernest SK, Enquist BJ, Charnov EL. Comment on "The illusion of invariant quantities in life histories". Science (New York, N.Y.). 312: 198; author reply 19. PMID 16614200 DOI: 10.1126/Science.1123679  1
2006 Gillooly JF, Allen AP, Savage VM, Charnov EL, West GB, Brown JH. Response to Clarke and Fraser: Effects of temperature on metabolic rate Functional Ecology. 20: 400-404. DOI: 10.1111/J.1365-2435.2006.01110.X  1
2005 Gardner A, Allsop DJ, Charnov EL, West SA. A dimensionless invariant for relative size at sex change in animals: explanation and implications. The American Naturalist. 165: 551-66. PMID 15795852 DOI: 10.1086/429526  1
2005 Charnov EL. Reproductive effort is inversely proportional to average adult life span Evolutionary Ecology Research. 7: 1221-1222.  1
2005 Charnov EL. Mammal life-history evolution with size-dependent mortality Evolutionary Ecology Research. 7: 795-799.  1
2004 Charnov EL, Gillooly JF. Size and temperature in the evolution of fish life histories. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 44: 494-7. PMID 21676735 DOI: 10.1093/Icb/44.6.494  1
2004 Smith FA, Brown JH, Haskell JP, Lyons SK, Alroy J, Charnov EL, Dayan T, Enquist BJ, Ernest SK, Hadly EA, Jones KE, Kaufman DM, Marquet PA, Maurer BA, Niklas KJ, et al. Similarity of mammalian body size across the taxonomic hierarchy and across space and time. The American Naturalist. 163: 672-91. PMID 15122486 DOI: 10.1086/382898  1
2004 Savage VM, Gilloly JF, Brown JH, Charnov EL. Effects of body size and temperature on population growth. The American Naturalist. 163: 429-41. PMID 15026978 DOI: 10.1086/381872  1
2004 Charnov EL. Shrimp equalize marginal payoffs in an evolutionary game with condition dependence Evolutionary Ecology Research. 6: 627-630.  1
2004 Charnov EL. The optimal balance between growth rate and survival in mammals Evolutionary Ecology Research. 6: 307-313.  1
2003 Morgan Ernest SK, Enquist BJ, Brown JH, Charnov EL, Gillooly JF, Savage VM, White EP, Smith FA, Hadly EA, Haskell JP, Lyons SK, Maurer BA, Niklas KJ, Tiffney B. Thermodynamic and metabolic effects on the scaling of production and population energy use Ecology Letters. 6: 990-995. DOI: 10.1046/J.1461-0248.2003.00526.X  1
2003 Gillooly JF, Charnov EL, Brown JH, Savaget VM, West GB. How reliable is the biological time clock: Commentary Nature. 424: 270. DOI: 10.1038/424270A  1
2003 Charnov EL. Cohort-size/body-size scaling rules for stationary populations Evolutionary Ecology Research. 5: 1111-1112.  1
2003 Charnov EL, Gillooly JF. Thermal time: Body size, food quality and the 10°C rule Evolutionary Ecology Research. 5: 43-51.  1
2002 Gillooly JF, Charnov EL, West GB, Savage VM, Brown JH. Effects of size and temperature on developmental time. Nature. 417: 70-3. PMID 11986667 DOI: 10.1038/417070A  1
2002 Angeloni L, Bradbury JW, Charnov EL. Body size and sex allocation in simultaneously hermaphroditic animals Behavioral Ecology. 13: 419-426. DOI: 10.1093/Beheco/13.3.419  1
2002 Charnov EL. Reproductive effort, offspring size and benefit-cost ratios in the classification of life histories Evolutionary Ecology Research. 4: 749-758.  1
2002 Charnov EL, Hannah RW. Shrimp adjust their sex ratio to fluctuating age distributions Evolutionary Ecology Research. 4: 239-246.  1
2001 Gillooly JF, Brown JH, West GB, Savage VM, Charnov EL. Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate. Science (New York, N.Y.). 293: 2248-51. PMID 11567137 DOI: 10.1126/Science.1061967  1
2001 Charnov EL, Turner TF, Winemiller KO. Reproductive constraints and the evolution of life histories with indeterminate growth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 98: 9460-4. PMID 11481502 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.161294498  1
2001 Allen AP, Li BL, Charnov EL. Population fluctuations, power laws and mixtures of lognormal distributions Ecology Letters. 4: 1-3. DOI: 10.1046/J.1461-0248.2001.00194.X  1
2001 Li BL, Charnov EL. Diversity-stability relationships revisited: Scaling rules for biological communities near equilibrium Ecological Modelling. 140: 247-254. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3800(01)00320-9  1
2001 Charnov EL. Reproductive efficiencies in the evolution of life histories Evolutionary Ecology Research. 3: 873-876.  1
2001 Smith FA, Charnov EL. Fitness trade-offs select for semelparous reproduction in an extreme environment Evolutionary Ecology Research. 3: 595-602.  1
2001 Charnov EL. Evolution of mammal life histories Evolutionary Ecology Research. 3: 521-535.  1
2001 Charnov EL, Haskell J, Ernest SKM. Density-dependent invariance, dimensionless life histories and the energy-equivalence rule Evolutionary Ecology Research. 3: 117-124.  1
2000 Charnov EL, Skúladóttir U. Dimensionless invariants for the optimal size (age) of sex change Evolutionary Ecology Research. 2: 1067-1071.  1
2000 Charnov EL. Evolution of life-history variation among species of altricial birds Evolutionary Ecology Research. 2: 365-373.  1
1999 Parker GA, Simmons LW, Stockley P, McCHRISTIE DM, Charnov EL. Optimal copula duration in yellow dung flies: effects of female size and egg content. Animal Behaviour. 57: 795-805. PMID 10202088 DOI: 10.1006/Anbe.1998.1034  1
1999 Enquist BJ, West GB, Charnov EL, Brown JH. Allometric scaling of production and life-history variation in vascular plants Nature. 401: 907-911. DOI: 10.1038/44819  1
1999 Charnov EL, Parker GA. Knowledge-independent Invariance Rules for Copula Duration in Dungflies Journal of Bioeconomics. 1: 191-203. DOI: 10.1023/A:1010086814485  1
1998 Downhower JF, Charnov EL. A resource range invariance rule for optimal offspring size predicts patterns of variability in parental phenotypes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 95: 6208-11. PMID 9600943 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.95.11.6208  1
1998 Hawkes K, O'Connell JF, Jones NG, Alvarez H, Charnov EL. Grandmothering, menopause, and the evolution of human life histories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 95: 1336-9. PMID 9448332 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.95.3.1336  1
1997 Charnov EL. Trade-off-invariant rules for evolutionarily stable life histories. Nature. 387: 393-4. PMID 9163423 DOI: 10.1038/387393A0  1
1996 Charnov EL. Sperm competition and sex allocation in simultaneous hermaphrodites Evolutionary Ecology. 10: 457-462. DOI: 10.1007/Bf01237878  1
1996 Charnov EL. Optimal flower lifetimes Evolutionary Ecology. 10: 245-248. DOI: 10.1007/Bf01237682  1
1996 Hrdy SB, Rodman P, Charnov EL, Seger J, Hawkes K, Emlen ST, Foster SA, Gowaty PA, Haig D, Hauser M, Jacobs LF, Smuts BB. Sociobiology's successes [3] Science. 274: 162-163.  1
1995 Charnov EL, Parker GA. Dimensionless invariants from foraging theory's marginal value theorem. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 92: 1446-50. PMID 11607514 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.92.5.1446  1
1995 Charnov EL, Downhower JF. A trade-off-invariant life-history rule for optimal offspring size. Nature. 376: 418-9. PMID 7630415 DOI: 10.1038/376418A0  1
1995 Charnov EL. A note on dimensionless life histories for birds versus mammals Evolutionary Ecology. 9: 288-291. DOI: 10.1007/Bf01237774  1
1995 Charnov EL, Downhower JF, Brown LP. Optimal offspring sizes in small litters Evolutionary Ecology. 9: 57-63. DOI: 10.1007/Bf01237697  1
1995 Hawkes K, Rogers AR, Charnov EL. The male's dilemma: Increased offspring production is more paternity to steal Evolutionary Ecology. 9: 662-677. DOI: 10.1007/Bf01237661  1
1994 Berrigan D, Charnov EL. Reaction norms for age and size at maturity in response to temperature: A puzzle for life historians Oikos. 70: 474-478. DOI: 10.2307/3545787  1
1993 Charnov EL, Berrigan D, Shine R. The M/k ratio is the same for fish and reptiles. The American Naturalist. 142: 707-11. PMID 19425966 DOI: 10.1086/285565  1
1993 Charnov EL. Is maximum sustainable yield independent of body size for mammals (and others)? Evolutionary Ecology. 7: 309-311. DOI: 10.1007/Bf01237748  1
1993 Berrigan D, Purvis A, Harvey PH, Charnov EL. Phylogenetic contrasts and the evolution of mammalian life histories Evolutionary Ecology. 7: 532. DOI: 10.1007/Bf01237647  1
1992 Shine R, Charnov EL. Patterns of survival, growth, and maturation in snakes and lizards American Naturalist. 139: 1257-1269. DOI: 10.1086/285385  1
1992 Charnov EL. Allometric aspects of population dynamics: A symmetry approach Evolutionary Ecology. 6: 307-311. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02270967  1
1992 Charnov EL, Berrigan D. Why do female primates have such long lifespans and so few babies? Or life in the slow lane Evolutionary Anthropology. 1: 191-194. DOI: 10.1002/Evan.1360010604  1
1991 Charnov EL. Evolution of life history variation among female mammals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 88: 1134-7. PMID 1996315 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.88.4.1134  1
1991 Charnov EL, Berrigan D. Dimensionless numbers and the assembly rules for life histories Philosophical Transactions - Royal Society of London, B. 332: 41-48. DOI: 10.1098/Rstb.1991.0031  1
1991 Charnov EL, Berrigan D. Evolution of life history parameters in animals with indeterminate growth, particularly fish Evolutionary Ecology. 5: 63-68. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02285246  1
1991 Charnov EL. Pure numbers, invariants and symmetry in the evolution of life histories Evolutionary Ecology. 5: 339-342. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02214237  1
1990 Charnov EL. Relative Size At the Onset of Maturity (Rsom) is an Interesting Number in Crustacean Growth (Decapoda, Pandalidae) Crustaceana. 59: 108-109. DOI: 10.1163/156854090X00381  1
1990 Charnov EL. On evolution of age of maturity and the adult lifespan Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 3: 139-144. DOI: 10.1046/J.1420-9101.1990.3010139.X  1
1990 Charnov EL, Berrigan D. Dimensionless numbers and life history evolution: Age of maturity versus the adult lifespan Evolutionary Ecology. 4: 273-275. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02214335  1
1989 Charnov EL. Phenotypic evolution under Fisher's Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection. Heredity. 62: 113-6. PMID 2732081 DOI: 10.1038/Hdy.1989.15  1
1989 Charnov EL, Bull JJ. The primary sex ratio under environmental sex determination. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 139: 431-6. PMID 2615381 DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(89)80063-3  1
1989 Charnov EL, Anderson PJ. Sex change and population fluctuations in pandalid shrimp American Naturalist. 134: 824-827. DOI: 10.1086/285014  1
1989 Blackmore MS, Charnov EL. Adaptive variation in environmental sex determination in a nematode American Naturalist. 134: 817-823. DOI: 10.1086/285013  1
1989 Charnov EL, Dawson TE. Environmental sex determination with overlapping generations American Naturalist. 134: 806-816. DOI: 10.1086/285012  1
1989 Charnov EL, Bull JJ. Non-fisherian sex ratios with sex change and environmental sex determination Nature. 338: 148-150. DOI: 10.1038/338148A0  1
1989 Charnov EL. Natural selection on age of maturity in shrimp Evolutionary Ecology. 3: 236-239. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02270724  1
1988 Charnov EL, Stephens DW. On the evolution of host selection in solitary parasitoids American Naturalist. 132: 707-722. DOI: 10.1086/284883  1
1988 Charnov EL. Hermaphroditic sex allocation with overlapping generations Theoretical Population Biology. 34: 38-46. DOI: 10.1016/0040-5809(88)90034-2  1
1988 McGinley MA, Charnov EL. Multiple resources and the optimal balance between size and number of offspring Evolutionary Ecology. 2: 77-84. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02071590  1
1988 Charnov EL, Skinner SW. Clutch size in parasitoids: the egg production rate as a constraint Evolutionary Ecology. 2: 167-174. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02067275  1
1988 Seger J, Charnov EL. Benevolent sisterhood Nature. 331: 303.  1
1987 Temme DH, Charnov EL. Brood size adjustment in birds: Economical tracking in a temporally varying environment Journal of Theoretical Biology. 126: 137-147. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(87)80225-4  1
1987 Charnov EL. Some comments on "Sex allocation and selfing in higher plants" Evolutionary Ecology. 1: 187. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02067400  1
1987 Charnov EL, Bergstrom B. Alternative life histories in sex changing shrimp: a phenotype limited ESS Evolutionary Ecology. 1: 107-111. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02067394  1
1987 Charnov EL. On sex allocation and selfing in higher plants Evolutionary Ecology. 1: 30-36. DOI: 10.1007/Bf02067266  1
1986 Stubblefield JW, Charnov EL. Some conceptual issues in the origin of eusociality. Heredity. 57: 181-7. PMID 3781869 DOI: 10.1038/Hdy.1986.108  1
1986 Charnov EL. Size advantage may not always favor sex change. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 119: 283-5. PMID 3736074 DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(86)80141-2  1
1986 Charnov EL. Life history evolution in a 'recruitment population': why are adult mortality rates constant? Oikos. 47: 129-134. DOI: 10.2307/3566037  1
1986 Charnov EL, Bull JJ. Sex allocation, pollinator attraction and fruit dispersal in cosexual plants Journal of Theoretical Biology. 118: 321-325. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(86)80062-5  1
1986 Geber MA, Charnov EL. Sex allocation in hermaphrodites with partial overlap in male/female resource inputs Journal of Theoretical Biology. 118: 33-43. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(86)80006-6  1
1985 Charnov EL, Bull JJ. Sex allocation in a patchy environment: a marginal value theorem. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 115: 619-24. PMID 4046613 DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5193(85)80144-2  1
1985 Lamb ME, Pleck JH, Charnov EL, Levine JA. Paternal behavior in humans Integrative and Comparative Biology. 25: 883-894. DOI: 10.1093/Icb/25.3.883  1
1985 Hawkes K, O'Connell JF, Hill K, Charnov EL. How much is enough? Hunters and limited needs Ethology and Sociobiology. 6: 3-15. DOI: 10.1016/0162-3095(85)90037-8  1
1982 Charnov EL. The theory of sex allocation. Monographs in Population Biology. 18: 1-355. PMID 7144766 DOI: 10.2307/4677  1
1982 Casper BB, Charnov EL. Sex allocation in heterostylous plants Journal of Theoretical Biology. 96: 143-149. DOI: 10.1016/0022-5193(82)90217-X  1
1982 Stephens DW, Charnov EL. Optimal foraging: Some simple stochastic models Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 10: 251-263. DOI: 10.1007/Bf00302814  1
1981 Charnov EL, Los-den Hartogh RL, Jones WT, van den Assem J. Sex ratio evolution in a variable environment. Nature. 289: 27-33. PMID 7453809 DOI: 10.1038/289027A0  1
1981 Charlesworth B, Charnov EL. Kin selection in age-structured populations. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 88: 103-19. PMID 7265997 DOI: 10.1016/0022-5193(81)90330-1  1
1981 Werren JH, Skinner SW, Charnov EL. Paternal inheritance of a daughterless sex ratio factor Nature. 293: 467-468. DOI: 10.1038/293467A0  1
1981 Charnov EL. Kin selection and helpers at the nest: Effects of paternity and biparental care Animal Behaviour. 29: 631-632. DOI: 10.1016/S0003-3472(81)80130-3  1
1981 Charnov EL. Vole population cycles: Ultimate or proximate explanation? Oecologia. 48: 132. DOI: 10.1007/BF00347000  1
1980 Gross MR, Charnov EL. Alternative male life histories in bluegill sunfish. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 77: 6937-40. PMID 16592922 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.77.11.6937  0.96
1980 Freeman DC, Harper KT, Charnov EL. Sex change in plants: Old and new observations and new hypotheses Oecologia. 47: 222-232. DOI: 10.1007/Bf00346825  1
1980 Charnov EL, Finerty JP. Vole population cycles: A case for kin-selection? Oecologia. 45: 1-2. DOI: 10.1007/Bf00346698  1
1980 Gross MR, Charnov EL. Alternative male life histories in bluegill sunfish ( Lepomis macrochirus) Proceedings - National Academy of Science, U.S.a.. 77: 6935-6940.  1
1979 Charnov EL. Simultaneous hermaphroditism and sexual selection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 76: 2480-4. PMID 16592656 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.76.5.2480  1
1979 Charnov EL. Social behaviour in insects Nature. 282: 884-885. DOI: 10.1038/282884A0  1
1978 Charnov EL, Gotshall DW, Robinson JG. Sex ratio: adaptive response to population fluctuations in pandalid shrimp. Science (New York, N.Y.). 200: 204-6. PMID 17818809 DOI: 10.1126/Science.200.4338.204  1
1978 Charnov EL. Evolution of eusocial behavior: offspring choice or parental parasitism? Journal of Theoretical Biology. 75: 451-65. PMID 745453 DOI: 10.1016/0022-5193(78)90356-9  1
1978 Werren JH, Charnov EL. Facultative sex ratios and population dynamics. Nature. 272: 349-50. PMID 634359 DOI: 10.1038/272349A0  1
1977 Charnov EL. An elementary treatment of the genetical theory of kin-selection. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 66: 541-50. PMID 886881 DOI: 10.1016/0022-5193(77)90301-0  1
1977 Charnov EL, Bull J. When is sex environmentally determined? Nature. 266: 828-30. PMID 865602 DOI: 10.1038/266828A0  1
1977 Bull JJ, Charnov EL. Changes in the heterogametic mechanism of sex determination. Heredity. 39: 1-14. PMID 268319 DOI: 10.1038/Hdy.1977.38  1
1977 Krebs JR, Erichsen JT, Webber MI, Charnov EL. Optimal prey selection in the great tit (Parus major) Animal Behaviour. 25: 30-38. DOI: 10.1016/0003-3472(77)90064-1  1
1976 Charnov EL. Optimal foraging, the marginal value theorem. Theoretical Population Biology. 9: 129-36. PMID 1273796 DOI: 10.1016/0040-5809(76)90040-X  1
1976 Leigh EG, Charnov EL, Warner RR. Sex ratio, sex change, and natural selection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 73: 3656-60. PMID 1068478 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.73.10.3656  1
1976 Charnov EL, Bull JJ, Maynard Smith J. Why be an hermaphrodite? Nature. 263: 125-126. DOI: 10.1038/263125A0  1
1975 Charnov EL. Sex ratio selection in an age structured population Evolution. 29: 366-368.  1
1974 Krebs JR, Ryan JC, Charnov EL. Hunting by expectation or optimal foraging? A study of patch use by chickadees Animal Behaviour. 22: 953-964,IN3. DOI: 10.1016/0003-3472(74)90018-9  1
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