Stephen Alfred Forbes

1884 Indiana University, Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, United States 
 1884-1921 University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana-Champaign, IL 
natural history, botany, entomology, ornithology, ecology
"Stephen Alfred Forbes" OR "Stephen A. Forbes"

Stephen Alfred Forbes (May 29, 1844 – March 13, 1930) was the first chief of the Illinois Natural History Survey, a founder of aquatic ecosystem science and a dominant figure in the rise of American ecology. His publications are striking for their merger of extensive field observations with conceptual insights. Forbes believed that ecological knowledge was fundamental for human well being. Forbes was important to the development of ecological theory. He was acknowledged by the National Academy of Sciences as "the founder of the science of ecology in the United States".
NAS Biographical Memoir (
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George Vasey research assistant 1870- Illinois State Normal University (Plant Biology Tree)
David Starr Jordan grad student 1884 Indiana University Bloomington (Neurotree)


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Samuel Eddy research assistant (Chemistry Tree)
Paul Smith Welch research assistant 1911 Indiana University Bloomington
Charles William Woodworth grad student 1884-1886 UIUC (Entomology Tree)
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